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Subject[RFC v2 22/83] Inode log pages allocation and reclaimation.
Date
From: Andiry Xu <jix024@cs.ucsd.edu>

NOVA allocates one log page for each new inode. When the log is full,
NOVA allocates new log pages, extends the log by either doubling the log size
or increasing by fixed length, depends on log size.

Signed-off-by: Andiry Xu <jix024@cs.ucsd.edu>
---
fs/nova/Makefile | 2 +-
fs/nova/log.c | 327 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
fs/nova/log.h | 11 ++
3 files changed, 339 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
create mode 100644 fs/nova/log.c

diff --git a/fs/nova/Makefile b/fs/nova/Makefile
index e2f7b07..b3638a4 100644
--- a/fs/nova/Makefile
+++ b/fs/nova/Makefile
@@ -4,4 +4,4 @@

obj-$(CONFIG_NOVA_FS) += nova.o

-nova-y := balloc.o bbuild.o inode.o rebuild.o stats.o super.o
+nova-y := balloc.o bbuild.o inode.o log.o rebuild.o stats.o super.o
diff --git a/fs/nova/log.c b/fs/nova/log.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..bdd133e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/fs/nova/log.c
@@ -0,0 +1,327 @@
+/*
+ * BRIEF DESCRIPTION
+ *
+ * Log methods
+ *
+ * Copyright 2015-2016 Regents of the University of California,
+ * UCSD Non-Volatile Systems Lab, Andiry Xu <jix024@cs.ucsd.edu>
+ * Copyright 2012-2013 Intel Corporation
+ * Copyright 2009-2011 Marco Stornelli <marco.stornelli@gmail.com>
+ * Copyright 2003 Sony Corporation
+ * Copyright 2003 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
+ * 2003-2004 (c) MontaVista Software, Inc. , Steve Longerbeam
+ * This file is licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public
+ * License version 2. This program is licensed "as is" without any
+ * warranty of any kind, whether express or implied.
+ */
+
+#include "nova.h"
+#include "inode.h"
+#include "log.h"
+
+/* Coalesce log pages to a singly linked list */
+static int nova_coalesce_log_pages(struct super_block *sb,
+ unsigned long prev_blocknr, unsigned long first_blocknr,
+ unsigned long num_pages)
+{
+ unsigned long next_blocknr;
+ u64 curr_block, next_page;
+ struct nova_inode_log_page *curr_page;
+ int i;
+
+ if (prev_blocknr) {
+ /* Link prev block and newly allocated head block */
+ curr_block = nova_get_block_off(sb, prev_blocknr,
+ NOVA_BLOCK_TYPE_4K);
+ curr_page = (struct nova_inode_log_page *)
+ nova_get_block(sb, curr_block);
+ next_page = nova_get_block_off(sb, first_blocknr,
+ NOVA_BLOCK_TYPE_4K);
+ nova_set_next_page_address(sb, curr_page, next_page, 0);
+ }
+
+ next_blocknr = first_blocknr + 1;
+ curr_block = nova_get_block_off(sb, first_blocknr,
+ NOVA_BLOCK_TYPE_4K);
+ curr_page = (struct nova_inode_log_page *)
+ nova_get_block(sb, curr_block);
+ for (i = 0; i < num_pages - 1; i++) {
+ next_page = nova_get_block_off(sb, next_blocknr,
+ NOVA_BLOCK_TYPE_4K);
+ nova_set_page_num_entries(sb, curr_page, 0, 0);
+ nova_set_page_invalid_entries(sb, curr_page, 0, 0);
+ nova_set_next_page_address(sb, curr_page, next_page, 0);
+ curr_page++;
+ next_blocknr++;
+ }
+
+ /* Last page */
+ nova_set_page_num_entries(sb, curr_page, 0, 0);
+ nova_set_page_invalid_entries(sb, curr_page, 0, 0);
+ nova_set_next_page_address(sb, curr_page, 0, 1);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Log block resides in NVMM */
+int nova_allocate_inode_log_pages(struct super_block *sb,
+ struct nova_inode_info_header *sih, unsigned long num_pages,
+ u64 *new_block, int cpuid, enum nova_alloc_direction from_tail)
+{
+ unsigned long new_inode_blocknr;
+ unsigned long first_blocknr;
+ unsigned long prev_blocknr;
+ int allocated;
+ int ret_pages = 0;
+
+ allocated = nova_new_log_blocks(sb, sih, &new_inode_blocknr,
+ num_pages, ALLOC_NO_INIT, cpuid, from_tail);
+
+ if (allocated <= 0) {
+ nova_err(sb, "ERROR: no inode log page available: %d %d\n",
+ num_pages, allocated);
+ return allocated;
+ }
+ ret_pages += allocated;
+ num_pages -= allocated;
+ nova_dbg_verbose("Pi %lu: Alloc %d log blocks @ 0x%lx\n",
+ sih->ino, allocated, new_inode_blocknr);
+
+ /* Coalesce the pages */
+ nova_coalesce_log_pages(sb, 0, new_inode_blocknr, allocated);
+ first_blocknr = new_inode_blocknr;
+ prev_blocknr = new_inode_blocknr + allocated - 1;
+
+ /* Allocate remaining pages */
+ while (num_pages) {
+ allocated = nova_new_log_blocks(sb, sih,
+ &new_inode_blocknr, num_pages,
+ ALLOC_NO_INIT, cpuid, from_tail);
+
+ nova_dbg_verbose("Alloc %d log blocks @ 0x%lx\n",
+ allocated, new_inode_blocknr);
+ if (allocated <= 0) {
+ nova_dbg("%s: no inode log page available: %lu %d\n",
+ __func__, num_pages, allocated);
+ /* Return whatever we have */
+ break;
+ }
+ ret_pages += allocated;
+ num_pages -= allocated;
+ nova_coalesce_log_pages(sb, prev_blocknr, new_inode_blocknr,
+ allocated);
+ prev_blocknr = new_inode_blocknr + allocated - 1;
+ }
+
+ *new_block = nova_get_block_off(sb, first_blocknr,
+ NOVA_BLOCK_TYPE_4K);
+
+ return ret_pages;
+}
+
+static int nova_initialize_inode_log(struct super_block *sb,
+ struct nova_inode *pi, struct nova_inode_info_header *sih,
+ int log_id)
+{
+ u64 new_block;
+ int allocated;
+
+ allocated = nova_allocate_inode_log_pages(sb, sih,
+ 1, &new_block, ANY_CPU,
+ log_id == MAIN_LOG ? 0 : 1);
+ if (allocated != 1) {
+ nova_err(sb, "%s ERROR: no inode log page available\n",
+ __func__);
+ return -ENOSPC;
+ }
+
+ pi->log_tail = new_block;
+ nova_flush_buffer(&pi->log_tail, CACHELINE_SIZE, 0);
+ pi->log_head = new_block;
+ sih->log_head = sih->log_tail = new_block;
+ sih->log_pages = 1;
+ nova_flush_buffer(&pi->log_head, CACHELINE_SIZE, 1);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Extend the log. If the log is less than EXTEND_THRESHOLD pages, double its
+ * allocated size. Otherwise, increase by EXTEND_THRESHOLD. Then, do GC.
+ */
+static u64 nova_extend_inode_log(struct super_block *sb, struct nova_inode *pi,
+ struct nova_inode_info_header *sih, u64 curr_p)
+{
+ u64 new_block = 0;
+ int allocated;
+ unsigned long num_pages;
+ int ret;
+
+ nova_dbgv("%s: inode %lu, curr 0x%llx\n", __func__, sih->ino, curr_p);
+
+ if (curr_p == 0) {
+ ret = nova_initialize_inode_log(sb, pi, sih, MAIN_LOG);
+ if (ret)
+ return 0;
+
+ return sih->log_head;
+ }
+
+ num_pages = sih->log_pages >= EXTEND_THRESHOLD ?
+ EXTEND_THRESHOLD : sih->log_pages;
+
+ allocated = nova_allocate_inode_log_pages(sb, sih,
+ num_pages, &new_block, ANY_CPU, 0);
+ nova_dbg_verbose("Link block %llu to block %llu\n",
+ curr_p >> PAGE_SHIFT,
+ new_block >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+ if (allocated <= 0) {
+ nova_err(sb, "%s ERROR: no inode log page available\n",
+ __func__);
+ nova_dbg("curr_p 0x%llx, %lu pages\n", curr_p,
+ sih->log_pages);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* Perform GC */
+ return new_block;
+}
+
+/* For thorough GC, simply append one more page */
+static u64 nova_append_one_log_page(struct super_block *sb,
+ struct nova_inode_info_header *sih, u64 curr_p)
+{
+ struct nova_inode_log_page *curr_page;
+ u64 new_block;
+ u64 curr_block;
+ int allocated;
+
+ allocated = nova_allocate_inode_log_pages(sb, sih, 1, &new_block,
+ ANY_CPU, 0);
+ if (allocated != 1) {
+ nova_err(sb, "%s: ERROR: no inode log page available\n",
+ __func__);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ if (curr_p == 0) {
+ curr_p = new_block;
+ } else {
+ /* Link prev block and newly allocated head block */
+ curr_block = BLOCK_OFF(curr_p);
+ curr_page = (struct nova_inode_log_page *)
+ nova_get_block(sb, curr_block);
+ nova_set_next_page_address(sb, curr_page, new_block, 1);
+ }
+
+ return curr_p;
+}
+
+/* Get the append location. Extent the log if needed. */
+u64 nova_get_append_head(struct super_block *sb, struct nova_inode *pi,
+ struct nova_inode_info_header *sih, u64 tail, size_t size, int log_id,
+ int thorough_gc, int *extended)
+{
+ u64 curr_p;
+
+ if (tail)
+ curr_p = tail;
+ else
+ curr_p = sih->log_tail;
+
+ if (curr_p == 0 || (is_last_entry(curr_p, size) &&
+ next_log_page(sb, curr_p) == 0)) {
+ if (is_last_entry(curr_p, size)) {
+ nova_set_next_page_flag(sb, curr_p);
+ }
+
+ /* Alternate log should not go here */
+ if (log_id != MAIN_LOG)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (thorough_gc == 0) {
+ curr_p = nova_extend_inode_log(sb, pi, sih, curr_p);
+ } else {
+ curr_p = nova_append_one_log_page(sb, sih, curr_p);
+ /* For thorough GC */
+ *extended = 1;
+ }
+
+ if (curr_p == 0)
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ if (is_last_entry(curr_p, size)) {
+ nova_set_next_page_flag(sb, curr_p);
+ curr_p = next_log_page(sb, curr_p);
+ }
+
+ return curr_p;
+}
+
+int nova_free_contiguous_log_blocks(struct super_block *sb,
+ struct nova_inode_info_header *sih, u64 head)
+{
+ unsigned long blocknr, start_blocknr = 0;
+ u64 curr_block = head;
+ u8 btype = sih->i_blk_type;
+ int num_free = 0;
+ int freed = 0;
+
+ while (curr_block > 0) {
+ if (ENTRY_LOC(curr_block)) {
+ nova_dbg("%s: ERROR: invalid block %llu\n",
+ __func__, curr_block);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ blocknr = nova_get_blocknr(sb, le64_to_cpu(curr_block),
+ btype);
+ nova_dbg_verbose("%s: free page %llu\n", __func__, curr_block);
+ curr_block = next_log_page(sb, curr_block);
+
+ if (start_blocknr == 0) {
+ start_blocknr = blocknr;
+ num_free = 1;
+ } else {
+ if (blocknr == start_blocknr + num_free) {
+ num_free++;
+ } else {
+ /* A new start */
+ nova_free_log_blocks(sb, sih, start_blocknr,
+ num_free);
+ freed += num_free;
+ start_blocknr = blocknr;
+ num_free = 1;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ if (start_blocknr) {
+ nova_free_log_blocks(sb, sih, start_blocknr, num_free);
+ freed += num_free;
+ }
+
+ return freed;
+}
+
+int nova_free_inode_log(struct super_block *sb, struct nova_inode *pi,
+ struct nova_inode_info_header *sih)
+{
+ int freed = 0;
+ timing_t free_time;
+
+ if (sih->log_head == 0 || sih->log_tail == 0)
+ return 0;
+
+ NOVA_START_TIMING(free_inode_log_t, free_time);
+
+ /* The inode is invalid now, no need to fence */
+ if (pi) {
+ pi->log_head = pi->log_tail = 0;
+ nova_flush_buffer(&pi->log_head, CACHELINE_SIZE, 0);
+ }
+
+ freed = nova_free_contiguous_log_blocks(sb, sih, sih->log_head);
+
+ NOVA_END_TIMING(free_inode_log_t, free_time);
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/fs/nova/log.h b/fs/nova/log.h
index 61586a3..2bc131f 100644
--- a/fs/nova/log.h
+++ b/fs/nova/log.h
@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@ struct nova_inode_log_page {
struct nova_inode_page_tail page_tail;
} __attribute((__packed__));

+#define EXTEND_THRESHOLD 256

enum nova_entry_type {
FILE_WRITE = 1,
@@ -183,5 +184,15 @@ static inline bool goto_next_page(struct super_block *sb, u64 curr_p)
}


+int nova_allocate_inode_log_pages(struct super_block *sb,
+ struct nova_inode_info_header *sih, unsigned long num_pages,
+ u64 *new_block, int cpuid, enum nova_alloc_direction from_tail);
+u64 nova_get_append_head(struct super_block *sb, struct nova_inode *pi,
+ struct nova_inode_info_header *sih, u64 tail, size_t size, int log_id,
+ int thorough_gc, int *extended);
+int nova_free_contiguous_log_blocks(struct super_block *sb,
+ struct nova_inode_info_header *sih, u64 head);
+int nova_free_inode_log(struct super_block *sb, struct nova_inode *pi,
+ struct nova_inode_info_header *sih);

#endif
--
2.7.4
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