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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 2/6] sched: Introduce energy models of CPUs
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On 03/25/2018 03:48 PM, Quentin Perret wrote:
> On Tuesday 20 Mar 2018 at 10:52:15 (+0100), Greg Kroah-Hartman wrote:
>> On Tue, Mar 20, 2018 at 09:43:08AM +0000, Dietmar Eggemann wrote:
>>> From: Quentin Perret <quentin.perret@arm.com>
>
> [...]
>
>>> +#ifdef CONFIG_PM_OPP
>>
>> #ifdefs go in .h files, not .c files, right?
>>
>
> So, after looking into this, my suggestion would be to: 1) remove the
> #ifdef CONFIG_PM_OPP from energy.c entirely; 2) make sure
> init_sched_energy() is stubbed properly for !CONFIG_SMP and
> !CONFIG_PM_OPP in include/linux/sched/energy.h; 3) relocate the global
> variables (energy_model, freq_domains, ...) to fair.c; and 4) modify
> kernel/sched/Makefile with something like:
>
> ifeq ($(CONFIG_PM_OPP),y)
> obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += energy.o
> endif
>
> That way, energy.c is not compiled if not needed by the arch, and the
> ifdef are kept within header files and Makefiles.
>
> Would that work ?

Could we extend this idea a little bit further and leave the global
variables in energy.c? Normally, all energy interfaces could be
declared or stubbed in energy.h.

We could hide the access to energy_model, sched_energy_present and
freq_domains behind functions.

It would be nice to provide also find_energy_efficient_cpu() in energy.c
but it uses itself a lot of fair.c stuff and we do want to avoid function
calls in the wakeup path, right?

Boot-tested on juno r0 (CONFIG_SMP=y and CONFIG_PM_OPP=y). Build-tested on
i386 (CONFIG_SMP and CONFIG_PM_OPP not set), arm multi_v5_defconfig (CONFIG_SMP
not set and CONFIG_PM_OPP=y).

in energy.h:

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
#ifdef CONFIG_PM_OPP
static inline struct capacity_state *find_cap_state(int cpu, unsigned long util)
{
...
}
static inline bool sched_energy_enabled(void)
{
...
}
static inline struct list_head *get_freq_domains(void)
{
...
}
#endif
#endif

#if !defined(CONFIG_SMP) || !defined(CONFIG_PM_OPP)
static inline struct capacity_state *find_cap_state(int cpu, unsigned long util) { return false; }
static inline struct list_head *get_freq_domains(void) { return NULL; }
static inline struct capacity_state *
find_cap_state(int cpu, unsigned long util) { return NULL; }
static inline void init_sched_energy(void) { }
#endif

#define for_each_freq_domain(fdom) \
list_for_each_entry(fdom, get_freq_domains(), next)

--->8---

diff --git a/include/linux/sched/energy.h b/include/linux/sched/energy.h
index b4f43564ffe4..5aad03ec5b30 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched/energy.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/energy.h
@@ -20,12 +20,49 @@ struct freq_domain {
extern struct sched_energy_model ** __percpu energy_model;
extern struct static_key_false sched_energy_present;
extern struct list_head freq_domains;
-#define for_each_freq_domain(fdom) \
- list_for_each_entry(fdom, &freq_domains, next)

-void init_sched_energy(void);
-#else
-static inline void init_sched_energy(void) { }
+#ifdef CONFIG_PM_OPP
+static inline bool sched_energy_enabled(void)
+{
+ return static_branch_unlikely(&sched_energy_present);
+}
+
+static inline struct list_head *get_freq_domains(void)
+{
+ return &freq_domains;
+}
+
+static inline
+struct capacity_state *find_cap_state(int cpu, unsigned long util)
+{
+ struct sched_energy_model *em = *per_cpu_ptr(energy_model, cpu);
+ struct capacity_state *cs = NULL;
+ int i;
+
+ util += util >> 2;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < em->nr_cap_states; i++) {
+ cs = &em->cap_states[i];
+ if (cs->cap >= util)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ return cs;
+}
+
+extern void init_sched_energy(void);
#endif
+#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */

+#if !defined(CONFIG_SMP) || !defined(CONFIG_PM_OPP)
+static inline bool sched_energy_enabled(void) { return false; }
+static inline struct list_head *get_freq_domains(void) { return NULL; }
+static inline struct capacity_state *
+find_cap_state(int cpu, unsigned long util) { return NULL; }
+static inline void init_sched_energy(void) { }
#endif
+
+#define for_each_freq_domain(fdom) \
+ list_for_each_entry(fdom, get_freq_domains(), next)
+
+#endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_ENERGY_H */
diff --git a/kernel/sched/Makefile b/kernel/sched/Makefile
index 912972ad4dbc..e34bec3ae353 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/sched/Makefile
@@ -20,7 +20,7 @@ obj-y += core.o loadavg.o clock.o cputime.o
obj-y += idle.o fair.o rt.o deadline.o
obj-y += wait.o wait_bit.o swait.o completion.o

-obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += cpupri.o cpudeadline.o topology.o stop_task.o energy.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += cpupri.o cpudeadline.o topology.o stop_task.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SCHED_AUTOGROUP) += autogroup.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS) += stats.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG) += debug.o
@@ -29,3 +29,6 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_FREQ) += cpufreq.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_FREQ_GOV_SCHEDUTIL) += cpufreq_schedutil.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MEMBARRIER) += membarrier.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_ISOLATION) += isolation.o
+ifeq ($(CONFIG_PM_OPP),y)
+ obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += energy.o
+endif
diff --git a/kernel/sched/energy.c b/kernel/sched/energy.c
index 4662c993e096..1de8226943b9 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/energy.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/energy.c
@@ -30,7 +30,6 @@ struct sched_energy_model ** __percpu energy_model;
*/
LIST_HEAD(freq_domains);

-#ifdef CONFIG_PM_OPP
static struct sched_energy_model *build_energy_model(int cpu)
{
unsigned long cap_scale = arch_scale_cpu_capacity(NULL, cpu);
@@ -185,6 +184,3 @@ void init_sched_energy(void)
exit_fail:
pr_err("Energy Aware Scheduling initialization failed.\n");
}
-#else
-void init_sched_energy(void) {}
-#endif
diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index 65a1bead0773..b3e6a2656b68 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -6456,27 +6456,6 @@ static int wake_cap(struct task_struct *p, int cpu, int prev_cpu)
return !util_fits_capacity(task_util(p), min_cap);
}

-static struct capacity_state *find_cap_state(int cpu, unsigned long util)
-{
- struct sched_energy_model *em = *per_cpu_ptr(energy_model, cpu);
- struct capacity_state *cs = NULL;
- int i;
-
- /*
- * As the goal is to estimate the OPP reached for a specific util
- * value, mimic the behaviour of schedutil with a 1.25 coefficient
- */
- util += util >> 2;
-
- for (i = 0; i < em->nr_cap_states; i++) {
- cs = &em->cap_states[i];
- if (cs->cap >= util)
- break;
- }
-
- return cs;
-}
-
static unsigned long compute_energy(struct task_struct *p, int dst_cpu)
{
unsigned long util, fdom_max_util;
@@ -6557,7 +6536,7 @@ static inline bool wake_energy(struct task_struct *p, int prev_cpu)
{
struct sched_domain *sd;

- if (!static_branch_unlikely(&sched_energy_present))
+ if (!sched_energy_enabled())
return false;

sd = rcu_dereference_sched(cpu_rq(prev_cpu)->sd);
@@ -9252,8 +9231,7 @@ static void rebalance_domains(struct rq *rq, enum cpu_idle_type idle)
}
max_cost += sd->max_newidle_lb_cost;

- if (static_branch_unlikely(&sched_energy_present) &&
- !sd_overutilized(sd))
+ if (sched_energy_enabled() && !sd_overutilized(sd))
continue;

if (!(sd->flags & SD_LOAD_BALANCE))
@@ -9823,8 +9801,7 @@ static int idle_balance(struct rq *this_rq, struct rq_flags *rf)
break;
}

- if (static_branch_unlikely(&sched_energy_present) &&
- !sd_overutilized(sd))
+ if (sched_energy_enabled() && !sd_overutilized(sd))
continue;

if (sd->flags & SD_BALANCE_NEWIDLE) {

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