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SubjectRe: [PATCH v1 1/1] mm/ksm: fix interaction with THP
On Mon, 12 Mar 2018 14:22:10 -0700
Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> wrote:

> On Mon, 12 Mar 2018 17:42:17 +0100 Claudio Imbrenda
> <imbrenda@linux.vnet.ibm.com> wrote:
>
> > This patch fixes a corner case for KSM. When two pages belong or
> > belonged to the same transparent hugepage, and they should be
> > merged, KSM fails to split the page, and therefore no merging
> > happens.
> >
> > This bug can be reproduced by:
> > * making sure ksm is running (in case disabling ksmtuned)
> > * enabling transparent hugepages
> > * allocating a THP-aligned 1-THP-sized buffer
> > e.g. on amd64: posix_memalign(&p, 1<<21, 1<<21)
> > * filling it with the same values
> > e.g. memset(p, 42, 1<<21)
> > * performing madvise to make it mergeable
> > e.g. madvise(p, 1<<21, MADV_MERGEABLE)
> > * waiting for KSM to perform a few scans
> >
> > The expected outcome is that the all the pages get merged (1 shared
> > and the rest sharing); the actual outcome is that no pages get
> > merged (1 unshared and the rest volatile)
> >
> > The reason of this behaviour is that we increase the reference count
> > once for both pages we want to merge, but if they belong to the same
> > hugepage (or compound page), the reference counter used in both
> > cases is the one of the head of the compound page.
> > This means that split_huge_page will find a value of the reference
> > counter too high and will fail.
> >
> > This patch solves this problem by testing if the two pages to merge
> > belong to the same hugepage when attempting to merge them. If so,
> > the hugepage is split safely. This means that the hugepage is not
> > split if not necessary.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Claudio Imbrenda <imbrenda@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>
> Signoff trail is confusing. Usually people put the primary author's
> signoff first, which makes me wonder whether you or Gerald was the
> primary author?

we literally wrote it together; I'll change Gerald's Signoff tag with a
Co-authored one, since he doesn't really have the time to follow this
patch

> > diff --git a/mm/ksm.c b/mm/ksm.c
> > index 293721f..7a826fa 100644
> > --- a/mm/ksm.c
> > +++ b/mm/ksm.c
> > @@ -2001,7 +2001,7 @@ static void cmp_and_merge_page(struct page
> > *page, struct rmap_item *rmap_item) struct page *kpage;
> > unsigned int checksum;
> > int err;
> > - bool max_page_sharing_bypass = false;
> > + bool split, max_page_sharing_bypass = false;
>
> `split' could be made local to the `if' block where it is used, which
> improves readability and maintainability somewhat.

will fix

> > stable_node = page_stable_node(page);
> > if (stable_node) {
> > @@ -2084,6 +2084,8 @@ static void cmp_and_merge_page(struct page
> > *page, struct rmap_item *rmap_item) if (tree_rmap_item) {
> > kpage = try_to_merge_two_pages(rmap_item, page,
> > tree_rmap_item,
> > tree_page);
> > + split = PageTransCompound(page) &&
> > PageTransCompound(tree_page)
> > + && compound_head(page) ==
> > compound_head(tree_page);
>
> I think a comment explainig what's going on would be useful here.

will add

> > put_page(tree_page);
> > if (kpage) {
> > /*
> > @@ -2110,6 +2112,11 @@ static void cmp_and_merge_page(struct page
> > *page, struct rmap_item *rmap_item) break_cow(tree_rmap_item);
> > break_cow(rmap_item);
> > }
> > + } else if (split) {
> > + if (!trylock_page(page))
> > + return;
> > + split_huge_page(page);
> > + unlock_page(page);
>
> Why did we use trylock_page()? Perhaps for the same reasons which
> were explained in try_to_merge_one_page(), perhaps for other reasons.

yes, that was our idea.

> cmp_and_merge_page() already does lock_page() and down_read(), so I
> wonder if those reasons are legitimate.

since the new code splits the page but doesn't actually merge it, we
thought it was better not to add the cost of a full lock. The full
locks in the rest of the function are only taken when there is
good probability or certainty that the lock will bring benefits.

> Again, a comment here is needed - otherwise it will be hard for
> readers to understand your intent.

I'll add a comment to clarify why we use trylock.

> > }
> > }
> > }

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