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SubjectRe: [PATCH BUGFIX V2 1/1] block, bfq: add requeue-request hook
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> Il giorno 07 feb 2018, alle ore 19:06, Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> ha scritto:
>
> On 2/7/18 11:00 AM, Paolo Valente wrote:
>> Commit 'a6a252e64914 ("blk-mq-sched: decide how to handle flush rq via
>> RQF_FLUSH_SEQ")' makes all non-flush re-prepared requests for a device
>> be re-inserted into the active I/O scheduler for that device. As a
>> consequence, I/O schedulers may get the same request inserted again,
>> even several times, without a finish_request invoked on that request
>> before each re-insertion.
>>
>> This fact is the cause of the failure reported in [1]. For an I/O
>> scheduler, every re-insertion of the same re-prepared request is
>> equivalent to the insertion of a new request. For schedulers like
>> mq-deadline or kyber, this fact causes no harm. In contrast, it
>> confuses a stateful scheduler like BFQ, which keeps state for an I/O
>> request, until the finish_request hook is invoked on the request. In
>> particular, BFQ may get stuck, waiting forever for the number of
>> request dispatches, of the same request, to be balanced by an equal
>> number of request completions (while there will be one completion for
>> that request). In this state, BFQ may refuse to serve I/O requests
>> from other bfq_queues. The hang reported in [1] then follows.
>>
>> However, the above re-prepared requests undergo a requeue, thus the
>> requeue_request hook of the active elevator is invoked for these
>> requests, if set. This commit then addresses the above issue by
>> properly implementing the hook requeue_request in BFQ.
>>
>> [1] https://marc.info/?l=linux-block&m=151211117608676
>>
>> Reported-by: Ivan Kozik <ivan@ludios.org>
>> Reported-by: Alban Browaeys <alban.browaeys@gmail.com>
>> Tested-by: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de>
>> Signed-off-by: Paolo Valente <paolo.valente@linaro.org>
>> Signed-off-by: Serena Ziviani <ziviani.serena@gmail.com>
>> ---
>> block/bfq-iosched.c | 109 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
>> 1 file changed, 84 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/block/bfq-iosched.c b/block/bfq-iosched.c
>> index 47e6ec7427c4..21e6b9e45638 100644
>> --- a/block/bfq-iosched.c
>> +++ b/block/bfq-iosched.c
>> @@ -3823,24 +3823,26 @@ static struct request *__bfq_dispatch_request(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
>> }
>>
>> /*
>> - * We exploit the bfq_finish_request hook to decrement
>> - * rq_in_driver, but bfq_finish_request will not be
>> - * invoked on this request. So, to avoid unbalance,
>> - * just start this request, without incrementing
>> - * rq_in_driver. As a negative consequence,
>> - * rq_in_driver is deceptively lower than it should be
>> - * while this request is in service. This may cause
>> - * bfq_schedule_dispatch to be invoked uselessly.
>> + * We exploit the bfq_finish_requeue_request hook to
>> + * decrement rq_in_driver, but
>> + * bfq_finish_requeue_request will not be invoked on
>> + * this request. So, to avoid unbalance, just start
>> + * this request, without incrementing rq_in_driver. As
>> + * a negative consequence, rq_in_driver is deceptively
>> + * lower than it should be while this request is in
>> + * service. This may cause bfq_schedule_dispatch to be
>> + * invoked uselessly.
>> *
>> * As for implementing an exact solution, the
>> - * bfq_finish_request hook, if defined, is probably
>> - * invoked also on this request. So, by exploiting
>> - * this hook, we could 1) increment rq_in_driver here,
>> - * and 2) decrement it in bfq_finish_request. Such a
>> - * solution would let the value of the counter be
>> - * always accurate, but it would entail using an extra
>> - * interface function. This cost seems higher than the
>> - * benefit, being the frequency of non-elevator-private
>> + * bfq_finish_requeue_request hook, if defined, is
>> + * probably invoked also on this request. So, by
>> + * exploiting this hook, we could 1) increment
>> + * rq_in_driver here, and 2) decrement it in
>> + * bfq_finish_requeue_request. Such a solution would
>> + * let the value of the counter be always accurate,
>> + * but it would entail using an extra interface
>> + * function. This cost seems higher than the benefit,
>> + * being the frequency of non-elevator-private
>> * requests very low.
>> */
>> goto start_rq;
>> @@ -4515,6 +4517,8 @@ static inline void bfq_update_insert_stats(struct request_queue *q,
>> unsigned int cmd_flags) {}
>> #endif
>>
>> +static void bfq_prepare_request(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio);
>> +
>> static void bfq_insert_request(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct request *rq,
>> bool at_head)
>> {
>> @@ -4541,6 +4545,20 @@ static void bfq_insert_request(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct request *rq,
>> else
>> list_add_tail(&rq->queuelist, &bfqd->dispatch);
>> } else {
>> + if (!bfqq) {
>> + /*
>> + * This should never happen. Most likely rq is
>> + * a requeued regular request, being
>> + * re-inserted without being first
>> + * re-prepared. Do a prepare, to avoid
>> + * failure.
>> + */
>> + pr_warn("Regular request associated with no queue");
>> + WARN_ON(1);
>> + bfq_prepare_request(rq, rq->bio);
>> + bfqq = RQ_BFQQ(rq);
>
> This reads kind of strange. "Regular request not associated with a
> queue" would be cleaner. Do we really need the message? Why not just
> make the above:
>
> if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!bfqq)) {
> bfq_prepare_request(rq, rq->bio);
> bfqq = RQ_BFQQ(rq);
> }
>
> which is much simpler, kills the useless message, and avoids constant
> spew in case it does trigger.
>

I added that message because I thought that just a warning on a !bfqq
would have told nothing to a user. But probably that message is about
as enigmatic and useless. And I went for a WARN_ON, because I expect
this anomaly to never happen, so the number of warning would have
provided information too. But, also in this case, I guess cons would
be more than pros.

Anyway, ok to your recommendation.

Thanks,
Paolo

> --
> Jens Axboe

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