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Subject[PATCH v9 15/61] xarray: Add xa_get_tag, xa_set_tag and xa_clear_tag
Date
From: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>

XArray tags are slightly more strongly typed than the radix tree tags,
but occupy the same bits. This commit also adds the xas_ family of tag
operations, for cases where the caller is already holding the lock, and
xa_tagged() to ask whether any array member has a particular tag set.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
---
include/linux/xarray.h | 41 +++++++
lib/xarray.c | 235 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
tools/include/linux/spinlock.h | 6 ++
3 files changed, 282 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/xarray.h b/include/linux/xarray.h
index 5845187c1ce8..1cf012256eab 100644
--- a/include/linux/xarray.h
+++ b/include/linux/xarray.h
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@

#include <linux/bug.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
+#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/kconfig.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
@@ -149,6 +150,20 @@ static inline int xa_err(void *entry)
return 0;
}

+typedef unsigned __bitwise xa_tag_t;
+#define XA_TAG_0 ((__force xa_tag_t)0U)
+#define XA_TAG_1 ((__force xa_tag_t)1U)
+#define XA_TAG_2 ((__force xa_tag_t)2U)
+#define XA_PRESENT ((__force xa_tag_t)8U)
+#define XA_TAG_MAX XA_TAG_2
+
+/*
+ * Values for xa_flags. The radix tree stores its GFP flags in the xa_flags,
+ * and we remain compatible with that.
+ */
+#define XA_FLAGS_TAG(tag) ((__force gfp_t)((1U << __GFP_BITS_SHIFT) << \
+ (__force unsigned)(tag)))
+
/**
* struct xarray - The anchor of the XArray.
* @xa_lock: Lock that protects the contents of the XArray.
@@ -195,6 +210,9 @@ struct xarray {

void xa_init_flags(struct xarray *, gfp_t flags);
void *xa_load(struct xarray *, unsigned long index);
+bool xa_get_tag(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, xa_tag_t);
+void xa_set_tag(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, xa_tag_t);
+void xa_clear_tag(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, xa_tag_t);

/**
* xa_init() - Initialise an empty XArray.
@@ -209,6 +227,19 @@ static inline void xa_init(struct xarray *xa)
xa_init_flags(xa, 0);
}

+/**
+ * xa_tagged() - Inquire whether any entry in this array has a tag set
+ * @xa: Array
+ * @tag: Tag value
+ *
+ * Context: Any context.
+ * Return: %true if any entry has this tag set.
+ */
+static inline bool xa_tagged(const struct xarray *xa, xa_tag_t tag)
+{
+ return xa->xa_flags & XA_FLAGS_TAG(tag);
+}
+
#define xa_trylock(xa) spin_trylock(&(xa)->xa_lock)
#define xa_lock(xa) spin_lock(&(xa)->xa_lock)
#define xa_unlock(xa) spin_unlock(&(xa)->xa_lock)
@@ -221,6 +252,12 @@ static inline void xa_init(struct xarray *xa)
#define xa_unlock_irqrestore(xa, flags) \
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&(xa)->xa_lock, flags)

+/*
+ * Versions of the normal API which require the caller to hold the xa_lock.
+ */
+void __xa_set_tag(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, xa_tag_t);
+void __xa_clear_tag(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, xa_tag_t);
+
/* Everything below here is the Advanced API. Proceed with caution. */

/*
@@ -534,6 +571,10 @@ static inline bool xas_retry(struct xa_state *xas, const void *entry)

void *xas_load(struct xa_state *);

+bool xas_get_tag(const struct xa_state *, xa_tag_t);
+void xas_set_tag(const struct xa_state *, xa_tag_t);
+void xas_clear_tag(const struct xa_state *, xa_tag_t);
+
/**
* xas_reload() - Refetch an entry from the xarray.
* @xas: XArray operation state.
diff --git a/lib/xarray.c b/lib/xarray.c
index 195cb130d53d..ca25a7a4a4fa 100644
--- a/lib/xarray.c
+++ b/lib/xarray.c
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
* Author: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
*/

+#include <linux/bitmap.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/xarray.h>

@@ -24,6 +25,55 @@
* @entry refers to something stored in a slot in the xarray
*/

+static inline struct xa_node *xa_parent(struct xarray *xa,
+ const struct xa_node *node)
+{
+ return rcu_dereference_check(node->parent,
+ lockdep_is_held(&xa->xa_lock));
+}
+
+static inline struct xa_node *xa_parent_locked(struct xarray *xa,
+ const struct xa_node *node)
+{
+ return rcu_dereference_protected(node->parent,
+ lockdep_is_held(&xa->xa_lock));
+}
+
+static inline void xa_tag_set(struct xarray *xa, xa_tag_t tag)
+{
+ if (!(xa->xa_flags & XA_FLAGS_TAG(tag)))
+ xa->xa_flags |= XA_FLAGS_TAG(tag);
+}
+
+static inline void xa_tag_clear(struct xarray *xa, xa_tag_t tag)
+{
+ if (xa->xa_flags & XA_FLAGS_TAG(tag))
+ xa->xa_flags &= ~(XA_FLAGS_TAG(tag));
+}
+
+static inline bool node_get_tag(const struct xa_node *node, unsigned int offset,
+ xa_tag_t tag)
+{
+ return test_bit(offset, node->tags[(__force unsigned)tag]);
+}
+
+static inline void node_set_tag(struct xa_node *node, unsigned int offset,
+ xa_tag_t tag)
+{
+ __set_bit(offset, node->tags[(__force unsigned)tag]);
+}
+
+static inline void node_clear_tag(struct xa_node *node, unsigned int offset,
+ xa_tag_t tag)
+{
+ __clear_bit(offset, node->tags[(__force unsigned)tag]);
+}
+
+static inline bool node_any_tag(struct xa_node *node, xa_tag_t tag)
+{
+ return !bitmap_empty(node->tags[(__force unsigned)tag], XA_CHUNK_SIZE);
+}
+
/* extracts the offset within this node from the index */
static unsigned int get_offset(unsigned long index, struct xa_node *node)
{
@@ -118,6 +168,85 @@ void *xas_load(struct xa_state *xas)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xas_load);

+/**
+ * xas_get_tag() - Returns the state of this tag.
+ * @xas: XArray operation state.
+ * @tag: Tag number.
+ *
+ * Return: true if the tag is set, false if the tag is clear or @xas
+ * is in an error state.
+ */
+bool xas_get_tag(const struct xa_state *xas, xa_tag_t tag)
+{
+ if (xas_invalid(xas))
+ return false;
+ if (!xas->xa_node)
+ return xa_tagged(xas->xa, tag);
+ return node_get_tag(xas->xa_node, xas->xa_offset, tag);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xas_get_tag);
+
+/**
+ * xas_set_tag() - Sets the tag on this entry and its parents.
+ * @xas: XArray operation state.
+ * @tag: Tag number.
+ *
+ * Sets the specified tag on this entry, and walks up the tree setting it
+ * on all the ancestor entries. Does nothing if @xas has not been walked to
+ * an entry, or is in an error state.
+ */
+void xas_set_tag(const struct xa_state *xas, xa_tag_t tag)
+{
+ struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node;
+ unsigned int offset = xas->xa_offset;
+
+ if (xas_invalid(xas))
+ return;
+
+ while (node) {
+ if (node_get_tag(node, offset, tag))
+ return;
+ node_set_tag(node, offset, tag);
+ offset = node->offset;
+ node = xa_parent_locked(xas->xa, node);
+ }
+
+ if (!xa_tagged(xas->xa, tag))
+ xa_tag_set(xas->xa, tag);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xas_set_tag);
+
+/**
+ * xas_clear_tag() - Clears the tag on this entry and its parents.
+ * @xas: XArray operation state.
+ * @tag: Tag number.
+ *
+ * Clears the specified tag on this entry, and walks back to the head
+ * attempting to clear it on all the ancestor entries. Does nothing if
+ * @xas has not been walked to an entry, or is in an error state.
+ */
+void xas_clear_tag(const struct xa_state *xas, xa_tag_t tag)
+{
+ struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node;
+ unsigned int offset = xas->xa_offset;
+
+ if (xas_invalid(xas))
+ return;
+
+ while (node) {
+ node_clear_tag(node, offset, tag);
+ if (node_any_tag(node, tag))
+ return;
+
+ offset = node->offset;
+ node = xa_parent_locked(xas->xa, node);
+ }
+
+ if (xa_tagged(xas->xa, tag))
+ xa_tag_clear(xas->xa, tag);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xas_clear_tag);
+
/**
* xa_init_flags() - Initialise an empty XArray with flags.
* @xa: XArray.
@@ -160,6 +289,112 @@ void *xa_load(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(xa_load);

+/**
+ * __xa_set_tag() - Set this tag on this entry while locked.
+ * @xa: XArray.
+ * @index: Index of entry.
+ * @tag: Tag number.
+ *
+ * Attempting to set a tag on a NULL entry does not succeed.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context. Expects xa_lock to be held on entry.
+ */
+void __xa_set_tag(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, xa_tag_t tag)
+{
+ XA_STATE(xas, xa, index);
+ void *entry = xas_load(&xas);
+
+ if (entry)
+ xas_set_tag(&xas, tag);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__xa_set_tag);
+
+/**
+ * __xa_clear_tag() - Clear this tag on this entry while locked.
+ * @xa: XArray.
+ * @index: Index of entry.
+ * @tag: Tag number.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context. Expects xa_lock to be held on entry.
+ */
+void __xa_clear_tag(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, xa_tag_t tag)
+{
+ XA_STATE(xas, xa, index);
+ void *entry = xas_load(&xas);
+
+ if (entry)
+ xas_clear_tag(&xas, tag);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__xa_clear_tag);
+
+/**
+ * xa_get_tag() - Inquire whether this tag is set on this entry.
+ * @xa: XArray.
+ * @index: Index of entry.
+ * @tag: Tag number.
+ *
+ * This function uses the RCU read lock, so the result may be out of date
+ * by the time it returns. If you need the result to be stable, use a lock.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the RCU lock.
+ * Return: True if the entry at @index has this tag set, false if it doesn't.
+ */
+bool xa_get_tag(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, xa_tag_t tag)
+{
+ XA_STATE(xas, xa, index);
+ void *entry;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ entry = xas_start(&xas);
+ while (xas_get_tag(&xas, tag)) {
+ if (!xa_is_node(entry))
+ goto found;
+ entry = xas_descend(&xas, xa_to_node(entry));
+ }
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ return false;
+ found:
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ return true;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(xa_get_tag);
+
+/**
+ * xa_set_tag() - Set this tag on this entry.
+ * @xa: XArray.
+ * @index: Index of entry.
+ * @tag: Tag number.
+ *
+ * Attempting to set a tag on a NULL entry does not succeed.
+ *
+ * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock.
+ */
+void xa_set_tag(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, xa_tag_t tag)
+{
+ xa_lock(xa);
+ __xa_set_tag(xa, index, tag);
+ xa_unlock(xa);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(xa_set_tag);
+
+/**
+ * xa_clear_tag() - Clear this tag on this entry.
+ * @xa: XArray.
+ * @index: Index of entry.
+ * @tag: Tag number.
+ *
+ * Clearing a tag always succeeds.
+ *
+ * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock.
+ */
+void xa_clear_tag(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, xa_tag_t tag)
+{
+ xa_lock(xa);
+ __xa_clear_tag(xa, index, tag);
+ xa_unlock(xa);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(xa_clear_tag);
+
#ifdef XA_DEBUG
void xa_dump_node(const struct xa_node *node)
{
diff --git a/tools/include/linux/spinlock.h b/tools/include/linux/spinlock.h
index 4ec4d2cbe27a..622266b197d0 100644
--- a/tools/include/linux/spinlock.h
+++ b/tools/include/linux/spinlock.h
@@ -10,6 +10,12 @@
#define __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(x) (pthread_mutex_t)PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER
#define spin_lock_init(x) pthread_mutex_init(x, NULL)

+#define spin_lock(x) pthread_mutex_lock(x)
+#define spin_unlock(x) pthread_mutex_unlock(x)
+#define spin_lock_bh(x) pthread_mutex_lock(x)
+#define spin_unlock_bh(x) pthread_mutex_unlock(x)
+#define spin_lock_irq(x) pthread_mutex_lock(x)
+#define spin_unlock_irq(x) pthread_mutex_unlock(x)
#define spin_lock_irqsave(x, f) (void)f, pthread_mutex_lock(x)
#define spin_unlock_irqrestore(x, f) (void)f, pthread_mutex_unlock(x)

--
2.16.1
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