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Subject[PATCH 1/3] sched: Stop nohz stats when decayed
Date
Stopped the periodic update of blocked load when all idle CPUs have fully
decayed. We introduce a new nohz.has_blocked that reflect if some idle
CPUs has blocked load that have to be periodiccally updated. nohz.has_blocked
is set everytime that a Idle CPU can have blocked load and it is then clear
when no more blocked load has been detected during an update. We don't need
atomic operation but only to make cure of the right ordering when updating
nohz.idle_cpus_mask and nohz.has_blocked.

Suggested-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Vincent Guittot <vincent.guittot@linaro.org>
---
kernel/sched/fair.c | 94 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
kernel/sched/sched.h | 1 +
2 files changed, 75 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index 7af1fa9..279f4b2 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -5383,8 +5383,9 @@ decay_load_missed(unsigned long load, unsigned long missed_updates, int idx)
static struct {
cpumask_var_t idle_cpus_mask;
atomic_t nr_cpus;
+ int has_blocked; /* Idle CPUS has blocked load */
unsigned long next_balance; /* in jiffy units */
- unsigned long next_stats;
+ unsigned long next_blocked; /* Next update of blocked load in jiffies */
} nohz ____cacheline_aligned;

#endif /* CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON */
@@ -6951,6 +6952,7 @@ enum fbq_type { regular, remote, all };
#define LBF_DST_PINNED 0x04
#define LBF_SOME_PINNED 0x08
#define LBF_NOHZ_STATS 0x10
+#define LBF_NOHZ_AGAIN 0x20

struct lb_env {
struct sched_domain *sd;
@@ -7335,8 +7337,6 @@ static void attach_tasks(struct lb_env *env)
rq_unlock(env->dst_rq, &rf);
}

-#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
-
static inline bool cfs_rq_is_decayed(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
if (cfs_rq->load.weight)
@@ -7354,11 +7354,14 @@ static inline bool cfs_rq_is_decayed(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
return true;
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
+
static void update_blocked_averages(int cpu)
{
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, *pos;
struct rq_flags rf;
+ bool done = true;

rq_lock_irqsave(rq, &rf);
update_rq_clock(rq);
@@ -7388,10 +7391,14 @@ static void update_blocked_averages(int cpu)
*/
if (cfs_rq_is_decayed(cfs_rq))
list_del_leaf_cfs_rq(cfs_rq);
+ else
+ done = false;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON
rq->last_blocked_load_update_tick = jiffies;
+ if (done)
+ rq->has_blocked_load = 0;
#endif
rq_unlock_irqrestore(rq, &rf);
}
@@ -7454,6 +7461,8 @@ static inline void update_blocked_averages(int cpu)
update_cfs_rq_load_avg(cfs_rq_clock_task(cfs_rq), cfs_rq);
#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON
rq->last_blocked_load_update_tick = jiffies;
+ if (cfs_rq_is_decayed(cfs_rq))
+ rq->has_blocked_load = 0;
#endif
rq_unlock_irqrestore(rq, &rf);
}
@@ -7789,18 +7798,25 @@ group_type group_classify(struct sched_group *group,
return group_other;
}

-static void update_nohz_stats(struct rq *rq)
+static bool update_nohz_stats(struct rq *rq)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON
unsigned int cpu = rq->cpu;

+ if (!rq->has_blocked_load)
+ return false;
+
if (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, nohz.idle_cpus_mask))
- return;
+ return false;

if (!time_after(jiffies, rq->last_blocked_load_update_tick))
- return;
+ return true;

update_blocked_averages(cpu);
+
+ return rq->has_blocked_load;
+#else
+ return false;
#endif
}

@@ -7826,8 +7842,8 @@ static inline void update_sg_lb_stats(struct lb_env *env,
for_each_cpu_and(i, sched_group_span(group), env->cpus) {
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(i);

- if (env->flags & LBF_NOHZ_STATS)
- update_nohz_stats(rq);
+ if ((env->flags & LBF_NOHZ_STATS) && update_nohz_stats(rq))
+ env->flags |= LBF_NOHZ_AGAIN;

/* Bias balancing toward cpus of our domain */
if (local_group)
@@ -7979,18 +7995,15 @@ static inline void update_sd_lb_stats(struct lb_env *env, struct sd_lb_stats *sd
struct sg_lb_stats *local = &sds->local_stat;
struct sg_lb_stats tmp_sgs;
int load_idx, prefer_sibling = 0;
+ int has_blocked = READ_ONCE(nohz.has_blocked);
bool overload = false;

if (child && child->flags & SD_PREFER_SIBLING)
prefer_sibling = 1;

#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON
- if (env->idle == CPU_NEWLY_IDLE) {
+ if (env->idle == CPU_NEWLY_IDLE && has_blocked)
env->flags |= LBF_NOHZ_STATS;
-
- if (cpumask_subset(nohz.idle_cpus_mask, sched_domain_span(env->sd)))
- nohz.next_stats = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(LOAD_AVG_PERIOD);
- }
#endif

load_idx = get_sd_load_idx(env->sd, env->idle);
@@ -8046,6 +8059,15 @@ static inline void update_sd_lb_stats(struct lb_env *env, struct sd_lb_stats *sd
sg = sg->next;
} while (sg != env->sd->groups);

+#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON
+ if ((env->flags & LBF_NOHZ_AGAIN) &&
+ cpumask_subset(nohz.idle_cpus_mask, sched_domain_span(env->sd))) {
+
+ WRITE_ONCE(nohz.next_blocked,
+ jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(LOAD_AVG_PERIOD));
+ }
+#endif
+
if (env->sd->flags & SD_NUMA)
env->fbq_type = fbq_classify_group(&sds->busiest_stat);

@@ -9069,6 +9091,8 @@ static void nohz_balancer_kick(struct rq *rq)
struct sched_domain *sd;
int nr_busy, i, cpu = rq->cpu;
unsigned int flags = 0;
+ unsigned long has_blocked = READ_ONCE(nohz.has_blocked);
+ unsigned long next = READ_ONCE(nohz.next_blocked);

if (unlikely(rq->idle_balance))
return;
@@ -9086,7 +9110,7 @@ static void nohz_balancer_kick(struct rq *rq)
if (likely(!atomic_read(&nohz.nr_cpus)))
return;

- if (time_after(now, nohz.next_stats))
+ if (time_after(now, next) && has_blocked)
flags = NOHZ_STATS_KICK;

if (time_before(now, nohz.next_balance))
@@ -9207,13 +9231,15 @@ void nohz_balance_enter_idle(int cpu)
if (!housekeeping_cpu(cpu, HK_FLAG_SCHED))
return;

+ rq->has_blocked_load = 1;
+
if (rq->nohz_tick_stopped)
- return;
+ goto out;

/*
* If we're a completely isolated CPU, we don't play.
*/
- if (on_null_domain(cpu_rq(cpu)))
+ if (on_null_domain(rq))
return;

rq->nohz_tick_stopped = 1;
@@ -9222,6 +9248,13 @@ void nohz_balance_enter_idle(int cpu)
atomic_inc(&nohz.nr_cpus);

set_cpu_sd_state_idle(cpu);
+
+out:
+ /*
+ * Each time a cpu enter idle, we assume that it has blocked load and
+ * enable the periodic update of the load of idle cpus
+ */
+ WRITE_ONCE(nohz.has_blocked, 1);
}
#else
static inline void nohz_balancer_kick(struct rq *rq) { }
@@ -9374,6 +9407,16 @@ static bool nohz_idle_balance(struct rq *this_rq, enum cpu_idle_type idle)

SCHED_WARN_ON((flags & NOHZ_KICK_MASK) == NOHZ_BALANCE_KICK);

+ /*
+ * We assume there will be no idle load after this update and clear
+ * the stats state. If a cpu enters idle in the mean time, it will
+ * set the stats state and trig another update of idle load.
+ * Because a cpu that becomes idle, is added to idle_cpus_mask before
+ * setting the stats state, we are sure to not clear the state and not
+ * check the load of an idle cpu.
+ */
+ WRITE_ONCE(nohz.has_blocked, 0);
+
for_each_cpu(balance_cpu, nohz.idle_cpus_mask) {
if (balance_cpu == this_cpu || !idle_cpu(balance_cpu))
continue;
@@ -9383,11 +9426,16 @@ static bool nohz_idle_balance(struct rq *this_rq, enum cpu_idle_type idle)
* work being done for other cpus. Next load
* balancing owner will pick it up.
*/
- if (need_resched())
- break;
+ if (need_resched()) {
+ has_blocked_load = true;
+ goto abort;
+ }

rq = cpu_rq(balance_cpu);

+ update_blocked_averages(rq->cpu);
+ has_blocked_load |= rq->has_blocked_load;
+
/*
* If time for next balance is due,
* do the balance.
@@ -9400,7 +9448,6 @@ static bool nohz_idle_balance(struct rq *this_rq, enum cpu_idle_type idle)
cpu_load_update_idle(rq);
rq_unlock_irq(rq, &rf);

- update_blocked_averages(rq->cpu);
if (flags & NOHZ_BALANCE_KICK)
rebalance_domains(rq, CPU_IDLE);
}
@@ -9415,7 +9462,13 @@ static bool nohz_idle_balance(struct rq *this_rq, enum cpu_idle_type idle)
if (flags & NOHZ_BALANCE_KICK)
rebalance_domains(this_rq, CPU_IDLE);

- nohz.next_stats = next_stats;
+ WRITE_ONCE(nohz.next_blocked,
+ now + msecs_to_jiffies(LOAD_AVG_PERIOD));
+
+abort:
+ /* There is still blocked load, enable periodic update */
+ if (has_blocked_load)
+ WRITE_ONCE(nohz.has_blocked, 1);

/*
* next_balance will be updated only when there is a need.
@@ -10046,6 +10099,7 @@ __init void init_sched_fair_class(void)

#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON
nohz.next_balance = jiffies;
+ nohz.next_blocked = jiffies;
zalloc_cpumask_var(&nohz.idle_cpus_mask, GFP_NOWAIT);
#endif
#endif /* SMP */
diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
index e200045..ad9b929 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
@@ -723,6 +723,7 @@ struct rq {
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
unsigned long last_load_update_tick;
unsigned long last_blocked_load_update_tick;
+ unsigned int has_blocked_load;
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
unsigned int nohz_tick_stopped;
atomic_t nohz_flags;
--
2.7.4
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