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SubjectRe: Kernel page fault in vmalloc_fault() after a preempted ioremap
On Thu, Mar 8, 2018 at 9:43 PM, Kani, Toshi <> wrote:
> On Thu, 2018-03-08 at 14:34 -0600, Gratian Crisan wrote:
>> Hi all,
>> We are seeing kernel page faults happening on module loads with certain
>> drivers like the i915 video driver[1]. This was initially discovered on
>> a 4.9 PREEMPT_RT kernel. It takes 5 days on average to reproduce using a
>> simple reboot loop test. Looking at the code paths involved I believe
>> the issue is still present in the latest vanilla kernel.
>> Some relevant points are:
>> * x86_64 CPU: Intel Atom E3940
>> * CONFIG_HUGETLBFS is not set (which also gates CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE)
>> Based on function traces I was able to gather the sequence of events is:
>> 1. Driver starts a ioremap operation for a region that is PMD_SIZE in
>> size (or PUD_SIZE).
>> 2. The ioremap() operation is preempted while it's in the middle of
>> setting up the page mappings:
>> ioremap_page_range->...->ioremap_pmd_range->pmd_set_huge <<preempted>>
>> 3. Unrelated tasks run. Traces also include some cross core scheduling
>> IPI calls.
>> 4. Driver resumes execution finishes the ioremap operation and tries to
>> access the newly mapped IO region. This triggers a vmalloc fault.
>> 5. The vmalloc_fault() function hits a kernel page fault when trying to
>> dereference a non-existent *pte_ref.
>> The reason this happens is the code paths called from ioremap_page_range()
>> make different assumptions about when a large page (pud/pmd) mapping can be
>> used versus the code paths in vmalloc_fault().
>> Using the PMD sized ioremap case as an example (the PUD case is similar):
>> ioremap_pmd_range() calls ioremap_pmd_enabled() which is gated by
>> CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP. On x86_64 this will return true unless the
>> "nohugeiomap" kernel boot parameter is passed in.
>> On the other hand, in the rare case when a page fault happens in the
>> ioremap'ed region, vmalloc_fault() calls the pmd_huge() function to check
>> if a PMD page is marked huge or if it should go on and get a reference to
>> the PTE. However pmd_huge() is conditionally compiled based on the user
>> configured CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE selected by CONFIG_HUGETLBFS. If the
>> CONFIG_HUGETLBFS option is not enabled pmd_huge() is always defined to be
>> 0.
>> The end result is an OOPS in vmalloc_fault() when the non-existent pte_ref
>> is dereferenced because the test for pmd_huge() failed.
>> Commit f4eafd8bcd52 ("x86/mm: Fix vmalloc_fault() to handle large pages
>> properly") attempted to fix the mismatch between ioremap() and
>> vmalloc_fault() with regards to huge page handling but it missed this use
>> case.
>> I am working on a simpler reproducing case however so far I've been
>> unsuccessful in re-creating the conditions that trigger the vmalloc fault
>> in the first place. Adding explicit scheduling points in
>> ioremap_pmd_range/pmd_set_huge doesn't seem to be sufficient. Ideas
>> appreciated.
>> Any thoughts on what a correct fix would look like? Should the ioremap
>> code paths respect the HUGETLBFS config or would it be better for the
>> vmalloc fault code paths to match the tests used in ioremap and not rely
>> on the HUGETLBFS option being enabled?
> Thanks for the report and analysis! I believe pud_large() and
> pmd_large() should have been used here. I will try to reproduce the
> issue and verify the fix.

Indeed. I find myself wondering why pud_huge() exists at all.

While you're at it, I think there may be more bugs in there.
Specifically, the code walks the reference and current tables at the
same time without any synchronization and without READ_ONCE()
protection. I think that all of the BUG() calls below the comment:

* Below here mismatches are bugs because these lower tables
* are shared:

are bogus and could be hit due to races. I also think they're
pointless -- we've already asserted that the reference and loaded
tables are literally the same pointers. I think the right fix is to
remove pud_ref, pmd_ref and pte_ref entirely and to get rid of those
BUG() calls.

What do you think?

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