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Subject[PATCH v5 1/3] mm: Add support for kmem caches in DMA32 zone
Date
IOMMUs using ARMv7 short-descriptor format require page tables
to be allocated within the first 4GB of RAM, even on 64-bit systems.
On arm64, this is done by passing GFP_DMA32 flag to memory allocation
functions.

For IOMMU L2 tables that only take 1KB, it would be a waste to allocate
a full page using get_free_pages, so we considered 3 approaches:
1. This patch, adding support for GFP_DMA32 slab caches.
2. genalloc, which requires pre-allocating the maximum number of L2
page tables (4096, so 4MB of memory).
3. page_frag, which is not very memory-efficient as it is unable
to reuse freed fragments until the whole page is freed.

This change makes it possible to create a custom cache in DMA32 zone
using kmem_cache_create, then allocate memory using kmem_cache_alloc.

We do not create a DMA32 kmalloc cache array, as there are currently
no users of kmalloc(..., GFP_DMA32). These calls will continue to
trigger a warning, as we keep GFP_DMA32 in GFP_SLAB_BUG_MASK.

This implies that calls to kmem_cache_*alloc on a SLAB_CACHE_DMA32
kmem_cache must _not_ use GFP_DMA32 (it is anyway redundant and
unnecessary).

Signed-off-by: Nicolas Boichat <drinkcat@chromium.org>
---

Changes since v2:
- Clarified commit message
- Add entry in sysfs-kernel-slab to document the new sysfs file

(v3 used the page_frag approach)

Changes since v4:
- Added details to commit message
- Dropped change that removed GFP_DMA32 from GFP_SLAB_BUG_MASK:
instead we can just call kmem_cache_*alloc without GFP_DMA32
parameter. This also means that we can drop PATCH 1/3, as we
do not make any changes in GFP flag verification.
- Dropped hunks that added cache_dma32 sysfs file, and moved
the hunks to PATCH 3/3, so that maintainer can decide whether
to pick the change independently.

include/linux/slab.h | 2 ++
mm/slab.c | 2 ++
mm/slab.h | 3 ++-
mm/slab_common.c | 2 +-
mm/slub.c | 5 +++++
5 files changed, 12 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/slab.h b/include/linux/slab.h
index 11b45f7ae4057c..9449b19c5f107a 100644
--- a/include/linux/slab.h
+++ b/include/linux/slab.h
@@ -32,6 +32,8 @@
#define SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00002000U)
/* Use GFP_DMA memory */
#define SLAB_CACHE_DMA ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00004000U)
+/* Use GFP_DMA32 memory */
+#define SLAB_CACHE_DMA32 ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00008000U)
/* DEBUG: Store the last owner for bug hunting */
#define SLAB_STORE_USER ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00010000U)
/* Panic if kmem_cache_create() fails */
diff --git a/mm/slab.c b/mm/slab.c
index 73fe23e649c91a..124f8c556d27fb 100644
--- a/mm/slab.c
+++ b/mm/slab.c
@@ -2109,6 +2109,8 @@ int __kmem_cache_create(struct kmem_cache *cachep, slab_flags_t flags)
cachep->allocflags = __GFP_COMP;
if (flags & SLAB_CACHE_DMA)
cachep->allocflags |= GFP_DMA;
+ if (flags & SLAB_CACHE_DMA32)
+ cachep->allocflags |= GFP_DMA32;
if (flags & SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT)
cachep->allocflags |= __GFP_RECLAIMABLE;
cachep->size = size;
diff --git a/mm/slab.h b/mm/slab.h
index 4190c24ef0e9df..fcf717e12f0a86 100644
--- a/mm/slab.h
+++ b/mm/slab.h
@@ -127,7 +127,8 @@ static inline slab_flags_t kmem_cache_flags(unsigned int object_size,


/* Legal flag mask for kmem_cache_create(), for various configurations */
-#define SLAB_CORE_FLAGS (SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_CACHE_DMA | SLAB_PANIC | \
+#define SLAB_CORE_FLAGS (SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_CACHE_DMA | \
+ SLAB_CACHE_DMA32 | SLAB_PANIC | \
SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU | SLAB_DEBUG_OBJECTS )

#if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SLAB)
diff --git a/mm/slab_common.c b/mm/slab_common.c
index 70b0cc85db67f8..18b7b809c8d064 100644
--- a/mm/slab_common.c
+++ b/mm/slab_common.c
@@ -53,7 +53,7 @@ static DECLARE_WORK(slab_caches_to_rcu_destroy_work,
SLAB_FAILSLAB | SLAB_KASAN)

#define SLAB_MERGE_SAME (SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT | SLAB_CACHE_DMA | \
- SLAB_ACCOUNT)
+ SLAB_CACHE_DMA32 | SLAB_ACCOUNT)

/*
* Merge control. If this is set then no merging of slab caches will occur.
diff --git a/mm/slub.c b/mm/slub.c
index c229a9b7dd5448..4caadb926838ef 100644
--- a/mm/slub.c
+++ b/mm/slub.c
@@ -3583,6 +3583,9 @@ static int calculate_sizes(struct kmem_cache *s, int forced_order)
if (s->flags & SLAB_CACHE_DMA)
s->allocflags |= GFP_DMA;

+ if (s->flags & SLAB_CACHE_DMA32)
+ s->allocflags |= GFP_DMA32;
+
if (s->flags & SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT)
s->allocflags |= __GFP_RECLAIMABLE;

@@ -5671,6 +5674,8 @@ static char *create_unique_id(struct kmem_cache *s)
*/
if (s->flags & SLAB_CACHE_DMA)
*p++ = 'd';
+ if (s->flags & SLAB_CACHE_DMA32)
+ *p++ = 'D';
if (s->flags & SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT)
*p++ = 'a';
if (s->flags & SLAB_CONSISTENCY_CHECKS)
--
2.20.0.rc2.403.gdbc3b29805-goog
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