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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 1/8] [PATCH 1/8] drivers/peci: Add support for PECI bus driver core
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Hi Julia,

Thanks for sharing your time on reviewing it. Please see my inline answers.

Jae

On 3/6/2018 7:19 PM, Julia Cartwright wrote:
> On Wed, Feb 21, 2018 at 08:15:59AM -0800, Jae Hyun Yoo wrote:
>> This commit adds driver implementation for PECI bus into linux
>> driver framework.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Jae Hyun Yoo <jae.hyun.yoo@linux.intel.com>
>> ---
> [..]
>> +static int peci_locked_xfer(struct peci_adapter *adapter,
>> + struct peci_xfer_msg *msg,
>> + bool do_retry,
>> + bool has_aw_fcs)
>
> _locked generally means that this function is invoked with some critical
> lock held, what lock does the caller need to acquire before invoking
> this function?
>

I intended to show that this function has a mutex locking inside for
serialization of PECI data transactions from multiple callers, but as
you commented out below, the mutex protection scope should be adjusted
to make that covers the peci_scan_cmd_mask() function too. I'll rewrite
the mutex protection scope then this function will be in the locked scope.

>> +{
>> + ktime_t start, end;
>> + s64 elapsed_ms;
>> + int rc = 0;
>> +
>> + if (!adapter->xfer) {
>
> Is this really an optional feature of an adapter? If this is not
> optional, then this check should be in place when the adapter is
> registered, not here. (And it should WARN_ON(), because it's a driver
> developer error).
>

I agree with you. I'll move this code into the peci_register_adapter()
function.

>> + dev_dbg(&adapter->dev, "PECI level transfers not supported\n");
>> + return -ENODEV;
>> + }
>> +
>> + if (in_atomic() || irqs_disabled()) {
>
> As Andrew mentioned, this is broken.
>
> You don't even need a might_sleep(). The locking functions you use here
> will already include a might_sleep() w/ CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP.
>

Thanks for letting me know that. I'll drop that checking code and
might_sleep() too.

>> + rt_mutex_trylock(&adapter->bus_lock);
>> + if (!rc)
>> + return -EAGAIN; /* PECI activity is ongoing */
>> + } else {
>> + rt_mutex_lock(&adapter->bus_lock);
>> + }
>> +
>> + if (do_retry)
>> + start = ktime_get();
>> +
>> + do {
>> + rc = adapter->xfer(adapter, msg);
>> +
>> + if (!do_retry)
>> + break;
>> +
>> + /* Per the PECI spec, need to retry commands that return 0x8x */
>> + if (!(!rc && ((msg->rx_buf[0] & DEV_PECI_CC_RETRY_ERR_MASK) ==
>> + DEV_PECI_CC_TIMEOUT)))
>> + break;
>
> This is pretty difficult to parse. Can you split it into two different
> conditions?
>

Sure. I'll split it out.

>> +
>> + /* Set the retry bit to indicate a retry attempt */
>> + msg->tx_buf[1] |= DEV_PECI_RETRY_BIT;
>
> Are you sure this bit is to be set in the _second_ byte of tx_buf?
>

Yes, I'm pretty sure. The first byte contains a PECI command value and
the second byte contains 'HostID[7:1] & Retry[0]' value.

>> +
>> + /* Recalculate the AW FCS if it has one */
>> + if (has_aw_fcs)
>> + msg->tx_buf[msg->tx_len - 1] = 0x80 ^
>> + peci_aw_fcs((u8 *)msg,
>> + 2 + msg->tx_len);
>> +
>> + /* Retry for at least 250ms before returning an error */
>> + end = ktime_get();
>> + elapsed_ms = ktime_to_ms(ktime_sub(end, start));
>> + if (elapsed_ms >= DEV_PECI_RETRY_TIME_MS) {
>> + dev_dbg(&adapter->dev, "Timeout retrying xfer!\n");
>> + break;
>> + }
>> + } while (true);
>> +
>> + rt_mutex_unlock(&adapter->bus_lock);
>> +
>> + return rc;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int peci_xfer(struct peci_adapter *adapter, struct peci_xfer_msg *msg)
>> +{
>> + return peci_locked_xfer(adapter, msg, false, false);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int peci_xfer_with_retries(struct peci_adapter *adapter,
>> + struct peci_xfer_msg *msg,
>> + bool has_aw_fcs)
>> +{
>> + return peci_locked_xfer(adapter, msg, true, has_aw_fcs);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int peci_scan_cmd_mask(struct peci_adapter *adapter)
>> +{
>> + struct peci_xfer_msg msg;
>> + u32 dib;
>> + int rc = 0;
>> +
>> + /* Update command mask just once */
>> + if (adapter->cmd_mask & BIT(PECI_CMD_PING))
>> + return 0;
>> +
>> + msg.addr = PECI_BASE_ADDR;
>> + msg.tx_len = GET_DIB_WR_LEN;
>> + msg.rx_len = GET_DIB_RD_LEN;
>> + msg.tx_buf[0] = GET_DIB_PECI_CMD;
>> +
>> + rc = peci_xfer(adapter, &msg);
>> + if (rc < 0) {
>> + dev_dbg(&adapter->dev, "PECI xfer error, rc : %d\n", rc);
>> + return rc;
>> + }
>> +
>> + dib = msg.rx_buf[0] | (msg.rx_buf[1] << 8) |
>> + (msg.rx_buf[2] << 16) | (msg.rx_buf[3] << 24);
>> +
>> + /* Check special case for Get DIB command */
>> + if (dib == 0x00) {
>> + dev_dbg(&adapter->dev, "DIB read as 0x00\n");
>> + return -1;
>> + }
>> +
>> + if (!rc) {
>
> You should change this to:
>
> if (rc) {
> dev_dbg(&adapter->dev, "Error reading DIB, rc : %d\n", rc);
> return rc;
> }
>
> And then leave the happy path below unindented.
>

Agreed. That would be neater. Will rewrite it. Thanks!

>> + /**
>> + * setting up the supporting commands based on minor rev#
>> + * see PECI Spec Table 3-1
>> + */
>> + dib = (dib >> 8) & 0xF;
>> +
>> + if (dib >= 0x1) {
>> + adapter->cmd_mask |= BIT(PECI_CMD_RD_PKG_CFG);
>> + adapter->cmd_mask |= BIT(PECI_CMD_WR_PKG_CFG);
>> + }
>> +
>> + if (dib >= 0x2)
>> + adapter->cmd_mask |= BIT(PECI_CMD_RD_IA_MSR);
>> +
>> + if (dib >= 0x3) {
>> + adapter->cmd_mask |= BIT(PECI_CMD_RD_PCI_CFG_LOCAL);
>> + adapter->cmd_mask |= BIT(PECI_CMD_WR_PCI_CFG_LOCAL);
>> + }
>> +
>> + if (dib >= 0x4)
>> + adapter->cmd_mask |= BIT(PECI_CMD_RD_PCI_CFG);
>> +
>> + if (dib >= 0x5)
>> + adapter->cmd_mask |= BIT(PECI_CMD_WR_PCI_CFG);
>> +
>> + if (dib >= 0x6)
>> + adapter->cmd_mask |= BIT(PECI_CMD_WR_IA_MSR);
>> +
>> + adapter->cmd_mask |= BIT(PECI_CMD_GET_TEMP);
>> + adapter->cmd_mask |= BIT(PECI_CMD_GET_DIB);
>> + adapter->cmd_mask |= BIT(PECI_CMD_PING);
>
> These cmd_mask updates are not done with any locking in mind. Is this
> intentional? Or: is synchronization not necessary because this is
> always done during enumeration prior to exposing the adapter to users?
>

Thanks for the pointing it out. This function should be done in a locked
scope as you said. I'll adjust mutex protection scope to make that
covers this function as well.

>> + } else {
>> + dev_dbg(&adapter->dev, "Error reading DIB, rc : %d\n", rc);
>> + }
>> +
>> + return rc;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int peci_cmd_support(struct peci_adapter *adapter, enum peci_cmd cmd)
>> +{
>> + if (!(adapter->cmd_mask & BIT(PECI_CMD_PING)) &&
>> + peci_scan_cmd_mask(adapter) < 0) {
>> + dev_dbg(&adapter->dev, "Failed to scan command mask\n");
>> + return -EIO;
>> + }
>> +
>> + if (!(adapter->cmd_mask & BIT(cmd))) {
>> + dev_dbg(&adapter->dev, "Command %d is not supported\n", cmd);
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> + }
>
> It would be nicer if you did this check prior to dispatching to the
> various subfunctions (peci_ioctl_ping, peci_ioctl_get_dib, etc.). In
> that way, these functions could just assume the adapter supports them.
>

Agreed. I'll drop all individual calls from subfunctions and will call
it from peci_command().

> [..]
>> +static int peci_register_adapter(struct peci_adapter *adapter)
>> +{
>> + int res = -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + /* Can't register until after driver model init */
>> + if (WARN_ON(!is_registered)) {
>
> Is this solving a problem you actually ran into?
>

Generally, an adapter driver registration will be happened after the
PECI bus registration because peci_init uses postcore_initcall, but in
case of incorrect implementation of an adapter driver which uses
a preceding postcore_initcall or a core_initcall as its module init,
then an adapter registration would be prior to bus registration. This
code is an exceptional case handling for that to warn the incorrect
adapter driver implementation.

> [.. skipped review due to fatigue ..]
>
>> +++ b/include/linux/peci.h
>> @@ -0,0 +1,97 @@
>> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
>> +// Copyright (c) 2018 Intel Corporation
>> +
>> +#ifndef __LINUX_PECI_H
>> +#define __LINUX_PECI_H
>> +
>> +#include <linux/cdev.h>
>> +#include <linux/device.h>
>> +#include <linux/peci-ioctl.h>
>> +#include <linux/rtmutex.h>
>> +
>> +#define PECI_BUFFER_SIZE 32
>> +#define PECI_NAME_SIZE 32
>> +
>> +struct peci_xfer_msg {
>> + u8 addr;
>> + u8 tx_len;
>> + u8 rx_len;
>> + u8 tx_buf[PECI_BUFFER_SIZE];
>> + u8 rx_buf[PECI_BUFFER_SIZE];
>> +} __attribute__((__packed__));
>
> The packed attribute has historically caused gcc to emit atrocious code,
> as it seems to assume packed implies members might not be naturally
> aligned. Seeing as you're only working with u8s in this case, though,
> this shouldn't be a problem.
>

It should be a packed struct because it is also being used for CRC8
calculation which is treating it as a contiguous byte array.

>> +struct peci_board_info {
>> + char type[PECI_NAME_SIZE];
>> + u8 addr; /* CPU client address */
>> + struct device_node *of_node;
>> +};
>> +
>> +struct peci_adapter {
>> + struct module *owner;
>> + struct rt_mutex bus_lock;
>
> Why an rt_mutex, instead of a regular mutex. Do you explicitly need PI
> in mainline?
>

Currently this implementation has only a temperature monitoring sideband
feature but other sideband features such as CPU error detection and
crash dump will be implemented later, and those additional sideband
features should have higher priority than the temperature monitoring
feature so it is the reason why I used an rt_mutex.

>> + struct device dev;
>> + struct cdev cdev;
>> + int nr;
>> + char name[PECI_NAME_SIZE];
>> + int (*xfer)(struct peci_adapter *adapter,
>> + struct peci_xfer_msg *msg);
>> + uint cmd_mask;
>> +};
>> +
>> +#define to_peci_adapter(d) container_of(d, struct peci_adapter, dev)
>
> You can also do this with a static inline, which provides a marginally
> better error when screwed up.
>

Agreed. That would be more helpful for debugging in debug build. I'll
rewrite the macro to a static inline like below:

static inline struct peci_adapter *to_peci_adapter(void *d)
{
return container_of(d, struct peci_adapter, dev);
}

> Julia
>

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