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SubjectRe: [RFC] x86/retpoline: Add clang support for 64-bit builds
On Fri, Feb 02, 2018 at 03:30:40PM -0800, Guenter Roeck wrote:
> clang has its own set of compiler options for retpoline support.
> Also, the thunks required by C code have their own function names.
>
> For 64-bit builds, there is only a single thunk, which is easy
> to support. Support for 32-bit builds is more complicated - in
> addition to various register thunks, there is also a thunk
> named __llvm_external_retpoline_push which is more challenging.
> Play it safe and only support 64-bit clang builds for now.
>
Feedback, anyone ?

I understand that there is no love for the ABI differences between clang
and gcc, but that doesn't help me. Even if the patch is unacceptable
as-is, I would like to have some feedback to get an idea if I am on the
right track, and what I would have to change to at least move into the
right direction.

Thanks,
Guenter

> Link: https://github.com/llvm-mirror/clang/commit/0d816739a82da29748caf88570affb9715e18b69
> Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
> Cc: gnomes@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk
> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
> Cc: thomas.lendacky@amd.com
> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
> Cc: Jiri Kosina <jikos@kernel.org>
> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@google.com>
> Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linux-foundation.org>
> Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
> Signed-off-by: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
> ---
> Sent as RFC because I am not sure if the 64-bit only solution
> is acceptable.
>
> arch/x86/Makefile | 5 ++++-
> arch/x86/lib/retpoline.S | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++----
> 2 files changed, 24 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/Makefile b/arch/x86/Makefile
> index fad55160dcb9..536dd6775988 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/x86/Makefile
> @@ -232,7 +232,10 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fno-asynchronous-unwind-tables
>
> # Avoid indirect branches in kernel to deal with Spectre
> ifdef CONFIG_RETPOLINE
> - RETPOLINE_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-mindirect-branch=thunk-extern -mindirect-branch-register)
> + RETPOLINE_CFLAGS = $(call cc-option,-mindirect-branch=thunk-extern -mindirect-branch-register)
> + ifeq ($(RETPOLINE_CFLAGS)$(CONFIG_X86_32),)
> + RETPOLINE_CFLAGS = $(call cc-option,-mretpoline -mretpoline-external-thunk)
> + endif
> ifneq ($(RETPOLINE_CFLAGS),)
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(RETPOLINE_CFLAGS) -DRETPOLINE
> endif
> diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/retpoline.S b/arch/x86/lib/retpoline.S
> index 480edc3a5e03..f77738b13481 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/lib/retpoline.S
> +++ b/arch/x86/lib/retpoline.S
> @@ -9,14 +9,22 @@
> #include <asm/nospec-branch.h>
> #include <asm/bitsperlong.h>
>
> -.macro THUNK reg
> +.macro _THUNK prefix, reg
> .section .text.__x86.indirect_thunk
>
> -ENTRY(__x86_indirect_thunk_\reg)
> +ENTRY(\prefix\reg)
> CFI_STARTPROC
> JMP_NOSPEC %\reg
> CFI_ENDPROC
> -ENDPROC(__x86_indirect_thunk_\reg)
> +ENDPROC(\prefix\reg)
> +.endm
> +
> +.macro THUNK reg
> +_THUNK __x86_indirect_thunk_ \reg
> +.endm
> +
> +.macro CLANG_THUNK reg
> +_THUNK __llvm_external_retpoline_ \reg
> .endm
>
> /*
> @@ -27,8 +35,11 @@ ENDPROC(__x86_indirect_thunk_\reg)
> * the simple and nasty way...
> */
> #define __EXPORT_THUNK(sym) _ASM_NOKPROBE(sym); EXPORT_SYMBOL(sym)
> -#define EXPORT_THUNK(reg) __EXPORT_THUNK(__x86_indirect_thunk_ ## reg)
> +#define _EXPORT_THUNK(thunk, reg) __EXPORT_THUNK(thunk ## reg)
> +#define EXPORT_THUNK(reg) _EXPORT_THUNK(__x86_indirect_thunk_, reg)
> #define GENERATE_THUNK(reg) THUNK reg ; EXPORT_THUNK(reg)
> +#define EXPORT_CLANG_THUNK(reg) _EXPORT_THUNK(__llvm_external_retpoline_, reg)
> +#define GENERATE_CLANG_THUNK(reg) CLANG_THUNK reg ; EXPORT_CLANG_THUNK(reg)
>
> GENERATE_THUNK(_ASM_AX)
> GENERATE_THUNK(_ASM_BX)
> @@ -46,6 +57,11 @@ GENERATE_THUNK(r12)
> GENERATE_THUNK(r13)
> GENERATE_THUNK(r14)
> GENERATE_THUNK(r15)
> +
> +#ifdef __clang__
> +GENERATE_CLANG_THUNK(r11)
> +#endif
> +
> #endif
>
> /*
> --
> 2.7.4
>

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