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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 09/10] irqchip: ti-sci-inta: Add support for Interrupt Aggregator driver
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Hi Marc,

On Monday 05 November 2018 09:06 PM, Marc Zyngier wrote:
> On 05/11/18 08:08, Lokesh Vutla wrote:
>> Hi Marc,
>>
>> On Monday 29 October 2018 06:34 PM, Lokesh Vutla wrote:
>>> Hi Marc,
>>>
>>> On Sunday 28 October 2018 07:01 PM, Marc Zyngier wrote:
>>>> Hi Lokesh,
>>>>
>>>> On Fri, 26 Oct 2018 21:19:41 +0100,
>>>> Lokesh Vutla <lokeshvutla@ti.com> wrote:
>>>>>
>>>>> Hi Marc,
>>>>>
>>>>> [..snip..]
>>>>>>> [...]
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> +/**
>>>>>>>>>> + * ti_sci_inta_register_event() - Register a event to an interrupt aggregator
>>>>>>>>>> + * @dev: Device pointer to source generating the event
>>>>>>>>>> + * @src_id: TISCI device ID of the event source
>>>>>>>>>> + * @src_index: Event source index within the device.
>>>>>>>>>> + * @virq: Linux Virtual IRQ number
>>>>>>>>>> + * @flags: Corresponding IRQ flags
>>>>>>>>>> + * @ack_needed: If explicit clearing of event is required.
>>>>>>>>>> + *
>>>>>>>>>> + * Creates a new irq and attaches to IA domain if virq is not specified
>>>>>>>>>> + * else attaches the event to vint corresponding to virq.
>>>>>>>>>> + * When using TISCI within the client drivers, source indexes are always
>>>>>>>>>> + * generated dynamically and cannot be represented in DT. So client
>>>>>>>>>> + * drivers should call this API instead of platform_get_irq().
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> NAK. Either this fits in the standard model, or we adapt the standard
>>>>>>>>> model to catter for your particular use case. But we don't define a new,
>>>>>>>>> TI specific API.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> I have a hunch that if the IDs are generated dynamically, then the model
>>>>>>>>> we use for MSIs would fit this thing. I also want to understand what
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> hmm..I haven't thought about using MSI. Will try to explore it. But
>>>>>>>> the "struct msi_msg" is not applicable in this case as device does not
>>>>>>>> write to a specific location.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> It doesn't need to. You can perfectly ignore the address field and
>>>>>>> only be concerned with the data. We already have MSI users that do not
>>>>>>> need programming of the doorbell address, just the data.
>>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> Just one more clarification.
>>>>>
>>>>> First let me explain the IRQ routes a bit deeply. As I said earlier
>>>>> there are three ways in which IRQ can flow in AM65x SoC
>>>>> 1) Device directly connected to GIC
>>>>> - Device IRQ --> GIC
>>>>> 2) Device connected to INTR.
>>>>> - Device IRQ --> INTR --> GIC
>>>>> 3) Devices connected to INTA.
>>>>> - Device IRQ --> INTA --> INTR --> GIC
>>>>>
>>>>> 1 and 2 are straight forward and we use DT for IRQ
>>>>> representation. Coming to 3 the trickier part is that Input to INTA
>>>>> and output from INTA and dynamically managed. To be more specific:
>>>>> - By hardware design there are certain set of physical global
>>>>> events(interrupts) attached to an INTA. Out of which a certain range
>>>>> are assigned to the current linux host that can be queried from
>>>>> system-controller.
>>>>> - Similarly out of all the INTA outputs(referenced as vints) a certain
>>>>> range can be used by the current linux host.
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> So for configuring an IRQ route in case 3, the following steps are needed:
>>>>> - Device id and device resource index for which the interrupt is needed
>>>>
>>>> THat is no different from a PCI device for example, where we need the
>>>> requester ID and the number of the interrupt in the MSI-X table.
>>>>
>>>>> - A free event id from the range assigned to the INTA in this host context
>>>>> - A free vint from the range assigned to the INTA in this host context
>>>>> - A free gic IRQ from the range assigned to the INTR in this host context.
>>>>
>>>> From what I understand of the driver, at least some of that is under
>>>> the responsibility of the firmware, right? Or is the driver under
>>>> control of all three parameters? To be honest, it doesn't really
>>>
>>> Driver should control all three parameters.
>>>
>>>> matter, as the as far as the kernel is concerned, the irqchip drivers
>>>> are free to deal with the routing anyway they want.
>>>
>>> Correct, that's my understanding as well.
>>>
>>>>
>>>>> With the above information, linux should send a message to
>>>>> system-controller using TISCI protocol. After policing the given
>>>>> information, system-controller does the following:
>>>>> - Attaches the interrupt(INTA input) to the device resource index
>>>>> - Muxes the interrupt(INTA input) to corresponding vint(INTA output)
>>>>> - Muxes the vint(INTR input) to GIC irq(INTR output).
>>>>
>>>> Isn't there a 1:1 mapping between *used* INTR inputs and outputs?
>>>> Since INTR is a router, there is no real muxing. I assume that the
>>>> third point above is just a copy-paste error.
>>>
>>> Right, my bad. INTR is just a router and no read muxing.
>>>
>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> For grouping of interrupts, the same vint number is to be passed to
>>>>> system-controller for all the requests.
>>>>>
>>>>> Keeping all the above in mind, I see the following as software IRQ
>>>>> Domain Hierarchy:
>>>>>
>>>>> 1) INTA multi MSI --> 2)INTA -->3) MSI --> 4) INTR -->5) GIC
>>>>>
>>>>> INTA driver has to set a chained IRQ using virq allocated from its
>>>>> parent MSI. This is to differentiate the grouped interrupts within
>>>>> INTA.
>>>>>
>>>>> Inorder to cover the above two MSI domains, a new bus driver has to be
>>>>> created as I couldn't find a fit with the existing bus drivers.
>>>>>
>>>>> Does the above approach make sense? Please correct me if i am wrong.
>>>>
>>>> I think this can be further simplified, as you seem to assume that
>>>> dynamic allocation implies MSI. This is not the case. You can
>>>> perfectly use dynamically allocated interrupts and still not use MSIs.
>>>>
>>>> INTA is indeed a chained interrupt controller, as it may mux several
>>>> inputs onto a single output. But the output of INTA is not an MSI. It
>>>> is just a regular interrupt that can allocated when the first mapping
>>>> gets established.
>>>
>>> okay. I guess it can just be done using irq_create_fwspec_mapping().
>>>
>>
>> I am facing an issue with this approach as I am trying to call
>> irq_create_fwspec_mapping() from alloc callback of INTA driver. During
>> allocation the function call flow looks like:
>>
>> inta_msi_domain_alloc_irqs()
>> msi_domain_alloc_irqs()
>> __irq_domain_alloc_irqs()
>> *mutex_lock(&irq_domain_mutex);*
>> irq_domain_alloc_irqs_hierarchy()
>> ti_sci_inta_irq_domain_alloc()
>> if (first event in group)
>> irq_create_fwspec_mapping()
>> irq_find_matching_fwspec()
>> *mutex_lock(&irq_domain_mutex);*
>>
>>
>> The mutex_lock is called again if INTR IRQ gets allocated in alloc callback of
>> INTA driver. So I am clearly calling irq_create_fwspec_mapping() from a wrong place.
>
> The real issue is that you're are calling irq_create_fwspec_mapping at
> all. This is only supposed to be called by the high level code, not an
> irqchip driver in the middle of its own allocation.
>
> The right API to use is irq_domain_alloc_irqs_parent(), which calls into
> the parent domain allocation. See the multiple uses in the tree already.

But irq_domain_alloc_irqs_parent() doesn't create a new IRQ mapping. Or your
suggestion is that when first event mapping gets established in the group, use
the same Linux virq number to allocate the parent interrupts?

If yes, then wouldn't it be a problem during free irqs? client driver should
make sure that first event that gets allocated in the group should be the last
to be freed.

Thanks and regards,
Lokesh

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