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Subject[PATCH 02/17] x86: Add support for ZSTD-compressed kernel
From: Nick Terrell <terrelln@fb.com>

Integrates the ZSTD decompression code to the x86 pre-boot code.

Zstandard requires slightly more memory during the kernel decompression
on x86 (192 KB vs 64 KB), and the memory usage is independent of the
window size.

Zstandard requires memory proportional to the window size used during
compression for decompressing the ramdisk image, since streaming mode is
used. Newer versions of zstd (1.3.2+) list the window size of a file
with `zstd -lv <file>'. The absolute maximum amount of memory required
is just over 8 MB.

Signed-off-by: Nick Terrell <terrelln@fb.com>
---
Documentation/x86/boot.txt | 6 +++---
arch/x86/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile | 5 ++++-
arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c | 4 ++++
arch/x86/boot/header.S | 8 +++++++-
arch/x86/include/asm/boot.h | 6 ++++--
6 files changed, 23 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/x86/boot.txt b/Documentation/x86/boot.txt
index 7727db8f94bc..a47b6bae3356 100644
--- a/Documentation/x86/boot.txt
+++ b/Documentation/x86/boot.txt
@@ -685,9 +685,9 @@ Protocol: 2.08+
uncompressed data should be determined using the standard magic
numbers. The currently supported compression formats are gzip
(magic numbers 1F 8B or 1F 9E), bzip2 (magic number 42 5A), LZMA
- (magic number 5D 00), XZ (magic number FD 37), and LZ4 (magic number
- 02 21). The uncompressed payload is currently always ELF (magic
- number 7F 45 4C 46).
+ (magic number 5D 00), XZ (magic number FD 37), LZ4 (magic number
+ 02 21) and ZSTD (magic number 28 B5). The uncompressed payload is
+ currently always ELF (magic number 7F 45 4C 46).

Field name: payload_length
Type: read
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index ba7e3464ee92..203f7467f5c4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -164,6 +164,7 @@ config X86
select HAVE_KERNEL_LZMA
select HAVE_KERNEL_LZO
select HAVE_KERNEL_XZ
+ select HAVE_KERNEL_ZSTD
select HAVE_KPROBES
select HAVE_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE
select HAVE_FUNCTION_ERROR_INJECTION
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
index 466f66c8a7f8..6d2a8d2d378d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
@@ -24,7 +24,7 @@ OBJECT_FILES_NON_STANDARD := y
KCOV_INSTRUMENT := n

targets := vmlinux vmlinux.bin vmlinux.bin.gz vmlinux.bin.bz2 vmlinux.bin.lzma \
- vmlinux.bin.xz vmlinux.bin.lzo vmlinux.bin.lz4
+ vmlinux.bin.xz vmlinux.bin.lzo vmlinux.bin.lz4 vmlinux.bin.zst

KBUILD_CFLAGS := -m$(BITS) -O2
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fno-strict-aliasing $(call cc-option, -fPIE, -fPIC)
@@ -142,6 +142,8 @@ $(obj)/vmlinux.bin.lzo: $(vmlinux.bin.all-y) FORCE
$(call if_changed,lzo)
$(obj)/vmlinux.bin.lz4: $(vmlinux.bin.all-y) FORCE
$(call if_changed,lz4)
+$(obj)/vmlinux.bin.zst: $(vmlinux.bin.all-y) FORCE
+ $(call if_changed,zstd)

suffix-$(CONFIG_KERNEL_GZIP) := gz
suffix-$(CONFIG_KERNEL_BZIP2) := bz2
@@ -149,6 +151,7 @@ suffix-$(CONFIG_KERNEL_LZMA) := lzma
suffix-$(CONFIG_KERNEL_XZ) := xz
suffix-$(CONFIG_KERNEL_LZO) := lzo
suffix-$(CONFIG_KERNEL_LZ4) := lz4
+suffix-$(CONFIG_KERNEL_ZSTD) := zst

quiet_cmd_mkpiggy = MKPIGGY $@
cmd_mkpiggy = $(obj)/mkpiggy $< > $@ || ( rm -f $@ ; false )
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
index 8dd1d5ccae58..b6c8921100fb 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
@@ -76,6 +76,10 @@ static int lines, cols;
#ifdef CONFIG_KERNEL_LZ4
#include "../../../../lib/decompress_unlz4.c"
#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_KERNEL_ZSTD
+#include "../../../../lib/decompress_unzstd.c"
+#endif
/*
* NOTE: When adding a new decompressor, please update the analysis in
* ../header.S.
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/header.S b/arch/x86/boot/header.S
index 4c881c850125..af2efb256527 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/header.S
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/header.S
@@ -526,8 +526,14 @@ pref_address: .quad LOAD_PHYSICAL_ADDR # preferred load addr
# the size-dependent part now grows so fast.
#
# extra_bytes = (uncompressed_size >> 8) + 65536
+#
+# ZSTD compressed data grows by at most 3 bytes per 128K, and only has a 22
+# byte fixed overhead but has a maximum block size of 128K, so it needs a
+# larger margin.
+#
+# extra_bytes = (uncompressed_size >> 8) + 131072

-#define ZO_z_extra_bytes ((ZO_z_output_len >> 8) + 65536)
+#define ZO_z_extra_bytes ((ZO_z_output_len >> 8) + 131072)
#if ZO_z_output_len > ZO_z_input_len
# define ZO_z_extract_offset (ZO_z_output_len + ZO_z_extra_bytes - \
ZO_z_input_len)
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/boot.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/boot.h
index 680c320363db..d6dd43d25d9f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/boot.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/boot.h
@@ -24,9 +24,11 @@
# error "Invalid value for CONFIG_PHYSICAL_ALIGN"
#endif

-#ifdef CONFIG_KERNEL_BZIP2
+#if defined(CONFIG_KERNEL_BZIP2)
# define BOOT_HEAP_SIZE 0x400000
-#else /* !CONFIG_KERNEL_BZIP2 */
+#elif defined(CONFIG_KERNEL_ZSTD)
+# define BOOT_HEAP_SIZE 0x30000
+#else
# define BOOT_HEAP_SIZE 0x10000
#endif

--
2.19.1
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