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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4] signal: add taskfd_send_signal() syscall
On Thu, Dec 06, 2018 at 02:29:13PM -0600, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
> Christian Brauner <christian@brauner.io> writes:
>
> > On Thu, Dec 06, 2018 at 01:17:24PM -0600, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
> >> Christian Brauner <christian@brauner.io> writes:
> >>
> >> > On December 7, 2018 4:01:19 AM GMT+13:00, ebiederm@xmission.com wrote:
> >> >>Christian Brauner <christian@brauner.io> writes:
> >> >>
> >> >>> The kill() syscall operates on process identifiers (pid). After a
> >> >>process
> >> >>> has exited its pid can be reused by another process. If a caller
> >> >>sends a
> >> >>> signal to a reused pid it will end up signaling the wrong process.
> >> >>This
> >> >>> issue has often surfaced and there has been a push [1] to address
> >> >>this
> >> >>> problem.
> >> >>>
> >> >>> This patch uses file descriptors (fd) from proc/<pid> as stable
> >> >>handles on
> >> >>> struct pid. Even if a pid is recycled the handle will not change. The
> >> >>fd
> >> >>> can be used to send signals to the process it refers to.
> >> >>> Thus, the new syscall taskfd_send_signal() is introduced to solve
> >> >>this
> >> >>> problem. Instead of pids it operates on process fds (taskfd).
> >> >>
> >> >>I am not yet thrilled with the taskfd naming.
> >> >
> >> > Userspace cares about what does this thing operate on?
> >> > It operates on processes and threads.
> >> > The most common term people use is "task".
> >> > I literally "polled" ten non-kernel people for that purpose and asked:
> >> > "What term would you use to refer to a process and a thread?"
> >> > Turns out it is task. So if find this pretty apt.
> >> > Additionally, the proc manpage uses task in the exact same way (also see the commit message).
> >> > If you can get behind that name even if feeling it's not optimal it would be great.
> >>
> >> Once I understand why threads and not process groups. I don't see that
> >> logic yet.
> >
> > The point is: userspace takes "task" to be a generic term for processes
> > and tasks. Which is what is important. The term also covers process
> > groups for all that its worth. Most of userspace isn't even aware of
> > that distinction necessarily.
> >
> > fd_send_signal() makes the syscall name meaningless: what is userspace
> > signaling too? The point being that there's a lot more that you require
> > userspace to infer from fd_send_signal() than from task_send_signal()
> > where most people get the right idea right away: "signals to a process
> > or thread".
> >
> >>
> >> >>Is there any plan to support sesssions and process groups?
> >> >
> >> > I don't see the necessity.
> >> > As I said in previous mails:
> >> > we can emulate all interesting signal syscalls with this one.
> >>
> >> I don't know what you mean by all of the interesting signal system
> >> calls. I do know you can not replicate kill(2).
> >
> > [1]: You cannot replicate certain aspects of kill *yet*. We have
> > established this before. If we want process group support later we do
> > have the flags argument to extend the sycall.
>
> Then you have horrible contradiction in the API.
>
> Either the grouping is a property of your file descriptor or the
> grouping comes from the flags argument.

See the first part of Daniel's answer in [1] answer which makes sense to
me. I won't repeat it here.
[1]: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CAKOZuevgPv1CbAZF-ha0njdq6rd6QkU7T8qmmERJLsL45CeVzg@mail.gmail.com/

>
> If the grouping is specified in the flags argument then pidfd is the
> proper name for your file descriptors, and the appropriate prefix
> for your system call.
>
> If the grouping is a property of your file descriptor it does not make
> sense to talk about using the flags argument later.
>
> Your intention is to add the thread case to support pthreads once the
> process case is sorted out. So this is something that needs to be made
> clear. Did I miss how you plan to handle threads?

Yeah, maybe you missed it in the commit message [2] which is based on a
discussion with Andy [3] and Arnd [4]:

[2]: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20181206121858.12215-1-christian@brauner.io/
/* taskfd_send_signal() replaces multiple pid-based syscalls */
The taskfd_send_signal() syscall currently takes on the job of the
following syscalls that operate on pids:
- kill(2)
- rt_sigqueueinfo(2)
The syscall is defined in such a way that it can also operate on thread fds
instead of process fds. In a future patchset I will extend it to operate on
taskfds from /proc/<pid>/task/<tid> at which point it will additionally
take on the job of:
- tgkill(2)
- rt_tgsigqueueinfo(2)
Right now this is intentionally left out to keep this patchset as simple as
possible (cf. [4]). If a taskfd of /proc/<pid>/task/<tid> is passed
EOPNOTSUPP will be returned to give userspace a way to detect when I add
support for such taskfds (cf. [10]).

[3]: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CALCETrUY=Hk6=BjgPuDBgj5J1T_b5Q5u1uVOWHjGWXwmHoZBEQ@mail.gmail.com/
> Yes, I see no reason why not. My idea is to extend it - after we have a
> basic version in - to also work with:
> /proc/<pid>/task/<tid>
> If I'm not mistaken this should be sufficient to get rt_tgsigqueueinfo.
> The thread will be uniquely identified by the tid descriptor and no
> combination of /proc/<pid> and /proc/<pid>/task/<tid> is needed. Does
> that sound reasonable?

Yes. So it would currently replace rt_gsigqueueinfo() but
not rt_tgsigqueueinfo(), and could be extended to do both
afterwards, without making the interface ugly in any form?

I suppose we can always add more flags if needed, and you
already ensure that flags is zero for the moment.

[4]: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CAK8P3a1_if7+Ak2eefU6JeZT9KW827gkLHaObX-QOsHrB5ZwfA@mail.gmail.com/
"Is the current procfd_signal() proposal (under whichever name)
sufficient to correctly implement both sys_rt_sigqueueinfo() and
sys_rt_tgsigqueueinfo()?"

>
> And this fundamentally and definitely gets into all of my concerns about
> proper handling of pid_task and PIDTYPE_TGID etc.
>
> >> Sending signals to a process group the "kill(-pgrp)" case with kill
> >> sends the signals to an atomic snapshot of processes. If the signal
> >> is SIGKILL then it is guaranteed that then entire process group is
> >> killed with no survivors.
> >
> > See [1].
> >
> >>
> >> > We succeeded in doing that.
> >>
> >> I am not certain you have.
> >
> > See [1].
> >
> >>
> >> > No need to get more fancy.
> >> > There's currently no obvious need for more features.
> >> > Features should be implemented when someone actually needs them.
> >>
> >> That is fair. I don't understand what you are doing with sending
> >> signals to a thread. That seems like one of the least useful
> >> corner cases of sending signals.
> >
> > It's what glibc and Florian care about for pthreads and their our
> > biggest user atm so they get some I'd argue they get some say in this. :)
>
> Fair enough. If glibc could use this then we certainly have users and a
> user case.

Florian was asking specifically in [5]:

[5]: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/87in0g5aqo.fsf@oldenburg.str.redhat.com/
"Looking at the rt_tgsigqueueinfo interface, is there a way to implement
the “tg” part with the current procfd_signal interface?"

>
> Eric

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