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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 1/1] mm: initialize pages on demand during boot
On Fri,  9 Feb 2018 14:22:16 -0500 Pavel Tatashin <> wrote:

> Deferred page initialization allows the boot cpu to initialize a small
> subset of the system's pages early in boot, with other cpus doing the rest
> later on.
> It is, however, problematic to know how many pages the kernel needs during
> boot. Different modules and kernel parameters may change the requirement,
> so the boot cpu either initializes too many pages or runs out of memory.
> To fix that, initialize early pages on demand. This ensures the kernel
> does the minimum amount of work to initialize pages during boot and leaves
> the rest to be divided in the multithreaded initialization path
> (deferred_init_memmap).
> The on-demand code is permanently disabled using static branching once
> deferred pages are initialized. After the static branch is changed to
> false, the overhead is up-to two branch-always instructions if the zone
> watermark check fails or if rmqueue fails.

lgtm, I'll toss it in for some testing.

A couple of tweaks:

From: Andrew Morton <>
Subject: mm-initialize-pages-on-demand-during-boot-fix

fix typo in comment, make deferred_pages static

Cc: Pavel Tatashin <>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <>

mm/page_alloc.c | 4 ++--
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff -puN include/linux/memblock.h~mm-initialize-pages-on-demand-during-boot-fix include/linux/memblock.h
diff -puN mm/memblock.c~mm-initialize-pages-on-demand-during-boot-fix mm/memblock.c
diff -puN mm/page_alloc.c~mm-initialize-pages-on-demand-during-boot-fix mm/page_alloc.c
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c~mm-initialize-pages-on-demand-during-boot-fix
+++ a/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -1568,14 +1568,14 @@ static int __init deferred_init_memmap(v

- * This lock grantees that only one thread at a time is allowed to grow zones
+ * This lock guarantees that only one thread at a time is allowed to grow zones
* (decrease number of deferred pages).
* Protects first_deferred_pfn field in all zones during early boot before
* deferred pages are initialized. Deferred pages are initialized in
* page_alloc_init_late() soon after smp_init() is complete.
static __initdata DEFINE_SPINLOCK(deferred_zone_grow_lock);
+static DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(deferred_pages);

* If this zone has deferred pages, try to grow it by initializing enough
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