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Subject[PATCH 6/6] drm/i915: Implement proper fallback training for MST
Date
For a while we actually haven't had any way of retraining MST links with
fallback link parameters like we do with SST. While uncommon, certain
setups such as my Caldigit TS3 + EVGA MST hub require this since
otherwise, they end up getting stuck in an infinite MST retraining loop.

MST retraining is somewhat different then SST retraining. While it's
possible during the normal link retraining sequence for a hub to indicate
bad link status, it's also possible for a hub to only indicate this
status through ESI messages and it's possible for this to happen after
the initial link training succeeds. This can lead to a pattern that
looks like this:

- Train MST link
- Training completes successfully
- MST hub sets Channel EQ failed bit in ESI
- Retraining starts
- Retraining completes successfully
- MST hub sets Channel EQ failed bit in ESI again
- Rinse and repeat

In these situations, we need to be able to actually trigger fallback
link training from the ESI handler as well, along with using the ESI
handler during retraining to figure out whether or not our retraining
actually succeeded.

This gets a bit more complicated since we have to ensure that we don't
block the ESI handler at all while doing retraining. If we do, due to
DisplayPort's general issues with being sensitive to IRQ latency most
MST hubs will just stop responding to us if their interrupts aren't
handled in a timely manner.

So: move retraining into it's own seperate handler. Running in a
seperate handler allows us to avoid stalling the ESI during link
retraining, and we can have the ESI signal that the channel EQ bit was
cleared through a simple completion struct. Additionally, we take care
to stick as much of this into the SST retraining path as possible since
sharing is caring.

Signed-off-by: Lyude Paul <lyude@redhat.com>
Cc: Manasi Navare <manasi.d.navare@intel.com>
Cc: Ville Syrjälä <ville.syrjala@linux.intel.com>
---
drivers/gpu/drm/i915/intel_dp.c | 342 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
drivers/gpu/drm/i915/intel_dp_mst.c | 42 ++++-
drivers/gpu/drm/i915/intel_drv.h | 8 +
3 files changed, 302 insertions(+), 90 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/intel_dp.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/intel_dp.c
index 5645a194de92..7626652732b6 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/intel_dp.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/intel_dp.c
@@ -45,6 +45,8 @@

#define DP_DPRX_ESI_LEN 14

+#define DP_MST_RETRAIN_TIMEOUT (msecs_to_jiffies(100))
+
/* Compliance test status bits */
#define INTEL_DP_RESOLUTION_SHIFT_MASK 0
#define INTEL_DP_RESOLUTION_PREFERRED (1 << INTEL_DP_RESOLUTION_SHIFT_MASK)
@@ -4224,6 +4226,118 @@ static void intel_dp_handle_test_request(struct intel_dp *intel_dp)
DRM_DEBUG_KMS("Could not write test response to sink\n");
}

+/* Get a mask of the CRTCs that are running on the given intel_dp struct. For
+ * MST, this returns a crtc mask containing all of the CRTCs driving
+ * downstream sinks, for SST it just returns a mask of the attached
+ * connector's CRTC.
+ */
+int
+intel_dp_get_crtc_mask(struct intel_dp *intel_dp)
+{
+ struct drm_device *dev = dp_to_dig_port(intel_dp)->base.base.dev;
+ struct drm_connector *connector;
+ struct drm_connector_state *conn_state;
+ struct intel_connector *intel_connector;
+ struct drm_crtc *crtc;
+ int crtc_mask = 0;
+
+ WARN_ON(!drm_modeset_is_locked(&dev->mode_config.connection_mutex));
+
+ if (intel_dp->is_mst) {
+ struct drm_connector_list_iter conn_iter;
+
+ drm_connector_list_iter_begin(dev, &conn_iter);
+ for_each_intel_connector_iter(intel_connector, &conn_iter) {
+ if (intel_connector->mst_port != intel_dp)
+ continue;
+
+ conn_state = intel_connector->base.state;
+ if (!conn_state->crtc)
+ continue;
+
+ crtc_mask |= drm_crtc_mask(conn_state->crtc);
+ }
+ drm_connector_list_iter_end(&conn_iter);
+ } else {
+ connector = &intel_dp->attached_connector->base;
+ crtc = connector->state->crtc;
+
+ if (crtc)
+ crtc_mask |= drm_crtc_mask(crtc);
+ }
+
+ return crtc_mask;
+}
+
+static bool
+intel_dp_needs_link_retrain(struct intel_dp *intel_dp,
+ const u8 esi[DP_DPRX_ESI_LEN])
+{
+ u8 buf[max(DP_LINK_STATUS_SIZE, DP_DPRX_ESI_LEN)];
+ const u8 *link_status = NULL;
+
+ if (intel_dp->is_mst) {
+ if (!intel_dp->active_mst_links)
+ return false;
+ if (intel_dp->mst_link_is_bad)
+ return false;
+
+ if (esi) {
+ link_status = &esi[10];
+ } else {
+ /* We're not running from the ESI handler, so wait a
+ * little bit to see if the ESI handler lets us know
+ * that the link status is OK
+ */
+ if (wait_for_completion_timeout(
+ &intel_dp->mst_retrain_completion,
+ DP_MST_RETRAIN_TIMEOUT))
+ return false;
+ }
+ } else {
+ if (intel_dp->link_trained)
+ return false;
+ if (!intel_dp_get_link_status(intel_dp, buf))
+ return false;
+
+ link_status = buf;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Validate the cached values of intel_dp->link_rate and
+ * intel_dp->lane_count before attempting to retrain.
+ */
+ if (!intel_dp_link_params_valid(intel_dp, intel_dp->link_rate,
+ intel_dp->lane_count))
+ return false;
+
+ if (link_status) {
+ return !drm_dp_channel_eq_ok(link_status,
+ intel_dp->lane_count);
+ } else {
+ return true;
+ }
+}
+
+static inline void
+intel_dp_mst_check_link_status(struct intel_dp *intel_dp,
+ const u8 esi[DP_DPRX_ESI_LEN])
+{
+ if (intel_dp_needs_link_retrain(intel_dp, esi)) {
+ DRM_DEBUG_KMS("Channel EQ failing\n");
+
+ if (!work_busy(&intel_dp->mst_retrain_work)) {
+ reinit_completion(&intel_dp->mst_retrain_completion);
+ schedule_work(&intel_dp->mst_retrain_work);
+ DRM_DEBUG_KMS("Retraining started\n");
+ }
+ } else if (work_busy(&intel_dp->mst_retrain_work) &&
+ !completion_done(&intel_dp->mst_retrain_completion)) {
+ DRM_DEBUG_KMS("Channel EQ stable\n");
+ complete_all(&intel_dp->mst_retrain_completion);
+ }
+}
+
static int
intel_dp_check_mst_status(struct intel_dp *intel_dp)
{
@@ -4237,14 +4351,7 @@ intel_dp_check_mst_status(struct intel_dp *intel_dp)
bret = intel_dp_get_sink_irq_esi(intel_dp, esi);
go_again:
if (bret == true) {
-
- /* check link status - esi[10] = 0x200c */
- if (intel_dp->active_mst_links &&
- !drm_dp_channel_eq_ok(&esi[10], intel_dp->lane_count)) {
- DRM_DEBUG_KMS("channel EQ not ok, retraining\n");
- intel_dp_start_link_train(intel_dp);
- intel_dp_stop_link_train(intel_dp);
- }
+ intel_dp_mst_check_link_status(intel_dp, esi);

DRM_DEBUG_KMS("got esi %3ph\n", esi);
ret = drm_dp_mst_hpd_irq(&intel_dp->mst_mgr, esi, &handled);
@@ -4281,29 +4388,6 @@ intel_dp_check_mst_status(struct intel_dp *intel_dp)
return -EINVAL;
}

-static bool
-intel_dp_needs_link_retrain(struct intel_dp *intel_dp)
-{
- u8 link_status[DP_LINK_STATUS_SIZE];
-
- if (!intel_dp->link_trained)
- return false;
-
- if (!intel_dp_get_link_status(intel_dp, link_status))
- return false;
-
- /*
- * Validate the cached values of intel_dp->link_rate and
- * intel_dp->lane_count before attempting to retrain.
- */
- if (!intel_dp_link_params_valid(intel_dp, intel_dp->link_rate,
- intel_dp->lane_count))
- return false;
-
- /* Retrain if Channel EQ or CR not ok */
- return !drm_dp_channel_eq_ok(link_status, intel_dp->lane_count);
-}
-
/*
* If display is now connected check links status,
* there has been known issues of link loss triggering
@@ -4319,64 +4403,78 @@ intel_dp_needs_link_retrain(struct intel_dp *intel_dp)
int intel_dp_retrain_link(struct intel_encoder *encoder,
struct drm_modeset_acquire_ctx *ctx)
{
- struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = to_i915(encoder->base.dev);
+ struct drm_device *dev = encoder->base.dev;
+ struct drm_i915_private *dev_priv = to_i915(dev);
struct intel_dp *intel_dp = enc_to_intel_dp(&encoder->base);
- struct intel_connector *connector = intel_dp->attached_connector;
- struct drm_connector_state *conn_state;
- struct intel_crtc_state *crtc_state;
- struct intel_crtc *crtc;
+ struct drm_crtc *crtc;
+ struct intel_crtc *intel_crtc;
+ int crtc_mask, retry_count = 0;
int ret;

- /* FIXME handle the MST connectors as well */
-
- if (!connector || connector->base.status != connector_status_connected)
- return 0;
-
ret = drm_modeset_lock(&dev_priv->drm.mode_config.connection_mutex,
ctx);
if (ret)
return ret;

- conn_state = connector->base.state;
-
- crtc = to_intel_crtc(conn_state->crtc);
- if (!crtc)
- return 0;
+ crtc_mask = intel_dp_get_crtc_mask(intel_dp);
+ for_each_intel_crtc_mask(dev, intel_crtc, crtc_mask) {
+ struct drm_crtc_state *crtc_state;
+ struct intel_crtc_state *intel_crtc_state;

- ret = drm_modeset_lock(&crtc->base.mutex, ctx);
- if (ret)
- return ret;
+ crtc = &intel_crtc->base;
+ ret = drm_modeset_lock(&crtc->mutex, ctx);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;

- crtc_state = to_intel_crtc_state(crtc->base.state);
+ crtc_state = crtc->state;
+ intel_crtc_state = to_intel_crtc_state(crtc_state);
+ WARN_ON(!intel_crtc_has_dp_encoder(intel_crtc_state));

- WARN_ON(!intel_crtc_has_dp_encoder(crtc_state));
+ if (crtc_state->commit &&
+ !try_wait_for_completion(&crtc_state->commit->hw_done))
+ return 0;
+ }

- if (!crtc_state->base.active)
+ if (!intel_dp_needs_link_retrain(intel_dp, NULL))
return 0;

- if (conn_state->commit &&
- !try_wait_for_completion(&conn_state->commit->hw_done))
- return 0;
+ for_each_intel_crtc_mask(dev, intel_crtc, crtc_mask) {
+ intel_set_cpu_fifo_underrun_reporting(
+ dev_priv, intel_crtc->pipe, false);

- if (!intel_dp_needs_link_retrain(intel_dp))
- return 0;
+ if (intel_crtc->config->has_pch_encoder) {
+ intel_set_pch_fifo_underrun_reporting(
+ dev_priv, intel_crtc_pch_transcoder(intel_crtc),
+ false);
+ }
+ }

- /* Suppress underruns caused by re-training */
- intel_set_cpu_fifo_underrun_reporting(dev_priv, crtc->pipe, false);
- if (crtc->config->has_pch_encoder)
- intel_set_pch_fifo_underrun_reporting(dev_priv,
- intel_crtc_pch_transcoder(crtc), false);
+ do {
+ if (++retry_count > 5) {
+ DRM_DEBUG_KMS("Too many retries, can't retrain\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }

- intel_dp_start_link_train(intel_dp);
- intel_dp_stop_link_train(intel_dp);
+ intel_dp_start_link_train(intel_dp);
+ intel_dp_stop_link_train(intel_dp);
+ } while (intel_dp_needs_link_retrain(intel_dp, NULL));
+
+ /* Wait for things to become stable */
+ for_each_intel_crtc_mask(dev, intel_crtc, crtc_mask)
+ intel_wait_for_vblank(dev_priv, intel_crtc->pipe);

- /* Keep underrun reporting disabled until things are stable */
- intel_wait_for_vblank(dev_priv, crtc->pipe);
+ /* Now that we know everything is OK, finally re-enable underrun
+ * reporting */
+ for_each_intel_crtc_mask(dev, intel_crtc, crtc_mask) {
+ intel_set_cpu_fifo_underrun_reporting(
+ dev_priv, intel_crtc->pipe, true);

- intel_set_cpu_fifo_underrun_reporting(dev_priv, crtc->pipe, true);
- if (crtc->config->has_pch_encoder)
- intel_set_pch_fifo_underrun_reporting(dev_priv,
- intel_crtc_pch_transcoder(crtc), true);
+ if (intel_crtc->config->has_pch_encoder) {
+ intel_set_pch_fifo_underrun_reporting(
+ dev_priv, intel_crtc_pch_transcoder(intel_crtc),
+ true);
+ }
+ }

return 0;
}
@@ -4402,6 +4500,10 @@ static bool intel_dp_hotplug(struct intel_encoder *encoder,

changed = intel_encoder_hotplug(encoder, connector);

+ /* We don't want to end up trying to retrain MST links! */
+ if (encoder && enc_to_intel_dp(&encoder->base)->is_mst)
+ return changed;
+
drm_modeset_acquire_init(&ctx, 0);

for (;;) {
@@ -4478,7 +4580,7 @@ intel_dp_short_pulse(struct intel_dp *intel_dp)
}

/* defer to the hotplug work for link retraining if needed */
- if (intel_dp_needs_link_retrain(intel_dp))
+ if (intel_dp_needs_link_retrain(intel_dp, NULL))
return false;

if (intel_dp->compliance.test_type == DP_TEST_LINK_TRAINING) {
@@ -6266,25 +6368,98 @@ static bool intel_edp_init_connector(struct intel_dp *intel_dp,
return false;
}

+static void intel_dp_mst_retrain_link_work(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct drm_modeset_acquire_ctx ctx;
+ struct intel_dp *intel_dp = container_of(work, typeof(*intel_dp),
+ mst_retrain_work);
+ struct intel_encoder *intel_encoder = &dp_to_dig_port(intel_dp)->base;
+ struct drm_device *dev = intel_encoder->base.dev;
+ int ret;
+ bool had_error = false;
+
+ drm_modeset_acquire_init(&ctx, 0);
+
+ for (;;) {
+ ret = intel_dp_retrain_link(intel_encoder, &ctx);
+ if (ret == -EDEADLK) {
+ drm_modeset_backoff(&ctx);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ break;
+ }
+ if (!ret) {
+ DRM_DEBUG_KMS("Retrain complete\n");
+ goto out;
+ } else if (ret == -EIO) {
+ DRM_ERROR("IO error with sink during retrain? Aborting\n");
+ had_error = true;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ DRM_DEBUG_KMS("Retraining failed with %d, marking link status as bad\n",
+ ret);
+
+ /* We ran out of retries, if the sink hasn't changed the link rate in
+ * it's dpcd yet force us to fallback to a lower link rate/count */
+ if (ret == -EINVAL) {
+ ret = intel_dp_get_dpcd(intel_dp);
+ if (!ret) {
+ DRM_ERROR("IO error while reading dpcd from sink\n");
+ had_error = true;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (intel_dp->link_rate == intel_dp_max_link_rate(intel_dp) &&
+ intel_dp->lane_count == intel_dp_max_lane_count(intel_dp)) {
+ intel_dp_get_link_train_fallback_values(
+ intel_dp, intel_dp_max_link_rate(intel_dp),
+ intel_dp_max_lane_count(intel_dp));
+ }
+ }
+
+ intel_dp->mst_link_is_bad = true;
+ intel_dp->mst_bw_locked = false;
+ schedule_work(&intel_dp->modeset_retry_work);
+out:
+ drm_modeset_drop_locks(&ctx);
+ drm_modeset_acquire_fini(&ctx);
+ if (had_error)
+ drm_kms_helper_hotplug_event(dev);
+}
+
static void intel_dp_modeset_retry_work_fn(struct work_struct *work)
{
struct intel_dp *intel_dp = container_of(work, typeof(*intel_dp),
modeset_retry_work);
- struct drm_connector *connector = &intel_dp->attached_connector->base;
+ struct intel_digital_port *intel_dig_port = dp_to_dig_port(intel_dp);
+ struct drm_device *dev = intel_dig_port->base.base.dev;
+ struct drm_connector *connector;

- DRM_DEBUG_KMS("[CONNECTOR:%d:%s]\n", connector->base.id,
- connector->name);
+ mutex_lock(&dev->mode_config.mutex);

- /* Grab the locks before changing connector property*/
- mutex_lock(&connector->dev->mode_config.mutex);
- /* Set connector link status to BAD and send a Uevent to notify
- * userspace to do a modeset.
+ /* Set the connector link status of all (possibly downstream) ports to
+ * BAD and send a Uevent to notify userspace to do a modeset.
*/
- drm_mode_connector_set_link_status_property(connector,
- DRM_MODE_LINK_STATUS_BAD);
- mutex_unlock(&connector->dev->mode_config.mutex);
+ if (intel_dp->is_mst) {
+ drm_dp_mst_topology_mgr_lower_link_rate(
+ &intel_dp->mst_mgr,
+ intel_dp_max_link_rate(intel_dp),
+ intel_dp_max_lane_count(intel_dp));
+ } else {
+ connector = &intel_dp->attached_connector->base;
+
+ DRM_DEBUG_KMS("[CONNECTOR:%d:%s]\n",
+ connector->base.id, connector->name);
+ drm_mode_connector_set_link_status_property(
+ connector, DRM_MODE_LINK_STATUS_BAD);
+ }
+
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->mode_config.mutex);
+
/* Send Hotplug uevent so userspace can reprobe */
- drm_kms_helper_hotplug_event(connector->dev);
+ drm_kms_helper_hotplug_event(dev);
}

bool
@@ -6302,6 +6477,9 @@ intel_dp_init_connector(struct intel_digital_port *intel_dig_port,
/* Initialize the work for modeset in case of link train failure */
INIT_WORK(&intel_dp->modeset_retry_work,
intel_dp_modeset_retry_work_fn);
+ INIT_WORK(&intel_dp->mst_retrain_work,
+ intel_dp_mst_retrain_link_work);
+ init_completion(&intel_dp->mst_retrain_completion);

if (WARN(intel_dig_port->max_lanes < 1,
"Not enough lanes (%d) for DP on port %c\n",
diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/intel_dp_mst.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/intel_dp_mst.c
index c0553456b18e..31202f838e89 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/intel_dp_mst.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/intel_dp_mst.c
@@ -110,21 +110,32 @@ static int intel_dp_mst_atomic_check(struct drm_connector *connector,
struct drm_connector_state *old_conn_state;
struct drm_crtc *old_crtc;
struct drm_crtc_state *crtc_state;
+ struct drm_dp_mst_topology_mgr *mgr;
+ struct drm_encoder *encoder;
int slots, ret = 0;
+ bool could_retrain = false;
+
+ if (new_conn_state->crtc) {
+ crtc_state = drm_atomic_get_new_crtc_state(
+ state, new_conn_state->crtc);
+ if (crtc_state && drm_atomic_crtc_needs_modeset(crtc_state))
+ could_retrain = true;
+ }

old_conn_state = drm_atomic_get_old_connector_state(state, connector);
old_crtc = old_conn_state->crtc;
if (!old_crtc)
- return ret;
+ goto out;

crtc_state = drm_atomic_get_new_crtc_state(state, old_crtc);
- slots = to_intel_crtc_state(crtc_state)->dp_m_n.tu;
- if (drm_atomic_crtc_needs_modeset(crtc_state) && slots > 0) {
- struct drm_dp_mst_topology_mgr *mgr;
- struct drm_encoder *old_encoder;
+ if (!drm_atomic_crtc_needs_modeset(crtc_state))
+ goto out;
+ could_retrain = true;

- old_encoder = old_conn_state->best_encoder;
- mgr = &enc_to_mst(old_encoder)->primary->dp.mst_mgr;
+ slots = to_intel_crtc_state(crtc_state)->dp_m_n.tu;
+ if (slots > 0) {
+ encoder = old_conn_state->best_encoder;
+ mgr = &enc_to_mst(encoder)->primary->dp.mst_mgr;

ret = drm_dp_atomic_release_vcpi_slots(state, mgr, slots);
if (ret)
@@ -132,6 +143,18 @@ static int intel_dp_mst_atomic_check(struct drm_connector *connector,
else
to_intel_crtc_state(crtc_state)->dp_m_n.tu = 0;
}
+
+out:
+ if (could_retrain &&
+ old_conn_state->link_status == DRM_MODE_LINK_STATUS_BAD) {
+ if (new_conn_state->best_encoder)
+ encoder = new_conn_state->best_encoder;
+ else
+ encoder = old_conn_state->best_encoder;
+
+ mgr = &enc_to_mst(encoder)->primary->dp.mst_mgr;
+ ret = drm_atomic_dp_mst_retrain_topology(state, mgr);
+ }
return ret;
}

@@ -186,9 +209,12 @@ static void intel_mst_post_disable_dp(struct intel_encoder *encoder,
intel_dp->active_mst_links--;

intel_mst->connector = NULL;
- if (intel_dp->active_mst_links == 0)
+ if (intel_dp->active_mst_links == 0) {
+ intel_dp->mst_link_is_bad = false;
+
intel_dig_port->base.post_disable(&intel_dig_port->base,
old_crtc_state, NULL);
+ }

DRM_DEBUG_KMS("active links %d\n", intel_dp->active_mst_links);
}
diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/intel_drv.h b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/intel_drv.h
index e5d3ef6754a5..c63c65923c3e 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/intel_drv.h
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/intel_drv.h
@@ -1122,6 +1122,13 @@ struct intel_dp {
/* mst connector list */
struct intel_dp_mst_encoder *mst_encoders[I915_MAX_PIPES];
struct drm_dp_mst_topology_mgr mst_mgr;
+ /* We can't handle retraining from the dig workqueue, so... */
+ struct work_struct mst_retrain_work;
+ struct completion mst_retrain_completion;
+ /* Set when retraining the link at the current parameters is
+ * impossible for an MST connection
+ */
+ bool mst_link_is_bad;

uint32_t (*get_aux_clock_divider)(struct intel_dp *dp, int index);
/*
@@ -1689,6 +1696,7 @@ void intel_dp_compute_rate(struct intel_dp *intel_dp, int port_clock,
bool intel_dp_source_supports_hbr2(struct intel_dp *intel_dp);
bool
intel_dp_get_link_status(struct intel_dp *intel_dp, uint8_t link_status[DP_LINK_STATUS_SIZE]);
+int intel_dp_get_crtc_mask(struct intel_dp *intel_dp);

static inline unsigned int intel_dp_unused_lane_mask(int lane_count)
{
--
2.14.3
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