lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2018]   [Mar]   [13]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH 01/11] RISC-V: Add sections of PLT and GOT for kernel module
Date
The address of external symbols will locate more than 32-bit offset
in 64-bit kernel with sv39 or sv48 virtual addressing.

Module loader emits the GOT and PLT entries for data symbols and
function symbols respectively.

The PLT entry is a trampoline code for jumping to the 64-bit
real address. The GOT entry is just the data symbol address.

Signed-off-by: Zong Li <zong@andestech.com>
---
arch/riscv/Kconfig | 5 ++
arch/riscv/Makefile | 3 +
arch/riscv/include/asm/module.h | 102 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile | 1 +
arch/riscv/kernel/module-sections.c | 139 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/riscv/kernel/module.lds | 7 ++
6 files changed, 257 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/asm/module.h
create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/module-sections.c
create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/module.lds

diff --git a/arch/riscv/Kconfig b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
index 310b9a5d6737..e2ff7c23dfe0 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
@@ -135,6 +135,9 @@ choice
bool "medium any code model"
endchoice

+config MODULE_SECTIONS
+ bool "Support GOT and PLT sections"
+
choice
prompt "Maximum Physical Memory"
default MAXPHYSMEM_2GB if 32BIT
@@ -145,6 +148,8 @@ choice
bool "2GiB"
config MAXPHYSMEM_128GB
depends on 64BIT && CMODEL_MEDANY
+ select MODULE_SECTIONS if MODULES
+ select HAVE_MOD_ARCH_SPECIFIC
bool "128GiB"
endchoice

diff --git a/arch/riscv/Makefile b/arch/riscv/Makefile
index 26892daefa05..d8b4e5c9277f 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/Makefile
+++ b/arch/riscv/Makefile
@@ -56,6 +56,9 @@ endif
ifeq ($(CONFIG_CMODEL_MEDANY),y)
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -mcmodel=medany
endif
+ifeq ($(CONFIG_MODULE_SECTIONS),y)
+ KBUILD_LDFLAGS_MODULE += -T $(srctree)/arch/riscv/kernel/module.lds
+endif

# GCC versions that support the "-mstrict-align" option default to allowing
# unaligned accesses. While unaligned accesses are explicitly allowed in the
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/module.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/module.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..bcc48d113deb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/module.h
@@ -0,0 +1,102 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/* Copyright (C) 2017 Andes Technology Corporation */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_RISCV_MODULE_H
+#define _ASM_RISCV_MODULE_H
+
+#include <asm-generic/module.h>
+
+#define MODULE_ARCH_VERMAGIC "riscv"
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_SECTIONS
+struct mod_section {
+ struct elf64_shdr *shdr;
+ int num_entries;
+ int max_entries;
+};
+
+struct mod_arch_specific {
+ struct mod_section got;
+ struct mod_section plt;
+};
+#endif
+
+u64 module_emit_got_entry(struct module *mod, u64 val);
+u64 module_emit_plt_entry(struct module *mod, u64 val);
+
+struct got_entry {
+ u64 symbol_addr; /* the real variable address */
+};
+
+static inline struct got_entry emit_got_entry(u64 val)
+{
+ return (struct got_entry) {val};
+}
+
+static inline struct got_entry *get_got_entry(u64 val,
+ const struct mod_section *sec)
+{
+ struct got_entry *got = (struct got_entry *)sec->shdr->sh_addr;
+ int i;
+ for (i = 0; i < sec->num_entries; i++) {
+ if (got[i].symbol_addr == val)
+ return &got[i];
+ }
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+struct plt_entry {
+ /*
+ * Trampoline code to real target address. The return address
+ * should be the original (pc+4) before entring plt entry.
+ * For 8 byte alignment of symbol_addr,
+ * don't pack structure to remove the padding.
+ */
+ u32 insn_auipc; /* auipc t0, 0x0 */
+ u32 insn_ld; /* ld t1, 0x10(t0) */
+ u32 insn_jr; /* jr t1 */
+ u64 symbol_addr; /* the real jump target address */
+};
+
+#define OPC_AUIPC 0x0017
+#define OPC_LD 0x3003
+#define OPC_JALR 0x0067
+#define REG_T0 0x5
+#define REG_T1 0x6
+#define IMM_OFFSET 0x10
+
+static inline struct plt_entry emit_plt_entry(u64 val)
+{
+ /*
+ * U-Type encoding:
+ * +------------+----------+----------+
+ * | imm[31:12] | rd[11:7] | opc[6:0] |
+ * +------------+----------+----------+
+ *
+ * I-Type encoding:
+ * +------------+------------+--------+----------+----------+
+ * | imm[31:20] | rs1[19:15] | funct3 | rd[11:7] | opc[6:0] |
+ * +------------+------------+--------+----------+----------+
+ *
+ */
+ return (struct plt_entry) {
+ OPC_AUIPC | (REG_T0 << 7),
+ OPC_LD | (IMM_OFFSET << 20) | (REG_T0 << 15) | (REG_T1 << 7),
+ OPC_JALR | (REG_T1 << 15),
+ val
+ };
+}
+
+static inline struct plt_entry *get_plt_entry(u64 val,
+ const struct mod_section *sec)
+{
+ struct plt_entry *plt = (struct plt_entry *)sec->shdr->sh_addr;
+ int i;
+ for (i = 0; i < sec->num_entries; i++) {
+ if (plt[i].symbol_addr == val)
+ return &plt[i];
+ }
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+#endif /* _ASM_RISCV_MODULE_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile b/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
index 196f62ffc428..d355e3c18278 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@ CFLAGS_setup.o := -mcmodel=medany
obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += smpboot.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += smp.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MODULES) += module.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_MODULE_SECTIONS) += module-sections.o
obj-$(CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER) += mcount.o
obj-$(CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER) += ftrace.o

diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/module-sections.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/module-sections.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..94ba1551eac3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/module-sections.c
@@ -0,0 +1,139 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2014-2017 Linaro Ltd. <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2018 Andes Technology Corporation <zong@andestech.com>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/elf.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+
+u64 module_emit_got_entry(struct module *mod, u64 val)
+{
+ struct mod_section *got_sec = &mod->arch.got;
+ int i = got_sec->num_entries;
+ struct got_entry *got = get_got_entry(val, got_sec);
+
+ if (got)
+ return (u64)got;
+
+ /* There is no duplicate entry, create a new one */
+ got = (struct got_entry *)got_sec->shdr->sh_addr;
+ got[i] = emit_got_entry(val);
+
+ got_sec->num_entries++;
+ BUG_ON(got_sec->num_entries > got_sec->max_entries);
+
+ return (u64)&got[i];
+}
+
+u64 module_emit_plt_entry(struct module *mod, u64 val)
+{
+ struct mod_section *plt_sec = &mod->arch.plt;
+ struct plt_entry *plt = get_plt_entry(val, plt_sec);
+ int i = plt_sec->num_entries;
+
+ if (plt)
+ return (u64)plt;
+
+ /* There is no duplicate entry, create a new one */
+ plt = (struct plt_entry *)plt_sec->shdr->sh_addr;
+ plt[i] = emit_plt_entry(val);
+
+ plt_sec->num_entries++;
+ BUG_ON(plt_sec->num_entries > plt_sec->max_entries);
+
+ return (u64)&plt[i];
+}
+
+static int is_rela_equal(const Elf64_Rela *x, const Elf64_Rela *y)
+{
+ return x->r_info == y->r_info && x->r_addend == y->r_addend;
+}
+
+static bool duplicate_rela(const Elf64_Rela *rela, int idx)
+{
+ int i;
+ for (i = 0; i < idx; i++) {
+ if (is_rela_equal(&rela[i], &rela[idx]))
+ return true;
+ }
+ return false;
+}
+
+static void count_max_entries(Elf64_Rela *relas, int num,
+ unsigned int *plts, unsigned int *gots)
+{
+ unsigned int type, i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
+ type = ELF64_R_TYPE(relas[i].r_info);
+ if (type == R_RISCV_CALL_PLT) {
+ if (!duplicate_rela(relas, i))
+ (*plts)++;
+ } else if (type == R_RISCV_GOT_HI20) {
+ if (!duplicate_rela(relas, i))
+ (*gots)++;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+int module_frob_arch_sections(Elf_Ehdr *ehdr, Elf_Shdr *sechdrs,
+ char *secstrings, struct module *mod)
+{
+ unsigned int num_plts = 0;
+ unsigned int num_gots = 0;
+ int i;
+
+ /*
+ * Find the empty .got and .plt sections.
+ */
+ for (i = 0; i < ehdr->e_shnum; i++) {
+ if (!strcmp(secstrings + sechdrs[i].sh_name, ".plt"))
+ mod->arch.plt.shdr = sechdrs + i;
+ else if (!strcmp(secstrings + sechdrs[i].sh_name, ".got"))
+ mod->arch.got.shdr = sechdrs + i;
+ }
+
+ if (!mod->arch.plt.shdr) {
+ pr_err("%s: module PLT section(s) missing\n", mod->name);
+ return -ENOEXEC;
+ }
+ if (!mod->arch.got.shdr) {
+ pr_err("%s: module GOT section(s) missing\n", mod->name);
+ return -ENOEXEC;
+ }
+
+ /* Calculate the maxinum number of entries */
+ for (i = 0; i < ehdr->e_shnum; i++) {
+ Elf64_Rela *relas = (void *)ehdr + sechdrs[i].sh_offset;
+ int num_rela = sechdrs[i].sh_size / sizeof(Elf64_Rela);
+ Elf64_Shdr *dst_sec = sechdrs + sechdrs[i].sh_info;
+
+ if (sechdrs[i].sh_type != SHT_RELA)
+ continue;
+
+ /* ignore relocations that operate on non-exec sections */
+ if (!(dst_sec->sh_flags & SHF_EXECINSTR))
+ continue;
+
+ count_max_entries(relas, num_rela, &num_plts, &num_gots);
+ }
+
+ mod->arch.plt.shdr->sh_type = SHT_NOBITS;
+ mod->arch.plt.shdr->sh_flags = SHF_EXECINSTR | SHF_ALLOC;
+ mod->arch.plt.shdr->sh_addralign = L1_CACHE_BYTES;
+ mod->arch.plt.shdr->sh_size = (num_plts + 1) * sizeof(struct plt_entry);
+ mod->arch.plt.num_entries = 0;
+ mod->arch.plt.max_entries = num_plts;
+
+ mod->arch.got.shdr->sh_type = SHT_NOBITS;
+ mod->arch.got.shdr->sh_flags = SHF_ALLOC;
+ mod->arch.got.shdr->sh_addralign = L1_CACHE_BYTES;
+ mod->arch.got.shdr->sh_size = (num_gots + 1) * sizeof(struct got_entry);
+ mod->arch.got.num_entries = 0;
+ mod->arch.got.max_entries = num_gots;
+
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/module.lds b/arch/riscv/kernel/module.lds
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..7ef580e62883
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/module.lds
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/* Copyright (C) 2017 Andes Technology Corporation */
+
+SECTIONS {
+ .plt (NOLOAD) : { BYTE(0) }
+ .got (NOLOAD) : { BYTE(0) }
+}
--
2.16.1
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2018-03-13 09:52    [W:0.214 / U:2.024 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site