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SubjectRe: [PATCH] cpuidle: Add 'above' and 'below' idle state metrics
On Fri, Dec 07, 2018 at 12:57:00PM +0100, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> Subject: [PATCH] cpuidle: Add 'above' and 'below' idle state metrics
>
> Add two new metrics for CPU idle states, "above" and "below", to count
> the number of times the given state had been asked for (or entered
> from the kernel's perspective), but the observed idle duration turned
> out to be too short or too long for it (respectively).
>
> These mertics help to estimate the quality of the CPU idle governor

s/mertics/metrics

> in use.
>
> Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> ---
>
> This is a replacement for https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10714995/ with
> the metrics renamed and some documentation confusion cleaned up. Thanks!
>
> ---
> Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu | 7 ++++
> Documentation/admin-guide/pm/cpuidle.rst | 10 ++++++
> drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c | 31 ++++++++++++++++++++-
> drivers/cpuidle/sysfs.c | 6 ++++
> include/linux/cpuidle.h | 2 +
> 5 files changed, 55 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> Index: linux-pm/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-pm.orig/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
> +++ linux-pm/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
> @@ -202,7 +202,6 @@ int cpuidle_enter_state(struct cpuidle_d
> struct cpuidle_state *target_state = &drv->states[index];
> bool broadcast = !!(target_state->flags & CPUIDLE_FLAG_TIMER_STOP);
> ktime_t time_start, time_end;
> - s64 diff;
>
> /*
> * Tell the time framework to switch to a broadcast timer because our
> @@ -248,6 +247,9 @@ int cpuidle_enter_state(struct cpuidle_d
> local_irq_enable();
>
> if (entered_state >= 0) {
> + s64 diff, delay = drv->states[entered_state].exit_latency;

I am probably pointing out something that has been already debated,
apologies if so.

exit_latency is the *worst* case exit latency for idle states that involve
multiple CPUs, we can't say for certain it is the latency that was
actually experienced by the idle state exit.

It can be microseconds (eg CPU resume) vs milliseconds (eg groups of
cpus resume).

I think the current approach (which may only understimate the "below" by
substracting the worst case value) is reasonable but I pointed this out
since I do not know how these stats will be used.

Lorenzo

> + int i;
> +
> /*
> * Update cpuidle counters
> * This can be moved to within driver enter routine,
> @@ -260,6 +262,33 @@ int cpuidle_enter_state(struct cpuidle_d
> dev->last_residency = (int)diff;
> dev->states_usage[entered_state].time += dev->last_residency;
> dev->states_usage[entered_state].usage++;
> +
> + if (diff < drv->states[entered_state].target_residency) {
> + for (i = entered_state - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
> + if (drv->states[i].disabled ||
> + dev->states_usage[i].disable)
> + continue;
> +
> + /* Shallower states are enabled, so update. */
> + dev->states_usage[entered_state].above++;
> + break;
> + }
> + } else if (diff > delay) {
> + for (i = entered_state + 1; i < drv->state_count; i++) {
> + if (drv->states[i].disabled ||
> + dev->states_usage[i].disable)
> + continue;
> +
> + /*
> + * Update if a deeper state would have been a
> + * better match for the observed idle duration.
> + */
> + if (diff - delay >= drv->states[i].target_residency)
> + dev->states_usage[entered_state].below++;
> +
> + break;
> + }
> + }
> } else {
> dev->last_residency = 0;
> }
> Index: linux-pm/include/linux/cpuidle.h
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-pm.orig/include/linux/cpuidle.h
> +++ linux-pm/include/linux/cpuidle.h
> @@ -33,6 +33,8 @@ struct cpuidle_state_usage {
> unsigned long long disable;
> unsigned long long usage;
> unsigned long long time; /* in US */
> + unsigned long long above; /* Number of times it's been too deep */
> + unsigned long long below; /* Number of times it's been too shallow */
> #ifdef CONFIG_SUSPEND
> unsigned long long s2idle_usage;
> unsigned long long s2idle_time; /* in US */
> Index: linux-pm/drivers/cpuidle/sysfs.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-pm.orig/drivers/cpuidle/sysfs.c
> +++ linux-pm/drivers/cpuidle/sysfs.c
> @@ -301,6 +301,8 @@ define_show_state_str_function(name)
> define_show_state_str_function(desc)
> define_show_state_ull_function(disable)
> define_store_state_ull_function(disable)
> +define_show_state_ull_function(above)
> +define_show_state_ull_function(below)
>
> define_one_state_ro(name, show_state_name);
> define_one_state_ro(desc, show_state_desc);
> @@ -310,6 +312,8 @@ define_one_state_ro(power, show_state_po
> define_one_state_ro(usage, show_state_usage);
> define_one_state_ro(time, show_state_time);
> define_one_state_rw(disable, show_state_disable, store_state_disable);
> +define_one_state_ro(above, show_state_above);
> +define_one_state_ro(below, show_state_below);
>
> static struct attribute *cpuidle_state_default_attrs[] = {
> &attr_name.attr,
> @@ -320,6 +324,8 @@ static struct attribute *cpuidle_state_d
> &attr_usage.attr,
> &attr_time.attr,
> &attr_disable.attr,
> + &attr_above.attr,
> + &attr_below.attr,
> NULL
> };
>
> Index: linux-pm/Documentation/admin-guide/pm/cpuidle.rst
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-pm.orig/Documentation/admin-guide/pm/cpuidle.rst
> +++ linux-pm/Documentation/admin-guide/pm/cpuidle.rst
> @@ -398,6 +398,16 @@ deeper the (effective) idle state repres
> a number of files (attributes) representing the properties of the idle state
> object corresponding to it, as follows:
>
> +``above``
> + Total number of times this idle state had been asked for, but the
> + observed idle duration was certainly too short to match its target
> + residency.
> +
> +``below``
> + Total number of times this idle state had been asked for, but cerainly
> + a deeper idle state would have been a better match for the observed idle
> + duration.
> +
> ``desc``
> Description of the idle state.
>
> Index: linux-pm/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-pm.orig/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu
> +++ linux-pm/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu
> @@ -145,6 +145,8 @@ What: /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/cpui
> /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/cpuidle/stateN/power
> /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/cpuidle/stateN/time
> /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/cpuidle/stateN/usage
> + /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/cpuidle/stateN/high
> + /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/cpuidle/stateN/below
> Date: September 2007
> KernelVersion: v2.6.24
> Contact: Linux power management list <linux-pm@vger.kernel.org>
> @@ -166,6 +168,11 @@ Description:
>
> usage: (RO) Number of times this state was entered (a count).
>
> + above: (RO) Number of times this state was entered, but the
> + observed CPU idle duration was too short for it (a count).
> +
> + below: (RO) Number of times this state was entered, but the
> + observed CPU idle duration was too long for it (a count).
>
> What: /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/cpuidle/stateN/desc
> Date: February 2008
>

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