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Subject[PATCH v9 09/61] xarray: Replace exceptional entries
Date
From: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>

Introduce xarray value entries to replace the radix tree exceptional
entry code. This is a slight change in encoding to allow the use of an
extra bit (we can now store BITS_PER_LONG - 1 bits in a value entry).
It is also a change in emphasis; exceptional entries are intimidating
and different. As the comment explains, you can choose to store values
or pointers in the xarray and they are both first-class citizens.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
---
arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/64/pgtable.h | 4 +-
arch/powerpc/include/asm/nohash/64/pgtable.h | 4 +-
drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem.c | 17 ++--
drivers/staging/lustre/lustre/mdc/mdc_request.c | 2 +-
fs/btrfs/compression.c | 2 +-
fs/dax.c | 107 ++++++++++++------------
fs/proc/task_mmu.c | 2 +-
include/linux/radix-tree.h | 36 ++------
include/linux/swapops.h | 19 ++---
include/linux/xarray.h | 54 ++++++++++++
lib/idr.c | 61 ++++++--------
lib/radix-tree.c | 21 ++---
mm/filemap.c | 10 +--
mm/khugepaged.c | 2 +-
mm/madvise.c | 2 +-
mm/memcontrol.c | 2 +-
mm/mincore.c | 2 +-
mm/readahead.c | 2 +-
mm/shmem.c | 10 +--
mm/swap.c | 2 +-
mm/truncate.c | 12 +--
mm/workingset.c | 12 ++-
tools/testing/radix-tree/idr-test.c | 6 +-
tools/testing/radix-tree/linux/radix-tree.h | 1 +
tools/testing/radix-tree/multiorder.c | 47 +++++------
tools/testing/radix-tree/test.c | 2 +-
26 files changed, 223 insertions(+), 218 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/64/pgtable.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/64/pgtable.h
index a6b9f1d74600..c3a5c809779c 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/64/pgtable.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/book3s/64/pgtable.h
@@ -709,9 +709,7 @@ static inline bool pte_user(pte_t pte)
BUILD_BUG_ON(_PAGE_HPTEFLAGS & (0x1f << _PAGE_BIT_SWAP_TYPE)); \
BUILD_BUG_ON(_PAGE_HPTEFLAGS & _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY); \
} while (0)
-/*
- * on pte we don't need handle RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT;
- */
+
#define SWP_TYPE_BITS 5
#define __swp_type(x) (((x).val >> _PAGE_BIT_SWAP_TYPE) \
& ((1UL << SWP_TYPE_BITS) - 1))
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/nohash/64/pgtable.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/nohash/64/pgtable.h
index 5c5f75d005ad..22f519687b74 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/nohash/64/pgtable.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/nohash/64/pgtable.h
@@ -330,9 +330,7 @@ static inline void __ptep_set_access_flags(struct mm_struct *mm,
*/ \
BUILD_BUG_ON(_PAGE_HPTEFLAGS & (0x1f << _PAGE_BIT_SWAP_TYPE)); \
} while (0)
-/*
- * on pte we don't need handle RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT;
- */
+
#define SWP_TYPE_BITS 5
#define __swp_type(x) (((x).val >> _PAGE_BIT_SWAP_TYPE) \
& ((1UL << SWP_TYPE_BITS) - 1))
diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem.c
index 05b0724b60dc..071a25504174 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/i915/i915_gem.c
@@ -5795,7 +5795,8 @@ i915_gem_object_get_sg(struct drm_i915_gem_object *obj,
count = __sg_page_count(sg);

while (idx + count <= n) {
- unsigned long exception, i;
+ void *entry;
+ unsigned long i;
int ret;

/* If we cannot allocate and insert this entry, or the
@@ -5810,12 +5811,9 @@ i915_gem_object_get_sg(struct drm_i915_gem_object *obj,
if (ret && ret != -EEXIST)
goto scan;

- exception =
- RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_ENTRY |
- idx << RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT;
+ entry = xa_mk_value(idx);
for (i = 1; i < count; i++) {
- ret = radix_tree_insert(&iter->radix, idx + i,
- (void *)exception);
+ ret = radix_tree_insert(&iter->radix, idx + i, entry);
if (ret && ret != -EEXIST)
goto scan;
}
@@ -5853,15 +5851,14 @@ i915_gem_object_get_sg(struct drm_i915_gem_object *obj,
GEM_BUG_ON(!sg);

/* If this index is in the middle of multi-page sg entry,
- * the radixtree will contain an exceptional entry that points
+ * the radix tree will contain a value entry that points
* to the start of that range. We will return the pointer to
* the base page and the offset of this page within the
* sg entry's range.
*/
*offset = 0;
- if (unlikely(radix_tree_exception(sg))) {
- unsigned long base =
- (unsigned long)sg >> RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT;
+ if (unlikely(xa_is_value(sg))) {
+ unsigned long base = xa_to_value(sg);

sg = radix_tree_lookup(&iter->radix, base);
GEM_BUG_ON(!sg);
diff --git a/drivers/staging/lustre/lustre/mdc/mdc_request.c b/drivers/staging/lustre/lustre/mdc/mdc_request.c
index 8ee7b4d273b2..6950cb21638e 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/lustre/lustre/mdc/mdc_request.c
+++ b/drivers/staging/lustre/lustre/mdc/mdc_request.c
@@ -937,7 +937,7 @@ static struct page *mdc_page_locate(struct address_space *mapping, __u64 *hash,
xa_lock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
found = radix_tree_gang_lookup(&mapping->i_pages,
(void **)&page, offset, 1);
- if (found > 0 && !radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page)) {
+ if (found > 0 && !xa_is_value(page)) {
struct lu_dirpage *dp;

get_page(page);
diff --git a/fs/btrfs/compression.c b/fs/btrfs/compression.c
index 62519a61eb6e..ad330af89eef 100644
--- a/fs/btrfs/compression.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/compression.c
@@ -460,7 +460,7 @@ static noinline int add_ra_bio_pages(struct inode *inode,
rcu_read_lock();
page = radix_tree_lookup(&mapping->i_pages, pg_index);
rcu_read_unlock();
- if (page && !radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page)) {
+ if (page && !xa_is_value(page)) {
misses++;
if (misses > 4)
break;
diff --git a/fs/dax.c b/fs/dax.c
index 7d5cf348edfc..ae70bebdb835 100644
--- a/fs/dax.c
+++ b/fs/dax.c
@@ -59,57 +59,57 @@ static int __init init_dax_wait_table(void)
fs_initcall(init_dax_wait_table);

/*
- * We use lowest available bit in exceptional entry for locking, one bit for
- * the entry size (PMD) and two more to tell us if the entry is a zero page or
- * an empty entry that is just used for locking. In total four special bits.
+ * DAX pagecache entries use XArray value entries so they can't be mistaken
+ * for pages. We use one bit for locking, one bit for the entry size (PMD)
+ * and two more to tell us if the entry is a zero page or an empty entry that
+ * is just used for locking. In total four special bits.
*
* If the PMD bit isn't set the entry has size PAGE_SIZE, and if the ZERO_PAGE
* and EMPTY bits aren't set the entry is a normal DAX entry with a filesystem
* block allocation.
*/
-#define RADIX_DAX_SHIFT (RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT + 4)
-#define RADIX_DAX_ENTRY_LOCK (1 << RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT)
-#define RADIX_DAX_PMD (1 << (RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT + 1))
-#define RADIX_DAX_ZERO_PAGE (1 << (RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT + 2))
-#define RADIX_DAX_EMPTY (1 << (RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT + 3))
+#define DAX_SHIFT (4)
+#define DAX_ENTRY_LOCK (1UL << 0)
+#define DAX_PMD (1UL << 1)
+#define DAX_ZERO_PAGE (1UL << 2)
+#define DAX_EMPTY (1UL << 3)

static unsigned long dax_radix_sector(void *entry)
{
- return (unsigned long)entry >> RADIX_DAX_SHIFT;
+ return xa_to_value(entry) >> DAX_SHIFT;
}

static void *dax_radix_locked_entry(sector_t sector, unsigned long flags)
{
- return (void *)(RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_ENTRY | flags |
- ((unsigned long)sector << RADIX_DAX_SHIFT) |
- RADIX_DAX_ENTRY_LOCK);
+ return xa_mk_value(flags | ((unsigned long)sector << DAX_SHIFT) |
+ DAX_ENTRY_LOCK);
}

static unsigned int dax_radix_order(void *entry)
{
- if ((unsigned long)entry & RADIX_DAX_PMD)
+ if (xa_to_value(entry) & DAX_PMD)
return PMD_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT;
return 0;
}

static int dax_is_pmd_entry(void *entry)
{
- return (unsigned long)entry & RADIX_DAX_PMD;
+ return xa_to_value(entry) & DAX_PMD;
}

static int dax_is_pte_entry(void *entry)
{
- return !((unsigned long)entry & RADIX_DAX_PMD);
+ return !(xa_to_value(entry) & DAX_PMD);
}

static int dax_is_zero_entry(void *entry)
{
- return (unsigned long)entry & RADIX_DAX_ZERO_PAGE;
+ return xa_to_value(entry) & DAX_ZERO_PAGE;
}

static int dax_is_empty_entry(void *entry)
{
- return (unsigned long)entry & RADIX_DAX_EMPTY;
+ return xa_to_value(entry) & DAX_EMPTY;
}

/*
@@ -187,9 +187,9 @@ static void dax_wake_mapping_entry_waiter(struct address_space *mapping,
*/
static inline int slot_locked(struct address_space *mapping, void **slot)
{
- unsigned long entry = (unsigned long)
- radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(slot, &mapping->i_pages.xa_lock);
- return entry & RADIX_DAX_ENTRY_LOCK;
+ unsigned long entry = xa_to_value(
+ radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(slot, &mapping->i_pages.xa_lock));
+ return entry & DAX_ENTRY_LOCK;
}

/*
@@ -197,12 +197,11 @@ static inline int slot_locked(struct address_space *mapping, void **slot)
*/
static inline void *lock_slot(struct address_space *mapping, void **slot)
{
- unsigned long entry = (unsigned long)
- radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(slot, &mapping->i_pages.xa_lock);
-
- entry |= RADIX_DAX_ENTRY_LOCK;
- radix_tree_replace_slot(&mapping->i_pages, slot, (void *)entry);
- return (void *)entry;
+ unsigned long v = xa_to_value(
+ radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(slot, &mapping->i_pages.xa_lock));
+ void *entry = xa_mk_value(v | DAX_ENTRY_LOCK);
+ radix_tree_replace_slot(&mapping->i_pages, slot, entry);
+ return entry;
}

/*
@@ -210,17 +209,16 @@ static inline void *lock_slot(struct address_space *mapping, void **slot)
*/
static inline void *unlock_slot(struct address_space *mapping, void **slot)
{
- unsigned long entry = (unsigned long)
- radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(slot, &mapping->i_pages.xa_lock);
-
- entry &= ~(unsigned long)RADIX_DAX_ENTRY_LOCK;
- radix_tree_replace_slot(&mapping->i_pages, slot, (void *)entry);
- return (void *)entry;
+ unsigned long v = xa_to_value(
+ radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(slot, &mapping->i_pages.xa_lock));
+ void *entry = xa_mk_value(v & ~DAX_ENTRY_LOCK);
+ radix_tree_replace_slot(&mapping->i_pages, slot, entry);
+ return entry;
}

/*
* Lookup entry in radix tree, wait for it to become unlocked if it is
- * exceptional entry and return it. The caller must call
+ * a DAX entry and return it. The caller must call
* put_unlocked_mapping_entry() when he decided not to lock the entry or
* put_locked_mapping_entry() when he locked the entry and now wants to
* unlock it.
@@ -241,7 +239,7 @@ static void *get_unlocked_mapping_entry(struct address_space *mapping,
entry = __radix_tree_lookup(&mapping->i_pages, index, NULL,
&slot);
if (!entry ||
- WARN_ON_ONCE(!radix_tree_exceptional_entry(entry)) ||
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!xa_is_value(entry)) ||
!slot_locked(mapping, slot)) {
if (slotp)
*slotp = slot;
@@ -265,7 +263,7 @@ static void dax_unlock_mapping_entry(struct address_space *mapping,

xa_lock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
entry = __radix_tree_lookup(&mapping->i_pages, index, NULL, &slot);
- if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!entry || !radix_tree_exceptional_entry(entry) ||
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!entry || !xa_is_value(entry) ||
!slot_locked(mapping, slot))) {
xa_unlock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
return;
@@ -296,12 +294,11 @@ static void put_unlocked_mapping_entry(struct address_space *mapping,
}

/*
- * Find radix tree entry at given index. If it points to an exceptional entry,
- * return it with the radix tree entry locked. If the radix tree doesn't
- * contain given index, create an empty exceptional entry for the index and
- * return with it locked.
+ * Find radix tree entry at given index. If it is a DAX entry, return it
+ * with the radix tree entry locked. If the radix tree doesn't contain the
+ * given index, create an empty entry for the index and return with it locked.
*
- * When requesting an entry with size RADIX_DAX_PMD, grab_mapping_entry() will
+ * When requesting an entry with size DAX_PMD, grab_mapping_entry() will
* either return that locked entry or will return an error. This error will
* happen if there are any 4k entries within the 2MiB range that we are
* requesting.
@@ -331,13 +328,13 @@ static void *grab_mapping_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index,
xa_lock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
entry = get_unlocked_mapping_entry(mapping, index, &slot);

- if (WARN_ON_ONCE(entry && !radix_tree_exceptional_entry(entry))) {
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(entry && !xa_is_value(entry))) {
entry = ERR_PTR(-EIO);
goto out_unlock;
}

if (entry) {
- if (size_flag & RADIX_DAX_PMD) {
+ if (size_flag & DAX_PMD) {
if (dax_is_pte_entry(entry)) {
put_unlocked_mapping_entry(mapping, index,
entry);
@@ -407,7 +404,7 @@ static void *grab_mapping_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index,
true);
}

- entry = dax_radix_locked_entry(0, size_flag | RADIX_DAX_EMPTY);
+ entry = dax_radix_locked_entry(0, size_flag | DAX_EMPTY);

err = __radix_tree_insert(&mapping->i_pages, index,
dax_radix_order(entry), entry);
@@ -444,7 +441,7 @@ static int __dax_invalidate_mapping_entry(struct address_space *mapping,

xa_lock_irq(pages);
entry = get_unlocked_mapping_entry(mapping, index, NULL);
- if (!entry || WARN_ON_ONCE(!radix_tree_exceptional_entry(entry)))
+ if (!entry || WARN_ON_ONCE(!xa_is_value(entry)))
goto out;
if (!trunc &&
(radix_tree_tag_get(pages, index, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY) ||
@@ -459,8 +456,8 @@ static int __dax_invalidate_mapping_entry(struct address_space *mapping,
return ret;
}
/*
- * Delete exceptional DAX entry at @index from @mapping. Wait for radix tree
- * entry to get unlocked before deleting it.
+ * Delete DAX entry at @index from @mapping. Wait for it
+ * to be unlocked before deleting it.
*/
int dax_delete_mapping_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index)
{
@@ -470,7 +467,7 @@ int dax_delete_mapping_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index)
* This gets called from truncate / punch_hole path. As such, the caller
* must hold locks protecting against concurrent modifications of the
* radix tree (usually fs-private i_mmap_sem for writing). Since the
- * caller has seen exceptional entry for this index, we better find it
+ * caller has seen a DAX entry for this index, we better find it
* at that index as well...
*/
WARN_ON_ONCE(!ret);
@@ -478,7 +475,7 @@ int dax_delete_mapping_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index)
}

/*
- * Invalidate exceptional DAX entry if it is clean.
+ * Invalidate DAX entry if it is clean.
*/
int dax_invalidate_mapping_entry_sync(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t index)
@@ -532,7 +529,7 @@ static void *dax_insert_mapping_entry(struct address_space *mapping,
if (dirty)
__mark_inode_dirty(mapping->host, I_DIRTY_PAGES);

- if (dax_is_zero_entry(entry) && !(flags & RADIX_DAX_ZERO_PAGE)) {
+ if (dax_is_zero_entry(entry) && !(flags & DAX_ZERO_PAGE)) {
/* we are replacing a zero page with block mapping */
if (dax_is_pmd_entry(entry))
unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, index & ~PG_PMD_COLOUR,
@@ -669,13 +666,13 @@ static int dax_writeback_one(struct block_device *bdev,
* A page got tagged dirty in DAX mapping? Something is seriously
* wrong.
*/
- if (WARN_ON(!radix_tree_exceptional_entry(entry)))
+ if (WARN_ON(!xa_is_value(entry)))
return -EIO;

xa_lock_irq(pages);
entry2 = get_unlocked_mapping_entry(mapping, index, &slot);
/* Entry got punched out / reallocated? */
- if (!entry2 || WARN_ON_ONCE(!radix_tree_exceptional_entry(entry2)))
+ if (!entry2 || WARN_ON_ONCE(!xa_is_value(entry2)))
goto put_unlocked;
/*
* Entry got reallocated elsewhere? No need to writeback. We have to
@@ -881,7 +878,7 @@ static int dax_load_hole(struct address_space *mapping, void *entry,
}

entry2 = dax_insert_mapping_entry(mapping, vmf, entry, 0,
- RADIX_DAX_ZERO_PAGE, false);
+ DAX_ZERO_PAGE, false);
if (IS_ERR(entry2)) {
ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
goto out;
@@ -1283,7 +1280,7 @@ static int dax_pmd_load_hole(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct iomap *iomap,
goto fallback;

ret = dax_insert_mapping_entry(mapping, vmf, entry, 0,
- RADIX_DAX_PMD | RADIX_DAX_ZERO_PAGE, false);
+ DAX_PMD | DAX_ZERO_PAGE, false);
if (IS_ERR(ret))
goto fallback;

@@ -1368,7 +1365,7 @@ static int dax_iomap_pmd_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t *pfnp,
* is already in the tree, for instance), it will return -EEXIST and
* we just fall back to 4k entries.
*/
- entry = grab_mapping_entry(mapping, pgoff, RADIX_DAX_PMD);
+ entry = grab_mapping_entry(mapping, pgoff, DAX_PMD);
if (IS_ERR(entry))
goto fallback;

@@ -1407,7 +1404,7 @@ static int dax_iomap_pmd_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t *pfnp,

entry = dax_insert_mapping_entry(mapping, vmf, entry,
dax_iomap_sector(&iomap, pos),
- RADIX_DAX_PMD, write && !sync);
+ DAX_PMD, write && !sync);
if (IS_ERR(entry))
goto finish_iomap;

diff --git a/fs/proc/task_mmu.c b/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
index 65ae54659833..cbcf6497de9d 100644
--- a/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
+++ b/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
@@ -552,7 +552,7 @@ static void smaps_pte_entry(pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr,
if (!page)
return;

- if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page))
+ if (xa_is_value(page))
mss->swap += PAGE_SIZE;
else
put_page(page);
diff --git a/include/linux/radix-tree.h b/include/linux/radix-tree.h
index 34149e8b5f73..87f35fe00e55 100644
--- a/include/linux/radix-tree.h
+++ b/include/linux/radix-tree.h
@@ -28,34 +28,26 @@
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/xarray.h>

/*
* The bottom two bits of the slot determine how the remaining bits in the
* slot are interpreted:
*
* 00 - data pointer
- * 01 - internal entry
- * 10 - exceptional entry
- * 11 - this bit combination is currently unused/reserved
+ * 10 - internal entry
+ * x1 - value entry
*
* The internal entry may be a pointer to the next level in the tree, a
* sibling entry, or an indicator that the entry in this slot has been moved
* to another location in the tree and the lookup should be restarted. While
* NULL fits the 'data pointer' pattern, it means that there is no entry in
* the tree for this index (no matter what level of the tree it is found at).
- * This means that you cannot store NULL in the tree as a value for the index.
+ * This means that storing a NULL entry in the tree is the same as deleting
+ * the entry from the tree.
*/
#define RADIX_TREE_ENTRY_MASK 3UL
-#define RADIX_TREE_INTERNAL_NODE 1UL
-
-/*
- * Most users of the radix tree store pointers but shmem/tmpfs stores swap
- * entries in the same tree. They are marked as exceptional entries to
- * distinguish them from pointers to struct page.
- * EXCEPTIONAL_ENTRY tests the bit, EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT shifts content past it.
- */
-#define RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_ENTRY 2
-#define RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT 2
+#define RADIX_TREE_INTERNAL_NODE 2UL

static inline bool radix_tree_is_internal_node(void *ptr)
{
@@ -83,11 +75,10 @@ static inline bool radix_tree_is_internal_node(void *ptr)

/*
* @count is the count of every non-NULL element in the ->slots array
- * whether that is an exceptional entry, a retry entry, a user pointer,
+ * whether that is a data entry, a retry entry, a user pointer,
* a sibling entry or a pointer to the next level of the tree.
* @exceptional is the count of every element in ->slots which is
- * either radix_tree_exceptional_entry() or is a sibling entry for an
- * exceptional entry.
+ * either a data entry or a sibling entry for data.
*/
struct radix_tree_node {
unsigned char shift; /* Bits remaining in each slot */
@@ -268,17 +259,6 @@ static inline int radix_tree_deref_retry(void *arg)
return unlikely(radix_tree_is_internal_node(arg));
}

-/**
- * radix_tree_exceptional_entry - radix_tree_deref_slot gave exceptional entry?
- * @arg: value returned by radix_tree_deref_slot
- * Returns: 0 if well-aligned pointer, non-0 if exceptional entry.
- */
-static inline int radix_tree_exceptional_entry(void *arg)
-{
- /* Not unlikely because radix_tree_exception often tested first */
- return (unsigned long)arg & RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_ENTRY;
-}
-
/**
* radix_tree_exception - radix_tree_deref_slot returned either exception?
* @arg: value returned by radix_tree_deref_slot
diff --git a/include/linux/swapops.h b/include/linux/swapops.h
index 1d3877c39a00..9c0eb4d4f444 100644
--- a/include/linux/swapops.h
+++ b/include/linux/swapops.h
@@ -17,9 +17,8 @@
*
* swp_entry_t's are *never* stored anywhere in their arch-dependent format.
*/
-#define SWP_TYPE_SHIFT(e) ((sizeof(e.val) * 8) - \
- (MAX_SWAPFILES_SHIFT + RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT))
-#define SWP_OFFSET_MASK(e) ((1UL << SWP_TYPE_SHIFT(e)) - 1)
+#define SWP_TYPE_SHIFT (BITS_PER_XA_VALUE - MAX_SWAPFILES_SHIFT)
+#define SWP_OFFSET_MASK ((1UL << SWP_TYPE_SHIFT) - 1)

/*
* Store a type+offset into a swp_entry_t in an arch-independent format
@@ -28,8 +27,7 @@ static inline swp_entry_t swp_entry(unsigned long type, pgoff_t offset)
{
swp_entry_t ret;

- ret.val = (type << SWP_TYPE_SHIFT(ret)) |
- (offset & SWP_OFFSET_MASK(ret));
+ ret.val = (type << SWP_TYPE_SHIFT) | (offset & SWP_OFFSET_MASK);
return ret;
}

@@ -39,7 +37,7 @@ static inline swp_entry_t swp_entry(unsigned long type, pgoff_t offset)
*/
static inline unsigned swp_type(swp_entry_t entry)
{
- return (entry.val >> SWP_TYPE_SHIFT(entry));
+ return (entry.val >> SWP_TYPE_SHIFT);
}

/*
@@ -48,7 +46,7 @@ static inline unsigned swp_type(swp_entry_t entry)
*/
static inline pgoff_t swp_offset(swp_entry_t entry)
{
- return entry.val & SWP_OFFSET_MASK(entry);
+ return entry.val & SWP_OFFSET_MASK;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
@@ -89,16 +87,13 @@ static inline swp_entry_t radix_to_swp_entry(void *arg)
{
swp_entry_t entry;

- entry.val = (unsigned long)arg >> RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT;
+ entry.val = xa_to_value(arg);
return entry;
}

static inline void *swp_to_radix_entry(swp_entry_t entry)
{
- unsigned long value;
-
- value = entry.val << RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT;
- return (void *)(value | RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_ENTRY);
+ return xa_mk_value(entry.val);
}

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE)
diff --git a/include/linux/xarray.h b/include/linux/xarray.h
index 2dfc8006fe64..f61806fd8002 100644
--- a/include/linux/xarray.h
+++ b/include/linux/xarray.h
@@ -5,9 +5,63 @@
* eXtensible Arrays
* Copyright (c) 2017 Microsoft Corporation
* Author: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
+ *
+ * See Documentation/core-api/xarray.rst for how to use the XArray.
*/

+#include <linux/bug.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+/*
+ * The bottom two bits of the entry determine how the XArray interprets
+ * the contents:
+ *
+ * 00: Pointer entry
+ * 10: Internal entry
+ * x1: Value entry
+ *
+ * Attempting to store internal entries in the XArray is a bug.
+ */
+
+#define BITS_PER_XA_VALUE (BITS_PER_LONG - 1)
+
+/**
+ * xa_mk_value() - Create an XArray entry from an integer.
+ * @v: Value to store in XArray.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context.
+ * Return: An entry suitable for storing in the XArray.
+ */
+static inline void *xa_mk_value(unsigned long v)
+{
+ WARN_ON((long)v < 0);
+ return (void *)((v << 1) | 1);
+}
+
+/**
+ * xa_to_value() - Get value stored in an XArray entry.
+ * @entry: XArray entry.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context.
+ * Return: The value stored in the XArray entry.
+ */
+static inline unsigned long xa_to_value(const void *entry)
+{
+ return (unsigned long)entry >> 1;
+}
+
+/**
+ * xa_is_value() - Determine if an entry is a value.
+ * @entry: XArray entry.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context.
+ * Return: True if the entry is a value, false if it is a pointer.
+ */
+static inline bool xa_is_value(const void *entry)
+{
+ return (unsigned long)entry & 1;
+}

#define xa_trylock(xa) spin_trylock(&(xa)->xa_lock)
#define xa_lock(xa) spin_lock(&(xa)->xa_lock)
diff --git a/lib/idr.c b/lib/idr.c
index 823b813f08f8..b0aec7bc0d5f 100644
--- a/lib/idr.c
+++ b/lib/idr.c
@@ -4,6 +4,7 @@
#include <linux/idr.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/xarray.h>

DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct ida_bitmap *, ida_bitmap);
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(simple_ida_lock);
@@ -348,11 +349,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(idr_replace);
* by the number of bits in the leaf bitmap before doing a radix tree lookup.
*
* As an optimisation, if there are only a few low bits set in any given
- * leaf, instead of allocating a 128-byte bitmap, we use the 'exceptional
- * entry' functionality of the radix tree to store BITS_PER_LONG - 2 bits
- * directly in the entry. By being really tricksy, we could store
- * BITS_PER_LONG - 1 bits, but there're diminishing returns after optimising
- * for 0-3 allocated IDs.
+ * leaf, instead of allocating a 128-byte bitmap, we store the bits
+ * directly in the entry.
*
* We allow the radix tree 'exceptional' count to get out of date. Nothing
* in the IDA nor the radix tree code checks it. If it becomes important
@@ -394,12 +392,11 @@ int ida_get_new_above(struct ida *ida, int start, int *id)
struct radix_tree_iter iter;
struct ida_bitmap *bitmap;
unsigned long index;
- unsigned bit, ebit;
+ unsigned bit;
int new;

index = start / IDA_BITMAP_BITS;
bit = start % IDA_BITMAP_BITS;
- ebit = bit + RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT;

slot = radix_tree_iter_init(&iter, index);
for (;;) {
@@ -414,25 +411,24 @@ int ida_get_new_above(struct ida *ida, int start, int *id)
return PTR_ERR(slot);
}
}
- if (iter.index > index) {
+ if (iter.index > index)
bit = 0;
- ebit = RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT;
- }
new = iter.index * IDA_BITMAP_BITS;
bitmap = rcu_dereference_raw(*slot);
- if (radix_tree_exception(bitmap)) {
- unsigned long tmp = (unsigned long)bitmap;
- ebit = find_next_zero_bit(&tmp, BITS_PER_LONG, ebit);
- if (ebit < BITS_PER_LONG) {
- tmp |= 1UL << ebit;
- rcu_assign_pointer(*slot, (void *)tmp);
- *id = new + ebit - RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT;
+ if (xa_is_value(bitmap)) {
+ unsigned long tmp = xa_to_value(bitmap);
+ int vbit = find_next_zero_bit(&tmp, BITS_PER_XA_VALUE,
+ bit);
+ if (vbit < BITS_PER_XA_VALUE) {
+ tmp |= 1UL << vbit;
+ rcu_assign_pointer(*slot, xa_mk_value(tmp));
+ *id = new + vbit;
return 0;
}
bitmap = this_cpu_xchg(ida_bitmap, NULL);
if (!bitmap)
return -EAGAIN;
- bitmap->bitmap[0] = tmp >> RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT;
+ bitmap->bitmap[0] = tmp;
rcu_assign_pointer(*slot, bitmap);
}

@@ -453,18 +449,14 @@ int ida_get_new_above(struct ida *ida, int start, int *id)
new += bit;
if (new < 0)
return -ENOSPC;
- if (ebit < BITS_PER_LONG) {
- bitmap = (void *)((1UL << ebit) |
- RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_ENTRY);
- radix_tree_iter_replace(root, &iter, slot,
- bitmap);
- *id = new;
- return 0;
+ if (bit < BITS_PER_XA_VALUE) {
+ bitmap = xa_mk_value(1UL << bit);
+ } else {
+ bitmap = this_cpu_xchg(ida_bitmap, NULL);
+ if (!bitmap)
+ return -EAGAIN;
+ __set_bit(bit, bitmap->bitmap);
}
- bitmap = this_cpu_xchg(ida_bitmap, NULL);
- if (!bitmap)
- return -EAGAIN;
- __set_bit(bit, bitmap->bitmap);
radix_tree_iter_replace(root, &iter, slot, bitmap);
}

@@ -495,9 +487,9 @@ void ida_remove(struct ida *ida, int id)
goto err;

bitmap = rcu_dereference_raw(*slot);
- if (radix_tree_exception(bitmap)) {
+ if (xa_is_value(bitmap)) {
btmp = (unsigned long *)slot;
- offset += RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT;
+ offset += 1; /* Intimate knowledge of the xa_data encoding */
if (offset >= BITS_PER_LONG)
goto err;
} else {
@@ -508,9 +500,8 @@ void ida_remove(struct ida *ida, int id)

__clear_bit(offset, btmp);
radix_tree_iter_tag_set(&ida->ida_rt, &iter, IDR_FREE);
- if (radix_tree_exception(bitmap)) {
- if (rcu_dereference_raw(*slot) ==
- (void *)RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_ENTRY)
+ if (xa_is_value(bitmap)) {
+ if (xa_to_value(rcu_dereference_raw(*slot)) == 0)
radix_tree_iter_delete(&ida->ida_rt, &iter, slot);
} else if (bitmap_empty(btmp, IDA_BITMAP_BITS)) {
kfree(bitmap);
@@ -538,7 +529,7 @@ void ida_destroy(struct ida *ida)

radix_tree_for_each_slot(slot, &ida->ida_rt, &iter, 0) {
struct ida_bitmap *bitmap = rcu_dereference_raw(*slot);
- if (!radix_tree_exception(bitmap))
+ if (!xa_is_value(bitmap))
kfree(bitmap);
radix_tree_iter_delete(&ida->ida_rt, &iter, slot);
}
diff --git a/lib/radix-tree.c b/lib/radix-tree.c
index da9e10c827df..c7246de3f367 100644
--- a/lib/radix-tree.c
+++ b/lib/radix-tree.c
@@ -340,14 +340,12 @@ static void dump_ida_node(void *entry, unsigned long index)
for (i = 0; i < RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE; i++)
dump_ida_node(node->slots[i],
index | (i << node->shift));
- } else if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(entry)) {
+ } else if (xa_is_value(entry)) {
pr_debug("ida excp: %p offset %d indices %lu-%lu data %lx\n",
entry, (int)(index & RADIX_TREE_MAP_MASK),
index * IDA_BITMAP_BITS,
- index * IDA_BITMAP_BITS + BITS_PER_LONG -
- RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT,
- (unsigned long)entry >>
- RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT);
+ index * IDA_BITMAP_BITS + BITS_PER_XA_VALUE,
+ xa_to_value(entry));
} else {
struct ida_bitmap *bitmap = entry;

@@ -656,7 +654,7 @@ static int radix_tree_extend(struct radix_tree_root *root, gfp_t gfp,
BUG_ON(shift > BITS_PER_LONG);
if (radix_tree_is_internal_node(entry)) {
entry_to_node(entry)->parent = node;
- } else if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(entry)) {
+ } else if (xa_is_value(entry)) {
/* Moving an exceptional root->rnode to a node */
node->exceptional = 1;
}
@@ -947,12 +945,12 @@ static inline int insert_entries(struct radix_tree_node *node,
!is_sibling_entry(node, old) &&
(old != RADIX_TREE_RETRY))
radix_tree_free_nodes(old);
- if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(old))
+ if (xa_is_value(old))
node->exceptional--;
}
if (node) {
node->count += n;
- if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(item))
+ if (xa_is_value(item))
node->exceptional += n;
}
return n;
@@ -966,7 +964,7 @@ static inline int insert_entries(struct radix_tree_node *node,
rcu_assign_pointer(*slot, item);
if (node) {
node->count++;
- if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(item))
+ if (xa_is_value(item))
node->exceptional++;
}
return 1;
@@ -1183,8 +1181,7 @@ void __radix_tree_replace(struct radix_tree_root *root,
radix_tree_update_node_t update_node)
{
void *old = rcu_dereference_raw(*slot);
- int exceptional = !!radix_tree_exceptional_entry(item) -
- !!radix_tree_exceptional_entry(old);
+ int exceptional = !!xa_is_value(item) - !!xa_is_value(old);
int count = calculate_count(root, node, slot, item, old);

/*
@@ -1987,7 +1984,7 @@ static bool __radix_tree_delete(struct radix_tree_root *root,
struct radix_tree_node *node, void __rcu **slot)
{
void *old = rcu_dereference_raw(*slot);
- int exceptional = radix_tree_exceptional_entry(old) ? -1 : 0;
+ int exceptional = xa_is_value(old) ? -1 : 0;
unsigned offset = get_slot_offset(node, slot);
int tag;

diff --git a/mm/filemap.c b/mm/filemap.c
index ab77e19ab09c..f2251183a977 100644
--- a/mm/filemap.c
+++ b/mm/filemap.c
@@ -127,7 +127,7 @@ static int page_cache_tree_insert(struct address_space *mapping,

p = radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(slot,
&mapping->i_pages.xa_lock);
- if (!radix_tree_exceptional_entry(p))
+ if (!xa_is_value(p))
return -EEXIST;

mapping->nrexceptional--;
@@ -336,7 +336,7 @@ page_cache_tree_delete_batch(struct address_space *mapping,
break;
page = radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(slot,
&mapping->i_pages.xa_lock);
- if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page))
+ if (xa_is_value(page))
continue;
if (!tail_pages) {
/*
@@ -1355,7 +1355,7 @@ pgoff_t page_cache_next_hole(struct address_space *mapping,
struct page *page;

page = radix_tree_lookup(&mapping->i_pages, index);
- if (!page || radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page))
+ if (!page || xa_is_value(page))
break;
index++;
if (index == 0)
@@ -1396,7 +1396,7 @@ pgoff_t page_cache_prev_hole(struct address_space *mapping,
struct page *page;

page = radix_tree_lookup(&mapping->i_pages, index);
- if (!page || radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page))
+ if (!page || xa_is_value(page))
break;
index--;
if (index == ULONG_MAX)
@@ -1539,7 +1539,7 @@ struct page *pagecache_get_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t offset,

repeat:
page = find_get_entry(mapping, offset);
- if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page))
+ if (xa_is_value(page))
page = NULL;
if (!page)
goto no_page;
diff --git a/mm/khugepaged.c b/mm/khugepaged.c
index 29e5d591efb9..69545692155f 100644
--- a/mm/khugepaged.c
+++ b/mm/khugepaged.c
@@ -1363,7 +1363,7 @@ static void collapse_shmem(struct mm_struct *mm,

page = radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(slot,
&mapping->i_pages.xa_lock);
- if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page) || !PageUptodate(page)) {
+ if (xa_is_value(page) || !PageUptodate(page)) {
xa_unlock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
/* swap in or instantiate fallocated page */
if (shmem_getpage(mapping->host, index, &page,
diff --git a/mm/madvise.c b/mm/madvise.c
index 4d3c922ea1a1..faec5437d0e3 100644
--- a/mm/madvise.c
+++ b/mm/madvise.c
@@ -251,7 +251,7 @@ static void force_shm_swapin_readahead(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
index = ((start - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_pgoff;

page = find_get_entry(mapping, index);
- if (!radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page)) {
+ if (!xa_is_value(page)) {
if (page)
put_page(page);
continue;
diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index ded2520d5b66..fac683fbf89a 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -4679,7 +4679,7 @@ static struct page *mc_handle_file_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
/* shmem/tmpfs may report page out on swap: account for that too. */
if (shmem_mapping(mapping)) {
page = find_get_entry(mapping, pgoff);
- if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page)) {
+ if (xa_is_value(page)) {
swp_entry_t swp = radix_to_swp_entry(page);
if (do_memsw_account())
*entry = swp;
diff --git a/mm/mincore.c b/mm/mincore.c
index fc37afe226e6..4985965aa20a 100644
--- a/mm/mincore.c
+++ b/mm/mincore.c
@@ -66,7 +66,7 @@ static unsigned char mincore_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t pgoff)
* shmem/tmpfs may return swap: account for swapcache
* page too.
*/
- if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page)) {
+ if (xa_is_value(page)) {
swp_entry_t swp = radix_to_swp_entry(page);
page = find_get_page(swap_address_space(swp),
swp_offset(swp));
diff --git a/mm/readahead.c b/mm/readahead.c
index 192149b8bf3a..a1555ec59fa8 100644
--- a/mm/readahead.c
+++ b/mm/readahead.c
@@ -177,7 +177,7 @@ int __do_page_cache_readahead(struct address_space *mapping, struct file *filp,
rcu_read_lock();
page = radix_tree_lookup(&mapping->i_pages, page_offset);
rcu_read_unlock();
- if (page && !radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page))
+ if (page && !xa_is_value(page))
continue;

page = __page_cache_alloc(gfp_mask);
diff --git a/mm/shmem.c b/mm/shmem.c
index b70e3314b243..ac53cae5d3a7 100644
--- a/mm/shmem.c
+++ b/mm/shmem.c
@@ -690,7 +690,7 @@ unsigned long shmem_partial_swap_usage(struct address_space *mapping,
continue;
}

- if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page))
+ if (xa_is_value(page))
swapped++;

if (need_resched()) {
@@ -805,7 +805,7 @@ static void shmem_undo_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend,
if (index >= end)
break;

- if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page)) {
+ if (xa_is_value(page)) {
if (unfalloc)
continue;
nr_swaps_freed += !shmem_free_swap(mapping,
@@ -902,7 +902,7 @@ static void shmem_undo_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend,
if (index >= end)
break;

- if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page)) {
+ if (xa_is_value(page)) {
if (unfalloc)
continue;
if (shmem_free_swap(mapping, index, page)) {
@@ -1617,7 +1617,7 @@ static int shmem_getpage_gfp(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t index,
repeat:
swap.val = 0;
page = find_lock_entry(mapping, index);
- if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page)) {
+ if (xa_is_value(page)) {
swap = radix_to_swp_entry(page);
page = NULL;
}
@@ -2550,7 +2550,7 @@ static pgoff_t shmem_seek_hole_data(struct address_space *mapping,
index = indices[i];
}
page = pvec.pages[i];
- if (page && !radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page)) {
+ if (page && !xa_is_value(page)) {
if (!PageUptodate(page))
page = NULL;
}
diff --git a/mm/swap.c b/mm/swap.c
index 3dd518832096..79ded98f8c7a 100644
--- a/mm/swap.c
+++ b/mm/swap.c
@@ -964,7 +964,7 @@ void pagevec_remove_exceptionals(struct pagevec *pvec)

for (i = 0, j = 0; i < pagevec_count(pvec); i++) {
struct page *page = pvec->pages[i];
- if (!radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page))
+ if (!xa_is_value(page))
pvec->pages[j++] = page;
}
pvec->nr = j;
diff --git a/mm/truncate.c b/mm/truncate.c
index 1d2fb2dca96f..ed778555c9f3 100644
--- a/mm/truncate.c
+++ b/mm/truncate.c
@@ -70,7 +70,7 @@ static void truncate_exceptional_pvec_entries(struct address_space *mapping,
return;

for (j = 0; j < pagevec_count(pvec); j++)
- if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(pvec->pages[j]))
+ if (xa_is_value(pvec->pages[j]))
break;

if (j == pagevec_count(pvec))
@@ -85,7 +85,7 @@ static void truncate_exceptional_pvec_entries(struct address_space *mapping,
struct page *page = pvec->pages[i];
pgoff_t index = indices[i];

- if (!radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page)) {
+ if (!xa_is_value(page)) {
pvec->pages[j++] = page;
continue;
}
@@ -347,7 +347,7 @@ void truncate_inode_pages_range(struct address_space *mapping,
if (index >= end)
break;

- if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page))
+ if (xa_is_value(page))
continue;

if (!trylock_page(page))
@@ -442,7 +442,7 @@ void truncate_inode_pages_range(struct address_space *mapping,
break;
}

- if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page))
+ if (xa_is_value(page))
continue;

lock_page(page);
@@ -561,7 +561,7 @@ unsigned long invalidate_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping,
if (index > end)
break;

- if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page)) {
+ if (xa_is_value(page)) {
invalidate_exceptional_entry(mapping, index,
page);
continue;
@@ -692,7 +692,7 @@ int invalidate_inode_pages2_range(struct address_space *mapping,
if (index > end)
break;

- if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(page)) {
+ if (xa_is_value(page)) {
if (!invalidate_exceptional_entry2(mapping,
index, page))
ret = -EBUSY;
diff --git a/mm/workingset.c b/mm/workingset.c
index 40ee02c83978..b5dd3936e697 100644
--- a/mm/workingset.c
+++ b/mm/workingset.c
@@ -155,8 +155,8 @@
* refault distance will immediately activate the refaulting page.
*/

-#define EVICTION_SHIFT (RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_ENTRY + \
- NODES_SHIFT + \
+#define EVICTION_SHIFT ((BITS_PER_LONG - BITS_PER_XA_VALUE) + \
+ NODES_SHIFT + \
MEM_CGROUP_ID_SHIFT)
#define EVICTION_MASK (~0UL >> EVICTION_SHIFT)

@@ -175,18 +175,16 @@ static void *pack_shadow(int memcgid, pg_data_t *pgdat, unsigned long eviction)
eviction >>= bucket_order;
eviction = (eviction << MEM_CGROUP_ID_SHIFT) | memcgid;
eviction = (eviction << NODES_SHIFT) | pgdat->node_id;
- eviction = (eviction << RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT);

- return (void *)(eviction | RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_ENTRY);
+ return xa_mk_value(eviction);
}

static void unpack_shadow(void *shadow, int *memcgidp, pg_data_t **pgdat,
unsigned long *evictionp)
{
- unsigned long entry = (unsigned long)shadow;
+ unsigned long entry = xa_to_value(shadow);
int memcgid, nid;

- entry >>= RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_SHIFT;
nid = entry & ((1UL << NODES_SHIFT) - 1);
entry >>= NODES_SHIFT;
memcgid = entry & ((1UL << MEM_CGROUP_ID_SHIFT) - 1);
@@ -453,7 +451,7 @@ static enum lru_status shadow_lru_isolate(struct list_head *item,
goto out_invalid;
for (i = 0; i < RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE; i++) {
if (node->slots[i]) {
- if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!radix_tree_exceptional_entry(node->slots[i])))
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!xa_is_value(node->slots[i])))
goto out_invalid;
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!node->exceptional))
goto out_invalid;
diff --git a/tools/testing/radix-tree/idr-test.c b/tools/testing/radix-tree/idr-test.c
index 6c645eb77d42..996197aa562e 100644
--- a/tools/testing/radix-tree/idr-test.c
+++ b/tools/testing/radix-tree/idr-test.c
@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@

#include "test.h"

-#define DUMMY_PTR ((void *)0x12)
+#define DUMMY_PTR ((void *)0x10)

int item_idr_free(int id, void *p, void *data)
{
@@ -393,11 +393,11 @@ void ida_check_conv(void)
for (i = 0; i < 1000000; i++) {
int err = ida_get_new(&ida, &id);
if (err == -EAGAIN) {
- assert((i % IDA_BITMAP_BITS) == (BITS_PER_LONG - 2));
+ assert((i % IDA_BITMAP_BITS) == (BITS_PER_LONG - 1));
assert(ida_pre_get(&ida, GFP_KERNEL));
err = ida_get_new(&ida, &id);
} else {
- assert((i % IDA_BITMAP_BITS) != (BITS_PER_LONG - 2));
+ assert((i % IDA_BITMAP_BITS) != (BITS_PER_LONG - 1));
}
assert(!err);
assert(id == i);
diff --git a/tools/testing/radix-tree/linux/radix-tree.h b/tools/testing/radix-tree/linux/radix-tree.h
index 24f13d27a8da..de3f655caca3 100644
--- a/tools/testing/radix-tree/linux/radix-tree.h
+++ b/tools/testing/radix-tree/linux/radix-tree.h
@@ -4,6 +4,7 @@

#include "generated/map-shift.h"
#include "../../../../include/linux/radix-tree.h"
+#include <linux/xarray.h>

extern int kmalloc_verbose;
extern int test_verbose;
diff --git a/tools/testing/radix-tree/multiorder.c b/tools/testing/radix-tree/multiorder.c
index 59245b3d587c..684e76f79f4a 100644
--- a/tools/testing/radix-tree/multiorder.c
+++ b/tools/testing/radix-tree/multiorder.c
@@ -38,12 +38,11 @@ static void __multiorder_tag_test(int index, int order)

/*
* Verify we get collisions for covered indices. We try and fail to
- * insert an exceptional entry so we don't leak memory via
+ * insert a data entry so we don't leak memory via
* item_insert_order().
*/
for_each_index(i, base, order) {
- err = __radix_tree_insert(&tree, i, order,
- (void *)(0xA0 | RADIX_TREE_EXCEPTIONAL_ENTRY));
+ err = __radix_tree_insert(&tree, i, order, xa_mk_value(0xA0));
assert(err == -EEXIST);
}

@@ -379,8 +378,8 @@ static void multiorder_join1(unsigned long index,
}

/*
- * Check that the accounting of exceptional entries is handled correctly
- * by joining an exceptional entry to a normal pointer.
+ * Check that the accounting of inline data entries is handled correctly
+ * by joining a data entry to a normal pointer.
*/
static void multiorder_join2(unsigned order1, unsigned order2)
{
@@ -390,9 +389,9 @@ static void multiorder_join2(unsigned order1, unsigned order2)
void *item2;

item_insert_order(&tree, 0, order2);
- radix_tree_insert(&tree, 1 << order2, (void *)0x12UL);
+ radix_tree_insert(&tree, 1 << order2, xa_mk_value(5));
item2 = __radix_tree_lookup(&tree, 1 << order2, &node, NULL);
- assert(item2 == (void *)0x12UL);
+ assert(item2 == xa_mk_value(5));
assert(node->exceptional == 1);

item2 = radix_tree_lookup(&tree, 0);
@@ -406,7 +405,7 @@ static void multiorder_join2(unsigned order1, unsigned order2)
}

/*
- * This test revealed an accounting bug for exceptional entries at one point.
+ * This test revealed an accounting bug for inline data entries at one point.
* Nodes were being freed back into the pool with an elevated exception count
* by radix_tree_join() and then radix_tree_split() was failing to zero the
* count of exceptional entries.
@@ -420,16 +419,16 @@ static void multiorder_join3(unsigned int order)
unsigned long i;

for (i = 0; i < (1 << order); i++) {
- radix_tree_insert(&tree, i, (void *)0x12UL);
+ radix_tree_insert(&tree, i, xa_mk_value(5));
}

- radix_tree_join(&tree, 0, order, (void *)0x16UL);
+ radix_tree_join(&tree, 0, order, xa_mk_value(7));
rcu_barrier();

radix_tree_split(&tree, 0, 0);

radix_tree_for_each_slot(slot, &tree, &iter, 0) {
- radix_tree_iter_replace(&tree, &iter, slot, (void *)0x12UL);
+ radix_tree_iter_replace(&tree, &iter, slot, xa_mk_value(5));
}

__radix_tree_lookup(&tree, 0, &node, NULL);
@@ -516,10 +515,10 @@ static void __multiorder_split2(int old_order, int new_order)
struct radix_tree_node *node;
void *item;

- __radix_tree_insert(&tree, 0, old_order, (void *)0x12);
+ __radix_tree_insert(&tree, 0, old_order, xa_mk_value(5));

item = __radix_tree_lookup(&tree, 0, &node, NULL);
- assert(item == (void *)0x12);
+ assert(item == xa_mk_value(5));
assert(node->exceptional > 0);

radix_tree_split(&tree, 0, new_order);
@@ -529,7 +528,7 @@ static void __multiorder_split2(int old_order, int new_order)
}

item = __radix_tree_lookup(&tree, 0, &node, NULL);
- assert(item != (void *)0x12);
+ assert(item != xa_mk_value(5));
assert(node->exceptional == 0);

item_kill_tree(&tree);
@@ -543,40 +542,40 @@ static void __multiorder_split3(int old_order, int new_order)
struct radix_tree_node *node;
void *item;

- __radix_tree_insert(&tree, 0, old_order, (void *)0x12);
+ __radix_tree_insert(&tree, 0, old_order, xa_mk_value(5));

item = __radix_tree_lookup(&tree, 0, &node, NULL);
- assert(item == (void *)0x12);
+ assert(item == xa_mk_value(5));
assert(node->exceptional > 0);

radix_tree_split(&tree, 0, new_order);
radix_tree_for_each_slot(slot, &tree, &iter, 0) {
- radix_tree_iter_replace(&tree, &iter, slot, (void *)0x16);
+ radix_tree_iter_replace(&tree, &iter, slot, xa_mk_value(7));
}

item = __radix_tree_lookup(&tree, 0, &node, NULL);
- assert(item == (void *)0x16);
+ assert(item == xa_mk_value(7));
assert(node->exceptional > 0);

item_kill_tree(&tree);

- __radix_tree_insert(&tree, 0, old_order, (void *)0x12);
+ __radix_tree_insert(&tree, 0, old_order, xa_mk_value(5));

item = __radix_tree_lookup(&tree, 0, &node, NULL);
- assert(item == (void *)0x12);
+ assert(item == xa_mk_value(5));
assert(node->exceptional > 0);

radix_tree_split(&tree, 0, new_order);
radix_tree_for_each_slot(slot, &tree, &iter, 0) {
if (iter.index == (1 << new_order))
radix_tree_iter_replace(&tree, &iter, slot,
- (void *)0x16);
+ xa_mk_value(7));
else
radix_tree_iter_replace(&tree, &iter, slot, NULL);
}

item = __radix_tree_lookup(&tree, 1 << new_order, &node, NULL);
- assert(item == (void *)0x16);
+ assert(item == xa_mk_value(7));
assert(node->count == node->exceptional);
do {
node = node->parent;
@@ -609,13 +608,13 @@ static void multiorder_account(void)

item_insert_order(&tree, 0, 5);

- __radix_tree_insert(&tree, 1 << 5, 5, (void *)0x12);
+ __radix_tree_insert(&tree, 1 << 5, 5, xa_mk_value(5));
__radix_tree_lookup(&tree, 0, &node, NULL);
assert(node->count == node->exceptional * 2);
radix_tree_delete(&tree, 1 << 5);
assert(node->exceptional == 0);

- __radix_tree_insert(&tree, 1 << 5, 5, (void *)0x12);
+ __radix_tree_insert(&tree, 1 << 5, 5, xa_mk_value(5));
__radix_tree_lookup(&tree, 1 << 5, &node, &slot);
assert(node->count == node->exceptional * 2);
__radix_tree_replace(&tree, node, slot, NULL, NULL);
diff --git a/tools/testing/radix-tree/test.c b/tools/testing/radix-tree/test.c
index 5978ab1f403d..0d69c49177c6 100644
--- a/tools/testing/radix-tree/test.c
+++ b/tools/testing/radix-tree/test.c
@@ -276,7 +276,7 @@ void item_kill_tree(struct radix_tree_root *root)
int nfound;

radix_tree_for_each_slot(slot, root, &iter, 0) {
- if (radix_tree_exceptional_entry(*slot))
+ if (xa_is_value(*slot))
radix_tree_delete(root, iter.index);
}

--
2.16.1
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