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SubjectRe: [Bug 199003] console stalled, cause Hard LOCKUP.
On (03/23/18 14:16), Petr Mladek wrote:
[..]
> If I get it correctly, the reporter of this bug has not tried
> Steven's patches yet.

It's not immediately clear.

It's not even completely clear if we are looking at "X cpus printk
1 cpu prints it all scenario" and it's not clear if hand off will be
helpful here. I'll try to explain.

What we see is:

CPU0 locked up on blkg->q->queue_lock

[<ffffffff8130f236>] cfqg_print_rwstat_recursive+0x36/0x40
[<ffffffff81109393>] cgroup_seqfile_show+0x73/0x80
[<ffffffff81222b57>] ? seq_buf_alloc+0x17/0x40
[<ffffffff8122305a>] seq_read+0x10a/0x3b0
[<ffffffff811fe9be>] vfs_read+0x9e/0x170
[<ffffffff811ff58f>] SyS_read+0x7f/0xe0
[<ffffffff81697ac9>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b

blkg->q->queue_lock was held by CPU7, which was spinnig in wait_for_xmitr().

#5 [ffff881ffb0b7548] __const_udelay at ffffffff81326678
#6 [ffff881ffb0b7558] wait_for_xmitr at ffffffff814056e0
#7 [ffff881ffb0b7580] serial8250_console_putchar at ffffffff814058ac
#8 [ffff881ffb0b75a0] uart_console_write at ffffffff8140035a
#9 [ffff881ffb0b75d0] serial8250_console_write at ffffffff814057fe
#10 [ffff881ffb0b7618] call_console_drivers.constprop.17 at ffffffff81087011
#11 [ffff881ffb0b7640] console_unlock at ffffffff810889e9
#12 [ffff881ffb0b7680] vprintk_emit at ffffffff81088df4
#13 [ffff881ffb0b76f0] dev_vprintk_emit at ffffffff81428e72
#14 [ffff881ffb0b77a8] dev_printk_emit at ffffffff81428eee
#15 [ffff881ffb0b7808] __dev_printk at ffffffff8142937e
#16 [ffff881ffb0b7818] dev_printk at ffffffff8142942d
#17 [ffff881ffb0b7888] sdev_prefix_printk at ffffffff81463771
#18 [ffff881ffb0b7918] scsi_prep_state_check at ffffffff814598e4
#19 [ffff881ffb0b7928] scsi_prep_fn at ffffffff8145992d
#20 [ffff881ffb0b7960] blk_peek_request at ffffffff812f0826
#21 [ffff881ffb0b7988] scsi_request_fn at ffffffff8145b588
#22 [ffff881ffb0b79f0] __blk_run_queue at ffffffff812ebd63
#23 [ffff881ffb0b7a08] blk_queue_bio at ffffffff812f1013 <<< acquired q->queue_lock
#24 [ffff881ffb0b7a50] generic_make_request at ffffffff812ef209
#25 [ffff881ffb0b7a98] submit_bio at ffffffff812ef351
#26 [ffff881ffb0b7af0] xfs_submit_ioend_bio at ffffffffa0146a63 [xfs]
#27 [ffff881ffb0b7b00] xfs_submit_ioend at ffffffffa0146b31 [xfs]
#28 [ffff881ffb0b7b40] xfs_vm_writepages at ffffffffa0146e18 [xfs]
#29 [ffff881ffb0b7bb8] do_writepages at ffffffff8118da6e
#30 [ffff881ffb0b7bc8] __writeback_single_inode at ffffffff812293a0
#31 [ffff881ffb0b7c08] writeback_sb_inodes at ffffffff8122a08e
#32 [ffff881ffb0b7cb0] __writeback_inodes_wb at ffffffff8122a2ef
#33 [ffff881ffb0b7cf8] wb_writeback at ffffffff8122ab33
#34 [ffff881ffb0b7d70] bdi_writeback_workfn at ffffffff8122cb2b
#35 [ffff881ffb0b7e20] process_one_work at ffffffff810a851b
#36 [ffff881ffb0b7e68] worker_thread at ffffffff810a9356
#37 [ffff881ffb0b7ec8] kthread at ffffffff810b0b6f
#38 [ffff881ffb0b7f50] ret_from_fork at ffffffff81697a18


Given how slow serial8250_console_putchar()->wait_for_xmitr() can be -
10ms of delay for every char - it's possible that we had no concurrent
printk()-s from other CPUs. So may be we had just one printing CPU,
and several CPUs spinning on a spin_lock which was owned by the printing
CPU.

So that's why printk_deferred() helped here. It simply detached 8250
and made spin_lock critical secrtion to be as fast as printk->log_store().


But here comes the tricky part. Suppose that we:
a) have at least two CPUs that call printk concurrently
b) have hand off enabled


Now, what will happen if we have something like this

CPU0 CPU1 CPU2
spin_lock(queue_lock)
printk printk
cfqg_print_rwstat_recursive() serial8250
spin_lock(queue_lock) printk serial8250
serial8250 printk
serial8250


I suspect that handoff may not be very helpful. CPU1 and CPU2 will wait for
each to finish serial8250 and to hand off printing to each other. So CPU1
will do 2 serial8250 invocations to printk its messages, and in between it
will spin waiting for CPU2 to do its printk->serial8250 and to handoff
printing to CPU1. The problem is that CPU1 will be under spin_lock() all
that time, so CPU0 is going to suffer just like before.

Opinions?

-ss

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