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Subject[Patch v5 00/16] Provide task property based options to enable Spectre v2 userspace-userspace protection
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The previous version of this series had a patch to apply TIF_STIBP updates
to all threads affected by a dumpability change, and keeping all the CPUs'
SPEC CTRL MSRs in sync with running task's TIF_STIBP.

However, this feature adds much overhead and complexities
for little gain. Normally a task making uid/gid or prctl dumpability change
will do so before it starts spawning threads.

So in this version, the TIF_STIBP associated with dumpability change
is only applied to the task that makes the change, and not extended
to its associated threads.

Thomas also pointed out that new cpu_smt_enabled staic key is
created under CONFIG_HOTPLUG_SMT and currently applies only to x86.
So cpu_smt_enabled cannot replace sched_smt_present key which needs to
be used by all architectures, unless the cpu_smt_control setting logic
is moved out of CONFIG_HOTPLUG_SMT. So I dropped the patch replacing
sched_smt_present with cpu_smt_enabled.

I've also moved the TIF flags re-organization patch to the end
of the series to make it easier for backporting to stable kernels
without needing to reorganize the TIF flags.

Thomas, can you consider this series to be merged to 4.20-rc along
with Jiri's changes on STIBP?

Thanks.

Tim

Patch 1 to 3 are clean up patches.
Patch 4 and 5 disable STIBP for enhacned IBRS.
Patch 6 to 9 reorganize and clean up the code without affecting
functionality for easier modification later.
Patch 10 introduces the STIBP flag on a task to dynamically
enable STIBP for that task.
Patch 11 introduces different modes to protect a
task against Spectre v2 user space attack.
Patch 12 adds prctl interface to turn on Spectre v2 user mode defenses on a task.
Patch 13-14 add Spectre v2 defenses for non-dumpable tasks.
Patch 15-16 reorganizes the TIF flags, and can be dropped without affecting this series

Changes:
v5:
1. Drop patch to extend TIF_STIBP changes to all related threads on
a task's dumpabibility change.
2. Drop patch to replace sched_smt_present with cpu_smt_enabled.
3. Drop export of cpu_smt_control in kernel/cpu.c and replace external
usages of cpu_smt_control with cpu_smt_enabled.
4. Rebase patch series on 4.20-rc2.

v4:
1. Extend STIBP update to all threads of a process changing
it dumpability.
2. Add logic to update SPEC_CTRL MSR on a remote CPU when TIF flags
affecting speculation changes for task running on the remote CPU.
3. Regroup x86 TIF_* flags according to their functions.
4. Various code clean up.

v3:
1. Add logic to skip STIBP when Enhanced IBRS is used.
2. Break up v2 patches into smaller logical patches.
3. Fix bug in arch_set_dumpable that did not update SPEC_CTRL
MSR right away when according to task's STIBP flag clearing which
caused SITBP to be left on.
4. Various code clean up.

v2:
1. Extend per process STIBP to AMD cpus
2. Add prctl option to control per process indirect branch speculation
3. Bug fixes and cleanups

Jiri's patchset to harden Spectre v2 user space mitigation makes IBPB
and STIBP in use for Spectre v2 mitigation on all processes. IBPB will
be issued for switching to an application that's not ptraceable by the
previous application and STIBP will be always turned on.

However, leaving STIBP on all the time is expensive for certain
applications that have frequent indirect branches. One such application
is perlbench in the SpecInt Rate 2006 test suite which shows a
21% reduction in throughput.
There're also reports of drop in performance on Python and PHP benchmarks:
https://www.phoronix.com/scan.php?page=article&item=linux-420-bisect&num=2

Other applications like bzip2 with minimal indirct branches have
only a 0.7% reduction in throughput. IBPB will also impose
overhead during context switches.

Users may not wish to incur performance overhead from IBPB and STIBP for
general non security sensitive processes and use these mitigations only
for security sensitive processes.

This patchset provides a process property based lite protection mode.
In this mode, IBPB and STIBP mitigation are applied only to security
sensitive non-dumpable processes and processes that users want to protect
by having indirect branch speculation disabled via PRCTL. So the overhead
from IBPB and STIBP are avoided for low security processes that don't
require extra protection.
Tim Chen (16):
x86/speculation: Clean up spectre_v2_parse_cmdline()
x86/speculation: Remove unnecessary ret variable in cpu_show_common()
x86/speculation: Reorganize cpu_show_common()
x86/speculation: Add X86_FEATURE_USE_IBRS_ENHANCED
x86/speculation: Disable STIBP when enhanced IBRS is in use
x86/speculation: Rename SSBD update functions
x86/speculation: Reorganize speculation control MSRs update
smt: Create cpu_smt_enabled static key for SMT specific code
x86/smt: Convert cpu_smt_control check to cpu_smt_enabled static key
x86/speculation: Turn on or off STIBP according to a task's TIF_STIBP
x86/speculation: Add Spectre v2 app to app protection modes
x86/speculation: Create PRCTL interface to restrict indirect branch
speculation
security: Update speculation restriction of a process when modifying
its dumpability
x86/speculation: Use STIBP to restrict speculation on non-dumpable
task
x86/speculation: Update comment on TIF_SSBD
x86: Group thread info flags by functionality

Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 21 ++
Documentation/userspace-api/spec_ctrl.rst | 9 +
arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h | 1 +
arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h | 6 +-
arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h | 9 +
arch/x86/include/asm/spec-ctrl.h | 18 +-
arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h | 98 ++++---
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/bugs.c | 323 +++++++++++++++++++++---
arch/x86/kernel/process.c | 58 ++++-
arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/mm/tlb.c | 23 +-
fs/exec.c | 3 +
include/linux/cpu.h | 12 +-
include/linux/sched.h | 9 +
include/uapi/linux/prctl.h | 1 +
kernel/cpu.c | 25 +-
kernel/cred.c | 5 +-
kernel/sys.c | 7 +
tools/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h | 1 +
19 files changed, 520 insertions(+), 111 deletions(-)

--
2.9.4

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