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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] smp: introduce kick_active_cpus_sync()
On Sun, Mar 25, 2018 at 11:11:54PM +0300, Yury Norov wrote:
> On Sun, Mar 25, 2018 at 12:23:28PM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > On Sun, Mar 25, 2018 at 08:50:04PM +0300, Yury Norov wrote:
> > > kick_all_cpus_sync() forces all CPUs to sync caches by sending broadcast IPI.
> > > If CPU is in extended quiescent state (idle task or nohz_full userspace), this
> > > work may be done at the exit of this state. Delaying synchronization helps to
> > > save power if CPU is in idle state and decrease latency for real-time tasks.
> > >
> > > This patch introduces kick_active_cpus_sync() and uses it in mm/slab and arm64
> > > code to delay syncronization.
> > >
> > > For task isolation (https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/11/3/589), IPI to the CPU running
> > > isolated task would be fatal, as it breaks isolation. The approach with delaying
> > > of synchronization work helps to maintain isolated state.
> > >
> > > I've tested it with test from task isolation series on ThunderX2 for more than
> > > 10 hours (10k giga-ticks) without breaking isolation.
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Yury Norov <ynorov@caviumnetworks.com>
> > > ---
> > > arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c | 2 +-
> > > include/linux/smp.h | 2 ++
> > > kernel/smp.c | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > mm/slab.c | 2 +-
> > > 4 files changed, 28 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c
> > > index 2718a77da165..9d7c492e920e 100644
> > > --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c
> > > +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c
> > > @@ -291,7 +291,7 @@ int __kprobes aarch64_insn_patch_text(void *addrs[], u32 insns[], int cnt)
> > > * synchronization.
> > > */
> > > ret = aarch64_insn_patch_text_nosync(addrs[0], insns[0]);
> > > - kick_all_cpus_sync();
> > > + kick_active_cpus_sync();
> > > return ret;
> > > }
> > > }
> > > diff --git a/include/linux/smp.h b/include/linux/smp.h
> > > index 9fb239e12b82..27215e22240d 100644
> > > --- a/include/linux/smp.h
> > > +++ b/include/linux/smp.h
> > > @@ -105,6 +105,7 @@ int smp_call_function_any(const struct cpumask *mask,
> > > smp_call_func_t func, void *info, int wait);
> > >
> > > void kick_all_cpus_sync(void);
> > > +void kick_active_cpus_sync(void);
> > > void wake_up_all_idle_cpus(void);
> > >
> > > /*
> > > @@ -161,6 +162,7 @@ smp_call_function_any(const struct cpumask *mask, smp_call_func_t func,
> > > }
> > >
> > > static inline void kick_all_cpus_sync(void) { }
> > > +static inline void kick_active_cpus_sync(void) { }
> > > static inline void wake_up_all_idle_cpus(void) { }
> > >
> > > #ifdef CONFIG_UP_LATE_INIT
> > > diff --git a/kernel/smp.c b/kernel/smp.c
> > > index 084c8b3a2681..0358d6673850 100644
> > > --- a/kernel/smp.c
> > > +++ b/kernel/smp.c
> > > @@ -724,6 +724,30 @@ void kick_all_cpus_sync(void)
> > > }
> > > EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kick_all_cpus_sync);
> > >
> > > +/**
> > > + * kick_active_cpus_sync - Force CPUs that are not in extended
> > > + * quiescent state (idle or nohz_full userspace) sync by sending
> > > + * IPI. Extended quiescent state CPUs will sync at the exit of
> > > + * that state.
> > > + */
> > > +void kick_active_cpus_sync(void)
> > > +{
> > > + int cpu;
> > > + struct cpumask kernel_cpus;
> > > +
> > > + smp_mb();
> > > +
> > > + cpumask_clear(&kernel_cpus);
> > > + preempt_disable();
> > > + for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
> > > + if (!rcu_eqs_special_set(cpu))
> >
> > If we get here, the CPU is not in a quiescent state, so we therefore
> > must IPI it, correct?
> >
> > But don't you also need to define rcu_eqs_special_exit() so that RCU
> > can invoke it when it next leaves its quiescent state? Or are you able
> > to ignore the CPU in that case? (If you are able to ignore the CPU in
> > that case, I could give you a lower-cost function to get your job done.)
> >
> > Thanx, Paul
>
> What's actually needed for synchronization is issuing memory barrier on target
> CPUs before we start executing kernel code.
>
> smp_mb() is implicitly called in smp_call_function*() path for it. In
> rcu_eqs_special_set() -> rcu_dynticks_eqs_exit() path, smp_mb__after_atomic()
> is called just before rcu_eqs_special_exit().
>
> So I think, rcu_eqs_special_exit() may be left untouched. Empty
> rcu_eqs_special_exit() in new RCU path corresponds empty do_nothing() in old
> IPI path.
>
> Or my understanding of smp_mb__after_atomic() is wrong? By default,
> smp_mb__after_atomic() is just alias to smp_mb(). But some
> architectures define it differently. x86, for example, aliases it to
> just barrier() with a comment: "Atomic operations are already
> serializing on x86".
>
> I was initially thinking that it's also fine to leave
> rcu_eqs_special_exit() empty in this case, but now I'm not sure...
>
> Anyway, answering to your question, we shouldn't ignore quiescent
> CPUs, and rcu_eqs_special_set() path is really needed as it issues
> memory barrier on them.

An alternative approach would be for me to make something like this
and export it:

bool rcu_cpu_in_eqs(int cpu)
{
struct rcu_dynticks *rdtp = &per_cpu(rcu_dynticks, cpu);
int snap;

smp_mb(); /* Obtain consistent snapshot, pairs with update. */
snap = READ_ONCE(&rdtp->dynticks);
smp_mb(); /* See above. */
return !(snap & RCU_DYNTICK_CTRL_CTR);
}

Then you could replace your use of rcu_cpu_in_eqs() above with
the new rcu_cpu_in_eqs(). This would avoid the RMW atomic, and, more
important, the unnecessary write to ->dynticks.

Or am I missing something?

Thanx, Paul

> Yury
>
> > > + cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, &kernel_cpus);
> > > + }
> > > + smp_call_function_many(&kernel_cpus, do_nothing, NULL, 1);
> > > + preempt_enable();
> > > +}
> > > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kick_active_cpus_sync);
> > > +
> > > /**
> > > * wake_up_all_idle_cpus - break all cpus out of idle
> > > * wake_up_all_idle_cpus try to break all cpus which is in idle state even
> > > diff --git a/mm/slab.c b/mm/slab.c
> > > index 324446621b3e..678d5dbd6f46 100644
> > > --- a/mm/slab.c
> > > +++ b/mm/slab.c
> > > @@ -3856,7 +3856,7 @@ static int __do_tune_cpucache(struct kmem_cache *cachep, int limit,
> > > * cpus, so skip the IPIs.
> > > */
> > > if (prev)
> > > - kick_all_cpus_sync();
> > > + kick_active_cpus_sync();
> > >
> > > check_irq_on();
> > > cachep->batchcount = batchcount;
> > > --
> > > 2.14.1
> > >
>

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