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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 5/5] x86/kvm: use Enlightened VMCS when running on Hyper-V
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Radim Krčmář <rkrcmar@redhat.com> writes:

> 2018-02-26 18:11+0100, Vitaly Kuznetsov:
>> Enlightened VMCS is just a structure in memory, the main benefit
>> besides avoiding somewhat slower VMREAD/VMWRITE is using clean field
>> mask: we tell the underlying hypervisor which fields were modified
>> since VMEXIT so there's no need to inspect them all.
>>
>> Tight CPUID loop test shows significant speedup:
>> Before: 20766 cycles
>> After: 8912 cycles
>>
>> Static key is being used to avoid performance penalty for non-Hyper-V
>> deployments. Tests show we add around 3 (three) CPU cycles on each
>> VMEXIT (1077.5 cycles before, 1080.7 cycles after for the same CPUID
>> loop on bare metal). We can probably avoid one test/jmp in vmx_vcpu_run()
>> but I don't see a clean way to use static key in assembly.
>
> Patching the correct instruction should be simpler than replicating
> static_branch (because we have to support assemblers without ASM_GOTO),
> but I'd care about that later, if ever.
>
>> Signed-off-by: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
>> ---
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
>> @@ -999,6 +1000,442 @@ static const u32 vmx_msr_index[] = {
>> +/*
>> + * Enlightened VMCSv1 doesn't support these:
>
> I take it that the code assumes that the hypervisor will never enable
> these features if we have enlightened VMCS. I think it would be best to
> disable those features when turning on evmcs.

Sure.

>
>> + * POSTED_INTR_NV = 0x00000002,
>> + * GUEST_INTR_STATUS = 0x00000810,
>> + * APIC_ACCESS_ADDR = 0x00002014,
>> + * POSTED_INTR_DESC_ADDR = 0x00002016,
>> + * EOI_EXIT_BITMAP0 = 0x0000201c,
>> + * EOI_EXIT_BITMAP1 = 0x0000201e,
>> + * EOI_EXIT_BITMAP2 = 0x00002020,
>> + * EOI_EXIT_BITMAP3 = 0x00002022,
>
> enable_apicv, flexpriority_enabled
>
>> + * GUEST_PML_INDEX = 0x00000812,
>> + * PML_ADDRESS = 0x0000200e,
>
> enable_pml
>
>> + * VM_FUNCTION_CONTROL = 0x00002018,
>> + * EPTP_LIST_ADDRESS = 0x00002024,
>
> (only vm controls)
>
>> + * VMREAD_BITMAP = 0x00002026,
>> + * VMWRITE_BITMAP = 0x00002028,
>
> enable_shadow_vmcs
>
>> + * TSC_MULTIPLIER = 0x00002032,
>
> (only vm controls)
>
>> + * GUEST_IA32_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL = 0x00002808,
>> + * GUEST_IA32_RTIT_CTL = 0x00002814,
>> + * HOST_IA32_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL = 0x00002c04,
>
> (only vm controls)
>
>> + * PLE_GAP = 0x00004020,
>> + * PLE_WINDOW = 0x00004022,
>
> ple_gap
>
>> + * VMX_PREEMPTION_TIMER_VALUE = 0x0000482E,
>
> enable_preemption_timer
>
>> + */
>> +};
>> +
>> +static inline u16 get_evmcs_offset(unsigned long field)
>> +{
>> + unsigned int index = ROL16(field, 6);
>> +
>> + if (index >= ARRAY_SIZE(vmcs_field_to_evmcs_1))
>> + return 0;
>
> Please add a warning when trying to use an EVMCS that doesn't exist,
> just like the VMREAD/WRITE does -- it's an internal KVM error.
>

Will do.

>> +
>> + return (u16)vmcs_field_to_evmcs_1[index];
>> +}
>> +
>> @@ -3828,7 +4302,12 @@ static __init int setup_vmcs_config(struct vmcs_config *vmcs_conf)
>> vmcs_conf->size = vmx_msr_high & 0x1fff;
>> vmcs_conf->order = get_order(vmcs_conf->size);
>> vmcs_conf->basic_cap = vmx_msr_high & ~0x1fff;
>> - vmcs_conf->revision_id = vmx_msr_low;
>> +
>> + /* KVM supports Enlightened VMCS v1 only */
>> + if (static_branch_unlikely(&enable_evmcs))
>> + vmcs_conf->revision_id = 1;
>
> I think we have to put the bottom bits from ms_hyperv.nested_features
> here. 16.5.1 Enlightened VMCS Versioning:
>
> Each enlightened VMCS structure contains a version field, which is
> reported by the L0 hypervisor (see 2.4.11)

see below

>
>> + else
>> + vmcs_conf->revision_id = vmx_msr_low;
>>
>> vmcs_conf->pin_based_exec_ctrl = _pin_based_exec_control;
>> vmcs_conf->cpu_based_exec_ctrl = _cpu_based_exec_control;
>> @@ -12414,7 +12908,35 @@ static struct kvm_x86_ops vmx_x86_ops __ro_after_init = {
>>
>> static int __init vmx_init(void)
>> {
>> - int r = kvm_init(&vmx_x86_ops, sizeof(struct vcpu_vmx),
>> + int r;
>> +
>> +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HYPERV)
>> + /*
>> + * Enlightened VMCS usage should be recommended and the host needs
>> + * to support eVMCS v1 or above. We can also disable eVMCS support
>> + * with module parameter.
>> + */
>> + if (enlightened_vmcs &&
>> + ms_hyperv.hints & HV_X64_ENLIGHTENED_VMCS_RECOMMENDED &&
>> + (ms_hyperv.nested_features & 0xff) >= 1) {
>
> Please add macros like HV_X64_ENLIGHTENED_VMCS_VERSION and
> KVM_EVMCS_VERSION for those numbers.

This can be arranged

> I think we should not proceed with version other than 1 for now -- there
> is no mention of backward compatibility in the spec.

I think the check is correct. eVMCS version represents the format of the
structure in memory. New versions may have nothing in common but at the
same time Ver1 support can't be dropped from future Hyper-V versions
without regressing L1s which don't support new version.

So currently we check that L0 supports at least ver1 (or some newer
version which implies all previously released versions are supported
too) and we declare that KVM supports ver1 exactly (this is the format
of the structure we put to memory and share with L0). We can't declare
support for any other version.

Currently, it is only Ver1 on WS2016.

--
Vitaly

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