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SubjectRe: [PATCH v6 02/41] clk: davinci: New driver for davinci PLL clocks
On Friday 02 February 2018 12:27 AM, David Lechner wrote:
> On 02/01/2018 02:01 AM, Sekhar Nori wrote:
>> On Saturday 20 January 2018 10:43 PM, David Lechner wrote:
>>> This adds a new driver for mach-davinci PLL clocks. This is porting the
>>> code from arch/arm/mach-davinci/clock.c to the common clock framework.
>>> Additionally, it adds device tree support for these clocks.
>>> The ifeq ($(CONFIG_COMMON_CLK), y) in the Makefile is needed to prevent
>>> compile errors until the clock code in arch/arm/mach-davinci is removed.
>>> Note: although there are similar clocks for TI Keystone we are not able
>>> to share the code for a few reasons. The keystone clocks are device tree
>>> only and use legacy one-node-per-clock bindings. Also the register
>>> layouts are a bit different, which would add even more if/else mess
>>> to the keystone clocks. And the keystone PLL driver doesn't support
>>> setting clock rates.
>>> Signed-off-by: David Lechner <>
>> Looks nice and clean to me. There is still some feedback though.
>> One thing missing is DIV4.5 clock. It will be nice to add that too,
>> mostly just because it will make the binding complete.
>>> +void of_davinci_pll_init(struct device_node *node,
>>> +             const struct davinci_pll_clk_info *info,
>>> +             const struct davinci_pll_obsclk_info *obsclk_info,
>>> +             const struct davinci_pll_sysclk_info *div_info,
>>> +             u8 max_sysclk_id)
>>> +{
>>> +    struct device_node *child;
>>> +    const char *parent_name;
>>> +    void __iomem *base;
>>> +    struct clk *clk;
>>> +
>>> +    base = of_iomap(node, 0);
>>> +    if (!base) {
>>> +        pr_err("ioremap failed");
>>> +        return;
>>> +    }
>>> +
>>> +    if (info->flags & PLL_HAS_OSCIN)
>>> +        parent_name = of_clk_get_parent_name(node, 0);
>>> +    else
>>> +        parent_name = OSCIN_CLK_NAME;
>> I don't think the reference clock input handling is fully
>> correct/flexible.
>> There are two ways to provide input clock (ref_clk) to PLL. Either use
>> the internal oscillator with a crystal connected between OSCIN and
>> OSCOUT (CLKMODE = 0) or a clean clock input (CLKMODE = 1) connected to
>> OSCIN (OSCOUT disconnected).
>> This is a board specific decision. On the LogicPD EVM, the former option
>> is used, on the LCDK board, the later.
>> So, I think what we need is a DT property like
>> "ti,davinci-use-internal-osc" for the PLL. Boards can set or ignore it
>> and you can switch CLKMODE on or off based on that.
>> Setting CLKMODE = 1 will switch off the internal oscillator (and
>> presumably save power), but it does not act as a mux. This explains why
>> not worrying about setting this correctly in current mainline still
>> works.
>> I am also not sure if we really need PLL_HAS_OSCIN since all DaVinci
>> SoCs set it anyway.
> I realize this is a bit confusing. I think that part of this comes from
> the fact that OSCIN is not used consistently in the TRMs. It is used as

Thats right, I noticed that too. But all SoC datasheets I looked at
supported both internal oscillator and external clock input. Also, no
SoC had different reference clocks for its PLLs (DM355 has two crystal
inputs, but one of them goes only to the video peripheral).

So I still think there is benefit in standardizing on a single name in
kernel/DT (I was hoping it can be "ref_clk").

> the name of the actual pin on the SoC for connecting an external clock
> signal or crystal. It is also used as an input to CLKMODE where it means
> the output of the internal oscillator rather than the external pin (some
> SoCs show CLKMODE as a mux with OSCIN and CLKIN, but I agree that it is
> not really a mux since OSCIN and CLKIN are the same external pin on the
> SoC - then other SoCs show OSCIN meaning only the external pin here).
> Furthermore, OSCIN is listed as one of the inputs of EXTCLKSRC also as
> one of the inputs of OBSCLK on da850-type SoCs.


> So, the option I went with here is that "ref_clk" is the external clock
> connected to the OSCIN pin and that the "oscin" clock is the clock domain
> _after_ CLKMODE. This matches the use of OSCIN in the TRMs where "OSCIN"
> is used as an input for EXTCLKSRC and OBSCLK. Also the fact that the
> external reference clock is sometimes called CLKSRC instead of OSCIN
> influenced the decision go with "oscin" being the internal (to the PLL)
> clock domain.

Okay, I think we need some comments in code to make this distinction clear.

I do not yet understand why we need to differentiate between the
external-to-chip clock domain from internal "after CLKMODE" domain.
OTOH, I don't see a big harm in doing it either (as long as the
distinction is clear).

> I think what I should have done, though, is named PLL_HAS_OSCIN as
> PLL_HAS_CLKMODE instead. I think what you are missing here is that
> PLL_HAS_OSCIN (or PLL_HAS_CLKMODE) only means that the PLL _has_
> PLLCTL[CLKMODE]. It does _not_ mean that we set (or clear) PLLCTL[CLKMODE].
> On SoCs with two PLLs, only one of them has the PLLCTL[CLKMODE] bit (and
> therefore the PLL_HAS_OSCIN flag) and the output of this is shared by both
> PLLs, e.g. Figure 7-1. PLLC Structure in the AM1808 TRM (spruh82c). So,
> the clock tree in Linux ends up looking like this:

I agree with renaming PLL_HAS_OSCIN with PLL_HAS_CLKMODE will be much

> ref_clk - the external clock - aka CLKSRC
> +-oscin - internal clock domain after CLKMODE - shared by both PLLs
>   +-pll0_extclksrc
>   +-pll0_prediv
>   +-pll0_auxclk
>   +-pll0_obsclk - via the OSCSRC mux
>   +-pll1_pllen
>   +-pll1_pllout
>   +-pll1_obsclk - via the OSCSRC mux
> Clocks beyond two levels deep are omitted for brevity.
> It should be easy to see the correlation here Figure 7-1 with the
> exception that in Figure 7-1 "OSCIN" has the meaning of "the physical
> pin on the chip" (which Linux calls "ref_clk") and there is no clear
> label in Figure 7-1 of what the clock domain after PLLCTL[CLKMODE] is
> called (which Linux calls "oscin").

Yeah, thats why I was not sure why need to make the distinction between
these domains.

> Sure, it would work just fine if we left "oscin" out of the picture,
> but it simplifies the driver implementation by having a known "oscin"
> clock that is fully controlled by the clock driver code instead of
> having to pass the user-supplied "ref_clk" around a bunch of places.


> And, we could try to call it something other than "oscin" to try
> to avoid confusion, but then you will just cause confusion in other
> places (which could be less total confusion, so I am open to change
> here).

Calling external clock as "ref_clk" and internal clock domain as "oscin"
is fine. Its the best choice of names given the terminology
inconsistency between TRMs of different devices.

> ---
> Switching topics to CLKMODE and DT...
> There is a "ti,clkmode-square-wave" property in the proposed DT bindings
> that does exactly what you have suggested, except the logic is
> reversed. When omitted, it assumes the use of a crystal oscillator.
> I believe this is the most common configuration, which is why I made
> it the default instead of the other way around.

This is fine and looks like I missed its existence while making my


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