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SubjectRe: [PATCH 12/18] tracing: Add accessing direct address from function based events
On Fri, 9 Feb 2018 09:34:36 +0900
Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org> wrote:

> Couldn't we use the symbol name directly? Maybe it needs a syntax to
> indicate global variable. Like this?
>
> # echo 'do_IRQ(int $total_forks)' > function_events


I decided to stick with "$".

-- Steve

From ed303534dac5b2d9af7b4db9f042d7941c997288 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: "Steven Rostedt (VMware)" <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Date: Fri, 9 Feb 2018 17:03:06 -0500
Subject: [PATCH] tracing: Add direct kallsym access to function based events

Instead of searching for the address via kallsyms to print the variable in a
function based event, have "$<symbol>" be a way to tell the function based
event to look up the symbol for you.

Instead of:

# grep total_forks /proc/kallsyms
ffffffff82354c18 B total_forks

# echo 'do_IRQ(int forks=0xffffffff82354c18)' > function_events

One can do either:

# echo 'do_IRQ(int forks=$total_forks)' > function_events

or simply

# echo 'do_IRQ(int $total_forks)' > function_events

The latter will say "total_forks=" in the output where the formal says
"forks=".

Suggested-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
---
Documentation/trace/function-based-events.rst | 25 ++++++++++++++++++-
kernel/trace/trace_event_ftrace.c | 35 ++++++++++++++++++++++++---
2 files changed, 56 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/trace/function-based-events.rst b/Documentation/trace/function-based-events.rst
index 606981b876a0..9a30aee338f4 100644
--- a/Documentation/trace/function-based-events.rst
+++ b/Documentation/trace/function-based-events.rst
@@ -112,13 +112,19 @@ as follows:

INDIRECT := INDEX | OFFSET | INDIRECT INDIRECT | ''

- ADDR := A hexidecimal address starting with '0x'
+ ADDR := <symbol> | <hexnumber>

Where <name> is a unique string starting with an alphabetic character
and consists only of letters and numbers and underscores.

Where <number> is a number that can be read by kstrtol() (hex, decimal, etc).

+ Where <hexnumber> is an address starting with '0x'
+
+ Where <symbol> is a valid symbol name from kallsyms starting with "$".
+ For example: $total_forks
+
+

Simple arguments
================
@@ -317,6 +323,23 @@ Is the same as
<idle>-0 [003] d..3 655.823498: ret_from_intr->do_IRQ(total_forks=1504, regs=tick_nohz_idle_enter+0x4c/0x50)
<idle>-0 [003] d..3 655.954096: ret_from_intr->do_IRQ(total_forks=1504, regs=cpuidle_enter_state+0xb1/0x330)

+You can also accomplish the same thing above using the kallsym name following
+a "$" symbol. That is:
+
+ # echo 'do_IRQ(int $total_forks)' > function_events
+
+is the same as the above command using the "0xffffffff82354c18" address.
+
+You can rename the variable by using "=":
+
+ # echo 'do_IRQ(int forks=$total_forks)' > function_events
+
+ # cat trace
+ <idle>-0 [003] d..3 698.226763: ret_from_intr->do_IRQ(forks=1475)
+ <idle>-0 [003] d..3 698.226810: ret_from_intr->do_IRQ(forks=1475)
+ <idle>-0 [003] d..3 698.227046: ret_from_intr->do_IRQ(forks=1475)
+ <idle>-0 [003] d..3 698.502222: ret_from_intr->do_IRQ(forks=1475)
+

Array types
===========
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_event_ftrace.c b/kernel/trace/trace_event_ftrace.c
index 376c9324d65c..39abda19d5d2 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_event_ftrace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_event_ftrace.c
@@ -92,6 +92,7 @@ static LIST_HEAD(func_events);
C(ARRAY_END), \
C(REDIRECT_PLUS), \
C(REDIRECT_BRACKET), \
+ C(SYMBOL), \
C(VAR), \
C(COMMA), \
C(NULL), \
@@ -281,6 +282,7 @@ static char *next_token(char **ptr, char *last)
*str == '|' ||
*str == '+' ||
*str == '=' ||
+ *str == '$' ||
*str == ')')
break;
}
@@ -393,6 +395,14 @@ static int add_arg_redirect(struct func_arg *arg, long index, long indirect)
return 0;
}

+static int get_symbol(const char *symbol, unsigned long *val)
+{
+ *val = kallsyms_lookup_name(symbol);
+ if (!*val)
+ return -1;
+ return 0;
+}
+
static enum func_states
process_event(struct func_event *fevent, const char *token, enum func_states state)
{
@@ -469,6 +479,8 @@ process_event(struct func_event *fevent, const char *token, enum func_states sta
case FUNC_STATE_ARRAY_END:
if (WARN_ON(!fevent->last_arg))
break;
+ if (token[0] == '$')
+ return FUNC_STATE_SYMBOL;
if (update_arg_name(fevent, token) < 0)
break;
if (strncmp(token, "0x", 2) == 0)
@@ -542,6 +554,11 @@ process_event(struct func_event *fevent, const char *token, enum func_states sta
fevent->last_arg->index += val;
return FUNC_STATE_VAR;

+ case FUNC_STATE_SYMBOL:
+ if (!isalpha(token[0]) && token[0] != '_')
+ break;
+ goto equal;
+
case FUNC_STATE_ADDR:
switch (token[0]) {
case ')':
@@ -599,14 +616,26 @@ process_event(struct func_event *fevent, const char *token, enum func_states sta
break;

case FUNC_STATE_EQUAL:
+ if (token[0] == '$')
+ return FUNC_STATE_SYMBOL;
if (strncmp(token, "0x", 2) != 0)
break;
equal:
if (WARN_ON(!fevent->last_arg))
break;
- ret = kstrtoul(token, 0, &val);
- if (ret < 0)
- break;
+ if (isalpha(token[0]) || token[0] != '_') {
+ ret = get_symbol(token, &val);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ break;
+ if (!fevent->last_arg->name) {
+ if (update_arg_name(fevent, token) < 0)
+ break;
+ }
+ } else {
+ ret = kstrtoul(token, 0, &val);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ break;
+ }
update_arg = false;
fevent->last_arg->index = val;
fevent->last_arg->arg = -1;
--
2.13.6
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