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Subject[PATCH 2/2] x86/microcode: Fix CPU synchronization routine
Date
From: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>

Emanuel reported an issue with a hang during microcode update because my
dumb idea to use one atomic synchronization variable for both rendezvous
- before and after update - was simply bollocks:

microcode: microcode_reload_late: late_cpus: 4
microcode: __reload_late: cpu 2 entered
microcode: __reload_late: cpu 1 entered
microcode: __reload_late: cpu 3 entered
microcode: __reload_late: cpu 0 entered
microcode: __reload_late: cpu 1 left
microcode: Timeout while waiting for CPUs rendezvous, remaining: 1

CPU1 above would finish, leave and the others will still spin waiting
for it to join.

So do two synchronization atomics instead. Which makes the code a lot
more straightforward.

Also, since the update is serialized and it also takes a couple of
thousand cycles per microcode engine, increase the exit timeout by the
number of CPUs on the system.

That's ok because the moment all CPUs are done, that timeout will be cut
short.

Furthermore, panic when some of the CPUs timeout when returning from a
microcode update: we can't allow a system with not all cores updated.

Also, as an optimization, do not do the exit sync if microcode wasn't
updated.

Reported-and-tested-by: Emanuel Czirai <xftroxgpx@protonmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Tested-by: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com>
Tested-by: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
---
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/core.c | 68 ++++++++++++++++++++++--------------
1 file changed, 41 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/core.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/core.c
index 9f0fe5bb450d..10c4fc2c91f8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/core.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/core.c
@@ -517,7 +517,29 @@ static int check_online_cpus(void)
return -EINVAL;
}

-static atomic_t late_cpus;
+static atomic_t late_cpus_in;
+static atomic_t late_cpus_out;
+
+static int __wait_for_cpus(atomic_t *t, long long timeout)
+{
+ int all_cpus = num_online_cpus();
+
+ atomic_inc(t);
+
+ while (atomic_read(t) < all_cpus) {
+ if (timeout < SPINUNIT) {
+ pr_err("Timeout while waiting for CPUs rendezvous, remaining: %d\n",
+ all_cpus - atomic_read(t));
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ ndelay(SPINUNIT);
+ timeout -= SPINUNIT;
+
+ touch_nmi_watchdog();
+ }
+ return 0;
+}

/*
* Returns:
@@ -527,30 +549,16 @@ static atomic_t late_cpus;
*/
static int __reload_late(void *info)
{
- unsigned int timeout = NSEC_PER_SEC;
- int all_cpus = num_online_cpus();
int cpu = smp_processor_id();
enum ucode_state err;
int ret = 0;

- atomic_dec(&late_cpus);
-
/*
* Wait for all CPUs to arrive. A load will not be attempted unless all
* CPUs show up.
* */
- while (atomic_read(&late_cpus)) {
- if (timeout < SPINUNIT) {
- pr_err("Timeout while waiting for CPUs rendezvous, remaining: %d\n",
- atomic_read(&late_cpus));
- return -1;
- }
-
- ndelay(SPINUNIT);
- timeout -= SPINUNIT;
-
- touch_nmi_watchdog();
- }
+ if (__wait_for_cpus(&late_cpus_in, NSEC_PER_SEC))
+ return -1;

spin_lock(&update_lock);
apply_microcode_local(&err);
@@ -558,15 +566,22 @@ static int __reload_late(void *info)

if (err > UCODE_NFOUND) {
pr_warn("Error reloading microcode on CPU %d\n", cpu);
- ret = -1;
- } else if (err == UCODE_UPDATED) {
+ return -1;
+ /* siblings return UCODE_OK because their engine got updated already */
+ } else if (err == UCODE_UPDATED || err == UCODE_OK) {
ret = 1;
+ } else {
+ return ret;
}

- atomic_inc(&late_cpus);
-
- while (atomic_read(&late_cpus) != all_cpus)
- cpu_relax();
+ /*
+ * Increase the wait timeout to a safe value here since we're
+ * serializing the microcode update and that could take a while on a
+ * large number of CPUs. And that is fine as the *actual* timeout will
+ * be determined by the last CPU finished updating and thus cut short.
+ */
+ if (__wait_for_cpus(&late_cpus_out, NSEC_PER_SEC * num_online_cpus()))
+ panic("Timeout during microcode update!\n");

return ret;
}
@@ -579,12 +594,11 @@ static int microcode_reload_late(void)
{
int ret;

- atomic_set(&late_cpus, num_online_cpus());
+ atomic_set(&late_cpus_in, 0);
+ atomic_set(&late_cpus_out, 0);

ret = stop_machine_cpuslocked(__reload_late, NULL, cpu_online_mask);
- if (ret < 0)
- return ret;
- else if (ret > 0)
+ if (ret > 0)
microcode_check();

return ret;
--
2.13.0
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