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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH] hwpoison, memory_hotplug: allow hwpoisoned pages to be offlined
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On 05.12.18 17:57, Michal Hocko wrote:
> On Wed 05-12-18 13:29:18, Michal Hocko wrote:
> [...]
>> After some more thinking I am not really sure the above reasoning is
>> still true with the current upstream kernel. Maybe I just managed to
>> confuse myself so please hold off on this patch for now. Testing by
>> Oscar has shown this patch is helping but the changelog might need to be
>> updated.
>
> OK, so Oscar has nailed it down and it seems that 4.4 kernel we have
> been debugging on behaves slightly different. The underlying problem is
> the same though. So I have reworded the changelog and added "just in
> case" PageLRU handling. Naoya, maybe you have an argument that would
> make this void for current upstream kernels.
>
> I have dropped all the reviewed tags as the patch has changed slightly.
> Thanks a lot to Oscar for his patience and testing he has devoted to
> this issue.
>
> Btw. the way how we drop all the work on the first page that we cannot
> isolate is just goofy. Why don't we simply migrate all that we already
> have on the list and go on? Something for a followup cleanup though.
> ---
> From 909521051f41ae46a841b481acaf1ed9c695ae7b Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
> From: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
> Date: Mon, 3 Dec 2018 10:27:18 +0100
> Subject: [PATCH] hwpoison, memory_hotplug: allow hwpoisoned pages to be
> offlined
>
> We have received a bug report that an injected MCE about faulty memory
> prevents memory offline to succeed on 4.4 base kernel. The underlying
> reason was that the HWPoison page has an elevated reference count and
> the migration keeps failing. There are two problems with that. First
> of all it is dubious to migrate the poisoned page because we know that
> accessing that memory is possible to fail. Secondly it doesn't make any
> sense to migrate a potentially broken content and preserve the memory
> corruption over to a new location.
>
> Oscar has found out that 4.4 and the current upstream kernels behave
> slightly differently with his simply testcase
> ===
>
> int main(void)
> {
> int ret;
> int i;
> int fd;
> char *array = malloc(4096);
> char *array_locked = malloc(4096);
>
> fd = open("/tmp/data", O_RDONLY);
> read(fd, array, 4095);
>
> for (i = 0; i < 4096; i++)
> array_locked[i] = 'd';
>
> ret = mlock((void *)PAGE_ALIGN((unsigned long)array_locked), sizeof(array_locked));
> if (ret)
> perror("mlock");
>
> sleep (20);
>
> ret = madvise((void *)PAGE_ALIGN((unsigned long)array_locked), 4096, MADV_HWPOISON);
> if (ret)
> perror("madvise");
>
> for (i = 0; i < 4096; i++)
> array_locked[i] = 'd';
>
> return 0;
> }
> ===
>
> + offline this memory.
>
> In 4.4 kernels he saw the hwpoisoned page to be returned back to the LRU
> list
> kernel: [<ffffffff81019ac9>] dump_trace+0x59/0x340
> kernel: [<ffffffff81019e9a>] show_stack_log_lvl+0xea/0x170
> kernel: [<ffffffff8101ac71>] show_stack+0x21/0x40
> kernel: [<ffffffff8132bb90>] dump_stack+0x5c/0x7c
> kernel: [<ffffffff810815a1>] warn_slowpath_common+0x81/0xb0
> kernel: [<ffffffff811a275c>] __pagevec_lru_add_fn+0x14c/0x160
> kernel: [<ffffffff811a2eed>] pagevec_lru_move_fn+0xad/0x100
> kernel: [<ffffffff811a334c>] __lru_cache_add+0x6c/0xb0
> kernel: [<ffffffff81195236>] add_to_page_cache_lru+0x46/0x70
> kernel: [<ffffffffa02b4373>] extent_readpages+0xc3/0x1a0 [btrfs]
> kernel: [<ffffffff811a16d7>] __do_page_cache_readahead+0x177/0x200
> kernel: [<ffffffff811a18c8>] ondemand_readahead+0x168/0x2a0
> kernel: [<ffffffff8119673f>] generic_file_read_iter+0x41f/0x660
> kernel: [<ffffffff8120e50d>] __vfs_read+0xcd/0x140
> kernel: [<ffffffff8120e9ea>] vfs_read+0x7a/0x120
> kernel: [<ffffffff8121404b>] kernel_read+0x3b/0x50
> kernel: [<ffffffff81215c80>] do_execveat_common.isra.29+0x490/0x6f0
> kernel: [<ffffffff81215f08>] do_execve+0x28/0x30
> kernel: [<ffffffff81095ddb>] call_usermodehelper_exec_async+0xfb/0x130
> kernel: [<ffffffff8161c045>] ret_from_fork+0x55/0x80
>
> And that later confuses the hotremove path because an LRU page is
> attempted to be migrated and that fails due to an elevated reference
> count. It is quite possible that the reuse of the HWPoisoned page is
> some kind of fixed race condition but I am not really sure about that.
>
> With the upstream kernel the failure is slightly different. The page
> doesn't seem to have LRU bit set but isolate_movable_page simply fails
> and do_migrate_range simply puts all the isolated pages back to LRU and
> therefore no progress is made and scan_movable_pages finds same set of
> pages over and over again.
>
> Fix both cases by explicitly checking HWPoisoned pages before we even
> try to get a reference on the page, try to unmap it if it is still
> mapped. As explained by Naoya
> : Hwpoison code never unmapped those for no big reason because
> : Ksm pages never dominate memory, so we simply didn't have strong
> : motivation to save the pages.
>
> Also put WARN_ON(PageLRU) in case there is a race and we can hit LRU
> HWPoison pages which shouldn't happen but I couldn't convince myself
> about that.
>
> Debugged-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.com>
> Cc: stable
> Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
> ---
> mm/memory_hotplug.c | 16 ++++++++++++++++
> 1 file changed, 16 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
> index c6c42a7425e5..cfa1a2736876 100644
> --- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
> +++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
> @@ -34,6 +34,7 @@
> #include <linux/hugetlb.h>
> #include <linux/memblock.h>
> #include <linux/compaction.h>
> +#include <linux/rmap.h>
>
> #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
>
> @@ -1366,6 +1367,21 @@ do_migrate_range(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn)
> pfn = page_to_pfn(compound_head(page))
> + hpage_nr_pages(page) - 1;
>
> + /*
> + * HWPoison pages have elevated reference counts so the migration would
> + * fail on them. It also doesn't make any sense to migrate them in the
> + * first place. Still try to unmap such a page in case it is still mapped
> + * (e.g. current hwpoison implementation doesn't unmap KSM pages but keep
> + * the unmap as the catch all safety net).
> + */
> + if (PageHWPoison(page)) {
> + if (WARN_ON(PageLRU(page)))
> + isolate_lru_page(page);
> + if (page_mapped(page))
> + try_to_unmap(page, TTU_IGNORE_MLOCK | TTU_IGNORE_ACCESS);
> + continue;
> + }
> +
> if (!get_page_unless_zero(page))
> continue;
> /*
>

Complicated stuff. With or without the LRU handling

Acked-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>

--

Thanks,

David / dhildenb

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