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SubjectRe: Memory hotplug softlock issue
Hi David,

On 11/14/18 at 09:18am, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> Code seems to be waiting for the mem_hotplug_lock in read.
> We hold mem_hotplug_lock in write whenever we online/offline/add/remove
> memory. There are two ways to trigger offlining of memory:
>
> 1. Offlining via "cat offline > /sys/devices/system/memory/memory0/state"
>
> This always properly took the mem_hotplug_lock. Nothing changed
>
> 2. Offlining via "cat 0 > /sys/devices/system/memory/memory0/online"
>
> This didn't take the mem_hotplug_lock and I fixed that for this release.
>
> So if you were testing with 1., you should have seen the same error
> before this release (unless there is something else now broken in this
> release).

Thanks a lot for looking into this.

I triggered sysrq+t to check threads' state. You can see that we use
firmware to trigger ACPI event to go to acpi_bus_offline(), it truly
didn't take mem_hotplug_lock() and has taken it with your fix in
commit 381eab4a6ee mm/memory_hotplug: fix online/offline_pages called w.o. mem_hotplug_lock

[ +0.007062] Workqueue: kacpi_hotplug acpi_hotplug_work_fn
[ +0.005398] Call Trace:
[ +0.002476] ? page_vma_mapped_walk+0x307/0x710
[ +0.004538] ? page_remove_rmap+0xa2/0x340
[ +0.004104] ? ptep_clear_flush+0x54/0x60
[ +0.004027] ? enqueue_entity+0x11c/0x620
[ +0.005904] ? schedule+0x28/0x80
[ +0.003336] ? rmap_walk_file+0xf9/0x270
[ +0.003940] ? try_to_unmap+0x9c/0xf0
[ +0.003695] ? migrate_pages+0x2b0/0xb90
[ +0.003959] ? try_offline_node+0x160/0x160
[ +0.004214] ? __offline_pages+0x6ce/0x8e0
[ +0.004134] ? memory_subsys_offline+0x40/0x60
[ +0.004474] ? device_offline+0x81/0xb0
[ +0.003867] ? acpi_bus_offline+0xdb/0x140
[ +0.004117] ? acpi_device_hotplug+0x21c/0x460
[ +0.004458] ? acpi_hotplug_work_fn+0x1a/0x30
[ +0.004372] ? process_one_work+0x1a1/0x3a0
[ +0.004195] ? worker_thread+0x30/0x380
[ +0.003851] ? drain_workqueue+0x120/0x120
[ +0.004117] ? kthread+0x112/0x130
[ +0.003411] ? kthread_park+0x80/0x80
[ +0.005325] ? ret_from_fork+0x35/0x40


>
>
> The real question is, however, why offlining of the last block doesn't
> succeed. In __offline_pages() we basically have an endless loop (while
> holding the mem_hotplug_lock in write). Now I consider this piece of
> code very problematic (we should automatically fail after X
> attempts/after X seconds, we should not ignore -ENOMEM), and we've had
> other BUGs whereby we would run into an endless loop here (e.g. related
> to hugepages I guess).

Hmm, even though memory hotplug stalled there, there are still much
memory. E.g in this system, it has 8 nodes and each node has 64 GB
memory, it's 512 GB in all. Now I run "stress -m 200" to trigger 200
processes to malloc then free 256 MB contiously, and it's eating 50 GB
in all. In theory, it still has much memory for migrating to.

>
> You mentioned memory pressure, if our host is under memory pressure we
> can easily trigger running into an endless loop there, because we
> basically ignore -ENOMEM e.g. when we cannot get a page to migrate some
> memory to be offlined. I assume this is the case here.
> do_migrate_range() could be the bad boy if it keeps failing forever and
> we keep retrying.

Not sure what other people think about this. If failed the memory removing
when still much free memory left, I worry customer will complain.

Yeah, it stoped at do_migrate_range() when try to migrate the last
memory block. And each time it's the last memory block which can't be
offlined and hang.

If any message or information needed, I can provide.

Thanks
Baoquan

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