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Subject[PATCH v3 1/4] backlight: pwm_bl: linear interpolation between brightness-levels
Date
Setting num-interpolated-steps in the dts will allow you to have linear
interpolation between values of brightness-levels. This way a high
resolution pwm duty cycle can be used without having to list out every
possible value in the dts. This system also allows for gamma corrected
values.

The most simple example is interpolate between two brightness values a
number of steps, this can be done setting the following in the dts:

brightness-levels = <0 65535>;
num-interpolated-steps = <1024>;
default-brightness-level = <512>;

This will create a brightness-level table with the following values:

<0 63 126 189 252 315 378 441 ... 64260 64323 64386 64449 65535>

Another use case can be describe a gamma corrected curve, as we have
better sensitivity at low luminance than high luminance we probably
want have smaller steps for low brightness levels values and bigger
steps for high brightness levels values. This can be achieved with
the following in the dts:

brightness-levels = <0 4096 65535>;
num-interpolated-steps = <1024>;
default-brightness-level = <512>;

This will create a brightness-levels table with the following values:

<0 4 8 12 16 20 ... 4096 4156 4216 4276 ... 65535>

Signed-off-by: Enric Balletbo i Serra <enric.balletbo@collabora.com>
---
Changes since v2:
Requested by Daniel Thompson:
- Use a devres alloc for table creatiion and then just swap pointers.
- No need to use calloc because the loop initializes every element.
Changes since v1:
- None.

drivers/video/backlight/pwm_bl.c | 83 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 83 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/video/backlight/pwm_bl.c b/drivers/video/backlight/pwm_bl.c
index 8e3f1245f5c5..f0a108ab570a 100644
--- a/drivers/video/backlight/pwm_bl.c
+++ b/drivers/video/backlight/pwm_bl.c
@@ -147,7 +147,11 @@ static int pwm_backlight_parse_dt(struct device *dev,
struct platform_pwm_backlight_data *data)
{
struct device_node *node = dev->of_node;
+ unsigned int num_levels = 0;
+ unsigned int levels_count;
+ unsigned int num_steps;
struct property *prop;
+ unsigned int *table;
int length;
u32 value;
int ret;
@@ -167,6 +171,7 @@ static int pwm_backlight_parse_dt(struct device *dev,
/* read brightness levels from DT property */
if (data->max_brightness > 0) {
size_t size = sizeof(*data->levels) * data->max_brightness;
+ unsigned int i, j, n = 0;

data->levels = devm_kzalloc(dev, size, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!data->levels)
@@ -184,6 +189,84 @@ static int pwm_backlight_parse_dt(struct device *dev,
return ret;

data->dft_brightness = value;
+
+ /*
+ * This property is optional, if is set enables linear
+ * interpolation between each of the values of brightness levels
+ * and creates a new pre-computed table.
+ */
+ of_property_read_u32(node, "num-interpolated-steps",
+ &num_steps);
+
+ /*
+ * Make sure that there is at least two entries in the
+ * brightness-levels table, otherwise we can't interpolate
+ * between two points.
+ */
+ if (num_steps) {
+ if (data->max_brightness < 2) {
+ dev_err(dev, "can't interpolate\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Recalculate the number of brightness levels, now
+ * taking in consideration the number of interpolated
+ * steps between two levels.
+ */
+ for (i = 0; i < data->max_brightness - 1; i++) {
+ if ((data->levels[i + 1] - data->levels[i]) /
+ num_steps)
+ num_levels += num_steps;
+ else
+ num_levels++;
+ }
+ num_levels++;
+ dev_dbg(dev, "new number of brightness levels: %d\n",
+ num_levels);
+
+ /*
+ * Create a new table of brightness levels with all the
+ * interpolated steps.
+ */
+ size = sizeof(*table) * num_levels;
+ table = devm_kzalloc(dev, size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!table)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ /* Fill the interpolated table. */
+ levels_count = 0;
+ for (i = 0; i < data->max_brightness - 1; i++) {
+ value = data->levels[i];
+ n = (data->levels[i + 1] - value) / num_steps;
+ if (n > 0) {
+ for (j = 0; j < num_steps; j++) {
+ table[levels_count] = value;
+ value += n;
+ levels_count++;
+ }
+ } else {
+ table[levels_count] = data->levels[i];
+ levels_count++;
+ }
+ }
+ table[levels_count] = data->levels[i];
+
+ /*
+ * As we use interpolation lets remove current
+ * brightness levels table and replace for the
+ * new interpolated table.
+ */
+ devm_kfree(dev, data->levels);
+ data->levels = table;
+
+ /*
+ * Reassign max_brightness value to the new total number
+ * of brightness levels.
+ */
+ data->max_brightness = num_levels;
+ }
+
data->max_brightness--;
}

--
2.15.1
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