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SubjectRe: [PATCH net 1/1 v2] rtnetlink: require unique netns identifier
On Tue, Feb 06, 2018 at 01:49:10PM +0300, Kirill Tkhai wrote:
> Hi, Christian,
>
> On 06.02.2018 02:24, Christian Brauner wrote:
> > On Tue, Feb 06, 2018 at 12:47:46AM +0300, Kirill Tkhai wrote:
> >> On 05.02.2018 18:55, Christian Brauner wrote:
> >>> Since we've added support for IFLA_IF_NETNSID for RTM_{DEL,GET,SET,NEW}LINK
> >>> it is possible for userspace to send us requests with three different
> >>> properties to identify a target network namespace. This affects at least
> >>> RTM_{NEW,SET}LINK. Each of them could potentially refer to a different
> >>> network namespace which is confusing. For legacy reasons the kernel will
> >>> pick the IFLA_NET_NS_PID property first and then look for the
> >>> IFLA_NET_NS_FD property but there is no reason to extend this type of
> >>> behavior to network namespace ids. The regression potential is quite
> >>> minimal since the rtnetlink requests in question either won't allow
> >>> IFLA_IF_NETNSID requests before 4.16 is out (RTM_{NEW,SET}LINK) or don't
> >>> support IFLA_NET_NS_{PID,FD} (RTM_{DEL,GET}LINK) in the first place.
> >>>> Signed-off-by: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com>
> >>> ---
> >>> ChangeLog v1->v2:
> >>> * return errno when the specified network namespace id is invalid
> >>> * fill in struct netlink_ext_ack if the network namespace id is invalid
> >>> * rename rtnl_ensure_unique_netns_attr() to rtnl_ensure_unique_netns() to
> >>> indicate that a request without any network namespace identifying attributes
> >>> is also considered valid.
> >>>
> >>> ChangeLog v0->v1:
> >>> * report a descriptive error to userspace via struct netlink_ext_ack
> >>> * do not fail when multiple properties specifiy the same network namespace
> >>> ---
> >>> net/core/rtnetlink.c | 69 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >>> 1 file changed, 69 insertions(+)
> >>>
> >>> diff --git a/net/core/rtnetlink.c b/net/core/rtnetlink.c
> >>> index 56af8e41abfc..c096c4ff9a00 100644
> >>> --- a/net/core/rtnetlink.c
> >>> +++ b/net/core/rtnetlink.c
> >>> @@ -1951,6 +1951,59 @@ static struct net *rtnl_link_get_net_capable(const struct sk_buff *skb,
> >>> return net;
> >>> }
> >>>
> >>> +/* Verify that rtnetlink requests supporting network namespace ids
> >>> + * do not pass additional properties referring to different network
> >>> + * namespaces.
> >>> + */
> >>> +static int rtnl_ensure_unique_netns(const struct sock *sk, struct nlattr *tb[],
> >>> + struct netlink_ext_ack *extack)
> >>> +{
> >>> + int ret = -EINVAL;
> >>> + struct net *net = NULL, *unique_net = NULL;
> >>> +
> >>> + /* Requests without network namespace ids have been able to specify
> >>> + * multiple properties referring to different network namespaces so
> >>> + * don't regress them.
> >>> + */
> >>> + if (!tb[IFLA_IF_NETNSID])
> >>> + return 0;
> >>> +
> >>> + /* Caller operates on the current network namespace. */
> >>> + if (!tb[IFLA_NET_NS_PID] && !tb[IFLA_NET_NS_FD])
> >>> + return 0;
> >>> +
> >>> + unique_net = get_net_ns_by_id(sock_net(sk), nla_get_s32(tb[IFLA_IF_NETNSID]));
> >>> + if (!unique_net) {
> >>> + NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "invalid network namespace id");
> >>> + return ret;
> >>> + }
> >>> +
> >>> + if (tb[IFLA_NET_NS_PID]) {
> >>> + net = get_net_ns_by_pid(nla_get_u32(tb[IFLA_NET_NS_PID]));
> >>> + if (net != unique_net)
> >>> + goto on_error;
> >>> + }
> >>> +
> >>> + if (tb[IFLA_NET_NS_FD]) {
> >>> + net = get_net_ns_by_fd(nla_get_u32(tb[IFLA_NET_NS_FD]));
> >>> + if (net != unique_net)
> >>> + goto on_error;
> >>> + }
> >>> +
> >>> + ret = 0;
> >>> +
> >>> +on_error:
> >>> + put_net(unique_net);
> >>> +
> >>> + if (net && !IS_ERR(net))
> >>> + put_net(net);
> >>
> >> 1)When we have tb[IFLA_NET_NS_PID and tb[IFLA_NET_NS_FD] both set and pointing
> >> to the same net, this function increments net::count in get_net_ns_by_pid() and
> >> in get_net_ns_by_fd(), i.e. twice. But only single put_net(net) will be called.
> >> So, after this function net::count will be incremented by 1, and it never will
> >> die.
> >
> > Thanks for spotting this, Kirill.
> >
> >>
> >> 2)The whole approach does not seem good for me. The first reason is it's racy.
> >> Even if rtnl_ensure_unique_netns() returns 0, this does not guarantees that
> >> tb[IFLA_IF_NETNSID] and tb[IFLA_NET_NS_PID] will be point the same net later,
> >> as the pid may die or do setns(). Racy check is worse than no check at all.
> >>
> >> The second reason is after this patch get_net_ns_by_id/get_net_ns_by_pid()/
> >> get_net_ns_by_fd() will be called twice: the first time is in your check
> >> and the second time is where they are actually used. This is not good for
> >> performance.
> >
> > If this is really a performance problem we can simply fix this by
> > performing the check when the target network namespace is retrieved in
> > each request. The intention for doing it in one function at the
> > beginning of each request was to make it generic and easily
> > understandable.
>
> I haven't measured the performance with stopwatch, of course, but this is
> additional operations, and we should not use them unless they are really need.
> The approach with get_net()/put_net() is racy and it does not solve the
> problem. So it does not seem good for me despite it is generic.
>
> >>
> >> What is the problem people pass several different tb[xxx] in one call? We
> >> may just describe the order of tb[xxx] in man page and their priorities,
> >> and ignore the rest after the first not zero tb[xxx] is found, and do that
> >> in the place, where net from tb[xxx] in actually used. This is the thing
> >> we already do.
> >>
> >> Comparing to classic Linux interface such as syscalls, it's usual behavior
> >> for them to ignore one argument, when another is set. Nobody confuses.
> >
> > From what I gather from recent discussions I had here using pids and
> > fds to perform operations on network namespaces in netlink requests is
> > not the future. Specifically, using pids and fds will not be extended to
> > existing or future requests that do not already support it.
> >
> > It also very much smells like a security liability if what you've
> > outlined above is true: a user sends a request with a pid and the task
> > dies and the pid gets recycled. Now, we can't easily fix this by simply
> > ignoring pids and fds from here on since this would likely break a bunch
> > of userspace programs but we can ensure that if a network namespace
> > identifier is passed that no other way of retrieving the target network
> > namespace is passed. Especially with requests that already support pids
> > and fds. It's either that or reversing the order meaning that if a
> > network namespace identifier is passed then it should take precedence
> > over the other identifiers. Furthermore, this would also clearly
> > indicate that netns ids are the preferred way to perform operations on
> > network namespaces via netlink requests.
>
> If we really need this, can't we simply zero excess identifiers instead?
>
> void rtnl_kill_them_all(struct nlattr *tb[])
> {
> if (!tb[IFLA_IF_NETNSID])
> return;
> tb[IFLA_NET_NS_PID] = tb[IFLA_NET_NS_FD] = NULL;
> }
>
> It's not racy and solves the problem you are solving.

I take it that you haven't seen the first version of my patch which does
exactly that: https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10196409/ :)
I'm going to resend this one with the extack fixes added.

Thanks!
Christian

>
> > I also do not think that your suggestion of making guarantees in what
> > order additional netlink properties are evaluated is a good one. I don't
> > think we want to give userspace the impression that sticking a pid, fd,
> > and netnsid into the same netlink request is something that we actively
> > support.
> >
> > What is certainly a good point is that if pids and fds are as you said
> > inherently racy then we shouldn't perform the check but do what my
> > original patch did and simply refuse to combine netns ids with pids
> > and/or fds.
>
> Thanks,
> Kirill

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