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SubjectRe: [PATCH] PCI: Add quirk for Cavium Thunder-X2 PCIe erratum #173
[+cc Lorenzo]

On Fri, Feb 02, 2018 at 07:00:46AM +0000, George Cherian wrote:
> The PCIe Controller on Cavium ThunderX2 processors does not
> respond to downstream CFG/ECFG cycles when root port is
> in power management D3-hot state.

I think you're talking about the CPU initiating a config cycle to
a device below the root port, right?

This erratum isn't published anywhere where we could include a URL,
is it?

> In our tests the above mentioned errata causes the following crash when
> the downstream endpoint config space is accessed, while root port is in
> D3 state.
>
> [ 12.775202] Unhandled fault: synchronous external abort (0x96000610) at 0x0000000000000000

This looks like another example of not being able to deal with error
responses to PCIe events, for example, the whole mess with drivers
checking whether the link is up before issuing a config access.

In that sense, this looks like a band-aid that avoids the issue by
preventing the use of D3, but doesn't fix the underlying problem. If
we *could* deal nicely with this error, maybe we could use D3 on these
root ports.

So I'm not convinced yet that this is actually a PCIe erratum. Does
the hardware actually violate the PCIe spec, or is this just a problem
with the kernel not knowing how to deal nicely with a PCIe error?

If you could include the erratum text and reference to the relevant
section of the PCIe spec, that would be useful.

> [ 12.783453] Internal error: : 96000610 [#1] SMP
> [ 12.787971] Modules linked in: aes_neon_blk ablk_helper cryptd
> [ 12.793799] CPU: 1 PID: 1 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 4.8.0-32-generic #34
> [ 12.800659] Hardware name: Cavium Inc. Unknown/Unknown, BIOS 1.0 01/01/2018
> [ 12.807607] task: ffff808f346b8d80 task.stack: ffff808f346b4000
> [ 12.813518] PC is at pci_generic_config_read+0x5c/0xf0
> [ 12.818643] LR is at pci_generic_config_read+0x48/0xf0
> [ 12.823767] pc : [<ffff000008506f34>] lr : [<ffff000008506f20>] pstate: 204000c9
> [ 12.831148] sp : ffff808f346b7bf0
> [ 12.834449] x29: ffff808f346b7bf0 x28: ffff000008e2b848
> [ 12.839750] x27: ffff000008dc3070 x26: ffff000008d516c0
> [ 12.845050] x25: 0000000000000040 x24: ffff00000937a480
> [ 12.850351] x23: 000000000000006c x22: 0000000000000000
> [ 12.855651] x21: ffff808f346b7c84 x20: 0000000000000004
> [ 12.860951] x19: ffff808f31076000 x18: 0000000000000000
> [ 12.866251] x17: 000000001b3613e6 x16: 000000007f330457
> [ 12.871551] x15: 0000000067268ad7 x14: 000000005c6254ac
> [ 12.876851] x13: 00000000f1e100cb x12: 0000000000000030
> [ 12.882151] x11: 0101010101010101 x10: 7f7f7f7f7f7f7f7f
> [ 12.887452] x9 : ff656d6e626d686f x8 : 7f7f7f7f7f7f7f7f
> [ 12.892752] x7 : ffff808f310da108 x6 : 0000000000000000
> [ 12.898052] x5 : 0000000000000003 x4 : ffff808f3107a800
> [ 12.903352] x3 : 000000000030006c x2 : 0000000000000014
> [ 12.908652] x1 : ffff000020000000 x0 : ffff00002030006c
> [ 12.913952]
> [ 12.915431] Process swapper/0 (pid: 1, stack limit = 0xffff808f346b4020)
> [ 12.922118] Stack: (0xffff808f346b7bf0 to 0xffff808f346b8000)
> [ 12.927850] 7be0: ffff808f346b7c30 ffff000008506e2c
> [ 12.935665] 7c00: ffff000009185000 000000000000006c ffff808f31076000 ffff808f346b7d14
> [ 12.943481] 7c20: 0000000000000000 ffff000008309488 ffff808f346b7c90 ffff0000085089f4
> [ 12.951296] 7c40: 0000000000000004 ffff808f310d4000 0000000000000000 ffff808f346b7d14
> [ 12.959111] 7c60: 0000000000000068 ffff000008dc3078 ffff000008d604c8 ffff0000085089d8
> [ 12.966927] 7c80: 0000000000000004 000000000004080b ffff808f346b7cd0 ffff000008513d28
> [ 12.974742] 7ca0: ffff000009185000 00000000ffffffe7 0000000000000001 ffff808f310d4000
> [ 12.982557] 7cc0: ffff0000092ae000 ffff808f310d4000 ffff808f346b7d20 ffff0000085142d4
> [ 12.990372] 7ce0: ffff808f310d4000 ffff808f310d4000 ffff000009214000 ffff808f310d40b0
> [ 12.998188] 7d00: ffff0000092ae000 ffff808f310d40b0 00000000092ae000 000000000004080b
> [ 13.006003] 7d20: ffff808f346b7d40 ffff000008518754 0000000000000000 ffff808f310d4000
> [ 13.013818] 7d40: ffff808f346b7d80 ffff000008d9a974 0000000000000000 ffff808f310d4000
> [ 13.021634] 7d60: ffff000008d9a93c 0000000000000000 ffff0000092ae000 000000000004080b
> [ 13.029449] 7d80: ffff808f346b7da0 ffff000008083b4c ffff000009185000 ffff808f346b4000
> [ 13.037264] 7da0: ffff808f346b7e30 ffff000008d60dfc 00000000000000f5 ffff000009185000
> [ 13.045079] 7dc0: ffff0000092ae000 0000000000000007 ffff0000092ae000 ffff000008dc3078
> [ 13.052895] 7de0: ffff000008d604c8 ffff000008d51600 ffff000008dc3070 ffff000008e2b720
> [ 13.060710] 7e00: ffff0000091a68d8 ffff000008c09678 0000000000000000 0000000700000007
> [ 13.068526] 7e20: 0000000000000000 000000000004080b ffff808f346b7ea0 ffff000008980d90
> [ 13.076342] 7e40: ffff000008980d78 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
> [ 13.084157] 7e60: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
> [ 13.091972] 7e80: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 000000000004080b
> [ 13.099788] 7ea0: 0000000000000000 ffff000008083690 ffff000008980d78 0000000000000000
> [ 13.107603] 7ec0: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
> [ 13.115418] 7ee0: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
> [ 13.123233] 7f00: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
> [ 13.131048] 7f20: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
> [ 13.138864] 7f40: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
> [ 13.146679] 7f60: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
> [ 13.154494] 7f80: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
> [ 13.162309] 7fa0: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
> [ 13.170125] 7fc0: 0000000000000000 0000000000000005 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
> [ 13.177940] 7fe0: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
> [ 13.185755] Call trace:
> [ 13.188190] Exception stack(0xffff808f346b7a00 to 0xffff808f346b7b30)
> [ 13.194616] 7a00: ffff808f31076000 0001000000000000 ffff808f346b7bf0 ffff000008506f34
> [ 13.202432] 7a20: 00000000204000c9 0000000000000003 ffff000009660000 0000000000000007
> [ 13.210247] 7a40: ffff000000000000 0000000000000000 ffff0000092c2d3b 414d48203a6d7665
> [ 13.218062] 7a60: 3a73727474612043 0000000000000024 0000000005f5e0ff 0000000000000006
> [ 13.225878] 7a80: 0000000000000007 ffff0000092c2d25 ffff808f346b7aa0 ffff00000849bc1c
> [ 13.233693] 7aa0: ffff808f346b7b20 ffff00000849c100 0000000000000000 000000000004080b
> [ 13.241508] 7ac0: ffff00002030006c ffff000020000000 0000000000000014 000000000030006c
> [ 13.249323] 7ae0: ffff808f3107a800 0000000000000003 0000000000000000 ffff808f310da108
> [ 13.257139] 7b00: 7f7f7f7f7f7f7f7f ff656d6e626d686f 7f7f7f7f7f7f7f7f 0101010101010101
> [ 13.264953] 7b20: 0000000000000030 00000000f1e100cb
> [ 13.269819] [<ffff000008506f34>] pci_generic_config_read+0x5c/0xf0
> [ 13.275987] [<ffff000008506e2c>] pci_bus_read_config_dword+0xb4/0xd8
> [ 13.282328] [<ffff0000085089f4>] pcie_capability_read_dword+0x64/0xb8
> [ 13.288757] [<ffff000008513d28>] __pci_dev_reset+0x90/0x328
> [ 13.294317] [<ffff0000085142d4>] pci_probe_reset_function+0x24/0x30
> [ 13.300571] [<ffff000008518754>] pci_create_sysfs_dev_files+0x18c/0x2a0
> [ 13.307173] [<ffff000008d9a974>] pci_sysfs_init+0x38/0x60
> [ 13.312560] [<ffff000008083b4c>] do_one_initcall+0x5c/0x170
> [ 13.318122] [<ffff000008d60dfc>] kernel_init_freeable+0x1c0/0x27c
> [ 13.324205] [<ffff000008980d90>] kernel_init+0x18/0x110
> [ 13.329416] [<ffff000008083690>] ret_from_fork+0x10/0x40
> [ 13.334716] Code: 7100069f 540003c0 71000a9f 54000240 (b9400001)
> [ 13.340805] ---[ end trace fc992038acd29ec3 ]---

Most of this dmesg output is overkill -- I don't think the timestamps,
the register contents, or the hex stack dump will contribute to
understanding the issue or helping a user match a problem with this
patch.

> Fix this by adding a quirk that prevents the root port from
> entering D3 state. This is seen on both Ax/Bx variants of the processor.
>
> Signed-off-by: George Cherian <george.cherian@cavium.com>
> ---
> drivers/pci/quirks.c | 12 ++++++++++++
> 1 file changed, 12 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/quirks.c b/drivers/pci/quirks.c
> index 10684b1..2eb08a8 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/quirks.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/quirks.c
> @@ -1154,6 +1154,18 @@ static void quirk_ide_samemode(struct pci_dev *pdev)
> DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_EARLY(PCI_VENDOR_ID_INTEL, PCI_DEVICE_ID_INTEL_82801CA_10, quirk_ide_samemode);
>
> /*
> + * Cavium's Thunder-X2 Processors root port doesnot handle cfg/ecfg access to
> + * downstream properly if root port is put into D3
> + */
> +
> +static void quirk_no_rootport_d3(struct pci_dev *pdev)
> +{
> + pdev->dev_flags |= PCI_DEV_FLAGS_NO_D3;
> +}
> +DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_FINAL(PCI_VENDOR_ID_BROADCOM, 0x9084, quirk_no_rootport_d3);
> +DECLARE_PCI_FIXUP_FINAL(PCI_VENDOR_ID_CAVIUM, 0xaf84, quirk_no_rootport_d3);

I assume this is really only of interest if we have the Thunder-X2
host bridge driver in the kernel, right? Could the quirk be moved to
that driver so it's not included in everybody's kernel?

> +
> +/*
> * Some ATA devices break if put into D3
> */
>
> --
> 2.1.4
>

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