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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 3/6] sysctl: Add flags to support min/max range clamping
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On 03/08/2018 12:51 PM, Luis R. Rodriguez wrote:
> On Thu, Mar 01, 2018 at 01:31:17PM -0800, Andrew Morton wrote:
>> On Thu, 1 Mar 2018 12:43:37 -0500 Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com> wrote:
>>
>>> When minimum/maximum values are specified for a sysctl parameter in
>>> the ctl_table structure with proc_dointvec_minmax() handler, update
>>> to that parameter will fail with error if the given value is outside
>>> of the required range.
>>>
>>> There are use cases where it may be better to clamp the value of
>>> the sysctl parameter to the given range without failing the update,
>>> especially if the users are not aware of the actual range limits.
>>> Reading the value back after the update will now be a good practice
>>> to see if the provided value exceeds the range limits.
>>>
>>> To provide this less restrictive form of range checking, a new flags
>>> field is added to the ctl_table structure. The new field is a 16-bit
>>> value that just fits into the hole left by the 16-bit umode_t field
>>> without increasing the size of the structure.
>>>
>>> When the CTL_FLAGS_CLAMP_RANGE flag is set in the ctl_table entry,
>>> any update from the userspace will be clamped to the given range
>>> without error.
>>>
>>> ...
>>>
>>> --- a/include/linux/sysctl.h
>>> +++ b/include/linux/sysctl.h
>>> @@ -116,6 +116,7 @@ struct ctl_table
>>> void *data;
>>> int maxlen;
>>> umode_t mode;
>>> + uint16_t flags;
>> It would be nice to make this have type `enum ctl_table_flags', but I
>> guess there's then no reliable way of forcing it to be 16-bit.
>>
>> I guess this is the best we can do...
>>

Actually, I can make the flags just an unsigned integer. I chose
uint16_t for backporting purpose. For upstream code, it is not a concern
at all. That will allow more bits for expansion in the future.

> We can add this to the enum:
>
> enum ctl_table_flags {
> CTL_FLAGS_CLAMP_RANGE = BIT(0),
> + __CTL_FLAGS_CLAMP_MAX = BIT(16),
> };
>
>
> Then also:
>
> #define CTL_TABLE_FLAGS_ALL ((BIT(__CTL_FLAGS_CLAMP_MAX + 1))-1)
>
> at the end of the definition, then a helper which can be used during
> parsing:
>
> static int check_ctl_table_flags(u16 flags)
> {
> if (flags & ~(CTL_TABLE_FLAGS_ALL))
> return -ERANGE;
> return 0;
> }

I don't think that helper function works unless the parameter is changed
to int instead of u16. I will just change the flags to uint and forget
about checking for out-of-range bit.

Cheers,
Longman

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