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SubjectRe: [PATCH 4/5] lightnvm: pblk: add padding distribution sysfs attribute
Hi Matias,

On Wed, Jan 31, 2018 at 9:44 AM, Matias Bjørling <mb@lightnvm.io> wrote:
> On 01/31/2018 03:06 AM, Javier González wrote:
>>
>> From: Hans Holmberg <hans.holmberg@cnexlabs.com>
>>
>> When pblk receives a sync, all data up to that point in the write buffer
>> must be comitted to persistent storage, and as flash memory comes with a
>> minimal write size there is a significant cost involved both in terms
>> of time for completing the sync and in terms of write amplification
>> padded sectors for filling up to the minimal write size.
>>
>> In order to get a better understanding of the costs involved for syncs,
>> Add a sysfs attribute to pblk: padded_dist, showing a normalized
>> distribution of sectors padded. In order to facilitate measurements of
>> specific workloads during the lifetime of the pblk instance, the
>> distribution can be reset by writing 0 to the attribute.
>>
>> Do this by introducing counters for each possible padding:
>> {0..(minimal write size - 1)} and calculate the normalized distribution
>> when showing the attribute.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Hans Holmberg <hans.holmberg@cnexlabs.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Javier González <javier@cnexlabs.com>
>> ---
>> drivers/lightnvm/pblk-init.c | 16 ++++++++--
>> drivers/lightnvm/pblk-rb.c | 15 +++++-----
>> drivers/lightnvm/pblk-sysfs.c | 68
>> +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> drivers/lightnvm/pblk.h | 6 +++-
>> 4 files changed, 95 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-init.c b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-init.c
>> index 7eedc5daebc8..a5e3510c0f38 100644
>> --- a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-init.c
>> +++ b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-init.c
>> @@ -921,6 +921,7 @@ static void pblk_free(struct pblk *pblk)
>> {
>> pblk_luns_free(pblk);
>> pblk_lines_free(pblk);
>> + kfree(pblk->pad_dist);
>> pblk_line_meta_free(pblk);
>> pblk_core_free(pblk);
>> pblk_l2p_free(pblk);
>> @@ -998,11 +999,13 @@ static void *pblk_init(struct nvm_tgt_dev *dev,
>> struct gendisk *tdisk,
>> pblk->pad_rst_wa = 0;
>> pblk->gc_rst_wa = 0;
>> + atomic_long_set(&pblk->nr_flush, 0);
>> + pblk->nr_flush_rst = 0;
>> +
>> #ifdef CONFIG_NVM_DEBUG
>> atomic_long_set(&pblk->inflight_writes, 0);
>> atomic_long_set(&pblk->padded_writes, 0);
>> atomic_long_set(&pblk->padded_wb, 0);
>> - atomic_long_set(&pblk->nr_flush, 0);
>> atomic_long_set(&pblk->req_writes, 0);
>> atomic_long_set(&pblk->sub_writes, 0);
>> atomic_long_set(&pblk->sync_writes, 0);
>> @@ -1034,10 +1037,17 @@ static void *pblk_init(struct nvm_tgt_dev *dev,
>> struct gendisk *tdisk,
>> goto fail_free_luns;
>> }
>> + pblk->pad_dist = kzalloc((pblk->min_write_pgs - 1) *
>> sizeof(atomic64_t),
>> + GFP_KERNEL);
>> + if (!pblk->pad_dist) {
>> + ret = -ENOMEM;
>> + goto fail_free_line_meta;
>> + }
>> +
>> ret = pblk_core_init(pblk);
>> if (ret) {
>> pr_err("pblk: could not initialize core\n");
>> - goto fail_free_line_meta;
>> + goto fail_free_pad_dist;
>> }
>> ret = pblk_l2p_init(pblk);
>> @@ -1097,6 +1107,8 @@ static void *pblk_init(struct nvm_tgt_dev *dev,
>> struct gendisk *tdisk,
>> pblk_l2p_free(pblk);
>> fail_free_core:
>> pblk_core_free(pblk);
>> +fail_free_pad_dist:
>> + kfree(pblk->pad_dist);
>> fail_free_line_meta:
>> pblk_line_meta_free(pblk);
>> fail_free_luns:
>> diff --git a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-rb.c b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-rb.c
>> index 7044b5599cc4..264372d7b537 100644
>> --- a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-rb.c
>> +++ b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-rb.c
>> @@ -437,9 +437,7 @@ static int pblk_rb_may_write_flush(struct pblk_rb *rb,
>> unsigned int nr_entries,
>> if (bio->bi_opf & REQ_PREFLUSH) {
>> struct pblk *pblk = container_of(rb, struct pblk, rwb);
>> -#ifdef CONFIG_NVM_DEBUG
>> atomic_long_inc(&pblk->nr_flush);
>> -#endif
>> if (pblk_rb_flush_point_set(&pblk->rwb, bio, mem))
>> *io_ret = NVM_IO_OK;
>> }
>> @@ -620,14 +618,17 @@ unsigned int pblk_rb_read_to_bio(struct pblk_rb *rb,
>> struct nvm_rq *rqd,
>> pr_err("pblk: could not pad page in write bio\n");
>> return NVM_IO_ERR;
>> }
>> +
>> + if (pad < pblk->min_write_pgs)
>> + atomic64_inc(&pblk->pad_dist[pad - 1]);
>> + else
>> + pr_warn("pblk: padding more than min. sectors\n");
>
>
> Curious, when would this happen? Would it be an implementation error or
> something a user did wrong?

This would be an implementation error - and this check is just a
safeguard to make sure we won't go out of bounds when updating the
statistics.

>
>
>> +
>> + atomic64_add(pad, &pblk->pad_wa);
>> }
>> - atomic64_add(pad, &((struct pblk *)
>> - (container_of(rb, struct pblk, rwb)))->pad_wa);
>> -
>> #ifdef CONFIG_NVM_DEBUG
>> - atomic_long_add(pad, &((struct pblk *)
>> - (container_of(rb, struct pblk,
>> rwb)))->padded_writes);
>> + atomic_long_add(pad, &pblk->padded_writes);
>> #endif
>> return NVM_IO_OK;
>> diff --git a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-sysfs.c b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-sysfs.c
>> index 4804bbd32d5f..f902ac00d071 100644
>> --- a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-sysfs.c
>> +++ b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk-sysfs.c
>> @@ -341,6 +341,38 @@ static ssize_t pblk_sysfs_get_write_amp_trip(struct
>> pblk *pblk, char *page)
>> atomic64_read(&pblk->pad_wa) - pblk->pad_rst_wa, page);
>> }
>> +static ssize_t pblk_sysfs_get_padding_dist(struct pblk *pblk, char
>> *page)
>> +{
>> + int sz = 0;
>> + unsigned long long total;
>> + unsigned long long total_buckets = 0;
>> + int buckets = pblk->min_write_pgs - 1;
>> + int i;
>> +
>> + total = atomic64_read(&pblk->nr_flush) - pblk->nr_flush_rst;
>> +
>> + for (i = 0; i < buckets; i++)
>> + total_buckets += atomic64_read(&pblk->pad_dist[i]);
>> +
>
>
> total_buckets are first used later. The calculation could be moved below the
> next statement.

I saw that you fixed this on the core branch, thanks.

>
>
>> + if (!total) {
>> + for (i = 0; i < (buckets + 1); i++)
>> + sz += snprintf(page + sz, PAGE_SIZE - sz,
>> + "%d:0 ", i);
>> + sz += snprintf(page + sz, PAGE_SIZE - sz, "\n");
>> +
>> + return sz;
>> + }
>> +
>> + sz += snprintf(page + sz, PAGE_SIZE - sz, "0:%lld%% ",
>> + ((total - total_buckets) * 100) / total);
>> + for (i = 0; i < buckets; i++)
>> + sz += snprintf(page + sz, PAGE_SIZE - sz, "%d:%lld%% ", i
>> + 1,
>> + (atomic64_read(&pblk->pad_dist[i]) * 100) /
>> total);
>> + sz += snprintf(page + sz, PAGE_SIZE - sz, "\n");
>> +
>> + return sz;
>> +}
>> +
>> #ifdef CONFIG_NVM_DEBUG
>> static ssize_t pblk_sysfs_stats_debug(struct pblk *pblk, char *page)
>> {
>> @@ -427,6 +459,32 @@ static ssize_t pblk_sysfs_set_write_amp_trip(struct
>> pblk *pblk,
>> }
>> +static ssize_t pblk_sysfs_set_padding_dist(struct pblk *pblk,
>> + const char *page, size_t len)
>> +{
>> + size_t c_len;
>> + int reset_value;
>> + int buckets = pblk->min_write_pgs - 1;
>> + int i;
>> +
>> + c_len = strcspn(page, "\n");
>> + if (c_len >= len)
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + if (kstrtouint(page, 0, &reset_value))
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + if (reset_value != 0)
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + for (i = 0; i < buckets; i++)
>> + atomic64_set(&pblk->pad_dist[i], 0);
>> +
>> + pblk->nr_flush_rst = atomic64_read(&pblk->nr_flush);
>> +
>> + return len;
>> +}
>> +
>> static struct attribute sys_write_luns = {
>> .name = "write_luns",
>> .mode = 0444,
>> @@ -487,6 +545,11 @@ static struct attribute sys_write_amp_trip = {
>> .mode = 0644,
>> };
>> +static struct attribute sys_padding_dist = {
>> + .name = "padding_dist",
>> + .mode = 0644,
>> +};
>> +
>> #ifdef CONFIG_NVM_DEBUG
>> static struct attribute sys_stats_debug_attr = {
>> .name = "stats",
>> @@ -507,6 +570,7 @@ static struct attribute *pblk_attrs[] = {
>> &sys_lines_info_attr,
>> &sys_write_amp_mileage,
>> &sys_write_amp_trip,
>> + &sys_padding_dist,
>> #ifdef CONFIG_NVM_DEBUG
>> &sys_stats_debug_attr,
>> #endif
>> @@ -540,6 +604,8 @@ static ssize_t pblk_sysfs_show(struct kobject *kobj,
>> struct attribute *attr,
>> return pblk_sysfs_get_write_amp_mileage(pblk, buf);
>> else if (strcmp(attr->name, "write_amp_trip") == 0)
>> return pblk_sysfs_get_write_amp_trip(pblk, buf);
>> + else if (strcmp(attr->name, "padding_dist") == 0)
>> + return pblk_sysfs_get_padding_dist(pblk, buf);
>> #ifdef CONFIG_NVM_DEBUG
>> else if (strcmp(attr->name, "stats") == 0)
>> return pblk_sysfs_stats_debug(pblk, buf);
>> @@ -558,6 +624,8 @@ static ssize_t pblk_sysfs_store(struct kobject *kobj,
>> struct attribute *attr,
>> return pblk_sysfs_set_sec_per_write(pblk, buf, len);
>> else if (strcmp(attr->name, "write_amp_trip") == 0)
>> return pblk_sysfs_set_write_amp_trip(pblk, buf, len);
>> + else if (strcmp(attr->name, "padding_dist") == 0)
>> + return pblk_sysfs_set_padding_dist(pblk, buf, len);
>> return 0;
>> }
>> diff --git a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk.h b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk.h
>> index 4b7d8618631f..88720e2441c0 100644
>> --- a/drivers/lightnvm/pblk.h
>> +++ b/drivers/lightnvm/pblk.h
>> @@ -626,12 +626,16 @@ struct pblk {
>> u64 gc_rst_wa;
>> u64 pad_rst_wa;
>> + /* Counters used for calculating padding distribution */
>> + atomic64_t *pad_dist; /* Padding distribution buckets */
>> + u64 nr_flush_rst; /* Flushes reset value for pad
>> dist.*/
>> + atomic_long_t nr_flush; /* Number of flush/fua I/O */
>> +
>> #ifdef CONFIG_NVM_DEBUG
>> /* Non-persistent debug counters, 4kb sector I/Os */
>> atomic_long_t inflight_writes; /* Inflight writes (user and gc)
>> */
>> atomic_long_t padded_writes; /* Sectors padded due to flush/fua
>> */
>> atomic_long_t padded_wb; /* Sectors padded in write buffer
>> */
>> - atomic_long_t nr_flush; /* Number of flush/fua I/O */
>> atomic_long_t req_writes; /* Sectors stored on write buffer
>> */
>> atomic_long_t sub_writes; /* Sectors submitted from buffer
>> */
>> atomic_long_t sync_writes; /* Sectors synced to media */
>>
>
> Looks good to me. Let me know if you want to send a new patch, or if I may
> make the change when I pick it up.

Thanks for the review, i saw that you already reworked the patch a bit
on your core branch.
However, i found a build issue when building for i386, so i'll fix
that and submit a V2(that includes your update)

> Also, should the padding be stored in the on-disk metadata as well?

I don't see the need to do this, as I believe one would only be
interested in measuring the padding distribution on specific workloads
- and this would not require persisting the counters.

Thanks, Hans

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