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Subject[PATCH v9 25/61] page cache: Convert hole search to XArray
Date
From: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>

The page cache offers the ability to search for a miss in the previous or
next N locations. Rather than teach the XArray about the page cache's
definition of a miss, use xas_prev() and xas_next() to search the page
array. This should be more efficient as it does not have to start the
lookup from the top for each index.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com>
---
fs/nfs/blocklayout/blocklayout.c | 2 +-
include/linux/pagemap.h | 4 +-
mm/filemap.c | 110 ++++++++++++++++++---------------------
mm/readahead.c | 4 +-
4 files changed, 55 insertions(+), 65 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/nfs/blocklayout/blocklayout.c b/fs/nfs/blocklayout/blocklayout.c
index 7cb5c38c19e4..961901685007 100644
--- a/fs/nfs/blocklayout/blocklayout.c
+++ b/fs/nfs/blocklayout/blocklayout.c
@@ -895,7 +895,7 @@ static u64 pnfs_num_cont_bytes(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t idx)
end = DIV_ROUND_UP(i_size_read(inode), PAGE_SIZE);
if (end != inode->i_mapping->nrpages) {
rcu_read_lock();
- end = page_cache_next_hole(mapping, idx + 1, ULONG_MAX);
+ end = page_cache_next_gap(mapping, idx + 1, ULONG_MAX);
rcu_read_unlock();
}

diff --git a/include/linux/pagemap.h b/include/linux/pagemap.h
index b1bd2186e6d2..2f5d2d3ebaac 100644
--- a/include/linux/pagemap.h
+++ b/include/linux/pagemap.h
@@ -241,9 +241,9 @@ static inline gfp_t readahead_gfp_mask(struct address_space *x)

typedef int filler_t(void *, struct page *);

-pgoff_t page_cache_next_hole(struct address_space *mapping,
+pgoff_t page_cache_next_gap(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t index, unsigned long max_scan);
-pgoff_t page_cache_prev_hole(struct address_space *mapping,
+pgoff_t page_cache_prev_gap(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t index, unsigned long max_scan);

#define FGP_ACCESSED 0x00000001
diff --git a/mm/filemap.c b/mm/filemap.c
index f2251183a977..efe227940784 100644
--- a/mm/filemap.c
+++ b/mm/filemap.c
@@ -1326,86 +1326,76 @@ int __lock_page_or_retry(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm,
}

/**
- * page_cache_next_hole - find the next hole (not-present entry)
- * @mapping: mapping
- * @index: index
- * @max_scan: maximum range to search
- *
- * Search the set [index, min(index+max_scan-1, MAX_INDEX)] for the
- * lowest indexed hole.
- *
- * Returns: the index of the hole if found, otherwise returns an index
- * outside of the set specified (in which case 'return - index >=
- * max_scan' will be true). In rare cases of index wrap-around, 0 will
- * be returned.
- *
- * page_cache_next_hole may be called under rcu_read_lock. However,
- * like radix_tree_gang_lookup, this will not atomically search a
- * snapshot of the tree at a single point in time. For example, if a
- * hole is created at index 5, then subsequently a hole is created at
- * index 10, page_cache_next_hole covering both indexes may return 10
- * if called under rcu_read_lock.
+ * page_cache_next_gap() - Find the next gap in the page cache.
+ * @mapping: Mapping.
+ * @index: Index.
+ * @max_scan: Maximum range to search.
+ *
+ * Search the range [index, min(index + max_scan - 1, ULONG_MAX)] for the
+ * gap with the lowest index.
+ *
+ * This function may be called under the rcu_read_lock. However, this will
+ * not atomically search a snapshot of the cache at a single point in time.
+ * For example, if a gap is created at index 5, then subsequently a gap is
+ * created at index 10, page_cache_next_gap covering both indices may
+ * return 10 if called under the rcu_read_lock.
+ *
+ * Return: The index of the gap if found, otherwise an index outside the
+ * range specified (in which case 'return - index >= max_scan' will be true).
+ * In the rare case of index wrap-around, 0 will be returned.
*/
-pgoff_t page_cache_next_hole(struct address_space *mapping,
+pgoff_t page_cache_next_gap(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t index, unsigned long max_scan)
{
- unsigned long i;
+ XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, index);

- for (i = 0; i < max_scan; i++) {
- struct page *page;
-
- page = radix_tree_lookup(&mapping->i_pages, index);
- if (!page || xa_is_value(page))
+ while (max_scan--) {
+ void *entry = xas_next(&xas);
+ if (!entry || xa_is_value(entry))
break;
- index++;
- if (index == 0)
+ if (xas.xa_index == 0)
break;
}

- return index;
+ return xas.xa_index;
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_cache_next_hole);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_cache_next_gap);

/**
- * page_cache_prev_hole - find the prev hole (not-present entry)
- * @mapping: mapping
- * @index: index
- * @max_scan: maximum range to search
- *
- * Search backwards in the range [max(index-max_scan+1, 0), index] for
- * the first hole.
- *
- * Returns: the index of the hole if found, otherwise returns an index
- * outside of the set specified (in which case 'index - return >=
- * max_scan' will be true). In rare cases of wrap-around, ULONG_MAX
- * will be returned.
- *
- * page_cache_prev_hole may be called under rcu_read_lock. However,
- * like radix_tree_gang_lookup, this will not atomically search a
- * snapshot of the tree at a single point in time. For example, if a
- * hole is created at index 10, then subsequently a hole is created at
- * index 5, page_cache_prev_hole covering both indexes may return 5 if
- * called under rcu_read_lock.
+ * page_cache_prev_gap() - Find the next gap in the page cache.
+ * @mapping: Mapping.
+ * @index: Index.
+ * @max_scan: Maximum range to search.
+ *
+ * Search the range [max(index - max_scan + 1, 0), index] for the
+ * gap with the highest index.
+ *
+ * This function may be called under the rcu_read_lock. However, this will
+ * not atomically search a snapshot of the cache at a single point in time.
+ * For example, if a gap is created at index 10, then subsequently a gap is
+ * created at index 5, page_cache_prev_gap() covering both indices may
+ * return 5 if called under the rcu_read_lock.
+ *
+ * Return: The index of the gap if found, otherwise an index outside the
+ * range specified (in which case 'index - return >= max_scan' will be true).
+ * In the rare case of wrap-around, ULONG_MAX will be returned.
*/
-pgoff_t page_cache_prev_hole(struct address_space *mapping,
+pgoff_t page_cache_prev_gap(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t index, unsigned long max_scan)
{
- unsigned long i;
-
- for (i = 0; i < max_scan; i++) {
- struct page *page;
+ XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, index);

- page = radix_tree_lookup(&mapping->i_pages, index);
- if (!page || xa_is_value(page))
+ while (max_scan--) {
+ void *entry = xas_prev(&xas);
+ if (!entry || xa_is_value(entry))
break;
- index--;
- if (index == ULONG_MAX)
+ if (xas.xa_index == ULONG_MAX)
break;
}

- return index;
+ return xas.xa_index;
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_cache_prev_hole);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_cache_prev_gap);

/**
* find_get_entry - find and get a page cache entry
diff --git a/mm/readahead.c b/mm/readahead.c
index a1555ec59fa8..3ff9763b0461 100644
--- a/mm/readahead.c
+++ b/mm/readahead.c
@@ -329,7 +329,7 @@ static pgoff_t count_history_pages(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t head;

rcu_read_lock();
- head = page_cache_prev_hole(mapping, offset - 1, max);
+ head = page_cache_prev_gap(mapping, offset - 1, max);
rcu_read_unlock();

return offset - 1 - head;
@@ -417,7 +417,7 @@ ondemand_readahead(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t start;

rcu_read_lock();
- start = page_cache_next_hole(mapping, offset + 1, max_pages);
+ start = page_cache_next_gap(mapping, offset + 1, max_pages);
rcu_read_unlock();

if (!start || start - offset > max_pages)
--
2.16.1
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