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SubjectRe: [PATCH v1 02/16] irqchip: gicv3-its: Add helpers for handling 52bit address
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On 08/02/18 11:20, Suzuki K Poulose wrote:
> On 07/02/18 15:10, Christoffer Dall wrote:
>> Hi Suzuki,
>>
>> On Tue, Jan 09, 2018 at 07:03:57PM +0000, Suzuki K Poulose wrote:
>>> Add helpers for encoding/decoding 52bit address in GICv3 ITS BASER
>>> register. When ITS uses 64K page size, the 52bits of physical address
>>> are encoded in BASER[47:12] as follows :
>>>
>>>   Bits[47:16] of the register => bits[47:16] of the physical address
>>>   Bits[15:12] of the register => bits[51:48] of the physical address
>>>                                  bits[15:0] of the physical address
>>> are 0.
>>>
>>> Also adds a mask for CBASER address. This will be used for adding 52bit
>>> support for VGIC ITS. More importantly ignore the upper bits if 52bit
>>> support is not enabled.
>>>
>>> Cc: Shanker Donthineni <shankerd@codeaurora.org>
>>> Cc: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
>>> Signed-off-by: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>
>>> ---
>
>
>>> +
>>> +/*
>>> + * With 64K page size, the physical address can be upto 52bit and
>>> + * uses the following encoding in the GITS_BASER[47:12]:
>>> + *
>>> + * Bits[47:16] of the register => bits[47:16] of the base physical
>>> address.
>>> + * Bits[15:12] of the register => bits[51:48] of the base physical
>>> address.
>>> + *                                bits[15:0] of the base physical
>>> address are 0.
>>> + * Clear the upper bits if the kernel doesn't support 52bits.
>>> + */
>>> +#define GITS_BASER_ADDR64K_LO_MASK    GENMASK_ULL(47, 16)
>>> +#define GITS_BASER_ADDR64K_HI_SHIFT    12
>>> +#define GITS_BASER_ADDR64K_HI_MOVE    (48 -
>>> GITS_BASER_ADDR64K_HI_SHIFT)
>>> +#define GITS_BASER_ADDR64K_HI_MASK    (GITS_PA_HI_MASK <<
>>> GITS_BASER_ADDR64K_HI_SHIFT)
>>> +#define GITS_BASER_ADDR64K_TO_PHYS(x)                    \
>>> +    (((x) & GITS_BASER_ADDR64K_LO_MASK) |                 \
>>> +     (((x) & GITS_BASER_ADDR64K_HI_MASK) <<
>>> GITS_BASER_ADDR64K_HI_MOVE))
>>> +#define GITS_BASER_ADDR64K_FROM_PHYS(p)                    \
>>> +    (((p) & GITS_BASER_ADDR64K_LO_MASK) |                 \
>>> +     (((p) >> GITS_BASER_ADDR64K_HI_MOVE) &
>>> GITS_BASER_ADDR64K_HI_MASK))
>>
>> I don't understand why you need this masking logic embedded in these
>> macros?  Isn't it strictly an error if anyone passes a physical address
>> with any of bits [51:48] set to the ITS on a system that doesn't support
>> 52 bit PAs, and just silently masking off those bits could lead to some
>> interesting cases.
>
> What do you think is the best way to handle such cases ? May be I could add
> some checks where we get those addresses and handle it before we use this
> macro ?
>
>>
>> This is also notably more difficult to read than the existing macro.
>>
>> If anything, I think it would be more useful to have
>> GITS_BASER_TO_PHYS(x) and GITS_PHYS_TO_BASER(x) which takes into account
>> CONFIG_ARM64_64K_PAGES.
>
> I thought the 64K_PAGES is not kernel page size, but the page-size
> configured
> by the "requester" for ITS. So, it doesn't really mean
> CONFIG_ARM64_64K_PAGES.
> But the other way around, we can't handle 52bit address unless
> CONFIG_ARM64_64K_PAGES
> is selected. Also, if the guest uses a 4K page size and uses a 48 bit
> address,
> we could potentially mask Bits[15:12] to 0, which is not nice.
>
> So I still think we need to have a special macro for handling addresses
> with 64K
> page size in ITS.

If it's allowed to go wrong for invalid input, then you don't even need
to consider the page size at all, except if you care about
micro-optimising out a couple of instructions. For valid page-aligned
addresses, [51:48] and [15:12] can never *both* be nonzero, therefore
just this should be fine for all granules:

- (((phys) & GENMASK_ULL(47, 16)) | (((phys) >> 48) & 0xf) << 12)
+ (((phys) & GENMASK_ULL(47, 0)) | (((phys) >> 48) & 0xf) << 12)

Robin.

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