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Subject[PATCH 07/14] kconfig: test: add framework for Kconfig unit-tests
Date
I admit various parts in Kconfig are cryptic and need refactoring,
but at the same time, I fear regressions.

There are several subtle corner cases where it is difficult to notice
breakage. It is time to add unit-tests.

Here is a simple framework based on pytest. The conftest.py provides
a fixture useful to run commands such as 'oldaskconfig' etc. and
to compare the resulted .config, stdout, stderr with expectations.

How to add test cases?
----------------------

For each test case, you should create a subdirectory under
scripts/kconfig/tests/ (so test cases are seperated from each other).
Every test case directory must contain the following files:

- __init__.py: describes test functions
- Kconfig: the top level Kconfig file for this test

To do a useful job, test cases generally need additional data like
input .config and information about expected results.

How to run tests?
-----------------

You need python3 and pytest. Then, run "make testconfig".
O= option is supported. If V=1 is given, details logs during tests
are displayed.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
---

scripts/kconfig/Makefile | 8 ++
scripts/kconfig/tests/conftest.py | 255 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
scripts/kconfig/tests/pytest.ini | 6 +
3 files changed, 269 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 scripts/kconfig/tests/conftest.py
create mode 100644 scripts/kconfig/tests/pytest.ini

diff --git a/scripts/kconfig/Makefile b/scripts/kconfig/Makefile
index cb3ec53..c5d1d1a 100644
--- a/scripts/kconfig/Makefile
+++ b/scripts/kconfig/Makefile
@@ -135,6 +135,14 @@ PHONY += tinyconfig
tinyconfig:
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/Makefile allnoconfig tiny.config

+# CHECK: -o cache_dir=<path> working?
+PHONY += testconfig
+testconfig: $(obj)/conf
+ $(PYTHON3) -B -m pytest $(srctree)/$(src)/tests \
+ -o cache_dir=$(abspath $(obj)/tests/.cache) \
+ $(if $(findstring 1,$(KBUILD_VERBOSE)),--capture=no)
+clean-dirs += tests/.cache
+
# Help text used by make help
help:
@echo ' config - Update current config utilising a line-oriented program'
diff --git a/scripts/kconfig/tests/conftest.py b/scripts/kconfig/tests/conftest.py
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f0f3237
--- /dev/null
+++ b/scripts/kconfig/tests/conftest.py
@@ -0,0 +1,255 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#
+# Copyright (C) 2018 Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
+#
+
+import os
+import pytest
+import shutil
+import subprocess
+import tempfile
+
+conf_path = os.path.abspath(os.path.join('scripts', 'kconfig', 'conf'))
+
+class Conf:
+
+ def __init__(self, request):
+ """Create a new Conf object, which is a scripts/kconfig/conf
+ runner and result checker.
+
+ Arguments:
+ request - object to introspect the requesting test module
+ """
+
+ # the directory of the test being run
+ self.test_dir = os.path.dirname(str(request.fspath))
+
+ def __run_conf(self, mode, dot_config=None, out_file='.config',
+ interactive=False, in_keys=None, extra_env={}):
+ """Run scripts/kconfig/conf
+
+ mode: input mode option (--oldaskconfig, --defconfig=<file> etc.)
+ dot_config: the .config file for input.
+ out_file: file name to contain the output config data.
+ interactive: flag to specify the interactive mode.
+ in_keys: key inputs for interactive modes.
+ extra_env: additional environment.
+ """
+
+ command = [conf_path, mode, 'Kconfig']
+
+ # Override 'srctree' environment to make the test as the top directory
+ extra_env['srctree'] = self.test_dir
+
+ # scripts/kconfig/conf is run in a temporary directory.
+ # This directory is automatically removed when done.
+ with tempfile.TemporaryDirectory() as temp_dir:
+
+ # if .config is given, copy it to the working directory
+ if dot_config:
+ shutil.copyfile(os.path.join(self.test_dir, dot_config),
+ os.path.join(temp_dir, '.config'))
+
+ ps = subprocess.Popen(command,
+ stdin=subprocess.PIPE,
+ stdout=subprocess.PIPE,
+ stderr=subprocess.PIPE,
+ cwd=temp_dir,
+ env=dict(os.environ, **extra_env))
+
+ # If user key input is specified, feed it into stdin.
+ if in_keys:
+ ps.stdin.write(in_keys.encode('utf-8'))
+
+ while ps.poll() == None:
+ # For interactive modes such as 'make config', 'make oldconfig',
+ # send 'Enter' key until the program finishes.
+ if interactive:
+ ps.stdin.write(b'\n')
+
+ self.retcode = ps.returncode
+ self.stdout = ps.stdout.read().decode()
+ self.stderr = ps.stderr.read().decode()
+
+ # Retrieve the resulted config data only when .config is supposed
+ # to exist. If the command fails, the .config does not exist.
+ # 'make listnewconfig' does not produce .config in the first place.
+ if self.retcode == 0 and out_file:
+ with open(os.path.join(temp_dir, out_file)) as f:
+ self.config = f.read()
+ else:
+ self.config = None
+
+ # Logging:
+ # Pytest captures the following information by default. In failure
+ # of tests, the captured log will be displayed. This will be useful to
+ # figure out what has happened.
+
+ print("command: {}\n".format(' '.join(command)))
+ print("retcode: {}\n".format(self.retcode))
+
+ if dot_config:
+ print("input .config:".format(dot_config))
+
+ print("stdout:")
+ print(self.stdout)
+ print("stderr:")
+ print(self.stderr)
+
+ if self.config is not None:
+ print("output of {}:".format(out_file))
+ print(self.config)
+
+ return self.retcode
+
+ def oldaskconfig(self, dot_config=None, in_keys=None):
+ """Run oldaskconfig (make config)
+
+ dot_config: the .config file for input (optional).
+ in_key: key inputs (optional).
+ """
+ return self.__run_conf('--oldaskconfig', dot_config=dot_config,
+ interactive=True, in_keys=in_keys)
+
+ def oldconfig(self, dot_config=None, in_keys=None):
+ """Run oldconfig
+
+ dot_config: the .config file for input (optional).
+ in_key: key inputs (optional).
+ """
+ return self.__run_conf('--oldconfig', dot_config=dot_config,
+ interactive=True, in_keys=in_keys)
+
+ def defconfig(self, defconfig):
+ """Run defconfig
+
+ defconfig: the defconfig file for input.
+ """
+ defconfig_path = os.path.join(self.test_dir, defconfig)
+ return self.__run_conf('--defconfig={}'.format(defconfig_path))
+
+ def olddefconfig(self, dot_config=None):
+ """Run olddefconfig
+
+ dot_config: the .config file for input (optional).
+ """
+ return self.__run_conf('--olddefconfig', dot_config=dot_config)
+
+ def __allconfig(self, foo, all_config):
+ """Run all*config
+
+ all_config: fragment config file for KCONFIG_ALLCONFIG (optional).
+ """
+ if all_config:
+ all_config_path = os.path.join(self.test_dir, all_config)
+ extra_env = {'KCONFIG_ALLCONFIG': all_config_path}
+ else:
+ extra_env = {}
+
+ return self.__run_conf('--all{}config'.format(foo), extra_env=extra_env)
+
+ def allyesconfig(self, all_config=None):
+ """Run allyesconfig
+ """
+ return self.__allconfig('yes', all_config)
+
+ def allmodconfig(self, all_config=None):
+ """Run allmodconfig
+ """
+ return self.__allconfig('mod', all_config)
+
+ def allnoconfig(self, all_config=None):
+ """Run allnoconfig
+ """
+ return self.__allconfig('no', all_config)
+
+ def alldefconfig(self, all_config=None):
+ """Run alldefconfig
+ """
+ return self.__allconfig('def', all_config)
+
+ def savedefconfig(self, dot_config):
+ """Run savedefconfig
+ """
+ return self.__run_conf('--savedefconfig', out_file='defconfig')
+
+ def listnewconfig(self, dot_config=None):
+ """Run listnewconfig
+ """
+ return self.__run_conf('--listnewconfig', dot_config=dot_config,
+ out_file=None)
+
+ # checkers
+ def __read_and_compare(self, compare, expected):
+ """Compare the result with expectation.
+
+ Arguments:
+ compare: function to compare the result with expectation
+ expected: file that contains the expected data
+ """
+ with open(os.path.join(self.test_dir, expected)) as f:
+ expected_data = f.read()
+ print(expected_data)
+ return compare(self, expected_data)
+
+ def __contains(self, attr, expected):
+ print("{0} is expected to contain '{1}':".format(attr, expected))
+ return self.__read_and_compare(lambda s, e: getattr(s, attr).find(e) >= 0,
+ expected)
+
+ def __matches(self, attr, expected):
+ print("{0} is expected to match '{1}':".format(attr, expected))
+ return self.__read_and_compare(lambda s, e: getattr(s, attr) == e,
+ expected)
+
+ def config_contains(self, expected):
+ """Check if resulted configuration contains expected data.
+
+ Arguments:
+ expected: file that contains the expected data.
+ """
+ return self.__contains('config', expected)
+
+ def config_matches(self, expected):
+ """Check if resulted configuration exactly matches expected data.
+
+ Arguments:
+ expected: file that contains the expected data.
+ """
+ return self.__matches('config', expected)
+
+ def stdout_contains(self, expected):
+ """Check if resulted stdout contains expected data.
+
+ Arguments:
+ expected: file that contains the expected data.
+ """
+ return self.__contains('stdout', expected)
+
+ def stdout_matches(self, cmp_file):
+ """Check if resulted stdout exactly matches expected data.
+
+ Arguments:
+ expected: file that contains the expected data.
+ """
+ return self.__matches('stdout', expected)
+
+ def stderr_contains(self, expected):
+ """Check if resulted stderr contains expected data.
+
+ Arguments:
+ expected: file that contains the expected data.
+ """
+ return self.__contains('stderr', expected)
+
+ def stderr_matches(self, cmp_file):
+ """Check if resulted stderr exactly matches expected data.
+
+ Arguments:
+ expected: file that contains the expected data.
+ """
+ return self.__matches('stderr', expected)
+
+@pytest.fixture(scope="module")
+def conf(request):
+ return Conf(request)
diff --git a/scripts/kconfig/tests/pytest.ini b/scripts/kconfig/tests/pytest.ini
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..07b94e0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/scripts/kconfig/tests/pytest.ini
@@ -0,0 +1,6 @@
+[pytest]
+addopts = --verbose
+# Pytest requires that test files have unique names, because pytest imports
+# them as top-level modules. It is silly to prefix or suffix a test file with
+# the directory name that contains it. Use __init__.py for all test files.
+python_files = __init__.py
--
2.7.4
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