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SubjectRe: [PATCH] x86/mm/fault: Streamline the fault error_code decoder some more
On Wed, Dec 5, 2018 at 11:34 PM Ingo Molnar <> wrote:
> Yeah, so I don't like the overly long 'SUPERVISOR' and the somewhat
> inconsistent, sporadic handling of negatives. Here's our error code bits:
> /*
> * Page fault error code bits:
> *
> * bit 0 == 0: no page found 1: protection fault
> * bit 1 == 0: read access 1: write access
> * bit 2 == 0: kernel-mode access 1: user-mode access

No. Really not at all.

Bit 2 is *not* "kernel vs user". Never has been. Never will be.

It's a single bit that mixes up *three* different cases:

- regular user mode access (value: 1)

- regular CPL0 access (value: 0)

- CPU system access (value: 0)

and that third case really is important and relevant. And importantly,
it can happen from user space.

In fact, these days we possibly have a fourth case:

- kernel access using wruss (value: 1)

and I'd rather see just the numbers (which you have to know to decode)
than see the simplified AND WRONG decoding of those numbers.

Please don't ever confuse the fault U/S bit with "user vs kernel".
It's just not true, and people should be very very aware of it now
being true.

If you care whether a page fault happened in user mode or not, you
have to look at the register state (ie "user_mode(regs)").

Please call the U/S bit something else than "user" or "kernel".


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