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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 2/2] riscv/atomic: Strengthen implementations with fences
> On Fri, Mar 09, 2018 at 04:21:37PM -0800, Daniel Lustig wrote:
> > On 3/9/2018 2:57 PM, Palmer Dabbelt wrote:
> > > On Fri, 09 Mar 2018 13:30:08 PST (-0800), parri.andrea@gmail.com wrote:
> > >> On Fri, Mar 09, 2018 at 10:54:27AM -0800, Palmer Dabbelt wrote:
> > >>> On Fri, 09 Mar 2018 10:36:44 PST (-0800), parri.andrea@gmail.com wrote:
> > >>
> > >> [...]
> > >>
> > >>> >This proposal relies on the generic definition,
> > >>> >
> > >>> >   include/linux/atomic.h ,
> > >>> >
> > >>> >and on the
> > >>> >
> > >>> >   __atomic_op_acquire()
> > >>> >   __atomic_op_release()
> > >>> >
> > >>> >above to build the acquire/release atomics (except for the xchg,cmpxchg,
> > >>> >where the ACQUIRE_BARRIER is inserted conditionally/on success).
> > >>>
> > >>> I thought we wanted to use the AQ and RL bits for AMOs, just not for LR/SC
> > >>> sequences.  IIRC the AMOs are safe with the current memory model, but I might
> > >>> just have some version mismatches in my head.
> > >>
> > >> AMO.aqrl are "safe" w.r.t. the LKMM (as they provide "full-ordering"); OTOH,
> > >> AMO.aq and AMO.rl present weaknesses that LKMM (and some kernel developers)
> > >> do not "expect".  I was probing this issue in:
> > >>
> > >>   https://marc.info/?l=linux-kernel&m=151930201102853&w=2
> > >>
> > >> (c.f., e.g., test "RISCV-unlock-lock-read-ordering" from that post).
> > >>
> > >> Quoting from the commit message of my patch 1/2:
> > >>
> > >>   "Referring to the "unlock-lock-read-ordering" test reported below,
> > >>    Daniel wrote:
> > >>
> > >>      I think an RCpc interpretation of .aq and .rl would in fact
> > >>      allow the two normal loads in P1 to be reordered [...]
> > >>
> > >>      [...]
> > >>
> > >>      Likewise even if the unlock()/lock() is between two stores.
> > >>      A control dependency might originate from the load part of
> > >>      the amoswap.w.aq, but there still would have to be something
> > >>      to ensure that this load part in fact performs after the store
> > >>      part of the amoswap.w.rl performs globally, and that's not
> > >>      automatic under RCpc.
> > >>
> > >>    Simulation of the RISC-V memory consistency model confirmed this
> > >>    expectation."
> > >>
> > >> I have just (re)checked these observations against the latest specification,
> > >> and my results _confirmed_ these verdicts.
> > >
> > > Thanks, I must have just gotten confused about a draft spec or something.  I'm
> > > pulling these on top or your other memory model related patch.  I've renamed
> > > the branch "next-mm" to be a bit more descriptiove.
> >
> > (Sorry for being out of the loop this week, I was out to deal with
> > a family matter.)
> >
> > I assume you're using the herd model? Luc's doing a great job with
> > that, but even so, nothing is officially confirmed until we ratify
> > the model. In other words, the herd model may end up changing too.
> > If something is broken on our end, there's still time to fix it.
> >
> > Regarding AMOs, let me copy from something I wrote in a previous
> > offline conversation:
> >
> > > it seems to us that pairing a store-release of "amoswap.rl" with
> > > a "ld; fence r,rw" doesn't actually give us the RC semantics we've
> > > been discussing for LKMM. For example:
> > >
> > > (a) sd t0,0(s0)
> > > (b) amoswap.d.rl x0,t1,0(s1)
> > > ...
> > > (c) ld a0,0(s1)
> > > (d) fence r,rw
> > > (e) sd t2,0(s2)
> > >
> > > There, we won't get (a) ordered before (e) regardless of whether
> > > (b) is RCpc or RCsc. Do you agree?
> >
> > At the moment, only the load part of (b) is in the predecessor
> > set of (d), but the store part of (b) is not. Likewise, the
> > .rl annotation applies only to the store part of (b), not the
> > load part.
> >
> > This gets back to a question Linus asked last week about
> > whether the AMO is a single unit or whether it can be
>
> You mean AMO or RmW atomic operations?
>
> > considered to split into a load and a store part (which still
> > perform atomically). For RISC-V, for right now at least, the
> > answer is the latter. Is it still the latter for Linux too?
> >
>
> I think for RmW atomics it's still the latter, the acquire or release is
> for the load part or the store part of an RmW. For example, ppc uses
> lwsync as acquire/release barriers, and lwsync could not order
> write->read.

You are correct LKMM represent read-modify-write constructs with 2 events,
one read and one write. Those are connected by the special "rmw" relation.



>
> Regards,
> Boqun

Regards,

--Luc


>
> > https://lkml.org/lkml/2018/2/26/606
> >
> > > So I think we'll need to make sure we pair .rl with .aq, or that
> > > we pair fence-based mappings with fence-based mappings, in order
> > > to make the acquire/release operations work.
> >
> > This assumes we'll say that .aq and .rl are RCsc, not RCpc.
> > But in this case, I think .aq and .rl could still be safe to use,
> > as long as you don't ever try to mix in a fence-based mapping
> > on the same data structure like in the example above. That
> > might be important if we want to find the most compact legal
> > implementation, and hence do want to use .aq and .rl after all.
> >
> > > And since we don't have native "ld.aq" today in RISC-V, that
> > > would mean smp_store_release would have to remain implemented
> > > as "fence rw,w; s{w|d}", rather than "amoswap.{w|d}.rl", for
> > > example.
> >
> > Thoughts?
> >
> > Thanks,
> > Dan
> >
> > >
> > > Thanks!


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