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Subject[PATCH -V8 14/21] swap: Support to move swap account for PMD swap mapping
Date
Previously the huge swap cluster will be split after the THP is
swapout. Now, to support to swapin the THP in one piece, the huge
swap cluster will not be split after the THP is reclaimed. So in
memcg, we need to move the swap account for PMD swap mappings in the
process's page table.

When the page table is scanned during moving memcg charge, the PMD
swap mapping will be identified. And mem_cgroup_move_swap_account()
and its callee is revised to move account for the whole huge swap
cluster. If the swap cluster mapped by PMD has been split, the PMD
swap mapping will be split and fallback to PTE processing.

Signed-off-by: "Huang, Ying" <ying.huang@intel.com>
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Shaohua Li <shli@kernel.org>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Zi Yan <zi.yan@cs.rutgers.edu>
Cc: Daniel Jordan <daniel.m.jordan@oracle.com>
---
include/linux/huge_mm.h | 7 ++
include/linux/swap.h | 6 ++
include/linux/swap_cgroup.h | 3 +-
mm/huge_memory.c | 7 +-
mm/memcontrol.c | 131 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
mm/swap_cgroup.c | 45 ++++++++++---
mm/swapfile.c | 14 ++++
7 files changed, 173 insertions(+), 40 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/huge_mm.h b/include/linux/huge_mm.h
index 6236f8b1d04b..260357fc9d76 100644
--- a/include/linux/huge_mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/huge_mm.h
@@ -376,6 +376,8 @@ static inline gfp_t alloc_hugepage_direct_gfpmask(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
#endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */

#ifdef CONFIG_THP_SWAP
+extern void __split_huge_swap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd);
extern int split_huge_swap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd,
unsigned long address, pmd_t orig_pmd);
extern int do_huge_pmd_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd);
@@ -403,6 +405,11 @@ static inline bool transparent_hugepage_swapin_enabled(
return false;
}
#else /* CONFIG_THP_SWAP */
+static inline void __split_huge_swap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd)
+{
+}
+
static inline int split_huge_swap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd,
unsigned long address, pmd_t orig_pmd)
{
diff --git a/include/linux/swap.h b/include/linux/swap.h
index 4bd532c9315e..6463784fd5e8 100644
--- a/include/linux/swap.h
+++ b/include/linux/swap.h
@@ -622,6 +622,7 @@ static inline swp_entry_t get_swap_page(struct page *page)
#ifdef CONFIG_THP_SWAP
extern int split_swap_cluster(swp_entry_t entry, unsigned long flags);
extern int split_swap_cluster_map(swp_entry_t entry);
+extern int get_swap_entry_size(swp_entry_t entry);
#else
static inline int split_swap_cluster(swp_entry_t entry, unsigned long flags)
{
@@ -632,6 +633,11 @@ static inline int split_swap_cluster_map(swp_entry_t entry)
{
return 0;
}
+
+static inline int get_swap_entry_size(swp_entry_t entry)
+{
+ return 1;
+}
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
diff --git a/include/linux/swap_cgroup.h b/include/linux/swap_cgroup.h
index a12dd1c3966c..c40fb52b0563 100644
--- a/include/linux/swap_cgroup.h
+++ b/include/linux/swap_cgroup.h
@@ -7,7 +7,8 @@
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_SWAP

extern unsigned short swap_cgroup_cmpxchg(swp_entry_t ent,
- unsigned short old, unsigned short new);
+ unsigned short old, unsigned short new,
+ unsigned int nr_ents);
extern unsigned short swap_cgroup_record(swp_entry_t ent, unsigned short id,
unsigned int nr_ents);
extern unsigned short lookup_swap_cgroup_id(swp_entry_t ent);
diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c
index 9cf5d4fa6d98..83140c895b58 100644
--- a/mm/huge_memory.c
+++ b/mm/huge_memory.c
@@ -1685,10 +1685,10 @@ vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t pmd)
return 0;
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_THP_SWAP
/* Convert a PMD swap mapping to a set of PTE swap mappings */
-static void __split_huge_swap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
- unsigned long addr,
- pmd_t *pmd)
+void __split_huge_swap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
pgtable_t pgtable;
@@ -1720,7 +1720,6 @@ static void __split_huge_swap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
pmd_populate(mm, pmd, pgtable);
}

-#ifdef CONFIG_THP_SWAP
int split_huge_swap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd,
unsigned long address, pmd_t orig_pmd)
{
diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index b860dd4f75f2..ac1abfcfab88 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -2667,9 +2667,10 @@ void mem_cgroup_split_huge_fixup(struct page *head)
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_SWAP
/**
* mem_cgroup_move_swap_account - move swap charge and swap_cgroup's record.
- * @entry: swap entry to be moved
+ * @entry: the first swap entry to be moved
* @from: mem_cgroup which the entry is moved from
* @to: mem_cgroup which the entry is moved to
+ * @nr_ents: number of swap entries
*
* It succeeds only when the swap_cgroup's record for this entry is the same
* as the mem_cgroup's id of @from.
@@ -2680,23 +2681,27 @@ void mem_cgroup_split_huge_fixup(struct page *head)
* both res and memsw, and called css_get().
*/
static int mem_cgroup_move_swap_account(swp_entry_t entry,
- struct mem_cgroup *from, struct mem_cgroup *to)
+ struct mem_cgroup *from,
+ struct mem_cgroup *to,
+ unsigned int nr_ents)
{
unsigned short old_id, new_id;

old_id = mem_cgroup_id(from);
new_id = mem_cgroup_id(to);

- if (swap_cgroup_cmpxchg(entry, old_id, new_id) == old_id) {
- mod_memcg_state(from, MEMCG_SWAP, -1);
- mod_memcg_state(to, MEMCG_SWAP, 1);
+ if (swap_cgroup_cmpxchg(entry, old_id, new_id, nr_ents) == old_id) {
+ mod_memcg_state(from, MEMCG_SWAP, -nr_ents);
+ mod_memcg_state(to, MEMCG_SWAP, nr_ents);
return 0;
}
return -EINVAL;
}
#else
static inline int mem_cgroup_move_swap_account(swp_entry_t entry,
- struct mem_cgroup *from, struct mem_cgroup *to)
+ struct mem_cgroup *from,
+ struct mem_cgroup *to,
+ unsigned int nr_ents)
{
return -EINVAL;
}
@@ -4649,6 +4654,7 @@ enum mc_target_type {
MC_TARGET_PAGE,
MC_TARGET_SWAP,
MC_TARGET_DEVICE,
+ MC_TARGET_FALLBACK,
};

static struct page *mc_handle_present_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
@@ -4715,6 +4721,28 @@ static struct page *mc_handle_swap_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
}
#endif

+#ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
+static struct page *mc_handle_swap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ pmd_t pmd, swp_entry_t *entry)
+{
+ struct page *page = NULL;
+ swp_entry_t ent = pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd);
+
+ if (!(mc.flags & MOVE_ANON) || non_swap_entry(ent))
+ return NULL;
+
+ /*
+ * Because lookup_swap_cache() updates some statistics counter,
+ * we call find_get_page() with swapper_space directly.
+ */
+ page = find_get_page(swap_address_space(ent), swp_offset(ent));
+ if (do_memsw_account())
+ entry->val = ent.val;
+
+ return page;
+}
+#endif
+
static struct page *mc_handle_file_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long addr, pte_t ptent, swp_entry_t *entry)
{
@@ -4903,7 +4931,9 @@ static enum mc_target_type get_mctgt_type(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
* There is a swap entry and a page doesn't exist or isn't charged.
* But we cannot move a tail-page in a THP.
*/
- if (ent.val && !ret && (!page || !PageTransCompound(page)) &&
+ if (ent.val && !ret &&
+ ((page && !PageTransCompound(page)) ||
+ (!page && get_swap_entry_size(ent) == 1)) &&
mem_cgroup_id(mc.from) == lookup_swap_cgroup_id(ent)) {
ret = MC_TARGET_SWAP;
if (target)
@@ -4914,37 +4944,64 @@ static enum mc_target_type get_mctgt_type(struct vm_area_struct *vma,

#ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
/*
- * We don't consider PMD mapped swapping or file mapped pages because THP does
- * not support them for now.
- * Caller should make sure that pmd_trans_huge(pmd) is true.
+ * We don't consider file mapped pages because THP does not support
+ * them for now.
*/
static enum mc_target_type get_mctgt_type_thp(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
- unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd, union mc_target *target)
+ unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp, union mc_target *target)
{
+ pmd_t pmd = *pmdp;
struct page *page = NULL;
enum mc_target_type ret = MC_TARGET_NONE;
+ swp_entry_t ent = { .val = 0 };

if (unlikely(is_swap_pmd(pmd))) {
- VM_BUG_ON(thp_migration_supported() &&
- !is_pmd_migration_entry(pmd));
- return ret;
+ if (is_pmd_migration_entry(pmd)) {
+ VM_BUG_ON(!thp_migration_supported());
+ return ret;
+ }
+ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_THP_SWAP)) {
+ VM_BUG_ON(1);
+ return ret;
+ }
+ page = mc_handle_swap_pmd(vma, pmd, &ent);
+ /* The swap cluster has been split under us */
+ if ((page && !PageTransHuge(page)) ||
+ (!page && ent.val && get_swap_entry_size(ent) == 1)) {
+ __split_huge_swap_pmd(vma, addr, pmdp);
+ ret = MC_TARGET_FALLBACK;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ } else {
+ page = pmd_page(pmd);
+ get_page(page);
}
- page = pmd_page(pmd);
- VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!page || !PageHead(page), page);
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page && !PageHead(page), page);
if (!(mc.flags & MOVE_ANON))
- return ret;
- if (page->mem_cgroup == mc.from) {
+ goto out;
+ if (!page && !ent.val)
+ goto out;
+ if (page && page->mem_cgroup == mc.from) {
ret = MC_TARGET_PAGE;
if (target) {
get_page(page);
target->page = page;
}
}
+ if (ent.val && !ret && !page &&
+ mem_cgroup_id(mc.from) == lookup_swap_cgroup_id(ent)) {
+ ret = MC_TARGET_SWAP;
+ if (target)
+ target->ent = ent;
+ }
+out:
+ if (page)
+ put_page(page);
return ret;
}
#else
static inline enum mc_target_type get_mctgt_type_thp(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
- unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd, union mc_target *target)
+ unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp, union mc_target *target)
{
return MC_TARGET_NONE;
}
@@ -4957,6 +5014,7 @@ static int mem_cgroup_count_precharge_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd,
struct vm_area_struct *vma = walk->vma;
pte_t *pte;
spinlock_t *ptl;
+ int ret;

ptl = pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma);
if (ptl) {
@@ -4965,12 +5023,16 @@ static int mem_cgroup_count_precharge_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd,
* support transparent huge page with MEMORY_DEVICE_PUBLIC or
* MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE but this might change.
*/
- if (get_mctgt_type_thp(vma, addr, *pmd, NULL) == MC_TARGET_PAGE)
- mc.precharge += HPAGE_PMD_NR;
+ ret = get_mctgt_type_thp(vma, addr, pmd, NULL);
spin_unlock(ptl);
+ if (ret == MC_TARGET_FALLBACK)
+ goto fallback;
+ if (ret)
+ mc.precharge += HPAGE_PMD_NR;
return 0;
}

+fallback:
if (pmd_trans_unstable(pmd))
return 0;
pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, pmd, addr, &ptl);
@@ -5161,6 +5223,7 @@ static int mem_cgroup_move_charge_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd,
enum mc_target_type target_type;
union mc_target target;
struct page *page;
+ swp_entry_t ent;

ptl = pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma);
if (ptl) {
@@ -5168,8 +5231,9 @@ static int mem_cgroup_move_charge_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd,
spin_unlock(ptl);
return 0;
}
- target_type = get_mctgt_type_thp(vma, addr, *pmd, &target);
- if (target_type == MC_TARGET_PAGE) {
+ target_type = get_mctgt_type_thp(vma, addr, pmd, &target);
+ switch (target_type) {
+ case MC_TARGET_PAGE:
page = target.page;
if (!isolate_lru_page(page)) {
if (!mem_cgroup_move_account(page, true,
@@ -5180,7 +5244,8 @@ static int mem_cgroup_move_charge_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd,
putback_lru_page(page);
}
put_page(page);
- } else if (target_type == MC_TARGET_DEVICE) {
+ break;
+ case MC_TARGET_DEVICE:
page = target.page;
if (!mem_cgroup_move_account(page, true,
mc.from, mc.to)) {
@@ -5188,9 +5253,21 @@ static int mem_cgroup_move_charge_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd,
mc.moved_charge += HPAGE_PMD_NR;
}
put_page(page);
+ break;
+ case MC_TARGET_SWAP:
+ ent = target.ent;
+ if (!mem_cgroup_move_swap_account(ent, mc.from, mc.to,
+ HPAGE_PMD_NR)) {
+ mc.precharge -= HPAGE_PMD_NR;
+ mc.moved_swap += HPAGE_PMD_NR;
+ }
+ break;
+ default:
+ break;
}
spin_unlock(ptl);
- return 0;
+ if (target_type != MC_TARGET_FALLBACK)
+ return 0;
}

if (pmd_trans_unstable(pmd))
@@ -5200,7 +5277,6 @@ static int mem_cgroup_move_charge_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd,
for (; addr != end; addr += PAGE_SIZE) {
pte_t ptent = *(pte++);
bool device = false;
- swp_entry_t ent;

if (!mc.precharge)
break;
@@ -5234,7 +5310,8 @@ static int mem_cgroup_move_charge_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd,
break;
case MC_TARGET_SWAP:
ent = target.ent;
- if (!mem_cgroup_move_swap_account(ent, mc.from, mc.to)) {
+ if (!mem_cgroup_move_swap_account(ent, mc.from,
+ mc.to, 1)) {
mc.precharge--;
/* we fixup refcnts and charges later. */
mc.moved_swap++;
diff --git a/mm/swap_cgroup.c b/mm/swap_cgroup.c
index 45affaef3bc6..ccc08e88962a 100644
--- a/mm/swap_cgroup.c
+++ b/mm/swap_cgroup.c
@@ -87,29 +87,58 @@ static struct swap_cgroup *lookup_swap_cgroup(swp_entry_t ent,

/**
* swap_cgroup_cmpxchg - cmpxchg mem_cgroup's id for this swp_entry.
- * @ent: swap entry to be cmpxchged
+ * @ent: the first swap entry to be cmpxchged
* @old: old id
* @new: new id
+ * @nr_ents: number of swap entries
*
* Returns old id at success, 0 at failure.
* (There is no mem_cgroup using 0 as its id)
*/
unsigned short swap_cgroup_cmpxchg(swp_entry_t ent,
- unsigned short old, unsigned short new)
+ unsigned short old, unsigned short new,
+ unsigned int nr_ents)
{
struct swap_cgroup_ctrl *ctrl;
- struct swap_cgroup *sc;
+ struct swap_cgroup *sc_start, *sc;
unsigned long flags;
unsigned short retval;
+ pgoff_t offset_start = swp_offset(ent), offset;
+ pgoff_t end = offset_start + nr_ents;

- sc = lookup_swap_cgroup(ent, &ctrl);
+ sc_start = lookup_swap_cgroup(ent, &ctrl);

spin_lock_irqsave(&ctrl->lock, flags);
- retval = sc->id;
- if (retval == old)
+ sc = sc_start;
+ offset = offset_start;
+ for (;;) {
+ if (sc->id != old) {
+ retval = 0;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ offset++;
+ if (offset == end)
+ break;
+ if (offset % SC_PER_PAGE)
+ sc++;
+ else
+ sc = __lookup_swap_cgroup(ctrl, offset);
+ }
+
+ sc = sc_start;
+ offset = offset_start;
+ for (;;) {
sc->id = new;
- else
- retval = 0;
+ offset++;
+ if (offset == end)
+ break;
+ if (offset % SC_PER_PAGE)
+ sc++;
+ else
+ sc = __lookup_swap_cgroup(ctrl, offset);
+ }
+ retval = old;
+out:
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ctrl->lock, flags);
return retval;
}
diff --git a/mm/swapfile.c b/mm/swapfile.c
index b85ec810d941..d7717b694ec1 100644
--- a/mm/swapfile.c
+++ b/mm/swapfile.c
@@ -1730,6 +1730,20 @@ static int page_trans_huge_map_swapcount(struct page *page, int *total_mapcount,
return map_swapcount;
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_THP_SWAP
+int get_swap_entry_size(swp_entry_t entry)
+{
+ struct swap_info_struct *si;
+ struct swap_cluster_info *ci;
+
+ si = _swap_info_get(entry);
+ if (!si || !si->cluster_info)
+ return 1;
+ ci = si->cluster_info + swp_offset(entry) / SWAPFILE_CLUSTER;
+ return cluster_is_huge(ci) ? SWAPFILE_CLUSTER : 1;
+}
+#endif
+
/*
* We can write to an anon page without COW if there are no other references
* to it. And as a side-effect, free up its swap: because the old content
--
2.18.1
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