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Subject[PATCH v7] arm64: Add support for new control bits CTR_EL0.DIC and CTR_EL0.IDC
Date
The DCache clean & ICache invalidation requirements for instructions
to be data coherence are discoverable through new fields in CTR_EL0.
The following two control bits DIC and IDC were defined for this
purpose. No need to perform point of unification cache maintenance
operations from software on systems where CPU caches are transparent.

This patch optimize the three functions __flush_cache_user_range(),
clean_dcache_area_pou() and invalidate_icache_range() if the hardware
reports CTR_EL0.IDC and/or CTR_EL0.IDC. Basically it skips the two
instructions 'DC CVAU' and 'IC IVAU', and the associated loop logic
in order to avoid the unnecessary overhead.

CTR_EL0.DIC: Instruction cache invalidation requirements for
instruction to data coherence. The meaning of this bit[29].
0: Instruction cache invalidation to the point of unification
is required for instruction to data coherence.
1: Instruction cache cleaning to the point of unification is
not required for instruction to data coherence.

CTR_EL0.IDC: Data cache clean requirements for instruction to data
coherence. The meaning of this bit[28].
0: Data cache clean to the point of unification is required for
instruction to data coherence, unless CLIDR_EL1.LoC == 0b000
or (CLIDR_EL1.LoUIS == 0b000 && CLIDR_EL1.LoUU == 0b000).
1: Data cache clean to the point of unification is not required
for instruction to data coherence.

Co-authored-by: Philip Elcan <pelcan@codeaurora.org>
Signed-off-by: Shanker Donthineni <shankerd@codeaurora.org>
---
Changes since v6:
-Both I-Cache and D-Cache changes are symmetric as Will suggested.
-Remove Kconfig option.
-Patch __flush_icache_all().

Changes since v5:
-Addressed Mark's review comments.

Changes since v4:
-Moved patching ARM64_HAS_CACHE_DIC inside invalidate_icache_by_line
-Removed 'dsb ishst' for ARM64_HAS_CACHE_DIC as Mark suggested.

Changes since v3:
-Added preprocessor guard CONFIG_xxx to code snippets in cache.S
-Changed barrier attributes from ISH to ISHST.

Changes since v2:
-Included barriers, DSB/ISB with DIC set, and DSB with IDC set.
-Single Kconfig option.

Changes since v1:
-Reworded commit text.
-Used the alternatives framework as Catalin suggested.
-Rebased on top of https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10227927/

arch/arm64/include/asm/cache.h | 4 ++++
arch/arm64/include/asm/cacheflush.h | 7 +++++--
arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h | 4 +++-
arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c | 36 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
arch/arm64/mm/cache.S | 21 ++++++++++++++++++++-
5 files changed, 62 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cache.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cache.h
index ea9bb4e..9bbffc7 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cache.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cache.h
@@ -20,8 +20,12 @@

#define CTR_L1IP_SHIFT 14
#define CTR_L1IP_MASK 3
+#define CTR_DMINLINE_SHIFT 16
+#define CTR_ERG_SHIFT 20
#define CTR_CWG_SHIFT 24
#define CTR_CWG_MASK 15
+#define CTR_IDC_SHIFT 28
+#define CTR_DIC_SHIFT 29

#define CTR_L1IP(ctr) (((ctr) >> CTR_L1IP_SHIFT) & CTR_L1IP_MASK)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cacheflush.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cacheflush.h
index bef9f41..d51bde1 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cacheflush.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cacheflush.h
@@ -133,8 +133,11 @@ extern void copy_to_user_page(struct vm_area_struct *, struct page *,

static inline void __flush_icache_all(void)
{
- asm("ic ialluis");
- dsb(ish);
+ /* Instruction cache invalidation is not required for I/D coherence? */
+ if (!cpus_have_const_cap(ARM64_HAS_CACHE_DIC)) {
+ asm("ic ialluis");
+ dsb(ish);
+ }
}

#define flush_dcache_mmap_lock(mapping) \
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
index bb26382..8dd42ae 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
@@ -45,7 +45,9 @@
#define ARM64_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR 24
#define ARM64_HARDEN_BP_POST_GUEST_EXIT 25
#define ARM64_HAS_RAS_EXTN 26
+#define ARM64_HAS_CACHE_IDC 27
+#define ARM64_HAS_CACHE_DIC 28

-#define ARM64_NCAPS 27
+#define ARM64_NCAPS 29

#endif /* __ASM_CPUCAPS_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
index 2985a06..9f39e9c 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
@@ -199,12 +199,12 @@ static int __init register_cpu_hwcaps_dumper(void)
};

static const struct arm64_ftr_bits ftr_ctr[] = {
- ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_VISIBLE, FTR_STRICT, FTR_EXACT, 31, 1, 1), /* RES1 */
- ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_VISIBLE, FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, 29, 1, 1), /* DIC */
- ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_VISIBLE, FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, 28, 1, 1), /* IDC */
- ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_VISIBLE, FTR_STRICT, FTR_HIGHER_SAFE, 24, 4, 0), /* CWG */
- ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_VISIBLE, FTR_STRICT, FTR_HIGHER_SAFE, 20, 4, 0), /* ERG */
- ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_VISIBLE, FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, 16, 4, 1), /* DminLine */
+ ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_VISIBLE, FTR_STRICT, FTR_EXACT, 31, 1, 1), /* RES1 */
+ ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_VISIBLE, FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, CTR_DIC_SHIFT, 1, 1),
+ ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_VISIBLE, FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, CTR_IDC_SHIFT, 1, 1),
+ ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_VISIBLE, FTR_STRICT, FTR_HIGHER_SAFE, CTR_CWG_SHIFT, 4, 0),
+ ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_VISIBLE, FTR_STRICT, FTR_HIGHER_SAFE, CTR_ERG_SHIFT, 4, 0),
+ ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_VISIBLE, FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, CTR_DMINLINE_SHIFT, 4, 1),
/*
* Linux can handle differing I-cache policies. Userspace JITs will
* make use of *minLine.
@@ -852,6 +852,18 @@ static bool has_no_fpsimd(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *entry, int __unus
ID_AA64PFR0_FP_SHIFT) < 0;
}

+static bool has_cache_idc(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *entry,
+ int __unused)
+{
+ return read_sanitised_ftr_reg(SYS_CTR_EL0) & BIT(CTR_IDC_SHIFT);
+}
+
+static bool has_cache_dic(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *entry,
+ int __unused)
+{
+ return read_sanitised_ftr_reg(SYS_CTR_EL0) & BIT(CTR_DIC_SHIFT);
+}
+
#ifdef CONFIG_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0
static int __kpti_forced; /* 0: not forced, >0: forced on, <0: forced off */

@@ -1088,6 +1100,18 @@ static int cpu_copy_el2regs(void *__unused)
.enable = cpu_clear_disr,
},
#endif /* CONFIG_ARM64_RAS_EXTN */
+ {
+ .desc = "Data cache clean to the PoU not required for I/D coherence",
+ .capability = ARM64_HAS_CACHE_IDC,
+ .def_scope = SCOPE_SYSTEM,
+ .matches = has_cache_idc,
+ },
+ {
+ .desc = "Instruction cache invalidation not required for I/D coherence",
+ .capability = ARM64_HAS_CACHE_DIC,
+ .def_scope = SCOPE_SYSTEM,
+ .matches = has_cache_dic,
+ },
{},
};

diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/cache.S b/arch/arm64/mm/cache.S
index 758bde7..303dfcc 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/cache.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/cache.S
@@ -50,6 +50,10 @@ ENTRY(flush_icache_range)
*/
ENTRY(__flush_cache_user_range)
uaccess_ttbr0_enable x2, x3, x4
+alternative_if ARM64_HAS_CACHE_IDC
+ dsb ishst
+ b 7f
+alternative_else_nop_endif
dcache_line_size x2, x3
sub x3, x2, #1
bic x4, x0, x3
@@ -60,8 +64,13 @@ user_alt 9f, "dc cvau, x4", "dc civac, x4", ARM64_WORKAROUND_CLEAN_CACHE
b.lo 1b
dsb ish

+7:
+alternative_if ARM64_HAS_CACHE_DIC
+ isb
+ b 8f
+alternative_else_nop_endif
invalidate_icache_by_line x0, x1, x2, x3, 9f
- mov x0, #0
+8: mov x0, #0
1:
uaccess_ttbr0_disable x1, x2
ret
@@ -80,6 +89,12 @@ ENDPROC(__flush_cache_user_range)
* - end - virtual end address of region
*/
ENTRY(invalidate_icache_range)
+alternative_if ARM64_HAS_CACHE_DIC
+ mov x0, xzr
+ isb
+ ret
+alternative_else_nop_endif
+
uaccess_ttbr0_enable x2, x3, x4

invalidate_icache_by_line x0, x1, x2, x3, 2f
@@ -116,6 +131,10 @@ ENDPIPROC(__flush_dcache_area)
* - size - size in question
*/
ENTRY(__clean_dcache_area_pou)
+alternative_if ARM64_HAS_CACHE_IDC
+ dsb ishst
+ ret
+alternative_else_nop_endif
dcache_by_line_op cvau, ish, x0, x1, x2, x3
ret
ENDPROC(__clean_dcache_area_pou)
--
Qualcomm Datacenter Technologies, Inc. on behalf of the Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.
Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. is a member of the Code Aurora Forum, a Linux Foundation Collaborative Project.
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