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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/4] vfio: ccw: refactor and improve pfn_array_alloc_pin()
On Tue, 27 Mar 2018 11:00:26 +0800
Dong Jia Shi <bjsdjshi@linux.vnet.ibm.com> wrote:

> * Cornelia Huck <cohuck@redhat.com> [2018-03-26 15:28:46 +0200]:
>
> > On Wed, 21 Mar 2018 03:08:20 +0100
> > Dong Jia Shi <bjsdjshi@linux.vnet.ibm.com> wrote:
> >
> > > This refactors pfn_array_alloc_pin() and also improves it by adding
> > > defensive code in error handling so that calling pfn_array_unpin_free()
> > > after error return won't lead to problem. This mains does:
> > > 1. Merge pfn_array_pin() into pfn_array_alloc_pin(), since there is no
> > > other user of pfn_array_pin(). As a result, also remove kernel-doc
> > > for pfn_array_pin() and add kernel-doc for pfn_array_alloc_pin().
> > > 2. For a vfio_pin_pages() failure, set pa->pa_nr to zero to indicate
> > > zero pages were pinned.
> > > 3. Set pa->pa_iova_pfn to NULL right after it was freed.
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Dong Jia Shi <bjsdjshi@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> > > ---
> > > drivers/s390/cio/vfio_ccw_cp.c | 84 ++++++++++++++++++------------------------
> > > 1 file changed, 36 insertions(+), 48 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/drivers/s390/cio/vfio_ccw_cp.c b/drivers/s390/cio/vfio_ccw_cp.c
> > > index 2be114db02f9..3abc9770910a 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/s390/cio/vfio_ccw_cp.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/s390/cio/vfio_ccw_cp.c
> > > @@ -46,65 +46,32 @@ struct ccwchain {
> > > };
> > >
> > > /*
> > > - * pfn_array_pin() - pin user pages in memory
> > > + * pfn_array_alloc_pin() - alloc memory for PFNs, then pin user pages in memory
> > > * @pa: pfn_array on which to perform the operation
> > > * @mdev: the mediated device to perform pin/unpin operations
> > > + * @iova: target guest physical address
> > > + * @len: number of bytes that should be pinned from @iova
> > > *
> > > - * Attempt to pin user pages in memory.
> > > + * Attempt to allocate memory for PFNs, and pin user pages in memory.
> > > *
> > > * Usage of pfn_array:
> > > - * @pa->pa_iova starting guest physical I/O address. Assigned by caller.
> > > + * @pa->pa_iova starting guest physical I/O address. Assigned by callee.
> > > * @pa->pa_iova_pfn array that stores PFNs of the pages need to pin. Allocated
> > > - * by caller.
> > > + * by callee.
> > > * @pa->pa_pfn array that receives PFNs of the pages pinned. Allocated by
> > > - * caller.
> > > - * @pa->pa_nr number of pages from @pa->pa_iova to pin. Assigned by
> > > - * caller.
> > > - * number of pages pinned. Assigned by callee.
> > > + * callee.
> > > + * @pa->pa_nr initiated as 0 by caller.
> >
> > s/initiated/initialized/
> Ok.
>
> >
> > but see below
> >
> > > + * number of pages pinned from @pa->pa_iova. Assigned by callee.
> >
> > So, basically everything is filled by pfn_array_alloc_pin()?
> Yes.
>
> > Should we expect a clean struct pfn_array handed in by the caller,
> > then (not just pa_nr == 0)?
> The current idea is:
> - It is a clean struct that pfn_array_alloc_pin() expects from its
> caller.
> - pfn_array_alloc_pin() and pfn_array_unpin_free() should be used in
> pair. They are the only functions those change the values of the
> elements of a pfn_array struct.
> - Caller of pfn_array_alloc_pin() should either hand in a new allocated
> pfn_array (zeroed out), or a freed-after-used one.
> - So using pa_nr == 0, is enough to identify all the good cases.
> [We set pa_nr to 0 in pfn_array_unpin_free().]
>
> Validating all of the elements only helps when there is case that a
> caller breaks the usage rule of these interfaces - the caller itself
> assigns values for pfn_pa elements directly... I don't think we allow
> this to happen.
>
> So I think the current logic is fine.

Yes, I think it is fine -- I was mainly wondering whether we wanted
more sanity checks.

>
> >
> > Would it make sense to describe the contents of the struct pfn_array
> > fields at the struct's definition instead? You could then shorten the
> > description here to "we expect pa_nr == 0, any field in this structure
> > will be filled in by this function".
> Sounds good!
> Do you want a separated patch for this, or I do this change on this
> patch? Either will be ok with me.

Perhaps as an additional patch in front of this one?

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