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Subject[RFC/RFT 1/2] RISC-V: Implement ptrace regs and stack API
Date
Needed for kprobes support. Copied and adapted from arm64 code.

Signed-off-by: Patrick Stählin <me@packi.ch>
---
arch/riscv/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/riscv/include/asm/ptrace.h | 34 +++++++++++
arch/riscv/kernel/ptrace.c | 99 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 134 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/riscv/Kconfig b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
index 55da93f4e818..b157ac82d486 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
@@ -43,6 +43,7 @@ config RISCV
select RISCV_TIMER
select GENERIC_IRQ_MULTI_HANDLER
select ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL
+ select HAVE_REGS_AND_STACK_ACCESS_API

config MMU
def_bool y
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/ptrace.h
index 2c5df945d43c..70c0ad08ac08 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/ptrace.h
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@

#include <uapi/asm/ptrace.h>
#include <asm/csr.h>
+#include <linux/compiler.h>

#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__

@@ -68,6 +69,7 @@ struct pt_regs {

#define user_mode(regs) (((regs)->sstatus & SR_SPP) == 0)

+#define MAX_REG_OFFSET offsetof(struct pt_regs, orig_a0)

/* Helpers for working with the instruction pointer */
#define GET_IP(regs) ((regs)->sepc)
@@ -99,6 +101,17 @@ static inline void user_stack_pointer_set(struct pt_regs *regs,
SET_USP(regs, val);
}

+/* Valid only for Kernel mode traps. */
+static inline unsigned long kernel_stack_pointer(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ return regs->sp;
+}
+
+static inline unsigned long regs_return_value(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ return regs->a0;
+}
+
/* Helpers for working with the frame pointer */
#define GET_FP(regs) ((regs)->s0)
#define SET_FP(regs, val) (GET_FP(regs) = (val))
@@ -113,6 +126,27 @@ static inline void frame_pointer_set(struct pt_regs *regs,
SET_FP(regs, val);
}

+extern int regs_query_register_offset(const char *name);
+extern unsigned long regs_get_kernel_stack_nth(struct pt_regs *regs,
+ unsigned int n);
+
+/**
+ * regs_get_register() - get register value from its offset
+ * @regs: pt_regs from which register value is gotten
+ * @offset: offset of the register.
+ *
+ * regs_get_register returns the value of a register whose offset from @regs.
+ * The @offset is the offset of the register in struct pt_regs.
+ * If @offset is bigger than MAX_REG_OFFSET, this returns 0.
+ */
+static inline unsigned long regs_get_register(struct pt_regs *regs,
+ unsigned int offset)
+{
+ if (unlikely(offset > MAX_REG_OFFSET))
+ return 0;
+
+ return *(unsigned long *)((unsigned long)regs + offset);
+}
#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */

#endif /* _ASM_RISCV_PTRACE_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/ptrace.c
index 60f1e02eed36..5b684e4ffc10 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -130,6 +130,105 @@ const struct user_regset_view *task_user_regset_view(struct task_struct *task)
return &riscv_user_native_view;
}

+struct pt_regs_offset {
+ const char *name;
+ int offset;
+};
+
+#define REG_OFFSET_NAME(r) {.name = #r, .offset = offsetof(struct pt_regs, r)}
+#define REG_OFFSET_END {.name = NULL, .offset = 0}
+
+static const struct pt_regs_offset regoffset_table[] = {
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(sepc),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(ra),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(sp),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(gp),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(tp),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(t0),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(t1),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(t2),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(s0),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(s1),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(a0),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(a1),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(a2),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(a3),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(a4),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(a5),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(a6),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(a7),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(s2),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(s3),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(s4),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(s5),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(s6),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(s7),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(s8),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(s9),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(s10),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(s11),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(t3),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(t4),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(t5),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(t6),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(sstatus),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(sbadaddr),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(scause),
+ REG_OFFSET_NAME(orig_a0),
+ REG_OFFSET_END,
+};
+
+/**
+ * regs_query_register_offset() - query register offset from its name
+ * @name: the name of a register
+ *
+ * regs_query_register_offset() returns the offset of a register in struct
+ * pt_regs from its name. If the name is invalid, this returns -EINVAL;
+ */
+int regs_query_register_offset(const char *name)
+{
+ const struct pt_regs_offset *roff;
+
+ for (roff = regoffset_table; roff->name != NULL; roff++)
+ if (!strcmp(roff->name, name))
+ return roff->offset;
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+/**
+ * regs_within_kernel_stack() - check the address in the stack
+ * @regs: pt_regs which contains kernel stack pointer.
+ * @addr: address which is checked.
+ *
+ * regs_within_kernel_stack() checks @addr is within the kernel stack page(s).
+ * If @addr is within the kernel stack, it returns true. If not, returns false.
+ */
+static bool regs_within_kernel_stack(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long addr)
+{
+ return (addr & ~(THREAD_SIZE - 1)) ==
+ (kernel_stack_pointer(regs) & ~(THREAD_SIZE - 1));
+}
+
+/**
+ * regs_get_kernel_stack_nth() - get Nth entry of the stack
+ * @regs: pt_regs which contains kernel stack pointer.
+ * @n: stack entry number.
+ *
+ * regs_get_kernel_stack_nth() returns @n th entry of the kernel stack which
+ * is specified by @regs. If the @n th entry is NOT in the kernel stack,
+ * this returns 0.
+ */
+unsigned long regs_get_kernel_stack_nth(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int n)
+{
+ unsigned long *addr = (unsigned long *)kernel_stack_pointer(regs);
+
+ addr += n;
+ if (regs_within_kernel_stack(regs, (unsigned long)addr))
+ return *addr;
+ else
+ return 0;
+}
+
void ptrace_disable(struct task_struct *child)
{
clear_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE);
--
2.17.1
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