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SubjectRe: Thinkpad X1 Carbon 3rd - Reducing the compressed framebuffer size
On Tuesday 13 February 2018 17:36:54 Ville Syrjälä wrote:
> On Tue, Feb 13, 2018 at 02:38:42PM +0100, Pali Rohár wrote:
> > On Tuesday 13 February 2018 15:27:26 Ville Syrjälä wrote:
> > > On Tue, Feb 13, 2018 at 09:50:30AM +0100, Pali Rohár wrote:
> > > > On Tuesday 06 February 2018 16:21:43 Pali Rohár wrote:
> > > > > Hi! I'm periodically getting following message in dmesg on Lenovo
> > > > > Thinkpad X1 Carbon 3rd generation:
> > > > >
> > > > > [drm] Reducing the compressed framebuffer size. This may lead to less power savings than a non-reduced-size. Try to increase stolen memory size if available in BIOS.
> > > > >
> > > > > In BIOS I already set GPU size to 512M, but this did not help. Also
> > > > > update to last BIOS version did not help.
> > > > >
> > > > > So why this message is periodically print in dmesg? And what can I do
> > > > > with this problem?
> > > > >
> > > > > And why cannot Linux kernel allocate itself more memory for GPU (if BIOS
> > > > > can/could do that)? Is not 512MB for GPU enough?
> > > >
> > > > And here is output from lspci, which clearly says that 512MB is already
> > > > set for GPU:
> > >
> > > The PCI BAR size has nothing to do with the size of the stolen memory.
> > > The BAR just provides a window into the global GTT address space of the
> > > GPU. Stolen memory is a contiguous chunk of physical memory carved out
> > > by the BIOS.
> >
> > Ok, how could I detect how much memory was stolen?
> >
> > In dmesg I see following lines:
> >
> > [ 0.000000] e820: BIOS-provided physical RAM map:
> > [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x0000000000000000-0x0000000000057fff] usable
> > [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x0000000000058000-0x0000000000058fff] reserved
> > [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x0000000000059000-0x000000000008bfff] usable
> > [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x000000000008c000-0x000000000009ffff] reserved
> > [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000000e0000-0x00000000000fffff] reserved
> > [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x0000000000100000-0x00000000ab908fff] usable
> > [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000ab909000-0x00000000abb08fff] type 20
> > [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000abb09000-0x00000000acbfefff] reserved
> > [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000acbff000-0x00000000acd7efff] ACPI NVS
> > [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000acd7f000-0x00000000acdfefff] ACPI data
> > [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000acdff000-0x00000000acdfffff] usable
> > [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000f80f8000-0x00000000f80f8fff] reserved
> > [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x00000000fed1c000-0x00000000fed1ffff] reserved
> > [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x0000000100000000-0x000000024dffffff] usable
> >
> > [ 0.000000] Reserving Intel graphics memory at 0x00000000ae000000-0x00000000afffffff
>
> That's the one. Since you have a BDW the amount FBC can actually use
> will be 8MiB less than what's reported here. So looks like you should
> have 24MiB total, minus whatever else we end up allocating from stolen.
>
> Check /sys/kernel/debug/dri/0/i915_gem_stolen to see what's there. Most

$ cat /sys/kernel/debug/dri/0/i915_gem_stolen
Stolen:
ffff8b55bf17e080: g 16KiB 40 40 [ 0 0 0 0 ] 0 LLC dirty (pinned x 1) (ggtt offset: 00083000, size: 00004000, type: 0) (stolen: 00001000)
ffff8b55c2693040: g 16KiB 40 40 [ 0 0 0 0 ] 0 LLC dirty (pinned x 1) (ggtt offset: 02b9f000, size: 00004000, type: 0) (stolen: 00005000)
ffff8b55bf9a7300: g 16KiB 40 40 [ 0 0 0 0 ] 0 LLC dirty (pinned x 0) (ggtt offset: 0f6b4000, size: 00004000, type: 0) (stolen: 00009000)
ffff8b55a6161040: g 16KiB 40 40 [ 0 0 0 0 ] 0 LLC dirty (pinned x 0) (ggtt offset: 0937f000, size: 00004000, type: 0) (stolen: 0000d000)
ffff8b5563e0dac0: g 16KiB 40 40 [ 0 0 0 0 ] 0 LLC dirty (pinned x 0) (ggtt offset: 0f714000, size: 00004000, type: 0) (stolen: 00019000)
ffff8b55bf17e800: g 4KiB 41 00 [ 0 0 0 0 ] 0 LLC (pinned x 1) (ggtt offset: ffffe000, size: 00001000, type: 0) (stolen: 0012c000)
ffff8b55bf02d540: g 16KiB 40 40 [ 0 0 0 0 ] 0 LLC dirty (pinned x 1) (ggtt offset: 00141000, size: 00004000, type: 0) (stolen: 0012d000)
ffff8b55c2989340: g 16KiB 40 40 [ 0 0 0 0 ] 0 LLC dirty (pinned x 1) (ggtt offset: 00148000, size: 00004000, type: 0) (stolen: 00131000)
ffff8b55c29890c0: g 16KiB 40 40 [ 0 0 0 0 ] 0 LLC dirty (pinned x 1) (ggtt offset: 0014f000, size: 00004000, type: 0) (stolen: 00135000)
ffff8b55c2989840: g 16KiB 40 40 [ 0 0 0 0 ] 0 LLC dirty (pinned x 1) (ggtt offset: 00156000, size: 00004000, type: 0) (stolen: 00139000)
ffff8b55bf02da40: p g 14400KiB 77 00 [ 0 0 0 0 ] 0 uncached dirty (name: 1) (pinned x 1) (display) (ggtt offset: 0015a000, size: 00e10000, type: 0) (stolen: 0013d000) (p mappable)
ffff8b556dfba780: g 16KiB 40 40 [ 0 0 0 0 ] 0 LLC dirty (pinned x 0) (ggtt offset: 0ad2a000, size: 00004000, type: 0) (stolen: 01655000)

> likely you'll have the fbdev framebuffer taking up a sizeable chunk.

Seems 14MB.

> You could get some back by reducing fbdev depth to 16bpp, or even 8bpp,
> but I'm not convinced the fbdev gamma LUT stuff really works currently
> so you might end up with bogus colors in your vts with that.

Ok, I could try it. Via fbset tool?

> >
> > [ 0.000000] Memory: 7972840K/8282704K available (6196K kernel code, 1159K rwdata, 2848K rodata, 1408K init, 688K bss, 309864K reserved, 0K cma-reserved)
> >
> > > The BIOS may or may not provide a knob to change the size
> > > of the stolen memory.
> >
> > In BIOS Setup screen I have option to choose GPU memory and I set it to
> > max 512MB. So this is not the right option...
> >
> > And why cannot kernel use some continuous check of RAM itself?
>
> Because the hardware won't allow it.

So it can be done only once after reboot? Or only prior to booting kernel?

> >
> > > >
> > > > $ lspci -v -s 00:02.0
> > > > 00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation HD Graphics 5500 (rev 09) (prog-if 00 [VGA controller])
> > > > Subsystem: Lenovo HD Graphics 5500
> > > > Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0, IRQ 46
> > > > Memory at e0000000 (64-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=16M]
> > > > Memory at c0000000 (64-bit, prefetchable) [size=512M]
> > > > I/O ports at 3000 [size=64]
> > > > [virtual] Expansion ROM at 000c0000 [disabled] [size=128K]
> > > > Capabilities: [90] MSI: Enable+ Count=1/1 Maskable- 64bit-
> > > > Capabilities: [d0] Power Management version 2
> > > > Capabilities: [a4] PCI Advanced Features
> > > > Kernel driver in use: i915
> > > > Kernel modules: i915
> > > >
> > > > --
> > > > Pali Rohár
> > > > pali.rohar@gmail.com
> > > > _______________________________________________
> > > > dri-devel mailing list
> > > > dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org
> > > > https://lists.freedesktop.org/mailman/listinfo/dri-devel
> > >
> >
> > --
> > Pali Rohár
> > pali.rohar@gmail.com
>

--
Pali Rohár
pali.rohar@gmail.com

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