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SubjectRe: [PATCH V2] lightnvm: pblk: add padding distribution sysfs attribute
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On 02/06/2018 12:54 PM, hans.ml.holmberg@owltronix.com wrote:
> From: Hans Holmberg <hans.holmberg@cnexlabs.com>
>
> When pblk receives a sync, all data up to that point in the write buffer
> must be comitted to persistent storage, and as flash memory comes with a
> minimal write size there is a significant cost involved both in terms
> of time for completing the sync and in terms of write amplification
> padded sectors for filling up to the minimal write size.
>
> In order to get a better understanding of the costs involved for syncs,
> Add a sysfs attribute to pblk: padded_dist, showing a normalized
> distribution of sectors padded. In order to facilitate measurements of
> specific workloads during the lifetime of the pblk instance, the
> distribution can be reset by writing 0 to the attribute.
>
> Do this by introducing counters for each possible padding:
> {0..(minimal write size - 1)} and calculate the normalized distribution
> when showing the attribute.
>
> Signed-off-by: Hans Holmberg <hans.holmberg@cnexlabs.com>
> Signed-off-by: Javier González <javier@cnexlabs.com>
> Rearranged total_buckets statement in pblk_sysfs_get_padding_dist
> Signed-off-by: Matias Bjørling <mb@lightnvm.io>
> ---
>
> Changes since V1:
>
> * Picked up Matias rearrengment of the total_buckets_statement
> * Fixed build problems reported by kbuild on i386 by using sector_div
> instead of / when calculating the padding distribution and turning
> nr_flush into atomic64_t (which makes more sense anyway)
>
> drivers/lightnvm/pblk-init.c | 16 +++++++-
> drivers/lightnvm/pblk-rb.c | 17 +++++----
> drivers/lightnvm/pblk-sysfs.c | 86 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> drivers/lightnvm/pblk.h | 6 ++-
> 4 files changed, 112 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-init.c b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-init.c
> index 7eedc5d..bf9bc31 100644
> --- a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-init.c
> +++ b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-init.c
> @@ -921,6 +921,7 @@ static void pblk_free(struct pblk *pblk)
> {
> pblk_luns_free(pblk);
> pblk_lines_free(pblk);
> + kfree(pblk->pad_dist);
> pblk_line_meta_free(pblk);
> pblk_core_free(pblk);
> pblk_l2p_free(pblk);
> @@ -998,11 +999,13 @@ static void *pblk_init(struct nvm_tgt_dev *dev, struct gendisk *tdisk,
> pblk->pad_rst_wa = 0;
> pblk->gc_rst_wa = 0;
>
> + atomic64_set(&pblk->nr_flush, 0);
> + pblk->nr_flush_rst = 0;
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_NVM_DEBUG
> atomic_long_set(&pblk->inflight_writes, 0);
> atomic_long_set(&pblk->padded_writes, 0);
> atomic_long_set(&pblk->padded_wb, 0);
> - atomic_long_set(&pblk->nr_flush, 0);
> atomic_long_set(&pblk->req_writes, 0);
> atomic_long_set(&pblk->sub_writes, 0);
> atomic_long_set(&pblk->sync_writes, 0);
> @@ -1034,10 +1037,17 @@ static void *pblk_init(struct nvm_tgt_dev *dev, struct gendisk *tdisk,
> goto fail_free_luns;
> }
>
> + pblk->pad_dist = kzalloc((pblk->min_write_pgs - 1) * sizeof(atomic64_t),
> + GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!pblk->pad_dist) {
> + ret = -ENOMEM;
> + goto fail_free_line_meta;
> + }
> +
> ret = pblk_core_init(pblk);
> if (ret) {
> pr_err("pblk: could not initialize core\n");
> - goto fail_free_line_meta;
> + goto fail_free_pad_dist;
> }
>
> ret = pblk_l2p_init(pblk);
> @@ -1097,6 +1107,8 @@ static void *pblk_init(struct nvm_tgt_dev *dev, struct gendisk *tdisk,
> pblk_l2p_free(pblk);
> fail_free_core:
> pblk_core_free(pblk);
> +fail_free_pad_dist:
> + kfree(pblk->pad_dist);
> fail_free_line_meta:
> pblk_line_meta_free(pblk);
> fail_free_luns:
> diff --git a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-rb.c b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-rb.c
> index 7044b55..8b14340 100644
> --- a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-rb.c
> +++ b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-rb.c
> @@ -437,9 +437,7 @@ static int pblk_rb_may_write_flush(struct pblk_rb *rb, unsigned int nr_entries,
> if (bio->bi_opf & REQ_PREFLUSH) {
> struct pblk *pblk = container_of(rb, struct pblk, rwb);
>
> -#ifdef CONFIG_NVM_DEBUG
> - atomic_long_inc(&pblk->nr_flush);
> -#endif
> + atomic64_inc(&pblk->nr_flush);
> if (pblk_rb_flush_point_set(&pblk->rwb, bio, mem))
> *io_ret = NVM_IO_OK;
> }
> @@ -620,14 +618,17 @@ unsigned int pblk_rb_read_to_bio(struct pblk_rb *rb, struct nvm_rq *rqd,
> pr_err("pblk: could not pad page in write bio\n");
> return NVM_IO_ERR;
> }
> - }
>
> - atomic64_add(pad, &((struct pblk *)
> - (container_of(rb, struct pblk, rwb)))->pad_wa);
> + if (pad < pblk->min_write_pgs)
> + atomic64_inc(&pblk->pad_dist[pad - 1]);
> + else
> + pr_warn("pblk: padding more than min. sectors\n");
> +
> + atomic64_add(pad, &pblk->pad_wa);
> + }
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_NVM_DEBUG
> - atomic_long_add(pad, &((struct pblk *)
> - (container_of(rb, struct pblk, rwb)))->padded_writes);
> + atomic_long_add(pad, &pblk->padded_writes);
> #endif
>
> return NVM_IO_OK;
> diff --git a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-sysfs.c b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-sysfs.c
> index 4804bbd..1680ce0 100644
> --- a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-sysfs.c
> +++ b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-sysfs.c
> @@ -341,15 +341,61 @@ static ssize_t pblk_sysfs_get_write_amp_trip(struct pblk *pblk, char *page)
> atomic64_read(&pblk->pad_wa) - pblk->pad_rst_wa, page);
> }
>
> +static long long bucket_percentage(unsigned long long bucket,
> + unsigned long long total)
> +{
> + int p = bucket * 100;
> +
> + sector_div(p, total);
> + return p;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t pblk_sysfs_get_padding_dist(struct pblk *pblk, char *page)
> +{
> + int sz = 0;
> + unsigned long long total;
> + unsigned long long total_buckets = 0;
> + int buckets = pblk->min_write_pgs - 1;
> + int i;
> +
> + total = atomic64_read(&pblk->nr_flush) - pblk->nr_flush_rst;
> + if (!total) {
> + for (i = 0; i < (buckets + 1); i++)
> + sz += snprintf(page + sz, PAGE_SIZE - sz,
> + "%d:0 ", i);
> + sz += snprintf(page + sz, PAGE_SIZE - sz, "\n");
> +
> + return sz;
> + }
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < buckets; i++)
> + total_buckets += atomic64_read(&pblk->pad_dist[i]);
> +
> + sz += snprintf(page + sz, PAGE_SIZE - sz, "0:%lld%% ",
> + bucket_percentage(total - total_buckets, total));
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < buckets; i++) {
> + unsigned long long p;
> +
> + p = bucket_percentage(atomic64_read(&pblk->pad_dist[i]),
> + total);
> + sz += snprintf(page + sz, PAGE_SIZE - sz, "%d:%lld%% ",
> + i + 1, p);
> + }
> + sz += snprintf(page + sz, PAGE_SIZE - sz, "\n");
> +
> + return sz;
> +}
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_NVM_DEBUG
> static ssize_t pblk_sysfs_stats_debug(struct pblk *pblk, char *page)
> {
> return snprintf(page, PAGE_SIZE,
> - "%lu\t%lu\t%lu\t%lu\t%lu\t%lu\t%lu\t%lu\t%lu\t%lu\t%lu\t%lu\t%lu\n",
> + "%lu\t%lu\t%ld\t%llu\t%ld\t%lu\t%lu\t%lu\t%lu\t%lu\t%lu\t%lu\t%lu\n",
> atomic_long_read(&pblk->inflight_writes),
> atomic_long_read(&pblk->inflight_reads),
> atomic_long_read(&pblk->req_writes),
> - atomic_long_read(&pblk->nr_flush),
> + (u64)atomic64_read(&pblk->nr_flush),
> atomic_long_read(&pblk->padded_writes),
> atomic_long_read(&pblk->padded_wb),
> atomic_long_read(&pblk->sub_writes),
> @@ -427,6 +473,32 @@ static ssize_t pblk_sysfs_set_write_amp_trip(struct pblk *pblk,
> }
>
>
> +static ssize_t pblk_sysfs_set_padding_dist(struct pblk *pblk,
> + const char *page, size_t len)
> +{
> + size_t c_len;
> + int reset_value;
> + int buckets = pblk->min_write_pgs - 1;
> + int i;
> +
> + c_len = strcspn(page, "\n");
> + if (c_len >= len)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + if (kstrtouint(page, 0, &reset_value))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + if (reset_value != 0)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < buckets; i++)
> + atomic64_set(&pblk->pad_dist[i], 0);
> +
> + pblk->nr_flush_rst = atomic64_read(&pblk->nr_flush);
> +
> + return len;
> +}
> +
> static struct attribute sys_write_luns = {
> .name = "write_luns",
> .mode = 0444,
> @@ -487,6 +559,11 @@ static struct attribute sys_write_amp_trip = {
> .mode = 0644,
> };
>
> +static struct attribute sys_padding_dist = {
> + .name = "padding_dist",
> + .mode = 0644,
> +};
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_NVM_DEBUG
> static struct attribute sys_stats_debug_attr = {
> .name = "stats",
> @@ -507,6 +584,7 @@ static struct attribute *pblk_attrs[] = {
> &sys_lines_info_attr,
> &sys_write_amp_mileage,
> &sys_write_amp_trip,
> + &sys_padding_dist,
> #ifdef CONFIG_NVM_DEBUG
> &sys_stats_debug_attr,
> #endif
> @@ -540,6 +618,8 @@ static ssize_t pblk_sysfs_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct attribute *attr,
> return pblk_sysfs_get_write_amp_mileage(pblk, buf);
> else if (strcmp(attr->name, "write_amp_trip") == 0)
> return pblk_sysfs_get_write_amp_trip(pblk, buf);
> + else if (strcmp(attr->name, "padding_dist") == 0)
> + return pblk_sysfs_get_padding_dist(pblk, buf);
> #ifdef CONFIG_NVM_DEBUG
> else if (strcmp(attr->name, "stats") == 0)
> return pblk_sysfs_stats_debug(pblk, buf);
> @@ -558,6 +638,8 @@ static ssize_t pblk_sysfs_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct attribute *attr,
> return pblk_sysfs_set_sec_per_write(pblk, buf, len);
> else if (strcmp(attr->name, "write_amp_trip") == 0)
> return pblk_sysfs_set_write_amp_trip(pblk, buf, len);
> + else if (strcmp(attr->name, "padding_dist") == 0)
> + return pblk_sysfs_set_padding_dist(pblk, buf, len);
> return 0;
> }
>
> diff --git a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk.h b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk.h
> index 4b7d861..17e2f24 100644
> --- a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk.h
> +++ b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk.h
> @@ -626,12 +626,16 @@ struct pblk {
> u64 gc_rst_wa;
> u64 pad_rst_wa;
>
> + /* Counters used for calculating padding distribution */
> + atomic64_t *pad_dist; /* Padding distribution buckets */
> + u64 nr_flush_rst; /* Flushes reset value for pad dist.*/
> + atomic64_t nr_flush; /* Number of flush/fua I/O */
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_NVM_DEBUG
> /* Non-persistent debug counters, 4kb sector I/Os */
> atomic_long_t inflight_writes; /* Inflight writes (user and gc) */
> atomic_long_t padded_writes; /* Sectors padded due to flush/fua */
> atomic_long_t padded_wb; /* Sectors padded in write buffer */
> - atomic_long_t nr_flush; /* Number of flush/fua I/O */
> atomic_long_t req_writes; /* Sectors stored on write buffer */
> atomic_long_t sub_writes; /* Sectors submitted from buffer */
> atomic_long_t sync_writes; /* Sectors synced to media */
>

Thanks Hans. Applied for 4.17.

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