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SubjectRe: [PATCH v26 2/2 RESEND] virtio-balloon: VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_FREE_PAGE_HINT
On Wed, Feb 07, 2018 at 11:01:06AM +0800, Wei Wang wrote:
> Negotiation of the VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_FREE_PAGE_HINT feature indicates the
> support of reporting hints of guest free pages to host via virtio-balloon.
>
> Host requests the guest to report free page hints by sending a new cmd
> id to the guest via the free_page_report_cmd_id configuration register.
>
> When the guest starts to report, the first element added to the free page
> vq is the cmd id given by host. When the guest finishes the reporting
> of all the free pages, VIRTIO_BALLOON_FREE_PAGE_REPORT_STOP_ID is added
> to the vq to tell host that the reporting is done. Host polls the free
> page vq after sending the starting cmd id, so the guest doesn't need to
> kick after filling an element to the vq.
>
> Host may also requests the guest to stop the reporting in advance by
> sending the stop cmd id to the guest via the configuration register.
>
> Signed-off-by: Wei Wang <wei.w.wang@intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Liang Li <liang.z.li@intel.com>
> Cc: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com>
> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
> ---
> drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c | 255 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
> include/uapi/linux/virtio_balloon.h | 7 +
> mm/page_poison.c | 6 +
> 3 files changed, 232 insertions(+), 36 deletions(-)
>
> Resend Change:
> - Expose page_poisoning_enabled to kernel modules

RESEND tag is for reposting unchanged patches.
you want to post a v27, and you want the mm patch
as a separate one, so you can get an ack on it from
someone on linux-mm.

In fact, I would probably add reporting the poison value as
a separate feature/couple of patches.

> diff --git a/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c b/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c
> index a1fb52c..5476725 100644
> --- a/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c
> +++ b/drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c
> @@ -51,9 +51,22 @@ MODULE_PARM_DESC(oom_pages, "pages to free on OOM");
> static struct vfsmount *balloon_mnt;
> #endif
>
> +enum virtio_balloon_vq {
> + VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_INFLATE,
> + VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_DEFLATE,
> + VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_STATS,
> + VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_FREE_PAGE,
> + VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_MAX
> +};
> +
> struct virtio_balloon {
> struct virtio_device *vdev;
> - struct virtqueue *inflate_vq, *deflate_vq, *stats_vq;
> + struct virtqueue *inflate_vq, *deflate_vq, *stats_vq, *free_page_vq;
> +
> + /* Balloon's own wq for cpu-intensive work items */
> + struct workqueue_struct *balloon_wq;
> + /* The free page reporting work item submitted to the balloon wq */
> + struct work_struct report_free_page_work;
>
> /* The balloon servicing is delegated to a freezable workqueue. */
> struct work_struct update_balloon_stats_work;
> @@ -63,6 +76,11 @@ struct virtio_balloon {
> spinlock_t stop_update_lock;
> bool stop_update;
>
> + /* The new cmd id received from host */
> + uint32_t cmd_id_received;
> + /* The cmd id that is in use */
> + __virtio32 cmd_id_use;
> +
> /* Waiting for host to ack the pages we released. */
> wait_queue_head_t acked;
>
> @@ -316,17 +334,6 @@ static void stats_handle_request(struct virtio_balloon *vb)
> virtqueue_kick(vq);
> }
>
> -static void virtballoon_changed(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> -{
> - struct virtio_balloon *vb = vdev->priv;
> - unsigned long flags;
> -
> - spin_lock_irqsave(&vb->stop_update_lock, flags);
> - if (!vb->stop_update)
> - queue_work(system_freezable_wq, &vb->update_balloon_size_work);
> - spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vb->stop_update_lock, flags);
> -}
> -
> static inline s64 towards_target(struct virtio_balloon *vb)
> {
> s64 target;
> @@ -343,6 +350,34 @@ static inline s64 towards_target(struct virtio_balloon *vb)
> return target - vb->num_pages;
> }
>
> +static void virtballoon_changed(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> +{
> + struct virtio_balloon *vb = vdev->priv;
> + unsigned long flags;
> + s64 diff = towards_target(vb);
> +
> + if (diff) {
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&vb->stop_update_lock, flags);
> + if (!vb->stop_update)
> + queue_work(system_freezable_wq,
> + &vb->update_balloon_size_work);
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vb->stop_update_lock, flags);
> + }
> +
> + if (virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_FREE_PAGE_HINT)) {
> + virtio_cread(vdev, struct virtio_balloon_config,
> + free_page_report_cmd_id, &vb->cmd_id_received);
> + if (vb->cmd_id_received !=
> + VIRTIO_BALLOON_FREE_PAGE_REPORT_STOP_ID) {
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&vb->stop_update_lock, flags);
> + if (!vb->stop_update)
> + queue_work(vb->balloon_wq,
> + &vb->report_free_page_work);
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vb->stop_update_lock, flags);
> + }
> + }
> +}
> +
> static void update_balloon_size(struct virtio_balloon *vb)
> {
> u32 actual = vb->num_pages;
> @@ -417,42 +452,155 @@ static void update_balloon_size_func(struct work_struct *work)
>
> static int init_vqs(struct virtio_balloon *vb)
> {
> - struct virtqueue *vqs[3];
> - vq_callback_t *callbacks[] = { balloon_ack, balloon_ack, stats_request };
> - static const char * const names[] = { "inflate", "deflate", "stats" };
> - int err, nvqs;
> + struct virtqueue *vqs[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_MAX];
> + vq_callback_t *callbacks[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_MAX];
> + const char *names[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_MAX];
> + struct scatterlist sg;
> + int ret;
>
> /*
> - * We expect two virtqueues: inflate and deflate, and
> - * optionally stat.
> + * Inflateq and deflateq are used unconditionally. The names[]
> + * will be NULL if the related feature is not enabled, which will
> + * cause no allocation for the corresponding virtqueue in find_vqs.
> */
> - nvqs = virtio_has_feature(vb->vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_STATS_VQ) ? 3 : 2;
> - err = virtio_find_vqs(vb->vdev, nvqs, vqs, callbacks, names, NULL);
> - if (err)
> - return err;
> + callbacks[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_INFLATE] = balloon_ack;
> + names[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_INFLATE] = "inflate";
> + callbacks[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_DEFLATE] = balloon_ack;
> + names[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_DEFLATE] = "deflate";
> + names[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_STATS] = NULL;
> + names[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_FREE_PAGE] = NULL;
>
> - vb->inflate_vq = vqs[0];
> - vb->deflate_vq = vqs[1];
> if (virtio_has_feature(vb->vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_STATS_VQ)) {
> - struct scatterlist sg;
> - unsigned int num_stats;
> - vb->stats_vq = vqs[2];
> + names[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_STATS] = "stats";
> + callbacks[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_STATS] = stats_request;
> + }
>
> + if (virtio_has_feature(vb->vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_FREE_PAGE_HINT)) {
> + names[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_FREE_PAGE] = "free_page_vq";
> + callbacks[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_FREE_PAGE] = NULL;
> + }
> +
> + ret = vb->vdev->config->find_vqs(vb->vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_MAX,
> + vqs, callbacks, names, NULL, NULL);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + vb->inflate_vq = vqs[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_INFLATE];
> + vb->deflate_vq = vqs[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_DEFLATE];
> + if (virtio_has_feature(vb->vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_STATS_VQ)) {
> + vb->stats_vq = vqs[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_STATS];
> /*
> * Prime this virtqueue with one buffer so the hypervisor can
> * use it to signal us later (it can't be broken yet!).
> */
> - num_stats = update_balloon_stats(vb);
> -
> - sg_init_one(&sg, vb->stats, sizeof(vb->stats[0]) * num_stats);
> - if (virtqueue_add_outbuf(vb->stats_vq, &sg, 1, vb, GFP_KERNEL)
> - < 0)
> - BUG();
> + sg_init_one(&sg, vb->stats, sizeof(vb->stats));
> + ret = virtqueue_add_outbuf(vb->stats_vq, &sg, 1, vb,
> + GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (ret) {
> + dev_warn(&vb->vdev->dev, "%s: add stat_vq failed\n",
> + __func__);
> + return ret;
> + }
> virtqueue_kick(vb->stats_vq);
> }
> +
> + if (virtio_has_feature(vb->vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_FREE_PAGE_HINT))
> + vb->free_page_vq = vqs[VIRTIO_BALLOON_VQ_FREE_PAGE];
> +
> return 0;
> }
>
> +static int add_one_sg(struct virtqueue *vq, unsigned long pfn, uint32_t len)
> +{
> + struct scatterlist sg;
> + unsigned int unused;
> +
> + sg_init_table(&sg, 1);
> + sg_set_page(&sg, pfn_to_page(pfn), len, 0);
> +
> + /* Detach all the used buffers from the vq */
> + while (virtqueue_get_buf(vq, &unused))
> + ;
> +
> + /*
> + * Since this is an optimization feature, losing a couple of free
> + * pages to report isn't important. We simply return without adding
> + * the page hint if the vq is full.
> + * We are adding one entry each time, which essentially results in no
> + * memory allocation, so the GFP_KERNEL flag below can be ignored.
> + * Host works by polling the free page vq for hints after sending the
> + * starting cmd id, so the driver doesn't need to kick after filling
> + * the vq.
> + * Lastly, there is always one entry reserved for the cmd id to use.
> + */
> + if (vq->num_free > 1)
> + return virtqueue_add_inbuf(vq, &sg, 1, vq, GFP_KERNEL);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int virtio_balloon_send_free_pages(void *opaque, unsigned long pfn,
> + unsigned long nr_pages)
> +{
> + struct virtio_balloon *vb = (struct virtio_balloon *)opaque;
> + uint32_t len = nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT;
> +
> + /*
> + * If a stop id or a new cmd id was just received from host, stop
> + * the reporting, and return 1 to indicate an active stop.
> + */
> + if (virtio32_to_cpu(vb->vdev, vb->cmd_id_use) != vb->cmd_id_received)
> + return 1;
> +
> + return add_one_sg(vb->free_page_vq, pfn, len);
> +}
> +
> +static int send_cmd_id(struct virtio_balloon *vb, uint32_t cmd_id)
> +{
> + struct scatterlist sg;
> + struct virtqueue *vq = vb->free_page_vq;
> +
> + vb->cmd_id_use = cpu_to_virtio32(vb->vdev, cmd_id);
> + sg_init_one(&sg, &vb->cmd_id_use, sizeof(vb->cmd_id_use));
> +
> + return virtqueue_add_outbuf(vq, &sg, 1, vb, GFP_KERNEL);
> +}
> +
> +static void report_free_page_func(struct work_struct *work)
> +{
> + struct virtio_balloon *vb;
> + struct virtqueue *vq;
> + unsigned int unused;
> + int ret;
> +
> + vb = container_of(work, struct virtio_balloon, report_free_page_work);
> + vq = vb->free_page_vq;
> +
> + /* Start by sending the received cmd id to host with an outbuf */
> + ret = send_cmd_id(vb, vb->cmd_id_received);
> + if (unlikely(ret))
> + goto err;
> +
> + ret = walk_free_mem_block(vb, 0, &virtio_balloon_send_free_pages);
> + if (unlikely(ret == -EIO))
> + goto err;
> +
> + /* End by sending a stop id to host with an outbuf */
> + ret = send_cmd_id(vb, VIRTIO_BALLOON_FREE_PAGE_REPORT_STOP_ID);
> + if (likely(!ret)) {
> + /*
> + * Ending: make sure all the used buffers have been detached
> + * from the vq.
> + */
> + while (vq->num_free != virtqueue_get_vring_size(vq))
> + virtqueue_get_buf(vq, &unused);
> + return;
> + }
> +err:
> + dev_err(&vb->vdev->dev, "%s: free page vq failure, ret=%d\n",
> + __func__, ret);
> +}
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_BALLOON_COMPACTION
> /*
> * virtballoon_migratepage - perform the balloon page migration on behalf of
> @@ -537,6 +685,7 @@ static struct file_system_type balloon_fs = {
> static int virtballoon_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> {
> struct virtio_balloon *vb;
> + __u32 poison_val;
> int err;
>
> if (!vdev->config->get) {
> @@ -566,18 +715,39 @@ static int virtballoon_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> if (err)
> goto out_free_vb;
>
> + if (virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_FREE_PAGE_HINT)) {
> + /*
> + * There is always one entry reserved for cmd id, so the ring
> + * size needs to be at least two to report free page hints.
> + */
> + if (virtqueue_get_vring_size(vb->free_page_vq) < 2)
> + goto out_free_vb;
> + vb->balloon_wq = alloc_workqueue("balloon-wq",
> + WQ_FREEZABLE | WQ_CPU_INTENSIVE, 0);
> + if (!vb->balloon_wq) {
> + err = -ENOMEM;
> + goto out_del_vqs;
> + }
> + INIT_WORK(&vb->report_free_page_work, report_free_page_func);
> + if (virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_PAGE_POISON)) {
> + poison_val = PAGE_POISON;
> + virtio_cwrite(vb->vdev, struct virtio_balloon_config,
> + poison_val, &poison_val);

Actually PAGE_POISON is 0xaa. So this writes out 0x000000aa which makes no
sense to me. I guess you want 0xaaaaaaaa.

> + }
> + }
> +
> vb->nb.notifier_call = virtballoon_oom_notify;
> vb->nb.priority = VIRTBALLOON_OOM_NOTIFY_PRIORITY;
> err = register_oom_notifier(&vb->nb);
> if (err < 0)
> - goto out_del_vqs;
> + goto out_del_balloon_wq;
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_BALLOON_COMPACTION
> balloon_mnt = kern_mount(&balloon_fs);
> if (IS_ERR(balloon_mnt)) {
> err = PTR_ERR(balloon_mnt);
> unregister_oom_notifier(&vb->nb);
> - goto out_del_vqs;
> + goto out_del_balloon_wq;
> }
>
> vb->vb_dev_info.migratepage = virtballoon_migratepage;
> @@ -587,7 +757,7 @@ static int virtballoon_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> kern_unmount(balloon_mnt);
> unregister_oom_notifier(&vb->nb);
> vb->vb_dev_info.inode = NULL;
> - goto out_del_vqs;
> + goto out_del_balloon_wq;
> }
> vb->vb_dev_info.inode->i_mapping->a_ops = &balloon_aops;
> #endif
> @@ -598,6 +768,9 @@ static int virtballoon_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> virtballoon_changed(vdev);
> return 0;
>
> +out_del_balloon_wq:
> + if (virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_FREE_PAGE_HINT))
> + destroy_workqueue(vb->balloon_wq);
> out_del_vqs:
> vdev->config->del_vqs(vdev);
> out_free_vb:
> @@ -631,6 +804,11 @@ static void virtballoon_remove(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> cancel_work_sync(&vb->update_balloon_size_work);
> cancel_work_sync(&vb->update_balloon_stats_work);
>
> + if (virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_FREE_PAGE_HINT)) {
> + cancel_work_sync(&vb->report_free_page_work);
> + destroy_workqueue(vb->balloon_wq);
> + }
> +
> remove_common(vb);
> #ifdef CONFIG_BALLOON_COMPACTION
> if (vb->vb_dev_info.inode)
> @@ -674,6 +852,9 @@ static int virtballoon_restore(struct virtio_device *vdev)
>
> static int virtballoon_validate(struct virtio_device *vdev)
> {
> + if (!page_poisoning_enabled())
> + __virtio_clear_bit(vdev, VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_PAGE_POISON);
> +
> __virtio_clear_bit(vdev, VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM);
> return 0;
> }
> @@ -682,6 +863,8 @@ static unsigned int features[] = {
> VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_MUST_TELL_HOST,
> VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_STATS_VQ,
> VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_DEFLATE_ON_OOM,
> + VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_FREE_PAGE_HINT,
> + VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_PAGE_POISON,
> };
>
> static struct virtio_driver virtio_balloon_driver = {
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_balloon.h b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_balloon.h
> index 343d7dd..3f97067 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_balloon.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_balloon.h
> @@ -34,15 +34,22 @@
> #define VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_MUST_TELL_HOST 0 /* Tell before reclaiming pages */
> #define VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_STATS_VQ 1 /* Memory Stats virtqueue */
> #define VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_DEFLATE_ON_OOM 2 /* Deflate balloon on OOM */
> +#define VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_FREE_PAGE_HINT 3 /* VQ to report free pages */
> +#define VIRTIO_BALLOON_F_PAGE_POISON 4 /* Guest is using page poisoning */
>
> /* Size of a PFN in the balloon interface. */
> #define VIRTIO_BALLOON_PFN_SHIFT 12
>
> +#define VIRTIO_BALLOON_FREE_PAGE_REPORT_STOP_ID 0
> struct virtio_balloon_config {
> /* Number of pages host wants Guest to give up. */
> __u32 num_pages;
> /* Number of pages we've actually got in balloon. */
> __u32 actual;
> + /* Free page report command id, readonly by guest */
> + __u32 free_page_report_cmd_id;
> + /* Stores PAGE_POISON if page poisoning is in use */
> + __u32 poison_val;
> };
>
> #define VIRTIO_BALLOON_S_SWAP_IN 0 /* Amount of memory swapped in */
> diff --git a/mm/page_poison.c b/mm/page_poison.c
> index e83fd44..762b472 100644
> --- a/mm/page_poison.c
> +++ b/mm/page_poison.c
> @@ -17,6 +17,11 @@ static int early_page_poison_param(char *buf)
> }
> early_param("page_poison", early_page_poison_param);
>
> +/**
> + * page_poisoning_enabled - check if page poisoning is enabled
> + *
> + * Return true if page poisoning is enabled, or false if not.
> + */
> bool page_poisoning_enabled(void)
> {
> /*
> @@ -29,6 +34,7 @@ bool page_poisoning_enabled(void)
> (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_SUPPORTS_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC) &&
> debug_pagealloc_enabled()));
> }
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(page_poisoning_enabled);
>
> static void poison_page(struct page *page)
> {
> --
> 2.7.4

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