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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3] drm/xen-front: Add support for Xen PV display frontend
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On 03/26/2018 11:18 AM, Daniel Vetter wrote:
> On Fri, Mar 23, 2018 at 05:54:49PM +0200, Oleksandr Andrushchenko wrote:
>>> My apologies, but I found a few more things that look strange and should
>>> be cleaned up. Sorry for this iterative review approach, but I think we're
>>> slowly getting there.
>> Thank you for reviewing!
>>> Cheers, Daniel
>>>
>>>> ---
>>>> +static int xen_drm_drv_dumb_create(struct drm_file *filp,
>>>> + struct drm_device *dev, struct drm_mode_create_dumb *args)
>>>> +{
>>>> + struct xen_drm_front_drm_info *drm_info = dev->dev_private;
>>>> + struct drm_gem_object *obj;
>>>> + int ret;
>>>> +
>>>> + ret = xen_drm_front_gem_dumb_create(filp, dev, args);
>>>> + if (ret)
>>>> + goto fail;
>>>> +
>>>> + obj = drm_gem_object_lookup(filp, args->handle);
>>>> + if (!obj) {
>>>> + ret = -ENOENT;
>>>> + goto fail_destroy;
>>>> + }
>>>> +
>>>> + drm_gem_object_unreference_unlocked(obj);
>>> You can't drop the reference while you keep using the object, someone else
>>> might sneak in and destroy your object. The unreference always must be
>>> last.
>> Will fix, thank you
>>>> +
>>>> + /*
>>>> + * In case of CONFIG_DRM_XEN_FRONTEND_CMA gem_obj is constructed
>>>> + * via DRM CMA helpers and doesn't have ->pages allocated
>>>> + * (xendrm_gem_get_pages will return NULL), but instead can provide
>>>> + * sg table
>>>> + */
>>>> + if (xen_drm_front_gem_get_pages(obj))
>>>> + ret = xen_drm_front_dbuf_create_from_pages(
>>>> + drm_info->front_info,
>>>> + xen_drm_front_dbuf_to_cookie(obj),
>>>> + args->width, args->height, args->bpp,
>>>> + args->size,
>>>> + xen_drm_front_gem_get_pages(obj));
>>>> + else
>>>> + ret = xen_drm_front_dbuf_create_from_sgt(
>>>> + drm_info->front_info,
>>>> + xen_drm_front_dbuf_to_cookie(obj),
>>>> + args->width, args->height, args->bpp,
>>>> + args->size,
>>>> + xen_drm_front_gem_get_sg_table(obj));
>>>> + if (ret)
>>>> + goto fail_destroy;
>>>> +
>>> The above also has another race: If you construct an object, then it must
>>> be fully constructed by the time you publish it to the wider world. In gem
>>> this is done by calling drm_gem_handle_create() - after that userspace can
>>> get at your object and do nasty things with it in a separate thread,
>>> forcing your driver to Oops if the object isn't fully constructed yet.
>>>
>>> That means you need to redo this code here to make sure that the gem
>>> object is fully set up (including pages and sg tables) _before_ anything
>>> calls drm_gem_handle_create().
>> You are correct, I need to rework this code
>>> This probably means you also need to open-code the cma side, by first
>>> calling drm_gem_cma_create(), then doing any additional setup, and finally
>>> doing the registration to userspace with drm_gem_handle_create as the very
>>> last thing.
>> Although I tend to avoid open-coding, but this seems the necessary measure
>> here
>>> Alternativet is to do the pages/sg setup only when you create an fb (and
>>> drop the pages again when the fb is destroyed), but that requires some
>>> refcounting/locking in the driver.
>> Not sure this will work: nothing prevents you from attaching multiple FBs to
>> a single dumb handle
>> So, not only ref-counting should be done here, but I also need to check if
>> the dumb buffer,
>> we are attaching to, has been created already
> No, you must make sure that no dumb buffer can be seen by anyone else
> before it's fully created. If you don't register it in the file_priv idr
> using drm_gem_handle_create, no one else can get at your buffer. Trying to
> paper over this race from all the other places breaks the gem core code
> design, and is also much more fragile.
Yes, this is what I implement now, e.g. I do not create
any dumb handle until GEM is fully created. I was just
saying that alternative way when we do pages/sgt on FB
attach will not work in my case
>> So, I will rework with open-coding some stuff from CMA helpers
>>
>>> Aside: There's still a lot of indirection and jumping around which makes
>>> the code a bit hard to follow.
>> Probably I am not sure of which indirection we are talking about, could you
>> please
>> specifically mark those annoying you?
> I think it's the same indirection we talked about last time, it still
> annoys me. But it's still ok if you prefer this way I think :-)
Ok, probably this is because I'm looking at the driver
from an editor, but you are from your mail client ;)
>>>> +
>>>> +static void xen_drm_drv_release(struct drm_device *dev)
>>>> +{
>>>> + struct xen_drm_front_drm_info *drm_info = dev->dev_private;
>>>> + struct xen_drm_front_info *front_info = drm_info->front_info;
>>>> +
>>>> + drm_atomic_helper_shutdown(dev);
>>>> + drm_mode_config_cleanup(dev);
>>>> +
>>>> + xen_drm_front_evtchnl_free_all(front_info);
>>>> + dbuf_free_all(&front_info->dbuf_list);
>>>> +
>>>> + drm_dev_fini(dev);
>>>> + kfree(dev);
>>>> +
>>>> + /*
>>>> + * Free now, as this release could be not due to rmmod, but
>>>> + * due to the backend disconnect, making drm_info hang in
>>>> + * memory until rmmod
>>>> + */
>>>> + devm_kfree(&front_info->xb_dev->dev, front_info->drm_info);
>>>> + front_info->drm_info = NULL;
>>>> +
>>>> + /* Tell the backend we are ready to (re)initialize */
>>>> + xenbus_switch_state(front_info->xb_dev, XenbusStateInitialising);
>>> This needs to be in the unplug code. Yes that means you'll have multiple
>>> drm_devices floating around, but that's how hotplug works. That would also
>>> mean that you need to drop the front_info pointer from the backend at
>>> unplug time.
>>>
>>> If you don't like those semantics then the only other option is to never
>>> destroy the drm_device, but only mark the drm_connector as disconnected
>>> when the xenbus backend is gone. But this half-half solution here where
>>> you hotunplug the drm_device but want to keep it around still doesn't work
>>> from a livetime pov.
>> I'll try to play with this:
>>
>> on backend disconnect I will do the following:
>>     drm_dev_unplug(dev)
>>     xen_drm_front_evtchnl_free_all(front_info);
>>     dbuf_free_all(&front_info->dbuf_list);
>>     devm_kfree(&front_info->xb_dev->dev, front_info->drm_info);
>>     front_info->drm_info = NULL;
>>     xenbus_switch_state(front_info->xb_dev, XenbusStateInitialising);
>>
>> on drm_driver.release callback:
>>
>>     drm_atomic_helper_shutdown(dev);
>>     drm_mode_config_cleanup(dev);
>>
>>     drm_dev_fini(dev);
>>     kfree(dev);
>>
>> Does the above make sense?
> I think so, yes.
Great
> One nit: Since you need to call devm_kfree either pick a
> different struct device that has the correct lifetime, or switch to the
> normal kmalloc/kfree versions.
Sure, I just copy-pasted from the existing patch with devm_
so we can discuss
>>>> +static struct xenbus_driver xen_driver = {
>>>> + .ids = xen_driver_ids,
>>>> + .probe = xen_drv_probe,
>>>> + .remove = xen_drv_remove,
>>> I still don't understand why you have both the remove and fini versions of
>>> this. See other comments, I think the xenbus vs. drm_device lifetime stuff
>>> still needs to be cleaned up some more. This shouldn't be that hard
>>> really.
>>>
>>> Or maybe I'm just totally misunderstanding this frontend vs. backend split
>>> in xen, so if you have a nice gentle intro text for why that exists, it
>>> might help.
>> Probably misunderstanding comes from the fact that it is possible if backend
>> dies it may still have its XenBus state set to connected, thus
>> displback_disconnect callback will never be called. For that reason on rmmod
>> I call fini for the DRM driver to destroy it.
>>
>>>> + /*
>>>> + * pflip_timeout is set to current jiffies once we send a page flip and
>>>> + * reset to 0 when we receive frame done event from the backed.
>>>> + * It is checked during drm_connector_helper_funcs.detect_ctx to detect
>>>> + * time-outs for frame done event, e.g. due to backend errors.
>>>> + *
>>>> + * This must be protected with front_info->io_lock, so races between
>>>> + * interrupt handler and rest of the code are properly handled.
>>>> + */
>>>> + unsigned long pflip_timeout;
>>>> +
>>>> + bool conn_connected;
>>> I'm pretty sure this doesn't work. Especially the check in display_check
>>> confuses me, if there's ever an error then you'll never ever be able to
>>> display anything again, except when someone disables the display.
>> That was the idea to allow dummy user-space to get an error in
>> display_check and close, going through display_disable.
>> Yes, compositors will die in this case.
>>
>>> If you want to signal errors with the output then this must be done
>>> through the new link-status property and
>>> drm_mode_connector_set_link_status_property. Rejecting kms updates in
>>> display_check with -EINVAL because the hw has a temporary issue is kinda
>>> not cool (because many compositors just die when this happens). I thought
>>> we agreed already to remove that, sorry for not spotting that in the
>>> previous version.
>> Unfortunatelly, there is little software available which will benefit
>> from this out of the box. I am specifically interested in embedded
>> use-cases, e.g. Android (DRM HWC2 - doesn't support hotplug, HWC1.4 doesn't
>> support link status), Weston (no device hotplug, but connectors and
>> outputs).
>> Other software, like kmscube, modetest will not handle that as well.
>> So, such software will hang forever until killed.
> Then you need to fix your userspace. You can't invent new uapi which will
> break existing compositors like this.
I have hotplug in the driver for connectors now, so no new UAPI
> Also I thought you've fixed the
> "hangs forever" by sending out the uevent in case the backend disappears
> or has an error. That's definitely something that should be fixed, current
> userspace doesn't expect that events never get delivered.
I do, I was just saying that modetest/kmscube doesn't
handle hotplug events, so they can't understand that the
connector is gone
>
>>> Some of the conn_connected checks also look a bit like they should be
>>> replaced by drm_dev_is_unplugged instead, but I'm not sure.
>> I believe you are talking about drm_simple_display_pipe_funcs?
>> Do you mean I have to put drm_dev_is_unplugged in display_enable,
>> display_disable and display_update callbacks?
> Yes. Well, as soon as Noralf's work has landed they'll switch to a
> drm_dev_enter/exit pair, but same idea.
Good, during the development I am probably seeing same
races because of this, e.g. I only have drm_dev_is_unplugged
as my tool which is not enough

>>>> +static int connector_detect(struct drm_connector *connector,
>>>> + struct drm_modeset_acquire_ctx *ctx,
>>>> + bool force)
>>>> +{
>>>> + struct xen_drm_front_drm_pipeline *pipeline =
>>>> + to_xen_drm_pipeline(connector);
>>>> + struct xen_drm_front_info *front_info = pipeline->drm_info->front_info;
>>>> + unsigned long flags;
>>>> +
>>>> + /* check if there is a frame done event time-out */
>>>> + spin_lock_irqsave(&front_info->io_lock, flags);
>>>> + if (pipeline->pflip_timeout &&
>>>> + time_after_eq(jiffies, pipeline->pflip_timeout)) {
>>>> + DRM_ERROR("Frame done event timed-out\n");
>>>> +
>>>> + pipeline->pflip_timeout = 0;
>>>> + pipeline->conn_connected = false;
>>>> + xen_drm_front_kms_send_pending_event(pipeline);
>>>> + }
>>>> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&front_info->io_lock, flags);
>>> If you want to check for timeouts please use a worker, don't piggy-pack on
>>> top of the detect callback.
>> Ok, will have a dedicated work for that. The reasons why I put this into the
>> detect callback were:
>> - the periodic worker is already there, and I do nothing heavy
>>   in this callback
>> - if frame done has timed out it most probably means that
>>   backend has gone, so 10 sec period of detect timeout is also ok: thus I
>> don't
>>   need to schedule a work each page flip which could be a bit costly
>> So, probably I will also need a periodic work (or kthread/timer) for frame
>> done time-outs
> Yes, please create your own timer/worker for this, stuffing random other
> things into existing workers makes the locking hierarchy more complicated
> for everyone. And it's confusing for core devs trying to understand what
> your driver does :-)
Will do
>
> Most drivers have piles of timers/workers doing various stuff, they're
> real cheap.
>
>>>> +static int connector_mode_valid(struct drm_connector *connector,
>>>> + struct drm_display_mode *mode)
>>>> +{
>>>> + struct xen_drm_front_drm_pipeline *pipeline =
>>>> + to_xen_drm_pipeline(connector);
>>>> +
>>>> + if (mode->hdisplay != pipeline->width)
>>>> + return MODE_ERROR;
>>>> +
>>>> + if (mode->vdisplay != pipeline->height)
>>>> + return MODE_ERROR;
>>>> +
>>>> + return MODE_OK;
>>>> +}
>>> mode_valid on the connector only checks probe modes. Since that is
>>> hardcoded this doesn't do much, which means userspace can give you a wrong
>>> mode, and you fall over.
>> Agree, I will remove this callback completely: I have
>> drm_connector_funcs.fill_modes == drm_helper_probe_single_connector_modes,
>> so it will only pick my single hardcoded mode from
>> drm_connector_helper_funcs.get_modes
>> callback (connector_get_modes).
> No, you still need your mode_valid check. Userspace can ignore your mode
> list and give you something totally different. But it needs to be moved to
> the drm_simple_display_pipe_funcs vtable.
Just to make sure we are on the same page: I just move connector_mode_valid
as is to drm_simple_display_pipe_funcs, right?
>>> You need to use one of the other mode_valid callbacks instead,
>>> drm_simple_display_pipe_funcs has the one you should use.
>>>
>> Not sure I understand why do I need to provide a callback here?
>> For simple KMS the drm_simple_kms_crtc_mode_valid callback is used,
>> which always returns MODE_OK if there is no .mode_valid set for the pipe.
>> As per my understanding drm_simple_kms_crtc_mode_valid is only called for
>> modes, which were collected by drm_helper_probe_single_connector_modes,
>> so I assume each time .validate_mode is called it can only have my hardcoded
>> mode to validate?
> Please read the kerneldoc again, userspace can give you modes that are not
> coming from drm_helper_probe_single_connector_modes. If the kerneldoc
> isn't clear, then please submit a patch to make it clearer.
It is all clear
>>>> +
>>>> +static int display_check(struct drm_simple_display_pipe *pipe,
>>>> + struct drm_plane_state *plane_state,
>>>> + struct drm_crtc_state *crtc_state)
>>>> +{
>>>> + struct xen_drm_front_drm_pipeline *pipeline =
>>>> + to_xen_drm_pipeline(pipe);
>>>> +
>>>> + return pipeline->conn_connected ? 0 : -EINVAL;
>>> As mentioned, this -EINVAL here needs to go. Since you already have a
>>> mode_valid callback you can (should) drop this one here entirely.
>> Not sure how mode_valid is relevant to this code [1]: This function is
>> called
>> in the check phase of an atomic update, specifically when the underlying
>> plane is checked. But, anyways: the reason for this callback and it
>> returning
>> -EINVAL is primarialy for a dumb user-space which cannot handle hotplug
>> events.
> Fix your userspace. Again, you can't invent new uapi like this which ends
> up being inconsistent with other existing userspace.
In ideal world - yes, we have to fix existing software ;)
>
>> But, as you mentioned before, it will make most compositors die, so I will
>> remove this
> Yup, sounds good.
>
> Cheers, Daniel
Thank you,
Oleksandr

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