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Subject[PATCH 06/10] KVM: X86: Enable ROE for x86
Date
This patch implements kvm_roe_arch_commit_protection and
kvm_roe_arch_is_userspace for x86, and invoke kvm_roe via the
appropriate vmcall.

Signed-off-by: Ahmed Abd El Mawgood <ahmedsoliman@mena.vt.edu>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 2 +-
arch/x86/kvm/Makefile | 4 +-
arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c | 71 +++++-----------------
arch/x86/kvm/mmu.h | 30 +++++++++-
arch/x86/kvm/roe.c | 101 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/kvm/roe_arch.h | 28 +++++++++
arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 11 ++--
7 files changed, 183 insertions(+), 64 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/x86/kvm/roe.c
create mode 100644 arch/x86/kvm/roe_arch.h

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
index fbda5a917c..e56903e6ff 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
@@ -1230,7 +1230,7 @@ void kvm_mmu_set_mask_ptes(u64 user_mask, u64 accessed_mask,
u64 acc_track_mask, u64 me_mask);

void kvm_mmu_reset_context(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
-void kvm_mmu_slot_remove_write_access(struct kvm *kvm,
+void kvm_mmu_slot_apply_write_access(struct kvm *kvm,
struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot);
void kvm_mmu_zap_collapsible_sptes(struct kvm *kvm,
const struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/Makefile b/arch/x86/kvm/Makefile
index dc4f2fdf5e..a8c915a326 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/Makefile
@@ -9,7 +9,9 @@ CFLAGS_vmx.o := -I.
KVM := ../../../virt/kvm

kvm-y += $(KVM)/kvm_main.o $(KVM)/coalesced_mmio.o \
- $(KVM)/eventfd.o $(KVM)/irqchip.o $(KVM)/vfio.o
+ $(KVM)/eventfd.o $(KVM)/irqchip.o $(KVM)/vfio.o \
+ $(KVM)/roe.o roe.o
+
kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ASYNC_PF) += $(KVM)/async_pf.o

kvm-y += x86.o mmu.o emulate.o i8259.o irq.o lapic.o \
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
index a300e4acb8..fde565c8a1 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
@@ -23,7 +23,7 @@
#include "x86.h"
#include "kvm_cache_regs.h"
#include "cpuid.h"
-
+#include "roe_arch.h"
#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
@@ -1314,8 +1314,8 @@ static void pte_list_remove(struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head, u64 *sptep)
__pte_list_remove(sptep, rmap_head);
}

-static struct kvm_rmap_head *__gfn_to_rmap(gfn_t gfn, int level,
- struct kvm_memory_slot *slot)
+struct kvm_rmap_head *__gfn_to_rmap(gfn_t gfn, int level,
+ struct kvm_memory_slot *slot)
{
unsigned long idx;

@@ -1365,16 +1365,6 @@ static void rmap_remove(struct kvm *kvm, u64 *spte)
__pte_list_remove(spte, rmap_head);
}

-/*
- * Used by the following functions to iterate through the sptes linked by a
- * rmap. All fields are private and not assumed to be used outside.
- */
-struct rmap_iterator {
- /* private fields */
- struct pte_list_desc *desc; /* holds the sptep if not NULL */
- int pos; /* index of the sptep */
-};
-
/*
* Iteration must be started by this function. This should also be used after
* removing/dropping sptes from the rmap link because in such cases the
@@ -1382,8 +1372,7 @@ struct rmap_iterator {
*
* Returns sptep if found, NULL otherwise.
*/
-static u64 *rmap_get_first(struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head,
- struct rmap_iterator *iter)
+u64 *rmap_get_first(struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head, struct rmap_iterator *iter)
{
u64 *sptep;

@@ -1409,7 +1398,7 @@ static u64 *rmap_get_first(struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head,
*
* Returns sptep if found, NULL otherwise.
*/
-static u64 *rmap_get_next(struct rmap_iterator *iter)
+u64 *rmap_get_next(struct rmap_iterator *iter)
{
u64 *sptep;

@@ -1480,7 +1469,7 @@ static void drop_large_spte(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *sptep)
*
* Return true if tlb need be flushed.
*/
-static bool spte_write_protect(u64 *sptep, bool pt_protect)
+bool spte_write_protect(u64 *sptep, bool pt_protect)
{
u64 spte = *sptep;

@@ -1498,8 +1487,7 @@ static bool spte_write_protect(u64 *sptep, bool pt_protect)
}

static bool __rmap_write_protect(struct kvm *kvm,
- struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head,
- bool pt_protect, void *data)
+ struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head, bool pt_protect)
{
u64 *sptep;
struct rmap_iterator iter;
@@ -1598,7 +1586,7 @@ static void kvm_mmu_write_protect_pt_masked(struct kvm *kvm,
while (mask) {
rmap_head = __gfn_to_rmap(slot->base_gfn + gfn_offset + __ffs(mask),
PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL, slot);
- __rmap_write_protect(kvm, rmap_head, false, NULL);
+ __rmap_write_protect(kvm, rmap_head, false);

/* clear the first set bit */
mask &= mask - 1;
@@ -1668,22 +1656,6 @@ int kvm_arch_write_log_dirty(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
return 0;
}

-bool kvm_mmu_slot_gfn_write_protect(struct kvm *kvm,
- struct kvm_memory_slot *slot, u64 gfn)
-{
- struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head;
- int i;
- bool write_protected = false;
-
- for (i = PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL; i <= PT_MAX_HUGEPAGE_LEVEL; ++i) {
- rmap_head = __gfn_to_rmap(gfn, i, slot);
- write_protected |= __rmap_write_protect(kvm, rmap_head, true,
- NULL);
- }
-
- return write_protected;
-}
-
static bool rmap_write_protect(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 gfn)
{
struct kvm_memory_slot *slot;
@@ -5524,10 +5496,6 @@ void kvm_mmu_uninit_vm(struct kvm *kvm)
kvm_page_track_unregister_notifier(kvm, node);
}

-/* The return value indicates if tlb flush on all vcpus is needed. */
-typedef bool (*slot_level_handler) (struct kvm *kvm,
- struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head, void *data);
-
/* The caller should hold mmu-lock before calling this function. */
static __always_inline bool
slot_handle_level_range(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot,
@@ -5571,9 +5539,8 @@ slot_handle_level(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot,
lock_flush_tlb, data);
}

-static __always_inline bool
-slot_handle_all_level(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot,
- slot_level_handler fn, bool lock_flush_tlb, void *data)
+bool slot_handle_all_level(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot,
+ slot_level_handler fn, bool lock_flush_tlb, void *data)
{
return slot_handle_level(kvm, memslot, fn, PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL,
PT_MAX_HUGEPAGE_LEVEL, lock_flush_tlb, data);
@@ -5625,21 +5592,15 @@ static bool slot_rmap_write_protect(struct kvm *kvm,
struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head,
void *data)
{
- return __rmap_write_protect(kvm, rmap_head, false, data);
+ return __rmap_write_protect(kvm, rmap_head, false);
}

-void kvm_mmu_slot_remove_write_access(struct kvm *kvm,
- struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot)
+void kvm_mmu_slot_apply_write_access(struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot)
{
- bool flush;
-
- spin_lock(&kvm->mmu_lock);
- flush = slot_handle_all_level(kvm, memslot, slot_rmap_write_protect,
- false, NULL);
- spin_unlock(&kvm->mmu_lock);
-
+ bool flush = protect_all_levels(kvm, memslot);
/*
- * kvm_mmu_slot_remove_write_access() and kvm_vm_ioctl_get_dirty_log()
+ * kvm_mmu_slot_apply_write_access() and kvm_vm_ioctl_get_dirty_log()
* which do tlb flush out of mmu-lock should be serialized by
* kvm->slots_lock otherwise tlb flush would be missed.
*/
@@ -5736,7 +5697,7 @@ void kvm_mmu_slot_largepage_remove_write_access(struct kvm *kvm,
false, NULL);
spin_unlock(&kvm->mmu_lock);

- /* see kvm_mmu_slot_remove_write_access */
+ /* see kvm_mmu_slot_apply_write_access*/
lockdep_assert_held(&kvm->slots_lock);

if (flush)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.h b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.h
index 49d7f2f002..35b46a6a0a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.h
@@ -4,7 +4,7 @@

#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
#include "kvm_cache_regs.h"
-
+#include "roe_arch.h"
#define PT64_PT_BITS 9
#define PT64_ENT_PER_PAGE (1 << PT64_PT_BITS)
#define PT32_PT_BITS 10
@@ -43,6 +43,24 @@
#define PT32_ROOT_LEVEL 2
#define PT32E_ROOT_LEVEL 3

+#define for_each_rmap_spte(_rmap_head_, _iter_, _spte_) \
+ for (_spte_ = rmap_get_first(_rmap_head_, _iter_); \
+ _spte_; _spte_ = rmap_get_next(_iter_))
+
+/*
+ * Used by the following functions to iterate through the sptes linked by a
+ * rmap. All fields are private and not assumed to be used outside.
+ */
+struct rmap_iterator {
+ /* private fields */
+ struct pte_list_desc *desc; /* holds the sptep if not NULL */
+ int pos; /* index of the sptep */
+};
+
+u64 *rmap_get_first(struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head,
+ struct rmap_iterator *iter);
+u64 *rmap_get_next(struct rmap_iterator *iter);
+bool spte_write_protect(u64 *sptep, bool pt_protect);
static inline u64 rsvd_bits(int s, int e)
{
if (e < s)
@@ -203,13 +221,19 @@ static inline u8 permission_fault(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_mmu *mmu,
return -(u32)fault & errcode;
}

+/* The return value indicates if tlb flush on all vcpus is needed. */
+typedef bool (*slot_level_handler) (struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head, void *data);
+
void kvm_mmu_invalidate_zap_all_pages(struct kvm *kvm);
void kvm_zap_gfn_range(struct kvm *kvm, gfn_t gfn_start, gfn_t gfn_end);

void kvm_mmu_gfn_disallow_lpage(struct kvm_memory_slot *slot, gfn_t gfn);
void kvm_mmu_gfn_allow_lpage(struct kvm_memory_slot *slot, gfn_t gfn);
-bool kvm_mmu_slot_gfn_write_protect(struct kvm *kvm,
- struct kvm_memory_slot *slot, u64 gfn);
int kvm_arch_write_log_dirty(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
gfn_t spte_to_gfn(u64 *sptep);
+bool slot_handle_all_level(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot,
+ slot_level_handler fn, bool lock_flush_tlb, void *data);
+struct kvm_rmap_head *__gfn_to_rmap(gfn_t gfn, int level,
+ struct kvm_memory_slot *slot);
#endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/roe.c b/arch/x86/kvm/roe.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..f787106be8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/roe.c
@@ -0,0 +1,101 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+/*
+ * KVM Read Only Enforcement
+ * Copyright (c) 2018 Ahmed Abd El Mawgood
+ *
+ * Author: Ahmed Abd El Mawgood <ahmedsoliman@mena.vt.edu>
+ *
+ */
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
+#include <kvm/roe.h>
+
+
+#include <asm/kvm_host.h>
+#include "kvm_cache_regs.h"
+#include "mmu.h"
+#include "roe_arch.h"
+
+static bool __rmap_write_protect_roe(struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head, bool pt_protect,
+ struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot)
+{
+ u64 *sptep;
+ struct rmap_iterator iter;
+ bool prot;
+ bool flush = false;
+
+ for_each_rmap_spte(rmap_head, &iter, sptep) {
+ int idx = spte_to_gfn(sptep) - memslot->base_gfn;
+
+ prot = !test_bit(idx, memslot->roe_bitmap) && pt_protect;
+ flush |= spte_write_protect(sptep, prot);
+ }
+ return flush;
+}
+
+bool kvm_mmu_slot_gfn_write_protect_roe(struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_memory_slot *slot, u64 gfn)
+{
+ struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head;
+ int i;
+ bool write_protected = false;
+
+ for (i = PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL; i <= PT_MAX_HUGEPAGE_LEVEL; ++i) {
+ rmap_head = __gfn_to_rmap(gfn, i, slot);
+ write_protected |= __rmap_write_protect_roe(kvm, rmap_head,
+ true, slot);
+ }
+ return write_protected;
+}
+
+static bool slot_rmap_apply_protection(struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap_head, void *data)
+{
+ struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot = (struct kvm_memory_slot *) data;
+ bool prot_mask = !(memslot->flags & KVM_MEM_READONLY);
+
+ return __rmap_write_protect_roe(kvm, rmap_head, prot_mask, memslot);
+}
+
+bool roe_protect_all_levels(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot)
+{
+ bool flush;
+
+ spin_lock(&kvm->mmu_lock);
+ flush = slot_handle_all_level(kvm, memslot, slot_rmap_apply_protection,
+ false, memslot);
+ spin_unlock(&kvm->mmu_lock);
+ return flush;
+}
+
+void kvm_roe_arch_commit_protection(struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_memory_slot *slot)
+{
+ kvm_mmu_slot_apply_write_access(kvm, slot);
+ kvm_arch_flush_shadow_memslot(kvm, slot);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_roe_arch_commit_protection);
+
+bool kvm_roe_arch_is_userspace(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
+{
+ u64 rflags;
+ u64 cr0 = kvm_read_cr0(vcpu);
+ u64 iopl;
+
+ // first checking we are not in protected mode
+ if ((cr0 & 1) == 0)
+ return false;
+ /*
+ * we don't need to worry about comments in __get_regs
+ * because we are sure that this function will only be
+ * triggered at the end of a hypercall instruction.
+ */
+ rflags = kvm_get_rflags(vcpu);
+ iopl = (rflags >> 12) & 3;
+ if (iopl != 3)
+ return false;
+ return true;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_roe_arch_is_userspace);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/roe_arch.h b/arch/x86/kvm/roe_arch.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..17a8b79d36
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/roe_arch.h
@@ -0,0 +1,28 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+
+#ifndef __KVM_ROE_HARCH_H__
+#define __KVM_ROE_HARCH_H__
+/*
+ * KVM Read Only Enforcement
+ * Copyright (c) 2018 Ahmed Abd El Mawgood
+ *
+ * Author: Ahmed Abd El Mawgood <ahmedsoliman@mena.vt.edu>
+ *
+ */
+#include "mmu.h"
+
+bool roe_protect_all_levels(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot);
+
+static inline bool protect_all_levels(struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_memory_slot *memslot)
+{
+ return roe_protect_all_levels(kvm, memslot);
+}
+bool kvm_mmu_slot_gfn_write_protect_roe(struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_memory_slot *slot, u64 gfn);
+static inline bool kvm_mmu_slot_gfn_write_protect(struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_memory_slot *slot, u64 gfn)
+{
+ return kvm_mmu_slot_gfn_write_protect_roe(kvm, slot, gfn);
+}
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
index d02937760c..28475c83f9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
*/

#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
+#include <kvm/roe.h>
#include "irq.h"
#include "mmu.h"
#include "i8254.h"
@@ -4409,7 +4410,7 @@ int kvm_vm_ioctl_get_dirty_log(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_dirty_log *log)

/*
* All the TLBs can be flushed out of mmu lock, see the comments in
- * kvm_mmu_slot_remove_write_access().
+ * kvm_mmu_slot_apply_write_access().
*/
lockdep_assert_held(&kvm->slots_lock);
if (is_dirty)
@@ -6928,7 +6929,6 @@ static int kvm_pv_clock_pairing(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gpa_t paddr,
return ret;
}
#endif
-
/*
* kvm_pv_kick_cpu_op: Kick a vcpu.
*
@@ -7000,6 +7000,9 @@ int kvm_emulate_hypercall(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
ret = kvm_pv_send_ipi(vcpu->kvm, a0, a1, a2, a3, op_64_bit);
break;
#endif
+ case KVM_HC_ROE:
+ ret = kvm_roe(vcpu, a0, a1, a2, a3);
+ break;
default:
ret = -KVM_ENOSYS;
break;
@@ -9263,8 +9266,8 @@ static void kvm_mmu_slot_apply_flags(struct kvm *kvm,
struct kvm_memory_slot *new)
{
/* Still write protect RO slot */
+ kvm_mmu_slot_apply_write_access(kvm, new);
if (new->flags & KVM_MEM_READONLY) {
- kvm_mmu_slot_remove_write_access(kvm, new);
return;
}

@@ -9302,7 +9305,7 @@ static void kvm_mmu_slot_apply_flags(struct kvm *kvm,
if (kvm_x86_ops->slot_enable_log_dirty)
kvm_x86_ops->slot_enable_log_dirty(kvm, new);
else
- kvm_mmu_slot_remove_write_access(kvm, new);
+ kvm_mmu_slot_apply_write_access(kvm, new);
} else {
if (kvm_x86_ops->slot_disable_log_dirty)
kvm_x86_ops->slot_disable_log_dirty(kvm, new);
--
2.19.2
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