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Subject[PATCH v13 4/4] RFC: fw_cfg: do DMA read operation
Date
Modify fw_cfg_read_blob() to use DMA if the device supports it.
Return errors, because the operation may fail.

So far, only one call in fw_cfg_register_dir_entries() is using
kmalloc'ed buf and is thus clearly eligible to DMA read.

Initially, I didn't implement DMA read to speed up boot time, but as a
first step before introducing DMA write (since read operations were
already presents). Even more, I didn't realize fw-cfg entries were
being read by the kernel during boot by default. But actally fw-cfg
entries are being populated during module probe. I knew DMA improved a
lot bios boot time (the main reason the DMA interface was added
afaik). Let see the time it would take to read the whole ACPI
tables (128kb allocated)

# time cat /sys/firmware/qemu_fw_cfg/by_name/etc/acpi/tables/raw
- with DMA: sys 0m0.003s
- without DMA (-global fw_cfg.dma_enabled=off): sys 0m7.674s

FW_CFG_FILE_DIR (0x19) is the only "file" that is read during kernel
boot to populate sysfs qemu_fw_cfg directory, and it is quite
small (1-2kb). Since it does not expose itself, in order to measure
the time it takes to read such small file, I took a comparable sized
file of 2048 bytes and exposed it (-fw_cfg test,file=file with a
modified read_raw enabling DMA)

# perf stat -r 100 cat /sys/firmware/qemu_fw_cfg/by_name/test/raw >/dev/null
- with DMA:
0.636037 task-clock (msec) # 0.141 CPUs utilized ( +- 1.19% )
- without DMA:
6.430128 task-clock (msec) # 0.622 CPUs utilized ( +- 0.22% )

That's a few msec saved during boot by enabling DMA read (the gain
would be more substantial if other & bigger fw-cfg entries are read by
others from sysfs, unfortunately, it's not clear if we can always
enable DMA there)

Signed-off-by: Marc-André Lureau <marcandre.lureau@redhat.com>
---
drivers/firmware/qemu_fw_cfg.c | 47 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
1 file changed, 34 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/firmware/qemu_fw_cfg.c b/drivers/firmware/qemu_fw_cfg.c
index fd576ba7b337..3721dc868a2b 100644
--- a/drivers/firmware/qemu_fw_cfg.c
+++ b/drivers/firmware/qemu_fw_cfg.c
@@ -150,11 +150,13 @@ static ssize_t fw_cfg_dma_transfer(void *address, u32 length, u32 control)
}

/* read chunk of given fw_cfg blob (caller responsible for sanity-check) */
-static inline void fw_cfg_read_blob(u16 key,
- void *buf, loff_t pos, size_t count)
+static ssize_t fw_cfg_read_blob(u16 key,
+ void *buf, loff_t pos, size_t count,
+ bool dma)
{
u32 glk = -1U;
acpi_status status;
+ ssize_t ret = count;

/* If we have ACPI, ensure mutual exclusion against any potential
* device access by the firmware, e.g. via AML methods:
@@ -164,17 +166,36 @@ static inline void fw_cfg_read_blob(u16 key,
/* Should never get here */
WARN(1, "fw_cfg_read_blob: Failed to lock ACPI!\n");
memset(buf, 0, count);
- return;
+ return -EINVAL;
}

mutex_lock(&fw_cfg_dev_lock);
- iowrite16(fw_cfg_sel_endianness(key), fw_cfg_reg_ctrl);
- while (pos-- > 0)
- ioread8(fw_cfg_reg_data);
- ioread8_rep(fw_cfg_reg_data, buf, count);
+ if (dma && fw_cfg_dma_enabled()) {
+ if (pos == 0) {
+ ret = fw_cfg_dma_transfer(buf, count, key << 16
+ | FW_CFG_DMA_CTL_SELECT
+ | FW_CFG_DMA_CTL_READ);
+ } else {
+ iowrite16(fw_cfg_sel_endianness(key), fw_cfg_reg_ctrl);
+ ret = fw_cfg_dma_transfer(NULL, pos, FW_CFG_DMA_CTL_SKIP);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto end;
+ ret = fw_cfg_dma_transfer(buf, count,
+ FW_CFG_DMA_CTL_READ);
+ }
+ } else {
+ iowrite16(fw_cfg_sel_endianness(key), fw_cfg_reg_ctrl);
+ while (pos-- > 0)
+ ioread8(fw_cfg_reg_data);
+ ioread8_rep(fw_cfg_reg_data, buf, count);
+ }
+
+end:
mutex_unlock(&fw_cfg_dev_lock);

acpi_release_global_lock(glk);
+
+ return ret;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_CRASH_CORE
@@ -307,7 +328,7 @@ static int fw_cfg_do_platform_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
#endif

/* verify fw_cfg device signature */
- fw_cfg_read_blob(FW_CFG_SIGNATURE, sig, 0, FW_CFG_SIG_SIZE);
+ fw_cfg_read_blob(FW_CFG_SIGNATURE, sig, 0, FW_CFG_SIG_SIZE, false);
if (memcmp(sig, "QEMU", FW_CFG_SIG_SIZE) != 0) {
fw_cfg_io_cleanup();
return -ENODEV;
@@ -494,8 +515,8 @@ static ssize_t fw_cfg_sysfs_read_raw(struct file *filp, struct kobject *kobj,
if (count > entry->f.size - pos)
count = entry->f.size - pos;

- fw_cfg_read_blob(entry->f.select, buf, pos, count);
- return count;
+ /* do not use DMA, virt_to_phys(buf) might not be ok */
+ return fw_cfg_read_blob(entry->f.select, buf, pos, count, false);
}

static struct bin_attribute fw_cfg_sysfs_attr_raw = {
@@ -656,7 +677,7 @@ static int fw_cfg_register_dir_entries(void)
struct fw_cfg_file *dir;
size_t dir_size;

- fw_cfg_read_blob(FW_CFG_FILE_DIR, &count, 0, sizeof(count));
+ fw_cfg_read_blob(FW_CFG_FILE_DIR, &count, 0, sizeof(count), false);
count = be32_to_cpu(count);
dir_size = count * sizeof(struct fw_cfg_file);

@@ -664,7 +685,7 @@ static int fw_cfg_register_dir_entries(void)
if (!dir)
return -ENOMEM;

- fw_cfg_read_blob(FW_CFG_FILE_DIR, dir, sizeof(count), dir_size);
+ fw_cfg_read_blob(FW_CFG_FILE_DIR, dir, sizeof(count), dir_size, true);

for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
dir[i].size = be32_to_cpu(dir[i].size);
@@ -713,7 +734,7 @@ static int fw_cfg_sysfs_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
goto err_probe;

/* get revision number, add matching top-level attribute */
- fw_cfg_read_blob(FW_CFG_ID, &fw_cfg_rev, 0, sizeof(fw_cfg_rev));
+ fw_cfg_read_blob(FW_CFG_ID, &fw_cfg_rev, 0, sizeof(fw_cfg_rev), false);
fw_cfg_rev = le32_to_cpu(fw_cfg_rev);
err = sysfs_create_file(fw_cfg_top_ko, &fw_cfg_rev_attr.attr);
if (err)
--
2.16.1.73.g5832b7e9f2
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