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Subject[PATCH v12 3/3]: perf record: extend trace writing to multi AIO
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Multi AIO trace writing allows caching more kernel data into userspace
memory postponing trace writing for the sake of overall profiling data
thruput increase. It could be seen as kernel data buffer extension into
userspace memory.

With aio-cblocks option value different from 0, current default value,
tool has capability to cache more and more data into user space
along with delegating spill to AIO.

That allows avoiding suspend at record__aio_sync() between calls of
record__mmap_read_evlist() and increase profiling data thruput for
the cost of userspace memory.

Signed-off-by: Alexey Budankov <alexey.budankov@linux.intel.com>
---
Changes in v12:
- extended --aio option to --aio-cblocks=<n>
Changes in v10:
- added description of aio-cblocks option into perf-record.txt
---
tools/perf/Documentation/perf-record.txt | 4 +-
tools/perf/builtin-record.c | 63 ++++++++++++++++++++------
tools/perf/util/mmap.c | 78 ++++++++++++++++++++++----------
tools/perf/util/mmap.h | 7 +--
4 files changed, 108 insertions(+), 44 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-record.txt b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-record.txt
index 5cedb3e75434..52307c4322fe 100644
--- a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-record.txt
+++ b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-record.txt
@@ -435,8 +435,8 @@ Specify vmlinux path which has debuginfo.
--buildid-all::
Record build-id of all DSOs regardless whether it's actually hit or not.

---aio::
-Enable asynchronous (Posix AIO) trace writing mode.
+--aio-cblocks <n>
+Use <n> control blocks in asynchronous (Posix AIO) trace writing mode (max: 4).
Asynchronous mode is supported only when linking Perf tool with libc library
providing implementation for Posix AIO API.

diff --git a/tools/perf/builtin-record.c b/tools/perf/builtin-record.c
index c0cb305dd39e..f51762499ffa 100644
--- a/tools/perf/builtin-record.c
+++ b/tools/perf/builtin-record.c
@@ -196,16 +196,35 @@ static int record__aio_complete(struct perf_mmap *md, struct aiocb *cblock)
return rc;
}

-static void record__aio_sync(struct perf_mmap *md)
+static int record__aio_sync(struct perf_mmap *md, bool sync_all)
{
- struct aiocb *cblock = &md->aio.cblock;
+ struct aiocb **aiocb = md->aio.aiocb;
+ struct aiocb *cblocks = md->aio.cblocks;
struct timespec timeout = { 0, 1000 * 1000 * 1 }; /* 1ms */
+ int i, do_suspend;

do {
- if (cblock->aio_fildes == -1 || record__aio_complete(md, cblock))
- return;
+ do_suspend = 0;
+ for (i = 0; i < md->aio.nr_cblocks; ++i) {
+ if (cblocks[i].aio_fildes == -1 || record__aio_complete(md, &cblocks[i])) {
+ if (sync_all)
+ aiocb[i] = NULL;
+ else
+ return i;
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * Started aio write is not complete yet
+ * so it has to be waited before the
+ * next allocation.
+ */
+ aiocb[i] = &cblocks[i];
+ do_suspend = 1;
+ }
+ }
+ if (!do_suspend)
+ return -1;

- while (aio_suspend((const struct aiocb**)&cblock, 1, &timeout)) {
+ while (aio_suspend((const struct aiocb **)aiocb, md->aio.nr_cblocks, &timeout)) {
if (!(errno == EAGAIN || errno == EINTR))
pr_err("failed to sync perf data, error: %m\n");
}
@@ -239,8 +258,9 @@ static void record__aio_set_pos(int trace_fd, off_t pos)
lseek(trace_fd, pos, SEEK_SET);
}
#else /* HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT */
-static void record__aio_sync(struct perf_mmap *md __maybe_unused)
+static int record__aio_sync(struct perf_mmap *md __maybe_unused, bool sync_all __maybe_unused)
{
+ return 0;
}

static int record__aio_pushfn(void *to __maybe_unused, struct aiocb *cblock __maybe_unused,
@@ -667,7 +687,7 @@ static void record__mmap_read_sync(struct record *rec)
struct perf_mmap *map = &maps[i];

if (map->base)
- record__aio_sync(map);
+ record__aio_sync(map, true);
}
}
#else
@@ -709,12 +729,13 @@ static int record__mmap_read_evlist(struct record *rec, struct perf_evlist *evli
goto out;
}
} else {
+ int idx;
/*
* Call record__aio_sync() to wait till map->data buffer
* becomes available after previous aio write request.
*/
- record__aio_sync(map);
- if (perf_mmap__aio_push(map, rec, record__aio_pushfn, &off) != 0) {
+ idx = record__aio_sync(map, false);
+ if (perf_mmap__aio_push(map, rec, idx, record__aio_pushfn, &off) != 0) {
record__aio_set_pos(trace_fd, off);
rc = -1;
goto out;
@@ -1478,6 +1499,13 @@ static int perf_record_config(const char *var, const char *value, void *cb)
var = "call-graph.record-mode";
return perf_default_config(var, value, cb);
}
+#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
+ if (!strcmp(var, "record.aio-cblocks")) {
+ rec->opts.nr_cblocks = strtol(value, NULL, 0);
+ if (!rec->opts.nr_cblocks)
+ rec->opts.nr_cblocks = 1;
+ }
+#endif

return 0;
}
@@ -1568,15 +1596,18 @@ static int parse_clockid(const struct option *opt, const char *str, int unset)

#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
static int record__aio_parse(const struct option *opt,
- const char *str __maybe_unused,
+ const char *str,
int unset)
{
struct record_opts *opts = (struct record_opts *)opt->value;

- if (unset)
+ if (unset) {
opts->nr_cblocks = 0;
- else
- opts->nr_cblocks = 1;
+ } else {
+ opts->nr_cblocks = strtol(str, NULL, 0);
+ if (!opts->nr_cblocks)
+ opts->nr_cblocks = 1;
+ }

return 0;
}
@@ -1886,8 +1917,8 @@ static struct option __record_options[] = {
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "dry-run", &dry_run,
"Parse options then exit"),
#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
- OPT_CALLBACK_NOOPT(0, "aio", &record.opts,
- NULL, "Enable asynchronous trace writing mode",
+ OPT_CALLBACK(0, "aio-cblocks", &record.opts,
+ "n", "Use <n> control blocks in asynchronous trace writing mode (max: 4)",
record__aio_parse),
#endif
OPT_END()
@@ -2082,6 +2113,8 @@ int cmd_record(int argc, const char **argv)
goto out;
}

+ if (rec->opts.nr_cblocks > 4)
+ rec->opts.nr_cblocks = 4;
if (verbose > 0)
pr_info("nr_cblocks: %d\n", rec->opts.nr_cblocks);

diff --git a/tools/perf/util/mmap.c b/tools/perf/util/mmap.c
index b176d88b3fcb..95da068e8641 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/mmap.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/mmap.c
@@ -156,8 +156,16 @@ void __weak auxtrace_mmap_params__set_idx(struct auxtrace_mmap_params *mp __mayb
#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
static void perf_mmap__aio_munmap(struct perf_mmap *map)
{
- if (map->aio.data)
- zfree(&map->aio.data);
+ int i;
+
+ if (map->aio.aiocb)
+ zfree(&map->aio.aiocb);
+ if (map->aio.cblocks)
+ zfree(&map->aio.cblocks);
+ for (i = 0; i < map->aio.nr_cblocks; ++i) {
+ if (map->aio.data[i])
+ zfree(&map->aio.data[i]);
+ }
}
#else
static void perf_mmap__aio_munmap(struct perf_mmap *map __maybe_unused)
@@ -180,28 +188,50 @@ void perf_mmap__munmap(struct perf_mmap *map)
#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
static int perf_mmap__aio_mmap(struct perf_mmap *map, struct mmap_params *mp)
{
- int delta_max;
+ int delta_max, i, prio;

map->aio.nr_cblocks = mp->nr_cblocks;
if (map->aio.nr_cblocks) {
- map->aio.data = malloc(perf_mmap__mmap_len(map));
+ map->aio.aiocb = calloc(map->aio.nr_cblocks, sizeof(struct aiocb *));
+ if (!map->aio.aiocb) {
+ pr_debug2("failed to allocate aiocb for data buffer, error %m\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ map->aio.cblocks = calloc(map->aio.nr_cblocks, sizeof(struct aiocb));
+ if (!map->aio.cblocks) {
+ pr_debug2("failed to allocate cblocks for data buffer, error %m\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ map->aio.data = calloc(map->aio.nr_cblocks, sizeof(void *));
if (!map->aio.data) {
pr_debug2("failed to allocate data buffer, error %m\n");
return -1;
}
- /*
- * Use cblock.aio_fildes value different from -1
- * to denote started aio write operation on the
- * cblock so it requires explicit record__aio_sync()
- * call prior the cblock may be reused again.
- */
- map->aio.cblock.aio_fildes = -1;
- /*
- * Allocate cblock with max priority delta to
- * have faster aio write system calls.
- */
delta_max = sysconf(_SC_AIO_PRIO_DELTA_MAX);
- map->aio.cblock.aio_reqprio = delta_max;
+ for (i = 0; i < map->aio.nr_cblocks; ++i) {
+ map->aio.data[i] = malloc(perf_mmap__mmap_len(map));
+ if (!map->aio.data[i]) {
+ pr_debug2("failed to allocate data buffer area, error %m");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ /*
+ * Use cblock.aio_fildes value different from -1
+ * to denote started aio write operation on the
+ * cblock so it requires explicit record__aio_sync()
+ * call prior the cblock may be reused again.
+ */
+ map->aio.cblocks[i].aio_fildes = -1;
+ /*
+ * Allocate cblocks with priority delta to have
+ * faster aio write system calls because queued requests
+ * are kept in separate per-prio queues and adding
+ * a new request will iterate thru shorter per-prio
+ * list. Blocks with numbers higher than
+ * _SC_AIO_PRIO_DELTA_MAX go with priority 0.
+ */
+ prio = delta_max - i;
+ map->aio.cblocks[i].aio_reqprio = prio >= 0 ? prio : 0;
+ }
}

return 0;
@@ -372,7 +402,7 @@ int perf_mmap__push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to,
}

#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
-int perf_mmap__aio_push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to,
+int perf_mmap__aio_push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to, int idx,
int push(void *to, struct aiocb *cblock, void *buf, size_t size, off_t off),
off_t *off)
{
@@ -387,7 +417,7 @@ int perf_mmap__aio_push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to,
return (rc == -EAGAIN) ? 0 : -1;

/*
- * md->base data is copied into md->data buffer to
+ * md->base data is copied into md->data[idx] buffer to
* release space in the kernel buffer as fast as possible,
* thru perf_mmap__consume() below.
*
@@ -409,20 +439,20 @@ int perf_mmap__aio_push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to,
buf = &data[md->start & md->mask];
size = md->mask + 1 - (md->start & md->mask);
md->start += size;
- memcpy(md->aio.data, buf, size);
+ memcpy(md->aio.data[idx], buf, size);
size0 = size;
}

buf = &data[md->start & md->mask];
size = md->end - md->start;
md->start += size;
- memcpy(md->aio.data + size0, buf, size);
+ memcpy(md->aio.data[idx] + size0, buf, size);

/*
- * Increment md->refcount to guard md->data buffer
+ * Increment md->refcount to guard md->data[idx] buffer
* from premature deallocation because md object can be
* released earlier than aio write request started
- * on mmap->data is complete.
+ * on mmap->data[idx] is complete.
*
* perf_mmap__put() is done at record__aio_complete()
* after started request completion.
@@ -432,7 +462,7 @@ int perf_mmap__aio_push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to,
md->prev = head;
perf_mmap__consume(md);

- rc = push(to, &(md->aio.cblock), md->aio.data, size0 + size, *off);
+ rc = push(to, &md->aio.cblocks[idx], md->aio.data[idx], size0 + size, *off);
if (!rc) {
*off += size0 + size;
} else {
@@ -446,7 +476,7 @@ int perf_mmap__aio_push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to,
return rc;
}
#else
-int perf_mmap__aio_push(struct perf_mmap *md __maybe_unused, void *to __maybe_unused,
+int perf_mmap__aio_push(struct perf_mmap *md __maybe_unused, void *to __maybe_unused, int idx __maybe_unused,
int push(void *to, struct aiocb *cblock, void *buf, size_t size, off_t off) __maybe_unused,
off_t *off __maybe_unused)
{
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/mmap.h b/tools/perf/util/mmap.h
index 04ff4d2ffdbe..185d53c7fb3b 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/mmap.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/mmap.h
@@ -32,8 +32,9 @@ struct perf_mmap {
char event_copy[PERF_SAMPLE_MAX_SIZE] __aligned(8);
#ifdef HAVE_AIO_SUPPORT
struct {
- void *data;
- struct aiocb cblock;
+ void **data;
+ struct aiocb *cblocks;
+ struct aiocb **aiocb;
int nr_cblocks;
} aio;
#endif
@@ -105,7 +106,7 @@ union perf_event *perf_mmap__read_event(struct perf_mmap *map);

int perf_mmap__push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to,
int push(struct perf_mmap *map, void *to, void *buf, size_t size));
-int perf_mmap__aio_push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to,
+int perf_mmap__aio_push(struct perf_mmap *md, void *to, int idx,
int push(void *to, struct aiocb *cblock, void *buf, size_t size, off_t off),
off_t *off);
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