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Subject[PATCH v9 40/61] mm: Convert collapse_shmem to XArray
Date
From: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>

I found another victim of the radix tree being hard to use. Because
there was no call to radix_tree_preload(), khugepaged was allocating
radix_tree_nodes using GFP_ATOMIC.

I also converted a local_irq_save()/restore() pair to
disable()/enable().

Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
---
mm/khugepaged.c | 158 +++++++++++++++++++++++---------------------------------
1 file changed, 65 insertions(+), 93 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/khugepaged.c b/mm/khugepaged.c
index 69545692155f..3685c8e2b3dc 100644
--- a/mm/khugepaged.c
+++ b/mm/khugepaged.c
@@ -1282,17 +1282,17 @@ static void retract_page_tables(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t pgoff)
*
* Basic scheme is simple, details are more complex:
* - allocate and freeze a new huge page;
- * - scan over radix tree replacing old pages the new one
+ * - scan page cache replacing old pages with the new one
* + swap in pages if necessary;
* + fill in gaps;
- * + keep old pages around in case if rollback is required;
- * - if replacing succeed:
+ * + keep old pages around in case rollback is required;
+ * - if replacing succeeds:
* + copy data over;
* + free old pages;
* + unfreeze huge page;
* - if replacing failed;
* + put all pages back and unfreeze them;
- * + restore gaps in the radix-tree;
+ * + restore gaps in the page cache;
* + free huge page;
*/
static void collapse_shmem(struct mm_struct *mm,
@@ -1300,12 +1300,11 @@ static void collapse_shmem(struct mm_struct *mm,
struct page **hpage, int node)
{
gfp_t gfp;
- struct page *page, *new_page, *tmp;
+ struct page *new_page;
struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
pgoff_t index, end = start + HPAGE_PMD_NR;
LIST_HEAD(pagelist);
- struct radix_tree_iter iter;
- void **slot;
+ XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, start);
int nr_none = 0, result = SCAN_SUCCEED;

VM_BUG_ON(start & (HPAGE_PMD_NR - 1));
@@ -1330,48 +1329,48 @@ static void collapse_shmem(struct mm_struct *mm,
__SetPageLocked(new_page);
BUG_ON(!page_ref_freeze(new_page, 1));

-
/*
- * At this point the new_page is 'frozen' (page_count() is zero), locked
- * and not up-to-date. It's safe to insert it into radix tree, because
- * nobody would be able to map it or use it in other way until we
- * unfreeze it.
+ * At this point the new_page is 'frozen' (page_count() is zero),
+ * locked and not up-to-date. It's safe to insert it into the page
+ * cache, because nobody would be able to map it or use it in other
+ * way until we unfreeze it.
*/

- index = start;
- xa_lock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
- radix_tree_for_each_slot(slot, &mapping->i_pages, &iter, start) {
- int n = min(iter.index, end) - index;
-
- /*
- * Handle holes in the radix tree: charge it from shmem and
- * insert relevant subpage of new_page into the radix-tree.
- */
- if (n && !shmem_charge(mapping->host, n)) {
- result = SCAN_FAIL;
+ /* This will be less messy when we use multi-index entries */
+ do {
+ xas_lock_irq(&xas);
+ xas_create_range(&xas, end - 1);
+ if (!xas_error(&xas))
break;
- }
- nr_none += n;
- for (; index < min(iter.index, end); index++) {
- radix_tree_insert(&mapping->i_pages, index,
- new_page + (index % HPAGE_PMD_NR));
- }
+ xas_unlock_irq(&xas);
+ if (!xas_nomem(&xas, GFP_KERNEL))
+ goto out;
+ } while (1);

- /* We are done. */
- if (index >= end)
- break;
+ for (index = start; index < end; index++) {
+ struct page *page = xas_next(&xas);
+
+ VM_BUG_ON(index != xas.xa_index);
+ if (!page) {
+ if (!shmem_charge(mapping->host, 1)) {
+ result = SCAN_FAIL;
+ break;
+ }
+ xas_store(&xas, new_page + (index % HPAGE_PMD_NR));
+ nr_none++;
+ continue;
+ }

- page = radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(slot,
- &mapping->i_pages.xa_lock);
if (xa_is_value(page) || !PageUptodate(page)) {
- xa_unlock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
+ xas_unlock_irq(&xas);
/* swap in or instantiate fallocated page */
if (shmem_getpage(mapping->host, index, &page,
SGP_NOHUGE)) {
result = SCAN_FAIL;
- goto tree_unlocked;
+ goto xa_unlocked;
}
- xa_lock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
+ xas_lock_irq(&xas);
+ xas_set(&xas, index);
} else if (trylock_page(page)) {
get_page(page);
} else {
@@ -1391,7 +1390,7 @@ static void collapse_shmem(struct mm_struct *mm,
result = SCAN_TRUNCATED;
goto out_unlock;
}
- xa_unlock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
+ xas_unlock_irq(&xas);

if (isolate_lru_page(page)) {
result = SCAN_DEL_PAGE_LRU;
@@ -1401,17 +1400,16 @@ static void collapse_shmem(struct mm_struct *mm,
if (page_mapped(page))
unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, index, 1, false);

- xa_lock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
+ xas_lock(&xas);
+ xas_set(&xas, index);

- slot = radix_tree_lookup_slot(&mapping->i_pages, index);
- VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page != radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(slot,
- &mapping->i_pages.xa_lock), page);
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page != xas_load(&xas), page);
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_mapped(page), page);

/*
* The page is expected to have page_count() == 3:
* - we hold a pin on it;
- * - one reference from radix tree;
+ * - one reference from page cache;
* - one from isolate_lru_page;
*/
if (!page_ref_freeze(page, 3)) {
@@ -1426,56 +1424,30 @@ static void collapse_shmem(struct mm_struct *mm,
list_add_tail(&page->lru, &pagelist);

/* Finally, replace with the new page. */
- radix_tree_replace_slot(&mapping->i_pages, slot,
- new_page + (index % HPAGE_PMD_NR));
-
- slot = radix_tree_iter_resume(slot, &iter);
- index++;
+ xas_store(&xas, new_page + (index % HPAGE_PMD_NR));
continue;
out_lru:
- xa_unlock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
+ xas_unlock_irq(&xas);
putback_lru_page(page);
out_isolate_failed:
unlock_page(page);
put_page(page);
- goto tree_unlocked;
+ goto xa_unlocked;
out_unlock:
unlock_page(page);
put_page(page);
break;
}
+ xas_unlock_irq(&xas);

- /*
- * Handle hole in radix tree at the end of the range.
- * This code only triggers if there's nothing in radix tree
- * beyond 'end'.
- */
- if (result == SCAN_SUCCEED && index < end) {
- int n = end - index;
-
- if (!shmem_charge(mapping->host, n)) {
- result = SCAN_FAIL;
- goto tree_locked;
- }
-
- for (; index < end; index++) {
- radix_tree_insert(&mapping->i_pages, index,
- new_page + (index % HPAGE_PMD_NR));
- }
- nr_none += n;
- }
-
-tree_locked:
- xa_unlock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
-tree_unlocked:
-
+xa_unlocked:
if (result == SCAN_SUCCEED) {
- unsigned long flags;
+ struct page *page, *tmp;
struct zone *zone = page_zone(new_page);

/*
- * Replacing old pages with new one has succeed, now we need to
- * copy the content and free old pages.
+ * Replacing old pages with new one has succeeded, now we
+ * need to copy the content and free the old pages.
*/
list_for_each_entry_safe(page, tmp, &pagelist, lru) {
copy_highpage(new_page + (page->index % HPAGE_PMD_NR),
@@ -1489,16 +1461,16 @@ static void collapse_shmem(struct mm_struct *mm,
put_page(page);
}

- local_irq_save(flags);
+ local_irq_disable();
__inc_node_page_state(new_page, NR_SHMEM_THPS);
if (nr_none) {
__mod_node_page_state(zone->zone_pgdat, NR_FILE_PAGES, nr_none);
__mod_node_page_state(zone->zone_pgdat, NR_SHMEM, nr_none);
}
- local_irq_restore(flags);
+ local_irq_enable();

/*
- * Remove pte page tables, so we can re-faulti
+ * Remove pte page tables, so we can re-fault
* the page as huge.
*/
retract_page_tables(mapping, start);
@@ -1513,37 +1485,37 @@ static void collapse_shmem(struct mm_struct *mm,

*hpage = NULL;
} else {
- /* Something went wrong: rollback changes to the radix-tree */
+ struct page *page;
+ /* Something went wrong: roll back page cache changes */
shmem_uncharge(mapping->host, nr_none);
- xa_lock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
- radix_tree_for_each_slot(slot, &mapping->i_pages, &iter, start) {
- if (iter.index >= end)
- break;
+ xas_lock_irq(&xas);
+ xas_set(&xas, start);
+ xas_for_each(&xas, page, end - 1) {
page = list_first_entry_or_null(&pagelist,
struct page, lru);
- if (!page || iter.index < page->index) {
+ if (!page || xas.xa_index < page->index) {
if (!nr_none)
break;
nr_none--;
/* Put holes back where they were */
- radix_tree_delete(&mapping->i_pages, iter.index);
+ xas_store(&xas, NULL);
continue;
}

- VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page->index != iter.index, page);
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page->index != xas.xa_index, page);

/* Unfreeze the page. */
list_del(&page->lru);
page_ref_unfreeze(page, 2);
- radix_tree_replace_slot(&mapping->i_pages, slot, page);
- slot = radix_tree_iter_resume(slot, &iter);
- xa_unlock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
+ xas_store(&xas, page);
+ xas_pause(&xas);
+ xas_unlock_irq(&xas);
putback_lru_page(page);
unlock_page(page);
- xa_lock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
+ xas_lock_irq(&xas);
}
VM_BUG_ON(nr_none);
- xa_unlock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
+ xas_unlock_irq(&xas);

/* Unfreeze new_page, caller would take care about freeing it */
page_ref_unfreeze(new_page, 1);
--
2.16.1
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