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SubjectRe: linux-next: build warnings from Linus' tree
Joel Stanley <> writes:
> Hello Alan,
> On Tue, 12 Jun 2018 at 07:44, Stephen Rothwell <> wrote:
>> Building Linus' tree, today's linux-next build (powerpc ppc64_defconfig)
>> produced these warning:
>> ld: warning: orphan section `.gnu.hash' from `linker stubs' being placed in section `.gnu.hash'.
>> ld: warning: orphan section `.gnu.hash' from `linker stubs' being placed in section `.gnu.hash'.
>> ld: warning: orphan section `.gnu.hash' from `linker stubs' being placed in section `.gnu.hash'.
>> This may just be because I have started building using the native Debian
>> gcc for the powerpc builds ...
> Do you know why we started creating these?

It's controlled by the ld option --hash-style, which AFAICS still
defaults to sysv (generating .hash).

But it seems gcc can be configured to have a different default, and at
least my native ppc64le toolchains are passing gnu, eg:

/usr/lib/gcc/powerpc64le-linux-gnu/6/collect2 -plugin
-plugin-opt=-pass-through=-lgcc -plugin-opt=-pass-through=-lgcc_s
-plugin-opt=-pass-through=-lc -plugin-opt=-pass-through=-lgcc
-plugin-opt=-pass-through=-lgcc_s --sysroot=/ --build-id --eh-frame-hdr
-V -shared -m elf64lppc

So that's presumably why we're seeing it, some GCCs are configured to
use it.

> If it's intentional, should we be putting including them in the same
> way as .hash sections?
> .hash : AT(ADDR(.hash) - LOAD_OFFSET) { *(.hash) }

That would presumably work.

My question though is do we even need it?

From what I can see for it to be useful you need the section as well as
an entry in the dynamic section pointing at it, and we don't have a
dynamic section at all:

$ readelf -S vmlinux | grep gnu.hash
[ 4] .gnu.hash GNU_HASH c000000000dbbdb0 00dcbdb0
$ readelf -d vmlinux

There is no dynamic section in this file.

Compare to the vdso:

$ readelf -d arch/powerpc/kernel/vdso64/

Dynamic section at offset 0x868 contains 12 entries:
Tag Type Name/Value
0x000000000000000e (SONAME) Library soname: []
0x0000000000000004 (HASH) 0x120
0x000000006ffffef5 (GNU_HASH) 0x170
0x0000000000000005 (STRTAB) 0x320
0x0000000000000006 (SYMTAB) 0x1d0
0x000000000000000a (STRSZ) 269 (bytes)
0x000000000000000b (SYMENT) 24 (bytes)
0x0000000070000003 (PPC64_OPT) 0x0
0x000000006ffffffc (VERDEF) 0x450
0x000000006ffffffd (VERDEFNUM) 2
0x000000006ffffff0 (VERSYM) 0x42e
0x0000000000000000 (NULL) 0x0

So can't we just discard .gnu.hash? And in fact do we need .hash either?

Actually arm64 discards the latter, and parisc discards both.

Would still be good to hear from Alan or someone else who knows anything
about toolchain stuff, ie. not me :)


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